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Sökning: WFRF:(Strazzeri Fabio)

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1.
  • Perotin-Collard, Jeanne-Marie, et al. (författare)
  • Subtypes of eosinophilic asthma with discrete gene pathway phenotypes
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: European Respiratory Journal. - European Respiratory Society Journals. - 0903-1936 .- 1399-3003. ; 54
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Background: Blood eosinophil counts ≥0.3x109/L are used to define Type-2, eosinophilic asthma. However, differential responses to T2 biologics of patients with eosinophilic asthma suggests that this may be a heterogeneous phenotype with subsets driven by different molecular mechanisms.Methods: Blood transcriptomic data, acquired from 99 severe asthmatics from the U-BIOPRED study (62% female, mean age 54 yr, 41% on oral steroids), were clustered by topological data analysis and cluster boundaries defined by the MORSE method. Gene pathway signatures were identified by Ingenuity Pathway Analysis.Results: Analysis revealed 3 clusters with different modulated gene pathways, i.e. molecular phenotypes. Subtype 1 had high IFN-γ, low IL5, low IL13 and low IL17 gene expression, with reduced glucocorticoid-induced gene expression. Subtype 2 had low IFNγ, high IL5, high IL13 and low IL17 gene expression. Subtype 3 had low IFNγ, high IL5, high IL13 and high IL17 gene expression. Pathway analysis suggested a strong steroid response in Subtypes 2 and 3. Clinically, the three clusters were not different in respect of age, gender, prevalence of atopy, blood or sputum eosinophil counts. Subtype 3 was characterized by high neutrophil counts in blood and bronchial epithelium, frequent sinus disease and asthma exacerbations, OCS treatment, low allergic sensitisation and low exhaled NO. Subtype 1 was characterized by high exhaled NO and more frequent IgE therapy.Conclusion: This study suggests that eosinophilic severe asthma (≥0.3x109/L) can be stratified further into 3 subtypes with distinct gene expression profiles that could be developed as molecular diagnostic biomarkers to guide treatment and thereby improve patient outcomes.
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3.
  • Schofield, James P. R., et al. (författare)
  • Stratification of asthma phenotypes by airway proteomic signatures
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. - Elsevier. - 0091-6749 .- 1097-6825. ; 144:1, s. 70-82
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Stratification by eosinophil and neutrophil counts increases our understanding of asthma and helps target therapy, but there is room for improvement in our accuracy in prediction of treatment responses and a need for better understanding of the underlying mechanisms. Objective: We sought to identify molecular subphenotypes of asthma defined by proteomic signatures for improved stratification. Methods: Unbiased label-free quantitative mass spectrometry and topological data analysis were used to analyze the proteomes of sputum supernatants from 246 participants (206 asthmatic patients) as a novel means of asthma stratification. Microarray analysis of sputum cells provided transcriptomics data additionally to inform on underlying mechanisms. Results: Analysis of the sputum proteome resulted in 10 clusters (ie, proteotypes) based on similarity in proteomic features, representing discrete molecular subphenotypes of asthma. Overlaying granulocyte counts onto the 10 clusters as metadata further defined 3 of these as highly eosinophilic, 3 as highly neutrophilic, and 2 as highly atopic with relatively low granulocytic inflammation. For each of these 3 phenotypes, logistic regression analysis identified candidate protein biomarkers, and matched transcriptomic data pointed to differentially activated underlying mechanisms. Conclusion: This study provides further stratification of asthma currently classified based on quantification of granulocytic inflammation and provided additional insight into their underlying mechanisms, which could become targets for novel therapies.
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4.
  • Schofield, James P. R., et al. (författare)
  • Topological data analysis (TDA) of U-BIOPRED paediatric peripheral blood gene expression identified asthma phenotypes characterised by alternative splicing of glucocorticoid receptor (GR) mRNA
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: European Respiratory Journal. - European Respiratory Society. - 0903-1936. ; 52
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Background: Molecular stratification of childhood asthma could enable targeted therapy.Aims: Unbiased analysis of gene expression in paediatric severe (SA) and moderate/mild asthma (MA) blood samples to identify sub-phenotypes.Methods: Transcriptomic profiling by microarray analysis of blood from the U-BIOPRED paediatric cohort (Fleming ERJ 2015), pre- and school-age children, (SApre, n=62; MApre, n=42; SAsc, n=75 and MAsc, n=37). Topological data analysis (TDA) was used for unbiased clustering.Results: Sub-phenotypes, P1, P2, P3 and P4 were identified and are highlighted in the TDA network in the figure and a heatmap of selected variables. P1 (38% of the cohort, median 11 yrs) was characterised by low expression of glucocorticoid receptor (GR) mRNA splice variant with a long 3’ UTR (q = 2.43E-17), but no significant difference in the expression of glucocorticoid receptor (GR) mRNA splice variant with a short 3’ UTR. In P1, COX2 expression was up (q = 1.89E-06) and IFN-γ was down (q = 5.61E-06), characteristics of a decreased steroid response.Conclusion: Unbiased analysis of U-BIOPRED paediatric peripheral blood gene expression identified a sub-phenotype, P1, with an inhibited steroid response. P1 is associated with low expression of a splice variant of GR with a long 3’ UTR.
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