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Sökning: WFRF:(Sternudd Catharina)

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  • Berndtsson, R., et al. (författare)
  • Drivers of changing urban flood risk : A framework for action
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Environmental Management. - : Elsevier. - 0301-4797 .- 1095-8630. ; 240, s. 47-56
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study focuses on drivers for changing urban flood risk. We suggest a framework for guiding climate change adaptation action concerning flood risk and manageability in cities. The identified key drivers of changing flood hazard and vulnerability are used to provide an overview of each driver's impact on flood risk and manageability at the city level. We find that identified drivers for urban flood risk can be grouped in three different priority areas with different time horizon. The first group has high impact but is manageable at city level. Typical drivers in this group are related to the physical environment such as decreasing permeability and unresponsive engineering. The second group of drivers is represented by public awareness and individual willingness to participate and urbanization and urban sprawl. These drivers may be important and are manageable for the cities and they involve both short-term and long-term measures. The third group of drivers is related to policy and long-term changes. This group is represented by economic growth and increasing values at risk, climate change, and increasing complexity of society. They have all high impact but low manageability. Managing these drivers needs to be done in a longer time perspective, e.g., by developing long-term policies and exchange of ideas.
  • Ferreira, Ines, et al. (författare)
  • Transport walking in urban neighbourhoods-Impact of perceived neighbourhood qualities and emotional relationship
  • Ingår i: Landscape and Urban Planning. - : Elsevier. - 0169-2046. ; 150, s. 60-69
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper adds to the relatively few European studies on the pedestrian friendliness of urban areas, and on transport walking. Using the Human Environment Interaction (HEI) model (Küller, 1991), the study explores the associations between perceived neighbourhood spatialphysical and social environment qualities and walking to neighbourhood destinations, and examines whether these associations are mediated by the emotional relationship to the residential neighbourhood. One hundred and ten urban residents in the city of Malmö, Sweden, completed a web-based survey, including measurements of walking intentions and behaviours, and the short version of both the Perceived Residential Environment Quality Indicators (PREQIs) and the Neighbourhood Attachment Scale (NAS). Structural Equation Modeling revealed direct effects of individual factors and neighbourhood spatial-physical and social environmental qualities on transport walking. The effect of environmental qualities was partly mediated by participants' emotional relationship to the residential neighbourhood. Spatial-physical as well as social-relational features of the neighbourhood seem to play a role in walking intentions and behaviours, thereby emphasising the importance of considering both aspects in measures to support urban pedestrian friendliness.
  • Han, Xili, et al. (författare)
  • Public Attitudes about Urban Lawns : Social Opportunities Provided by Urban Lawns in Lund, Sweden
  • Ingår i: International Academic Workshop on Social Science (IAW-SC-13). - : Atlantis Press. - 1951-6851. - 9789078677840 ; , s. 1046-1054
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Since the 19th century, urban lawns have gradually taken center stage to become one of the main sources of greening in many cities around the world. The current published research on planting technology, maintenance techniques, the impact of lawn maintenance, preferences for manicured lawns and the biodiversity protection for historical lawns as topics, has developed and increased over time. However, what has been less researched is the relationship and interplay between the perceptions of urban residents and their use of urban lawns. More specifically, our research focused on the question of how residents view, socialize and utilize city lawns accessible to them. To provide some insight into this area of urban lawn use, our research study was conducted in Lund, Sweden a city that uses lawns as their main form of greening. To accomplish the study’s objectives the city's lawns were grouped into the following categories:(1) park lawns, (2) residential neighborhood lawns, (3) lawns around public buildings, (4) lawns surrounding residential buildings, (5) lawns along greenways and (6) lawns along roads. By means of distributed open-ended questionnaires the researchers discovered two important findings. First, the socialization patterns and utilization of lawns differed between the six categories due to various factors which included the suitability of the land use. The data also showed that the efficiency of planting lawns in certain areas impacts the ability to access areas for socialization activities (i.e. roadsides and greenways). Secondly, the study revealed that the planting collocation and service facilities of lawns greatly influences residents' ability and opportunities for social interaction. Two other study findings were of interest namely that (1) the utilization of lawns among Lund’s working class was somewhat lower than that of students; and (2) that socialization and use of lawns were not necessarily related to the user's accustomed environmental background. Subsequently, this article discusses key themes that include residents’ attitudes, beliefs and opinions about the interaction of socializing and the meaning of those interactions in an urban environment. It is our purpose that this article spurs a more robust international dialogue about pragmatic lessons urban planners may learn about future designing efforts of urban green space in newly developing cities and established ones already confronting modern space and housing challenges.
  • Johansson, Maria, et al. (författare)
  • Emotional state after the trip to school and associations with children’s attitude towards sustainable mobility patterns
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: IAPS 21 Conference,2010-06-27 - 2010-07-02.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A sustainable development of the built environment asks for changes in urban residents’ mobility patterns. The extensive use of the car contributes to sedentary lifestyle and negative environmental impact in many respects. Children living in urban areas are faced with limits of their independent use of the environment both in terms of travel and outdoor play. Many parents hold favourable attitudes towards sustainable ways of mobility for their children, at least as long as the children are accompanied by an adult. In reality however many of the children’s daily trips are carried out by car. Parents’ are thereby also risking that their own present unsustainable daily mobility patterns are transferred to the next generation. Our modal choice is partly a result of affective factors. Nilsson and Küller (2000) showed that urban residents who expressed affection for their car also travelled more by car. Gatersleben and Uzzell (2007) showed that commuting by cycle to work was beneficent for the commuter’s affective state. Children seem to like to walk and cycle, to move around by kick bikes and skateboard. How does physical active travel influence their emotional state? Is the children’s emotional response towards their way of travel also associated with their attitude towards different mobility patterns in travel and play? These are some of the research questions that are to be analysed within the interdisciplinary research programme “Children on foot”. The research is carried out in cooperation between The Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Lund University, Karolinska Institute and The Linneaus University. Theoretically the study departs from Küller’s (1991) model of Human-Environment-Interaction stating that a person’s successful interaction with the environment can be seen as a result of a basic emotional process that takes into consideration the activity to be carried out by a person, characteristics of the physical and social environment with consideration for individual factors. In the basic emotional process, the core affects of arousal and pleasure are two crucial components. These core affects have been shown to be the basic units of emotions and are linked to distinct patters of brain activity. During one week in September 2009 over 200 10-year old Swedish children reported how they travelled to school and assessed their emotional state by a paper and pencil test as soon as they arrived at school. At one point during the week the children rated their preference of various travel modes and leisure activities in a separate questionnaire. The travel modes and activities had previously been assessed by experts to give rise to different levels of energy expenditure. Moreover data was collected for the children’s daily physical activity by pedometer. The paper will within the symposium “Sustainable everyday mobility patterns in urban childhoods” present the results of correlational analyses of these data and discuss the implications of possibilities to travel to school for development of sustainable mobility patterns among children in urban areas
  • Johansson, Maria, et al. (författare)
  • Percieved Urban Design Qualities and Affective Experience of Walking
  • Ingår i: Journal of Urban Design. - : Taylor & Francis. - 1357-4809. ; 21:2, s. 256-275
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study investigates associations between perceived micro-level urban design qualities, the affective experience of walking, and intention to walk specific routes in the neighbourhood. A total of 106 residents assessed on-site three routes planned for walking in semi-central neighbourhoods. In the prediction of the residents’ intention to choose to walk and intention to avoid walking the route, perceived urban design qualities were mediated by the affective experience of valence of the walk. The perceived complexity and aesthetic quality, upkeep and order, and the presence of well-maintained greenery, were identified as important. These perceived urban design qualities and affective experiences varied between the three routes, but also within the routes. It is proposed that understanding of site-specific affective experience of walking environments could serve as guidance for urban design practices.
  • Johansson, Maria, et al. (författare)
  • The Walkshop: a tool to integrate research on human aspects of sustainable urban design in teaching
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Högre utbildning. - : Swednet. - 2000-7558. ; 5:3, s. 145-157
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Teaching in higher education should be based on research findings. Urban design and architecture are ‘making disciplines’ and their link to formal research is described as tenuous. This paper reports on a collaborative educational workshop, the Walkshop, designed to bridge the gap between the multidisciplinary research project Urban Walking and the master’sprogramme in sustainable urban design and city planning. The need for understanding of differences regarding knowledge competence and cultural skills between disciplines for successful multidisciplinary communication was addressed in the Walkshop design through theoretical input, acquaintance with methodology, design task, and presentation of design solutions.The Walkshop facilitated the students’ learning process towards a close-up per-spective in analysis of the environment. Students’ design proposals integrated new perspectives and key facts from research, and provided inspiration and concrete suggestions for the analysed urban area. Collaborative educational workshops seem to be a useful component to include in a Master’s course syllabus, to strengthen the link to research in practice-based education,and to disseminate current research results directly into practice.
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