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Sökning: WFRF:(Sundin Anders 1954 )

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  • Jensen, Robert T., et al. (författare)
  • Unmet Needs in Functional and Nonfunctional pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Neuroendocrinology. - 0028-3835 .- 1423-0194. ; 108:1, s. 26-36
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Recently, the European Neuroendocrine Tumor Society (ENETS) held working sessions composed of members of the advisory board and other neuroendocrine neoplasm (NEN) experts to attempt to identify unmet needs in NENs in different locations or with advanced/poorly differentiated NENs. This report briefly summarizes the main proposed areas of unmet needs in patients with functional and nonfunctional pancreatic NENs.
  • Ramage, John K, et al. (författare)
  • Colorectal Neuroendocrine Neoplasms - areas of unmet need
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Neuroendocrinology. - 0028-3835 .- 1423-0194. ; 108:1, s. 45-53
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The subject of colorectal neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs), subdivided into well-differentiated NENs, termed neuroendocrine tumours (NETs; grade (G) 1 and 2), and poorly differentiated NENs, termed neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs; G3) according to the 2010 World Health Organisation (WHO) classification, has arguably not had as much attention or study as NENs occurring in other sites. Colorectal NETs and NECs are however easier to study than many others since they are usually not difficult to remove and are increasingly detected because of intensified colorectal cancer screening and surveillance programmes. Colorectal NETs and NECs show site-specific heterogeneity with variable behaviour and different therapeutic options; these various aspects provide unique challenges. Because of bowel cancer screening programmes, colorectal NENs, like conventional adenocarcinomas, may be diagnosed at a stage that is associated with improved survival. In this article we intend to describe and define areas of unmet needs relating to the epidemiology, classification, pathology, diagnosis and therapy of colorectal NETs (including NETs G3), colorectal NECs, and finally, mixed adeno-neuroendocrine carcinomas (MANECs) by reviewing and discussing the relevant literature.
  • Burman, Pia, et al. (författare)
  • 11C-metomidate PET/CT detected multiple ectopic adrenal rest tumors in a woman with congenital adrenal hyperplasia
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. - 0021-972X .- 1945-7197. ; 106:2, s. e675-e679
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • ContextWomen with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) may present with androgen excess that is difficult to control with conventional suppressive doses of glucocorticoids. Clinical management is challenging, and the woman is at great risk of developing steroid-induced complications.Patients and MethodsA 32-year-old woman with salt-wasting CAH due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency underwent right-sided adrenalectomy because of a large myelolipoma. Over the years, androgens became increasingly difficult to suppress on prednisolone 5 + 0 + 2.5 mg daily, and at age 39 years the left adrenal with an enlarging myelolipoma was removed. A month later serum testosterone levels had increased from 4.1 preoperatively to 18.3 nmol/L (reference 0.2-1.8 nmol/L), and adrenocorticotropin levels from 32 to 283 pmol/L (reference < 14 pmol/L). No adrenal parenchyma was visualized on computed tomography (CT). In the further search for the source of the markedly elevated testosterone, positron emission tomography (PET) was performed with 2 different tracers, 18fluorodeoxyglucose (18FDG) reflecting glucose metabolism and 11C-metomidate, an inhibitor of 11-β-hydroxylase targeting adrenocortical tissue.Results18FDG-PET/CT with cosyntropin stimulation showed ovarian/paraovarian hypermetabolism, suggestive of adrenal rest tumors. Further characterization with 11C-metomidate PET/CT showed uptakes localized to the ovaries/adnexa, behind the spleen, and between the right crus diaphragmaticus and inferior vena cava.ConclusionAdrenal rest tumors can give rise to high androgen levels in spite of suppressive supraphysiological glucocorticoid doses. This case illustrates, for the first time, the value of 11C-metomidate PET as a sensitive method in documenting adrenal rest tumors, currently considered rare in women with CAH.
  • Fröss-Baron, Katarzyna, et al. (författare)
  • 177Lu-DOTATATE Therapy of Advanced Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors Heavily Pretreated With Chemotherapy : Analysis of Outcome, Safety and Their Determinants
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Neuroendocrinology. - 0028-3835 .- 1423-0194. ; 111:4, s. 330-343
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: To retrospectively analyze toxicity, progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) and their determinants in patients with advanced pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (panNETs), previously pretreated with chemotherapy, undergoing peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) with 177Lu-DOTATATE.Methods: In total, 102 patients with advanced panNETs, previously pretreated with one (67%) or several (33%) lines of chemotherapy were included, of whom 90 % had progressive disease and the majority (74.5%) with grade 2 tumors. 177Lu-DOTATATE, 7.4 GBq per cycle, was administered with 6 to 8 weeks interval, in 88 % of patients utilizing a dosimetry-guided protocol, until an absorbed dose of 23 Gy to the kidneys was reached.Results: Mean 32±10.9 GBq per patient was administered in 1-10 cycles starting median 36 months after panNET diagnosis. Median follow-up was 34 months. Median PFS was 24 months and median OS was 42 months from start of PRRT. Independent risk factors for both progression and death were liver tumor burden >50%, more than one line of previous chemotherapy and elevated alkaline phosphatase (ALP). Resection of the primary tumor was linked to longer survival. Bone marrow toxicity grade 3-4 occurred in 10.8%. One patient (1.0 %) developed acute myeloid leukemia. Bone marrow toxicity was unrelated to type and length of previous chemotherapy, amount of administered activity and absorbed dose to the bone marrow.Conclusion: 177Lu-DOTATATE therapy was feasible, highly effective and safe in patients with advanced panNETs heavily pretreated with chemotherapy. More than one line of chemotherapy was a therapy related independent risk factor for shorter PFS and OS.
  • Garske, Ulrike, 1963-, et al. (författare)
  • Prospective observational study of 177Lu-DOTA-octreotate therapy in 200 patients with advanced metastasized neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) : feasibility and impact of a dosimetry-guided study protocol on outcome and toxicity
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging. - 1619-7070 .- 1619-7089. ; 45:6, s. 970-988
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE: Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy in patients with neuroendocrine tumours has yielded promising results. This prospective study investigated the feasibility of dosimetry of the kidneys and bone marrow during therapy and its impact on efficacy and outcome.METHODS: Lu-DOTA-octreotate with co-infusion of a mixed amino acid solution, and cycles were repeated until the absorbed dose to the kidneys reached 23 Gy or there were other reasons for stopping therapy. The Ki-67 index was ≤2% in 47 patients (23.5%), 3-20% in 121 (60.5%) and >20% in 16 (8%).RESULTS: In 123 patients (61.5%) the absorbed dose to the kidneys reached 23 Gy with three to nine cycles during first-line therapy; in no patient was a dose to the bone marrow of 2 Gy reached. The best responses (according to RECIST 1.1) were a complete response (CR) in 1 patient (0.5%), a partial response (PR) in 47 (23.5%), stable disease (SD) in 135 (67.5%) and progressive disease (PD) in 7 (3.5%). Median progression-free survival was 27 months (95% CI 22-30 months) in all patients, 33 months in those in whom the absorbed dose to the kidneys reached 23 Gy and 15 months in those in whom it did not. Median overall survival (OS) was 43 months (95% CI 39-53 months) in all patients, 54 months in those in whom the absorbed dose to the kidneys reached 23 Gy and 25 months in those in whom it did not. Median OS was 60 months in patients with a best response of PR or CR, 42 months in those with SD and 16 months in those with PD. Three patients (1.5%) developed acute leukaemia, 1 patient (0.5%) chronic leukaemia (unconfirmed) and 30 patients (15%) grade 3 or 4 bone marrow toxicity. Eight patients (4%) developed grade 2 kidney toxicity and one patient (0.5%) grade 4 kidney toxicity.CONCLUSIONS: Lu-DOTA-octreotate is feasible. Patients in whom the absorbed dose to the kidneys reached 23 Gy had a longer OS than those in whom it did not. Patients with CR/PR had a longer OS than those with SD. Bone marrow dosimetry did not predict toxicity.
  • Hägglund, Hans, et al. (författare)
  • Graft-versus-Mastocytosis Effect After Donor Lymphocyte Infusion : Proof of Principle.
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Haematology. - : WILEY. - 0902-4441 .- 1600-0609. ; 106:2, s. 290-293
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Advanced systemic mastocytosis is a relatively rare entity where allogeneic stem cell transplantation can lead to cure of the disease in selected patients. Delayed incomplete responses with graft versus mastocytosis effect were published in a few cases. In this particular patient's report, we describe the direct evidence and potency of graft versus mastocytosis effect of donor lymphocyte infusions in a patient with systemic mastocytosis with associated hematological neoplasm (SM-AHN). In a 53-year-old female patient, an allogeneic stem cell transplantation after conventional induction treatment was performed for transformed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) during the course of polycythemia vera. After 6 years of remission period of AML and PV, the patient developed aleukemic mast cell leukemia and JAK2 positive myeloproliferative neoplasm (SM-AHN). We were able to achieve a sustained complete remission of SM-AHN lasting for 6 years with only donor lymphocyte infusions in a status of mixed chimerism. The patient is in a good clinical condition and remission. The potent graft versus mastocytosis effect in this patient resembles the favorable effect of donor lymphocyte infusions in relapsing chronic myeloid leukemia patients after transplantation. This patient is, to our knowledge, the first case showing the proof of principle of graft versus mastocytosis effect.
  • Modlin, Irvin M., et al. (författare)
  • Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumours
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: The Lancet Oncology. - 1470-2045 .- 1474-5488. ; 9:1, s. 61-72
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) are fairly rare neoplasms that present many clinical challenges. They secrete peptides and neuroamines that cause distinct clinical syndromes, including carcinoid syndrome. However, many are clinically silent until late presentation with mass effects. Investigation and management should be highly individualised for a patient, taking into consideration the likely natural history of the tumour and general health of the patient. Management strategies include surgery for cure (which is achieved rarely) or for cytoreduction, radiological intervention (by chemoembolisation and radiofrequency ablation), chemotherapy, and somatostatin analogues to control symptoms that result from release of peptides and neuroamines. New biological agents and somatostatin-tagged radionuclides are under investigation. The complexity, heterogeneity, and rarity of GEP NETs have contributed to a paucity of relevant randomised trials and little or no survival increase over the past 30 years. To improve outcome from GEP NETs, a better understanding of their biology is needed, with emphasis on molecular genetics and disease modeling. More-reliable serum markers, better tumour localisation and identification of small lesions, and histological grading systems and classifications with prognostic application are needed. Comparison between treatments is currently very difficult. Progress is unlikely to occur without development of centers of excellence, with dedicated combined clinical teams to coordinate multicentre studies, maintain clinical and tissue databases, and refine molecularly targeted therapeutics.
  • Sandqvist, Patricia, et al. (författare)
  • Multiphase Iodine Contrast-Enhanced SPECT/CT Outperforms Nonenhanced SPECT/CT for Preoperative Localization of Small Parathyroid Adenomas
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Clinical Nuclear Medicine. - 0363-9762 .- 1536-0229. ; 44:12, s. 929-935
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PurposeThe aim of this study was to assess the value of intravenously contrast-enhanced CT in conjunction with 99mTc-MIBI SPECT for preoperative localization of parathyroid adenoma.MethodsOne hundred ninety-two patients with primary hyperparathyroidism were enrolled in the study between May 2015 and May 2017. The patients underwent a preoperative “one-stop shop” examination with 99mTc-MIBI SPECT/CT by using dual time-point (10 and 90 minutes) protocol and both nonenhanced CT and contrast-enhanced CT acquisition in the arterial and venous phase, 35 and 75 seconds, respectively, after contrast medium injection start. For 149 patients, the imaging results could be correlated to those at surgery and histopathology.ResultsThe median adenoma weight was 330 mg. The addition of contrast-enhanced CT increased the sensitivity from 81.1% to 89.9% (P = 0.003). The specificity of nonenhanced SPECT/CT was similar to contrast-enhanced CT (96.1% vs 97.9%; P = 0.077). For patients with uniglandular disease (n = 140, 94.0%), the sensitivity increased from 86.4% to 93.6% (P = 0.021) and the specificity from 96.2% to 97.9% (P = 0.118) by adding contrast-enhanced CT. In patients with multiglandular disease (n = 9, 6.0%), adding contrast-enhanced CT improved detection sensitivity from 42.1% to 63.2%. However, these patients were few and significance was not reached (P = 0.125).ConclusionsIn this cohort, with generally small parathyroid adenomas, the sensitivity in preoperative localization was greatly improved by adding contrast-enhanced CT to 99mTc-MIBI SPECT/CT.
  • Sandqvist, Patricia, et al. (författare)
  • The preoperative localisation of small parathyroid adenomas improves when adding Tc-99m-Sestamibi SPECT to multiphase contrast-enhanced CT
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Insight into Imaging. - 1869-4101 .- 1869-4101. ; 12:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • ObjectivesTo investigate the incremental value of Sestamibi SPECT combined with a non-enhanced and contrast-enhanced CT, using SPECT/CT, for the preoperative localisation of small parathyroid adenomas (PTA).MethodsRetrospectively, 147 patients surgically cured from primary hyperparathyroidism, as verified by biochemistry 6 months postoperatively, were included. All patients had preoperatively undergone a dual time 99mTechnetium-Sestamibi SPECT (S) with multiphase CT including native (N), arterial (A) and venous (V) phases. Independently, two radiologists blinded from both the surgical and the preoperative imaging reports, sequentially performed PTA localisation starting with either [A] or [V], thereafter [A + N] or [V + N] and finally with the complete [A + N + S] or [V + N + S]. PTA localisation was reported for each image-set. The readers results were combined and the diagnostic performance for each image set was determined. Sensitivity was also calculated for the different quartiles of PTA weight distribution.ResultsThe median adenoma weight was 315 mg. No statistically significant differences in diagnostic performance between arterial and venous based image sets were found. The net effect of adding [N] was to increase specificity. Sestamibi SPECT significantly increased the overall diagnostic accuracy for arterial- and venous-based image sets, p = 0.0008 and p = 0.001, respectively. [A + N + S] was found to have the highest diagnostic performance with 86.5% sensitivity and 94.9% overall accuracy. [A + N + S] was particularly advantageous for locating PTA in the lower weight quartiles.ConclusionsNative CT-phase and dual time point Sestamibi SPECT increase specificity and sensitivity, respectively. These, in combination with a single contrast-enhanced CT-phase is the most optimal examination protocol for preoperative localisation of PTA using SPECT/CT.
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