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Sökning: WFRF:(Spyridonidis A)

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  • Zeiser, R., et al. (författare)
  • Ruxolitinib in corticosteroid-refractory graft-versus-host disease after allogeneic stem cell transplantation: a multicenter survey
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Leukemia. - 0887-6924. ; 29:10, s. 2062-2068
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Despite major improvements in allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation over the past decades, corticosteroid-refractory (SR) acute (a) and chronic (c) graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) cause high mortality. Preclinical evidence indicates the potent anti-inflammatory properties of the JAK1/2 inhibitor ruxolitinib. In this retrospective survey, 19 stem cell transplant centers in Europe and the United States reported outcome data from 95 patients who had received ruxolitinib as salvage therapy for SR-GVHD. Patients were classified as having SR-aGVHD (n = 54, all grades III or IV) or SR-cGVHD (n = 41, all moderate or severe). The median number of previous GVHD-therapies was 3 for both SR-aGVHD (1-7) and SR-cGVHD (1-10). The overall response rate was 81.5% (44/54) in SR-aGVHD including 25 complete responses (46.3%), while for SR-cGVHD the ORR was 85.4% (35/41). Of those patients responding to ruxolitinib, the rate of GVHD-relapse was 6.8% (3/44) and 5.7% (2/35) for SR-aGVHD and SR-cGVHD, respectively. The 6-month-survival was 79% (67.3-90.7%, 95% confidence interval (CI)) and 97.4% (92.3-100%, 95% CI) for SR-aGVHD and SR-cGVHD, respectively. Cytopenia and cytomegalovirus-reactivation were observed during ruxolitinib treatment in both SR-aGVHD (30/54, 55.6% and 18/54, 33.3%) and SR-cGVHD (7/41, 17.1% and 6/41, 14.6%) patients. Ruxolitinib may constitute a promising new treatment option for SR-aGVHD and SR-cGVHD that should be validated in a prospective trial.
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  • Spyridonidis, A., et al. (författare)
  • Outcomes and prognostic factors of adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia who relapse after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation. An analysis on behalf of the Acute Leukemia Working Party of EBMT
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Leukemia. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1476-5551. ; 26:6, s. 1211-1217
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To describe outcomes, treatment and prognostic factors that influence survival of adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), who relapsed after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), we retrospectively analyzed 465 ALL adult patients from European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) centers who relapsed after a first HCT performed in complete remission (CR1 65%, CR2/3 35%). Salvage treatments were: supportive care (13%), cytoreductive therapy (43%), donor lymphocyte infusion without or with prior chemotherapy (23%) and second HCT (20%). Median time from HCT to relapse was 6.9 months, median follow-up was 46 months and median survival after relapse was 5.5 months. Estimated 1-, 2- and 5-year post-relapse survival was 30 +/- 2%, 16 +/- 2% and 8 +/- 1%, respectively. In a multivariate analysis, adverse factors for survival were: late CR (CR2/3) at transplant (P<0.012), early relapse after transplant (<6.9 months, P <0.0001) and peripheral blast percent at relapse (P <0.0001). On the basis of multivariate model for survival, three groups of patients were identified with estimated 2 year survival of 6 +/- 2, 17 +/- 3 and 30 +/- 7%. Outcome of ALL patients relapsing after HCT is dismal and there is a need for new therapies. Our study provides the standard expectations in ALL relapse and may help in the decision of post-relapse therapy.
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