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1.
  • Arman, Rebecka, 1976-, et al. (författare)
  • Inspecting life: professional vision in assisted reproduction technology
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Cognition, Technology & Work. - 1435-5558 .- 1435-5566. ; 21:3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A growing scholarship in organization studies has examined how visual practices are informed by and situated within organizational settings and routines. Using the concept of professional vision, this is a study of the visual work of embryologists selecting human embryos in the field of assisted reproductive technologies. The term professional vision accentuates how embryologists cope with a number of tensions to accomplish disciplinary objectivity in their work. The study shows how visual practices are simultaneously individual and collective. While there are internationally enacted standard protocols guiding the routine-based work, these are continuously modified as novel clinical data is reported. Therefore, the embryologists’ inspection of life needs to actively accommodate both standard cases and deviations therefrom. This ultimately renders the professional vision of embryology something other than an “exact science” but rather a fluid, partly improvised, subjective, and at the same time highly specialized, routinized aesthetic practice. The study contributes to the emerging scholarship on visuality and professional vision in organizations, specifically to how standards are used in such practices. In addition, the study adds to the organizational research on assisted reproduction technology.
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2.
  • Arman, Rebecka, 1976-, et al. (författare)
  • The sacred and the profane in life science
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Culture and Organization. - 1475-9551.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Reproductive medicine and assisted reproduction therapies have been developed over the last decades resulting in over five million babies. The handling of human reproductive materials and patients is based on the ability to combine health care work and techno-scientific expertise in both the clinic and the laboratory setting. This study of Swedish assisted reproductive technology clinics demonstrates that the active day-to-day manipulation of human reproductive materials enact both the ‘profane’, through treating the embryos as raw materials in standardized procedures enabling economies of scale, and the ‘sacred’ through enacting a separation, the potential to human life, the patients ordeals, and seriousness. The enactment of the profane and the sacred is mostly balanced but at certain points in the work procedures, their intersecting becomes particularly salient. Such points provide opportunities for the study of the sense making of professionals in organizational grey zones, during techno-scientific activities.
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3.
  • Arman, Rebecka, 1976-, et al. (författare)
  • The sacred and the profane in life science: The case of assisted reproduction laboratories
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Culture and Organization. - 1475-9551. ; 24:5, s. 348-364
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Reproductive medicine and assisted reproduction therapies have been developed over the last decades resulting in over five million babies. The handling of human reproductive materials and patients is based on the ability to combine health care work and techno-scientific expertise in both the clinic and the laboratory setting. This study of Swedish assisted reproductive technology clinics demonstrates that the active day-to-day manipulation of human reproductive materials enact both the ‘profane’, through treating the embryos as raw materials in standardized procedures enabling economies of scale, and the ‘sacred’ through enacting a separation, the potential to human life, the patients ordeals, and seriousness. The enactment of the profane and the sacred is mostly balanced but at certain points in the work procedures, their intersecting becomes particularly salient. Such points provide opportunities for the study of the sense making of professionals in organizational grey zones, during techno-scientific activities.
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4.
  • Bergström, Ola, 1968-, et al. (författare)
  • Irish Butchers Rather than Irish Meat: Trade Union Responses to Agency Work in Sweden
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Industrial Relations. - 0022-1856, 52(4) 477–490. ; 52:4, s. 477-490
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Trade unions are often considered as being against the use of agency workers in the workplaces that they represent. As opposed to standard permanent employment, temporary agency work is often regarded as a more precarious form of work that serves the purposes of employers seeking to reduce labour costs, enhance flexibility and avoid employment regulation. However, trade unions may also see benefits of using agency workers as experience of them increases. When examining how agency workers are established in an organization, the mechanisms available to resolve inconsistencies between the perceived benefits and disadvantages needs to be recognized. Rather than conceiving of trade unions as being opposed or in favour of the use of agency workers, the analysis of trade union responses needs to be grounded in a different perspective. This article is an attempt to formulate such a perspective on trade union responses to agency work as being based on understanding the process of establishment rather than polarized responses. The argument is supported by an empirical study of a food manufacturing company in Sweden that increasingly turned to agency workers as a source of labour.
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5.
  • Bergström, Ola, 1968-, et al. (författare)
  • Irish Butchers Rather than Irish Meat: Trade Union Responses to Agency Work in Sweden
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: The Journal of Industrial Relations. - 0022-1856. ; 52:4, s. 477-490
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Trade unions are often considered as being against the use of agency workers in the workplaces that they represent. As opposed to standard permanent employment, temporary agency work is often regarded as a more precarious form of work that serves the purposes of employers seeking to reduce labour costs, enhance flexibility and avoidemployment regulation. However, trade unions may also see benefits of using agency workers as experience of them increases. When examining how agency workers areestablished in an organization, the mechanisms available to resolve inconsistencies between the perceived benefits and disadvantages needs to be recognized. Rather than conceiving of trade unions as being opposed or in favour of the use of agency workers, the analysis oftrade union responses needs to be grounded in a different perspective. This article is an attempt to formulate such a perspective on trade union responses to agency work as beingbased on understanding the process of establishment rather than polarized responses. The argument is supported by an empirical study of a food manufacturing company in Sweden that increasingly turned to agency workers as a source of labour.
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6.
  • Bergström, Ola, 1968-, et al. (författare)
  • Paradoxifying Organizational Change: Cynicism and Resistance in the Swedish Armed Forces
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Journal of Change Management. - 1469-7017 .- 1479-1811. ; 14:3, s. 384-404
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article explores organizational cynicism in the context of a major organizational change process. Cynicism has been viewed as a form of resistance driven by unsuccessful implementation of organizational change or, in contrast, as a direct negative attitude towards management. Drawing upon the interview data with regiment managers, this article analyses how unit managers describe organizational changes that their units have endured during a longer period of time. The empirical data suggest that rather than an expression of failed organizational change, managerial incompetence, or a general mistrust in management, organizational cynicism can be seen as organizational members' response to perceived changes and an effort to create a consistent image of everyday activities and formal organizational structures. In this non-instrumental view of organizational cynicism, any attempt to analyse the impact of organizational change on organizational cynicism must therefore take into account the possibility that organizational members actively take part in translating organizational change through what we call paradoxification, that is, by identifying contradictions and inconsistencies between the formal decisions made and their effects in the local setting, rather than other forms of resistance.
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7.
  • Börjesson, Sofia, 1964-, et al. (författare)
  • Project management in the culture industry: Balancing structure and creativity
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Project Organisation and Management. - 1740-2891 .- 1740-2905. ; 3:1, s. 22-35
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The paper presents a study of the Swedish culture industry and emphasises the ability to structure the projects yet enabling openness for emergent properties in project work in the culture industry. While project management in conventional industry risks being routinised or even bureaucratised, the culture industry is demonstrating a persistent ability to navigate between complementary qualities, thereby maintaining a dynamic project management practice. This virtue is captured by the concept of play, based on the duality of rule-adherence and individual and collective creativity. In the culture industry, structured around a series of temporal 'productions' (e.g., a play, a series of concerts, etc.), uncertainty, complexity, and temporality are factors that influence the work. However, the ideology of the culture industry emphasising expression of ideas and creativity enables a project management practice affirmative of emergent conditions. Thus, the work never ossifies into being merely rule-governed procedures but is balancing the two qualities innate to all play.
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8.
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9.
  • Diedrich, Andreas, 1973-, et al. (författare)
  • International expertise and local know-how in the trading zone
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Management. - 0956-5221. ; 28:4, s. 340-351
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The management of risk and crises is increasingly seen as a matter of mobilizing formal, rational and calculative systems. Still, the capacity to understand and evaluate the socialcontext within which risk and crises are embedded is of great importance. Examining the case ofthe outbreak of Marburg haemorrhagic fever in Angola in 2004—2005, the concept of trading zoneis proposed as a mechanism bridging international expertise (in this case, that of the medicalexperts of the World Health Organization) and the local actors’ (Angolan health care workers,elders, etc.) understandings of the needs and demands of the community. Recognizing that risksare by definition impossible to fully anticipate, management practice, as part of organizingshould emphasize not only rational systems for monitoring and controlling risk and crises, but alsothe value of including trading zones and a metacode as a pidgin that facilitates collaborationbetween heterogeneous groups in such zones, each understanding their reality based on local,cultural codes.
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10.
  • Diedrich, Andreas, 1973-, et al. (författare)
  • Making the refugee multiple: The effects of classification work
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Management. ; 24:4, s. 330-342
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper reports on a study of how the Swedish Migration Board, the Public Employment Service, the Refugee Units, and the Social Services jointly support refugees from their arrival in Sweden into employment. Among the various practices involved in this process, refugees are cast in at least four different roles, mainly by organizations, thus imposing a series of social positions to be managed. While such heterogeneous positions are not necessarily problematic, the Swedish system for integration is often portrayed as not very successful in pursuing its political and humanist goals. Some of its shortcomings may be explained by the diversity of the political, social, practical, and financial objectives of the organizations involved in the process. The paper concludes that a sociology of classification is useful for revealing how members of organizations enact social realities.
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