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Sökning: WFRF:(Sun Yuping)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 16
  • [1]2Nästa
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1.
  • Wang, Jian, et al. (författare)
  • Novel Mechanism of Macrophage-Mediated Metastasis Revealed in a Zebrafish Model of Tumor Development
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Cancer Research. - : American Association for Cancer Research. - 0008-5472 .- 1538-7445. ; 75:2, s. 306-315
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Cancer metastasis can occur at early stages of tumor development due to facilitative alterations in the tumor microenvironment. Although imaging techniques have considerably improved our understanding of metastasis, early events remain challenging to study due to the small numbers of malignant cells involved that are often undetectable. Using a novel zebrafish model to investigate this process, we discovered that tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) acted to facilitate metastasis by binding tumor cells and mediating their intravasation. Mechanistic investigations revealed that IL6 and TNF alpha promoted the ability of macrophages to mediate this step. M2 macro-phages were particularly potent when induced by IL4, IL10, and TGF beta. In contrast, IFN gamma-lipopolysaccharide-induced M1 macrophages lacked the capability to function in the same way in the model. Confirming these observations, we found that human TAM isolated from primary breast, lung, colorectal, and endometrial cancers exhibited a similar capability in invasion and metastasis. Taken together, our work shows how zebrafish can be used to study how host contributions can facilitate metastasis at its earliest stages, and they reveal a new macrophage-dependent mechanism of metastasis with possible prognostic implications.
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2.
  • Sun, Y. -P, et al. (författare)
  • Intramolecular soft modes and intermolecular interactions in liquid acetone
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Physical Review B Condensed Matter. - : American Physical Society. - 0163-1829 .- 1095-3795. ; 84:13, s. 132202-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Resonant inelastic x-ray scattering spectra excited at the O1s−1π* resonance of liquid acetone are presented. Scattering to the electronic ground state shows a resolved vibrational progression where the dominant contribution is due to the C-O stretching mode, thus demonstrating a unique sensitivity of the method to the local potential energy surface in complex molecular systems. For scattering to electronically excited states, soft vibrational modes and, to a smaller extent, intermolecular interactions give a broadening, which blurs the vibrational fine structure. It is predicted that environmental broadening is dominant in aqueous acetone.
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3.
  • Cao, Renhai, et al. (författare)
  • Collaborative interplay between FGF-2 and VEGF-C promotes lymphangiogenesis and metastasis
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. - : National Academy of Sciences. - 0027-8424 .- 1091-6490. ; 109:39, s. 15894-15899
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Interplay between various lymphangiogenic factors in promoting lymphangiogenesis and lymphatic metastasis remains poorly understood. Here we show that FGF-2 and VEGF-C, two lymphangiogenic factors, collaboratively promote angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis in the tumor microenvironment, leading to widespread pulmonary and lymph-node metastases. Coimplantation of dual factors in the mouse cornea resulted in additive angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis. At the molecular level, we showed that FGFR-1 expressed in lymphatic endothelial cells is a crucial receptor that mediates the FGF-2-induced lymphangiogenesis. Intriguingly, the VEGFR-3-mediated signaling was required for the lymphatic tip cell formation in both FGF-2- and VEGF-C-induced lymphangiogenesis. Consequently, a VEGFR-3-specific neutralizing antibody markedly inhibited FGF-2-induced lymphangiogenesis. Thus, the VEGFR-3-induced lymphatic endothelial cell tip cell formation is a prerequisite for FGF-2-stimulated lymphangiogenesis. In the tumor microenvironment, the reciprocal interplay between FGF-2 and VEGF-C collaboratively stimulated tumor growth, angiogenesis, intratumoral lymphangiogenesis, and metastasis. Thus, intervention and targeting of the FGF-2- and VEGF-C-induced angiogenic and lymphangiogenic synergism could be potentially important approaches for cancer therapy and prevention of metastasis.
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4.
  • Chen, Xiaoyun, et al. (författare)
  • Invasiveness and metastasis of retinoblastoma in an orthotopic zebrafish tumor model
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Scientific Reports. - : Nature Publishing Group: Open Access Journals - Option C / Nature Publishing Group. - 2045-2322 .- 2045-2322. ; 5:10351
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Retinoblastoma is a highly invasive malignant tumor that often invades the brain and metastasizes to distal organs through the blood stream. Invasiveness and metastasis of retinoblastoma can occur at the early stage of tumor development. However, an optimal preclinical model to study retinoblastoma invasiveness and metastasis in relation to drug treatment has not been developed. Here, we developed an orthotopic zebrafish model in which retinoblastoma invasion and metastasis can be monitored at a single cell level. We took the advantages of immune privilege and transparent nature of developing zebrafish embryos. Intravitreal implantation of color-coded retinoblastoma cells allowed us to kinetically monitor tumor cell invasion and metastasis. Further, interactions between retinoblastoma cells and surrounding microvasculatures were studied using a transgenic zebrafish that exhibited green fluorescent signals in blood vessels. We discovered that tumor cells invaded neighboring tissues and blood stream when primary tumors were at the microscopic sizes. These findings demonstrate that retinoblastoma metastasis occurs at the early stage and antiangiogenic drugs such as Vegf morpholino and sunitinib could potentially interfere with tumor invasiveness and metastasis. Thus, this orthotopic retinoblastoma model offers a new and unique opportunity to study the early events of tumor invasion, metastasis and drug responses.
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5.
  • Kimberg, V., et al. (författare)
  • Single-Molecule X-Ray Interferometry : Controlling Coupled Electron-Nuclear Quantum Dynamics and Imaging Molecular Potentials by Ultrahigh-Resolution Resonant Photoemission and Ab Initio Calculations
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Physical Review X. - : American Physical Society. - 2160-3308 .- 2160-3308. ; 3:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper reports an advanced study of the excited ionic states of the gas-phase nitrogen molecule in the binding-energy region of 22-34 eV, combining ultrahigh-resolution resonant photoemission (RPE) and ab initio configuration-interaction calculations. The RPE spectra are recorded for nine photon energies within the N 1s -> pi* absorption resonance of N-2 by using a photon bandwidth that is considerably smaller than lifetime broadening, and the dependence on excitation energy of the decay spectra is analyzed and used for the first assignment of 12 highly overlapped molecular states. The effect on the RPE profile of avoided curve crossings between the final N-2(+) ionic states is discussed, based on theoretical simulations that account for vibronic coupling, and compared with the experimental data. By use of synchrotron radiation with high spectral brightness, it is possible to selectively promote the molecule to highly excited vibrational sublevels of a core-excited electronic state, thereby controlling the spatial distribution of the vibrational wave packets, and to accurately image the ionic molecular potentials. In addition, the mapping of the vibrational wave functions of the core-excited states using the bound final states with far-from-equilibrium bond lengths has been achieved experimentally for the first time. Theoretical analysis has revealed the rich femtosecond nuclear dynamics underlying the mapping phenomenon. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevX.3.011017
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6.
  • Gavrilyuk, Sergey, et al. (författare)
  • Recoil splitting of x-ray-induced optical fluorescence
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics. - 1050-2947 .- 1094-1622. ; 81:3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We show that the anisotropy of the recoil velocity distribution of x-ray-ionized atoms or molecules leads to observable splittings in subsequent optical fluorescence or absorption when the polarization vector of the x rays is parallel to the momentum of the fluorescent photons. The order of the magnitude of the recoil-induced splitting is about 10 mu eV, which can be observed using Fourier or laser-absorption spectroscopic techniques.
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7.
  • Ji, Hong, et al. (författare)
  • TNFR1 mediates TNF-alpha-induced tumour lymphangiogenesis and metastasis by modulating VEGF-C-VEGFR3 signalling
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Nature Communications. - : Nature Publishing Group: Nature Communications. - 2041-1723 .- 2041-1723. ; 5:4944
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Inflammation and lymphangiogenesis are two cohesively coupled processes that promote tumour growth and invasion. Here we report that TNF-alpha markedly promotes tumour lymphangiogenesis and lymphatic metastasis. The TNF-alpha-TNFR1 signalling pathway directly stimulates lymphatic endothelial cell activity through a VEGFR3-independent mechanism. However, VEGFR3-induced lymphatic endothelial cell tips are a prerequisite for lymphatic vessel growth in vivo, and a VEGFR3 blockade completely ablates TNF-alpha-induced lymphangiogenesis. Moreover, TNF-alpha-TNFR1-activated inflammatory macrophages produce high levels of VEGF-C to coordinately activate VEGFR3. Genetic deletion of TNFR1 (Tnfr1(-/-)) in mice or depletion of tumour-associated macrophages (TAMs) virtually eliminates TNF-alpha-induced lymphangiogenesis and lymphatic metastasis. Gain-of-function experiments show that reconstitution of Tnfr1(+/+) macrophages in Tnfr1(+/+) mice largely restores tumour lymphangiogenesis and lymphatic metastasis. These findings shed mechanistic light on the intimate interplay between inflammation and lymphangiogenesis in cancer metastasis, and propose therapeutic intervention of lymphatic metastasis by targeting the TNF-alpha-TNFR1 pathway.
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8.
  • Miron, Catalin, et al. (författare)
  • Imaging molecular potentials using ultrahigh-resolution resonant photoemission
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Nature Physics. - 1745-2473 .- 1745-2481. ; 8:2, s. 135-138
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Electron-density distributions and potential-energy surfaces are important for predicting the physical properties and chemical reactivity of molecular systems. Whereas angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy enables the reconstruction of molecular-orbital densities of condensed species(1), absorption or traditional photoelectron spectroscopy are widely employed to study molecular potentials of isolated species. However, the information they provide is often limited because not all vibrational substates are excited near the vertical electronic transitions from the ground state. Moreover, many electronic states cannot be observed owing to selection rules or low transition probabilities. In many other cases, the extraction of the potentials is impossible owing to the high densities of overlapping electronic states. Here we use resonant photoemission spectroscopy, where the absence of strict dipole selection rules in Auger decay enables access to a larger number of final states as compared with radiative decay. Furthermore, by populating highly excited vibrational substates in the intermediate core-excited state, it is possible to 'pull out' molecular states that were hidden by overlapping spectral regions before.
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9.
  • Ning, Yuping, et al. (författare)
  • Effects of substrates, film thickness and temperature on thermal emittance of Mo/substrate deposited by magnetron sputtering
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Vacuum. - 0042-207X .- 1879-2715. ; 128, s. 73-79
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The thermal emittance of the Mo film, as an IR-refiector in solar selective absorbing coatings, is the most important property. The effects of the substrate material, the substrate surface roughness, the film thickness and the temperature on the thermal emittance of the Mo/substrate have been investigated. A series of Mo films with increasing film thickness were deposited on two types of substrate materials (glass and stainless steel). A saturated Mo thickness of 50 nm is found to produce the lowest thermal emittance. The thermal emittance of the Mo film is reduced by decreasing the substrate surface roughness. The emittance of the optimal Mo film remains 0.05 from 25 degrees C to 400 degrees C, which can meet the optical requirements for the IR-reflector.
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10.
  • Ning, Yuping, et al. (författare)
  • Investigation on low thermal emittance of Al films deposited by magnetron sputtering
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Infrared physics & technology. - 1350-4495 .- 1879-0275. ; 75, s. 133-138
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A series of Al films with different thicknesses were deposited on polished stainless steel by direct current (DC) magnetron sputtering as a metal IR-reflector layer in solar selective absorbing coating (SSAC). The effects of the film thickness and the temperature on the thermal emittance of the Al films are studied. An optimal thickness 78 nm of the Al film for the lowest total thermal emittance is obtained. The thermal emittance of the optimal Al film keeps close to 0.02 from 25 degrees C to 400 degrees C, which are low enough to satisfy the optical requirements in SSAC. The optical constants of the AI film are deduced by fitting the reflectance and transmission spectra using SCOUT software.
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