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  • Zhang, Fengling, et al. (författare)
  • Influence of solvent mixing on the morphology and performance of solar cells based on polyfluorene copolymer/fullerene blends
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Advanced Functional Materials. - : Wiley-VCH Verlag. - 1616-301X .- 1616-3028. ; 16:5, s. 667-674
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The influence of the solvent on the morphol. and performance of polymer solar cells was studied in devices based on blends of the polyfluorene copolymer, poly(2,7-(9,9-dioctyl-fluorene)-alt-5,5-(4',7'-di-2-thienyl-2', 1',3'-benzothiadiazole)), and [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid Me ester. The blends are spin-coated from CHCl3 or from CHCl3 mixed with small amts. of xylene, toluene, or chlorobenzene. The devices are characterized under monochromatic light and AM1.5 solar illumination. An enhancement of the photocurrent d. was obsd. in diodes made from CHCl3 mixed with chlorobenzene, and a decreased photocurrent d. is obsd. in diodes made from CHCl3 mixed with xylene or toluene, compared to diodes made from neat CHCl3. The open-circuit voltages are almost the same for all diodes. The surfaces of the active layers were imaged with AFM. Height images indicate that a finer and more uniform distribution of domains corresponds to the diodes with enhanced photocurrent that are made from CHCl3 mixed with chlorobenzene, while a structure with larger domains is assocd. with the lower photocurrents in the diodes made from CHCl3 mixed with xylene or toluene. The influence of the morphol. on the excited-state dynamics and charge generation was studied using time-resolved spectroscopy. Fast formation of bound charge pairs followed by their conversion into free charge carriers was resolved, and excitation-intensity-dependent non-geminate recombination of free charges was obsd. A significant enhancement in free-charge-carrier generation was obsd. on introducing chlorobenzene into CHCl3. Imaging photocurrent generation from the solar cells with a light-pulse technique shows an inhomogeneous photocurrent distribution, which is related to the undulations in the thickness of the active layer. Thicker parts of the diodes yield higher photocurrent values. [on SciFinder (R)]
  • Chen, X., et al. (författare)
  • A genome-wide association study of IgM antibody against phosphorylcholine: shared genetics and phenotypic relationship to chronic lymphocytic leukemia
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Human Molecular Genetics. - : Oxford University Press. - 0964-6906 .- 1460-2083. ; 27:10, s. 1809-1818
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Phosphorylcholine (PC) is an epitope on oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL), apoptotic cells and several pathogens like Streptococcus pneumoniae. Immunoglobulin M against PC (IgM anti-PC) has the ability to inhibit uptake of oxLDL by macrophages and increase clearance of apoptotic cells. From our genome-wide association studies (GWASs) in four European-ancestry cohorts, six single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 11q24.1 were discovered (in 3002 individuals) and replicated (in 646 individuals) to be associated with serum level of IgM anti-PC (the leading SNP rs35923643-G, combined beta = 0.19, 95% confidence interval 0.13-0.24, P = 4.3 x 10-11). The haplotype tagged by rs35923643-G (or its proxy SNP rs735665-A) is also known as the top risk allele for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), and a main increasing allele for general IgM. By using summary GWAS results of IgM anti-PC and CLL in the polygenic risk score (PRS) analysis, PRS on the basis of IgM anti-PC risk alleles positively associated with CLL risk (explained 0.6% of CLL variance, P = 1.2 x 10-15). Functional prediction suggested that rs35923643-G might impede the binding of Runt-related transcription factor 3, a tumor suppressor playing a central role in the immune regulation of cancers. Contrary to the expectations from the shared genetics between IgM anti-PC and CLL, an inverse relationship at the phenotypic level was found in a nested case-control study (30 CLL cases with 90 age- and sex-matched controls), potentially reflecting reverse causation. The suggested function of the top variant as well as the phenotypic association between IgM anti-PC and CLL risk needs replication and motivates further studies.
  • Tchaplyguine, M., et al. (författare)
  • Direct observation of the non-supported metal nanoparticle electron density of states by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal D. - : EDP Sciences. - 1434-6060 .- 1434-6079. ; 45:2, s. 295-299
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Synchrotron-based X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy on copper and silver cluster beams created by a magnetron-based gas-aggregation source has allowed mapping the electron density of states (DOS) of free metallic nanoparticles. The cluster DOS profiles obtained in the experiments strongly resemble the infinite solid DOS shapes, but the extracted cluster work-functions are lower than those for the bulk metal. The latter observation is explained by the initial negative charge on most of the clusters, created by the source.
  • Andersson, Tomas, et al. (författare)
  • Plasmon single- and multi-quantum excitation in free metal clusters as seen by photoelectron spectroscopy.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Journal of Chemical Physics. - : American Institute of Physics (AIP). - 0021-9606 .- 1089-7690. ; 134:9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Plasmons are investigated in free nanoscale Na, Mg, and K metal clusters using synchrotron radiation-based x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The core levels for which the response from bulk and surface atoms can be resolved are probed over an extended binding energy range to include the plasmon loss features. In all species the features due to fundamental plasmons are identified, and in Na and K also those due to either the first order plasmon overtones or sequential plasmon excitation are observed. These features are discussed in view of earlier results for planar macroscopic samples and free clusters of the same materials.
  • Andersson, Tomas, et al. (författare)
  • The electronic structure of free aluminum clusters: Metallicity and plasmons
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Journal of Chemical Physics. - : American Institute of Physics (AIP). - 0021-9606 .- 1089-7690. ; 136:20
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The electronic structure of free aluminum clusters with similar to 3-4 nm radius has been investigated using synchrotron radiation-based photoelectron and Auger electron spectroscopy. A beam of free clusters has been produced using a gas-aggregation source. The 2p core level and the valence band have been probed. Photoelectron energy-loss features corresponding to both bulk and surface plasmon excitation following photoionization of the 2p level have been observed, and the excitation energies have been derived. In contrast to some expectations, the loss features have been detected at energies very close to those of the macroscopic solid. The results are discussed from the point of view of metallic properties in nanoparticles with a finite number of constituent atoms. (C) 2012 American Institute of Physics. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4718362]
  • Baev, A, et al. (författare)
  • Picturing molecular femtosecond processes through an ultra-fast controllable X-ray shutter
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Chemical Physics. - 0301-0104 .- 1873-4421. ; 289, s. 51-56
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We show that frequency detuning in a resonant X-ray scattering experiment acts as an X-ray camera shutter by regulating the duration time of the scattering process. The camera shutter can be used to select processes at different time scales for observation. This is illustrated by a resonant Auger study of the ultra-fast dissociation of the core-excited HF molecule. We present experimental results and first principle simulations of the molecular fraction in the resonant Auger spectra of HF which is a dynamical parameter that well illustrates X-ray shutter controlled dissociation.
  • Bergersen, H, et al. (författare)
  • First observation of vibrations in core-level photoelectron spectra of free neutral molecular clusters
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Chemical Physics Letters. - : Elsevier. - 0009-2614 .- 1873-4448. ; 429:1-3, s. 109-113
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Core-level photoelectron spectra of free neutral methane clusters have been recorded. These spectra exhibit well-resolved surface and bulk features as well as vibrational fine structure. The vibrational structure in the cluster signal is well reproduced by a theoretical model that assumes independent contributions from inter- and intramolecular modes. The intramolecular contribution to the vibrational line-shape is taken to be equal to that of the monomer in the gas phase, while the intermolecular part is simplified to line broadening. An estimate of the cluster size has been made on the basis of the observed surface-to-bulk intensity ratio.
  • Bergersen, H., et al. (författare)
  • Two size regimes of methanol clusters produced by adiabatic expansion
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Journal of Chemical Physics. - : American Institute of Physics (AIP). - 0021-9606 .- 1089-7690. ; 125:18
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Free neutral methanol clusters produced by adiabatic expansion have been studied by photoelectron spectroscopy and line shape modeling. The results show that clusters belonging to two distinct size regimes can be produced by changing the expansion conditions. While the larger size regime can be well described by line shapes calculated for clusters consisting of hundreds of molecules, the smaller size regime corresponds to methanol oligomers, predominantly of cyclic structure. There is little contribution from dimers to the spectra.
  • Bjarnason, Thordur, et al. (författare)
  • One-Year Follow-up After Open Abdomen Therapy With Vacuum-Assisted Wound Closure and Mesh-Mediated Fascial Traction.
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: World Journal of Surgery. - : Springer. - 1432-2323 .- 0364-2313. ; 37:9, s. 2031-2038
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Open abdomen (OA) therapy frequently results in a giant planned ventral hernia. Vacuum-assisted wound closure and mesh-mediated fascial traction (VAWCM) enables delayed primary fascial closure in most patients, even after prolonged OA treatment. Our aim was to study the incidence of hernia and abdominal wall discomfort 1 year after abdominal closure. METHODS: A prospective multicenter cohort study of 111 patients undergoing OA/VAWCM was performed during 2006-2009. Surviving patients underwent clinical examination, computed tomography (CT), and chart review at 1 year. Incisional and parastomal hernias and abdominal wall symptoms were noted. RESULTS: The median age for the 70 surviving patients was 68 years, 77 % of whom were male. Indications for OA were visceral pathology (n = 40), vascular pathology (n = 22), or trauma (n = 8). Median length of OA therapy was 14 days. Among 64 survivors who had delayed primary fascial closure, 23 (36 %) had a clinically detectable hernia and another 19 (30 %) had hernias that were detected on CT (n = 18) or at laparotomy (n = 1). Symptomatic hernias were found in 14 (22 %), 7 of them underwent repair. The median hernia widths in symptomatic and asymptomatic patients were 7.3 and 4.8 cm, respectively (p = 0.031) with median areas of 81.0 and 42.9 cm(2), respectively (p = 0.025). Of 31 patients with a stoma, 18 (58 %) had a parastomal hernia. Parastomal hernia (odds ratio 8.9; 95 % confidence interval 1.2-68.8) was the only independent factor associated with an incisional hernia. CONCLUSIONS: Incisional hernia incidence 1 year after OA therapy with VAWCM was high. Most hernias were small and asymptomatic, unlike the giant planned ventral hernias of the past.
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