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Sökning: WFRF:(Strosberg Jonathan)

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1.
  • Ambrosini, Valentina, et al. (författare)
  • Consensus on molecular imaging and theranostics in neuroendocrine neoplasms
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Cancer. - 0959-8049 .- 1879-0852. ; 146, s. 56-73
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Nuclear medicine plays an increasingly important role in the management neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN). Somatostatin analogue (SSA)-based positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) and peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) have been used in clinical trials and approved by the European Medicines Agency (EMA) and the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). European Association of Nuclear Medicine (EANM) Focus 3 performed a multidisciplinary Delphi process to deliver a balanced perspective on molecular imaging and radionuclide therapy in well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumours (NETs). NETs form in cells that interact with the nervous system or in glands that produce hormones. These cells, called neuroendocrine cells, can be found throughout the body, but NETs are most often found in the abdomen, especially in the gastrointestinal tract. These tumours may also be found in the lungs, pancreas and adrenal glands. In addition to being rare, NETs are also complex and may be difficult to diagnose. Most NETs are non-functioning; however, a minority present with symptoms related to hypersecretion of bioactive compounds. NETs often do not cause symptoms early in the disease process. When diagnosed, substantial number of patients are already found to have metastatic disease. Several societies' guidelines address Neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) management; however, many issues are still debated, due to both the difficulty in acquiring strong clinical evidence in a rare and heterogeneous disease and the different availability of diagnostic and therapeutic options across countries. EANM Focus 3 reached consensus on employing 68gallium-labelled somatostatin analogue ([68Ga]Ga-DOTA-SSA)-based PET/CT with diagnostic CT or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for unknown primary NET detection, metastatic NET, NET staging/restaging, suspected extra-adrenal pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma and suspected paraganglioma. Consensus was reached on employing 18fluorine-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose ([18F]FDG) PET/CT in neuroendocrine carcinoma, G3 NET and in G1-2 NET with mismatched lesions (CT-positive/[68Ga]Ga-DOTA-SSA-negative). Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) was recommended for second line treatment for gastrointestinal NET with [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-SSA uptake in all lesions, in G1/G2 NET at disease progression, and in a subset of G3 NET provided all lesions are positive at [18F]FDG and [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-SSA. PRRT rechallenge may be used for in patients with stable disease for at least 1 year after therapy completion. An international consensus is not only a prelude to a more standardised management across countries but also serves as a guide for the direction to follow when designing new research studies.
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2.
  • Grozinsky-Glasberg, Simona, et al. (författare)
  • Metastatic type 1 gastric carcinoid : A real threat or just a myth?
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: World Journal of Gastroenterology. - 1007-9327 .- 2219-2840. ; 19:46, s. 8687-8695
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIM:To describe disease characteristics and treatment modalities in a group of rare patients with metastatic gastric carcinoid type 1 (GCA1).METHODS:Information on clinical, biochemical, radiological, histopathological findings, the extent of the disease, as well as the use of different therapeutic modalities and the long-term outcome were recorded. Patients' data were assessed at presentation, and thereafter at 6 to 12 monthly intervals both clinically and biochemically, but also endoscopically and histopathologically. Patients were evaluated for the presence of specific symptoms; the presence of autoimmune disorders and the presence of other gastrointestinal malignancies in other family members were also recorded. The evaluation of response to treatment was defined using established WHO criteria.RESULTS:We studied twenty consecutive patients with a mean age of 55.1 years. The mean follow-up period was 83 mo. Twelve patients had regional lymph node metastases and 8 patients had liver metastases. The primary tumor mean diameter was 20.13 +/- 10.83 mm (mean +/- SD). The mean Ki-67 index was 6.8% +/- 11.2%. All but one patient underwent endoscopic or surgical excision of the tumor. The disease was stable in all but 3 patients who had progressive liver disease. All patients remained alive during the follow-up period.CONCLUSION: Metastatic GCA1 carries a good overall prognosis, being related to a tumor size of >= 1 cm, an elevated Ki-67 index and high serum gastrin levels. (C) 2013 Baishideng Publishing Group Co., Limited. All rights reserved.
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3.
  • Jha, Abhishek, et al. (författare)
  • High-Specific-Activity-131I-MIBG versus 177Lu-DOTATATE Targeted Radionuclide Therapy for Metastatic Pheochromocytoma and Paraganglioma
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Clinical Cancer Research. - 1078-0432 .- 1557-3265. ; 27:11, s. 2989-2995
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Targeted radionuclide therapies (TRT) using 131I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (131I-MIBG) and peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (177Lu or 90Y) represent several of the therapeutic options in the management of metastatic/inoperable pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma. Recently, high-specific-activity-131I-MIBG therapy was approved by the FDA and both 177Lu-DOTATATE and 131I-MIBG therapy were recommended by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines for the treatment of metastatic pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma. However, a clinical dilemma often arises in the selection of TRT, especially when a patient can be treated with either type of therapy based on eligibility by MIBG and somatostatin receptor imaging. To address this problem, we assembled a group of international experts, including oncologists, endocrinologists, and nuclear medicine physicians, with substantial experience in treating neuroendocrine tumors with TRTs to develop consensus and provide expert recommendations and perspectives on how to select between these two therapeutic options for metastatic/inoperable pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma. This article aims to summarize the survival outcomes of the available TRTs; discuss personalized treatment strategies based on functional imaging scans; address practical issues, including regulatory approvals; and compare toxicities and risk factors across treatments. Furthermore, it discusses the emerging TRTs.
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4.
  • Koumarianou, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Temozolomide in Advanced Neuroendocrine Neoplasms : Pharmacological and Clinical Aspects
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Neuroendocrinology. - 0028-3835 .- 1423-0194. ; 101:4, s. 274-288
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Alkylating agents, such as streptozocin and dacarbazine, have been reported as active in neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs). Temozolomide (TMZ) is an oral, potentially less toxic derivative of dacarbazine, which has shown activity both as a single agent and in combination with other drugs. Nevertheless, its role in NENs has not been well defined. Several retrospective and prospective phase I-II studies have been published describing its use in a variety of NENs. In a retrospective series, the combination of capecitabine and TMZ was reported to be associated with a particularly high tumour response in pancreatic NENs as a first-line treatment. Although in NENs, determination of the CP-nnethylguanineDNA methyltransferase (MGMT) status has been suggested as a predictive biomarker of response, its role still remains investigational, awaiting validation along with the establishment of the optimal detection method. Metronomic schedules have been reported to potentially overcome MGMT-related drug resistance. Toxicity is manageable if well monitored. We reviewed the literature regarding pharmacological and clinical aspects of TMZ, focusing on specific settings of NENs, different schedules, toxicity and safety profiles, and potential predictive biomarkers of response. 
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  • Phan, Alexandria T, et al. (författare)
  • NANETS consensus guideline for the diagnosis and management of neuroendocrine tumors : well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumors of the thorax (includes lung and thymus)
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Pancreas. - 0885-3177 .- 1536-4828. ; 39:6, s. 784-798
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) of the thorax, including bronchial and thymic neuroendocrine NETs, are often referred to as NETs of the foregut. The incidence and prevalence of NETs are increasing in the United States as demonstrated in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results from 1973 to 2004 (J Clin Oncol. 2008;26[18]:3063-3072). Although the majority of bronchial and thymic NETs are sporadic, approximately 5% to 10% can be associated with hereditary syndrome, multiple endocrine neoplasms type 1 (Nat Rev Cancer. 2005;5[5]:367-375). Diagnosis is made by tissue pathology, allowing for characterization and classification of the NET. Radiologic evaluation is performed to determine the extent of disease involvement. Clinical symptoms from hormonal overproduction or from paraneoplastic processes are medically managed to improve patients' quality of life. Locoregional disease can be curative with surgery; however, distant or metastatic disease is rarely curable. Therapeutic options for metastatic/advanced NETs of the thorax are mainly to palliate symptoms. Final treatment recommendations for patients with either bronchial or thymic NETs should be individualized, weighing the risks and benefits of therapy.
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  • Strosberg, Jonathan, et al. (författare)
  • Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients With Progressive Midgut Neuroendocrine Tumors Treated With Lu-177-Dotatate in the Phase III NETTER-1 Trial
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Oncology. - : AMER SOC CLINICAL ONCOLOGY. - 0732-183X .- 1527-7755. ; 36:25, s. 2578-2584
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PurposeNeuroendocrine tumor (NET) progression is associated with deterioration in quality of life (QoL). We assessed the impact of Lu-177-Dotatate treatment on time to deterioration in health-related QoL.MethodsThe NETTER-1 trial is an international phase III study in patients with midgut NETs. Patients were randomly assigned to treatment with Lu-177-Dotatate versus high-dose octreotide. European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer quality-of-life questionnaires QLQ C-30 and G.I.NET-21 were assessed during the trial to determine the impact of treatment on health-related QoL. Patients completed the questionnaires at baseline and every 12 weeks until tumor progression. QoL scores were converted to a 100-point scale according to European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer instructions, and individual changes from baseline scores were assessed. Time to QoL deterioration (TTD) was defined as the time from random assignment to the first QoL deterioration 10 points for each patient in the corresponding domain scale. All analyses were conducted on the intention-to-treat population. Patients with no deterioration were censored at the last QoL assessment date.ResultsTTD was significantly longer in the Lu-177-Dotatate arm (n = 117) versus the control arm (n = 114) for the following domains: global health status (hazard ratio [HR], 0.406), physical functioning (HR, 0.518), role functioning (HR, 0.580), fatigue (HR, 0.621), pain (HR, 0.566), diarrhea (HR, 0.473), disease-related worries (HR, 0.572), and body image (HR, 0.425). Differences in median TTD were clinically significant in several domains: 28.8 months versus 6.1 months for global health status, and 25.2 months versus 11.5 months for physical functioning.ConclusionThis analysis from the NETTER-1 phase III study demonstrates that, in addition to improving progression-free survival, Lu-177-Dotatate provides a significant QoL benefit for patients with progressive midgut NETs compared with high-dose octreotide.
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9.
  • Strosberg, Jonathan, et al. (författare)
  • Impact of liver tumour burden, alkaline phosphatase elevation, and target lesion size on treatment outcomes with Lu-177-Dotatate : an analysis of the NETTER-1 study
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging. - : SPRINGER. - 1619-7070 .- 1619-7089. ; 47:10, s. 2372-2382
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose To assess the impact of baseline liver tumour burden, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) elevation, and target lesion size on treatment outcomes with Lu-177-Dotatate. Methods In the phase 3 NETTER-1 trial, patients with advanced, progressive midgut neuroendocrine tumours (NET) were randomised to 177Lu-Dotatate (every 8 weeks, four cycles) plus octreotide long-acting release (LAR) or to octreotide LAR 60 mg. Primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). Analyses of PFS by baseline factors, including liver tumour burden, ALP elevation, and target lesion size, were performed using Kaplan-Meier estimates; hazard ratios (HRs) with corresponding 95% CIs were estimated using Cox regression. Results Significantly prolonged median PFS occurred with Lu-177-Dotatate versus octreotide LAR 60 mg in patients with low (< 25%), moderate (25-50%), and high (> 50%) liver tumour burden (HR 0.187, 0.216, 0.145), and normal or elevated ALP (HR 0.153, 0.177), and in the presence or absence of a large target lesion (diameter > 30 mm; HR, 0.213, 0.063). Within the Lu-177-Dotatate arm, no significant difference in PFS was observed amongst patients with low/moderate/high liver tumour burden (P = 0.7225) or with normal/elevated baseline ALP (P = 0.3532), but absence of a large target lesion was associated with improved PFS (P = 0.0222). Grade 3 and 4 liver function abnormalities were rare and did not appear to be associated with high baseline liver tumour burden. Conclusions Lu-177-Dotatate demonstrated significant prolongation in PFS versus high-dose octreotide LAR in patients with advanced, progressive midgut NET, regardless of baseline liver tumour burden, elevated ALP, or the presence of a large target lesion. : NCT01578239, EudraCT: 2011-005049-11
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