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Sökning: WFRF:(Taïeb David)

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1.
  • Strosberg, Jonathan, et al. (författare)
  • Impact of liver tumour burden, alkaline phosphatase elevation, and target lesion size on treatment outcomes with Lu-177-Dotatate : an analysis of the NETTER-1 study
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging. - : SPRINGER. - 1619-7070 .- 1619-7089. ; 47:10, s. 2372-2382
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose To assess the impact of baseline liver tumour burden, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) elevation, and target lesion size on treatment outcomes with Lu-177-Dotatate. Methods In the phase 3 NETTER-1 trial, patients with advanced, progressive midgut neuroendocrine tumours (NET) were randomised to 177Lu-Dotatate (every 8 weeks, four cycles) plus octreotide long-acting release (LAR) or to octreotide LAR 60 mg. Primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). Analyses of PFS by baseline factors, including liver tumour burden, ALP elevation, and target lesion size, were performed using Kaplan-Meier estimates; hazard ratios (HRs) with corresponding 95% CIs were estimated using Cox regression. Results Significantly prolonged median PFS occurred with Lu-177-Dotatate versus octreotide LAR 60 mg in patients with low (< 25%), moderate (25-50%), and high (> 50%) liver tumour burden (HR 0.187, 0.216, 0.145), and normal or elevated ALP (HR 0.153, 0.177), and in the presence or absence of a large target lesion (diameter > 30 mm; HR, 0.213, 0.063). Within the Lu-177-Dotatate arm, no significant difference in PFS was observed amongst patients with low/moderate/high liver tumour burden (P = 0.7225) or with normal/elevated baseline ALP (P = 0.3532), but absence of a large target lesion was associated with improved PFS (P = 0.0222). Grade 3 and 4 liver function abnormalities were rare and did not appear to be associated with high baseline liver tumour burden. Conclusions Lu-177-Dotatate demonstrated significant prolongation in PFS versus high-dose octreotide LAR in patients with advanced, progressive midgut NET, regardless of baseline liver tumour burden, elevated ALP, or the presence of a large target lesion. : NCT01578239, EudraCT: 2011-005049-11
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2.
  • Ambrosini, Valentina, et al. (författare)
  • Consensus on molecular imaging and theranostics in neuroendocrine neoplasms
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Cancer. - 0959-8049 .- 1879-0852. ; 146, s. 56-73
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Nuclear medicine plays an increasingly important role in the management neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN). Somatostatin analogue (SSA)-based positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) and peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) have been used in clinical trials and approved by the European Medicines Agency (EMA) and the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). European Association of Nuclear Medicine (EANM) Focus 3 performed a multidisciplinary Delphi process to deliver a balanced perspective on molecular imaging and radionuclide therapy in well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumours (NETs). NETs form in cells that interact with the nervous system or in glands that produce hormones. These cells, called neuroendocrine cells, can be found throughout the body, but NETs are most often found in the abdomen, especially in the gastrointestinal tract. These tumours may also be found in the lungs, pancreas and adrenal glands. In addition to being rare, NETs are also complex and may be difficult to diagnose. Most NETs are non-functioning; however, a minority present with symptoms related to hypersecretion of bioactive compounds. NETs often do not cause symptoms early in the disease process. When diagnosed, substantial number of patients are already found to have metastatic disease. Several societies' guidelines address Neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) management; however, many issues are still debated, due to both the difficulty in acquiring strong clinical evidence in a rare and heterogeneous disease and the different availability of diagnostic and therapeutic options across countries. EANM Focus 3 reached consensus on employing 68gallium-labelled somatostatin analogue ([68Ga]Ga-DOTA-SSA)-based PET/CT with diagnostic CT or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for unknown primary NET detection, metastatic NET, NET staging/restaging, suspected extra-adrenal pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma and suspected paraganglioma. Consensus was reached on employing 18fluorine-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose ([18F]FDG) PET/CT in neuroendocrine carcinoma, G3 NET and in G1-2 NET with mismatched lesions (CT-positive/[68Ga]Ga-DOTA-SSA-negative). Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) was recommended for second line treatment for gastrointestinal NET with [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-SSA uptake in all lesions, in G1/G2 NET at disease progression, and in a subset of G3 NET provided all lesions are positive at [18F]FDG and [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-SSA. PRRT rechallenge may be used for in patients with stable disease for at least 1 year after therapy completion. An international consensus is not only a prelude to a more standardised management across countries but also serves as a guide for the direction to follow when designing new research studies.
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3.
  • Barbolosi, Dominique, et al. (författare)
  • Mathematical modeling of disease dynamics in SDHB- and SDHD-related paraganglioma : Further step in understanding hereditary tumor differences and future therapeutic strategies.
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: PLOS ONE. - 1932-6203. ; 13:8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Succinate dehydrogenase subunit B and D (SDHB and SDHD) mutations represent the most frequent cause of hereditary pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma (PPGL). Although truncation of the succinate dehydrogenase complex is thought to be the disease causing mechanism in both disorders, SDHB and SDHD patients exihibit different phenotypes. These phenotypic differences are currently unexplained by molecular genetics. The aim of this study is to compare disease dynamics in these two conditions via a Markov chain model based on 4 clinically-defined steady states. Our model corroborates at the population level phenotypic observations in SDHB and SDHD carriers and suggests potential explanations associated with the probabilities of disease maintenance and regression. In SDHB-related syndrome, PPGL maintenance seems to be reduced compared to SDHD (p = 0.04 vs 0.95) due to higher probability of tumor cell regression in SDHB vs SDHD (p = 0.87 vs 0.00). However, when SDHB-tumors give rise to metastases, metastatic cells are able to thrive with decreased probability of regression compared with SDHD counterparts (p = 0.17 vs 0.89). By constrast, almost all SDHD patients develop PGL (mainly head and neck) that persist throughout their lifetime. However, compared to SDHB, maintenance of metastatic lesions seems to be less effective for SDHD (p = 0.83 vs 0.11). These findings align with data suggesting that SDHD-related PPGL require less genetic events for tumor initiation and maintenance compared to those related to SDHB, but fail to initiate biology that promotes metastatic spread and metastatic cell survival in host tissues. By contrast, the higher number of genetic abnormalities required for tumor initiation and maintenance in SDHB PPGL result in a lower penetrance of PGL, but when cells give rise to metastases they are assumed to be better adapted to sustain survival. These proposed differences in disease progression dynamics between SDHB and SDHD diseases provide new cues for future exploration of SDHx PPGL behavior, offering considerations for future specific therapeutic and prevention strategies.
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4.
  • Bonnetain, Franck, et al. (författare)
  • Guidelines for time-to-event end-point definitions in trials for pancreatic cancer : Results of the DATECAN initiative (Definition for the Assessment of Time-to-event End-points in CANcer trials)
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Cancer. - 0959-8049 .- 1879-0852. ; 50:17, s. 2983-2993
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Using potential surrogate end-points for overall survival (OS) such as Disease-Free- (DFS) or Progression-Free Survival (PFS) is increasingly common in randomised controlled trials (RCTs). However, end-points are too often imprecisely defined which largely contributes to a lack of homogeneity across trials, hampering comparison between them. The aim of the DATECAN (Definition for the Assessment of Time-to-event End-points in CANcer trials)-Pancreas project is to provide guidelines for standardised definition of time-to-event end-points in RCTs for pancreatic cancer. Methods: Time-to-event end-points currently used were identified from a literature review of pancreatic RCT trials (2006-2009). Academic research groups were contacted for participation in order to select clinicians and methodologists to participate in the pilot and scoring groups (>30 experts). A consensus was built after 2 rounds of the modified Delphi formal consensus approach with the Rand scoring methodology (range: 1-9). Results: For pancreatic cancer, 14 time to event end-points and 25 distinct event types applied to two settings (detectable disease and/or no detectable disease) were considered relevant and included in the questionnaire sent to 52 selected experts. Thirty experts answered both scoring rounds. A total of 204 events distributed over the 14 end-points were scored. After the first round, consensus was reached for 25 items; after the second consensus was reached for 156 items; and after the face-to-face meeting for 203 items. Conclusion: The formal consensus approach reached the elaboration of guidelines for standardised definitions of time-to-event end-points allowing cross-comparison of RCTs in pancreatic cancer.
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5.
  • Crona, Joakim, et al. (författare)
  • New Perspectives on Pheochromocytoma and Paraganglioma : Toward a Molecular Classification
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Endocrine reviews. - 0163-769X .- 1945-7189. ; 38:6, s. 489-515
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A molecular biology-based taxonomy has been proposed for pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma (PPGL). Data from the Cancer Genome Atlas revealed clinically relevant prognostic and predictive biomarkers and stratified PPGLs into three main clusters. Each subgroup has a distinct molecular-biochemical-imaging signature. Concurrently, new methods for biochemical analysis, functional imaging, and medical therapies have also become available. The research community now strives to match the cluster biomarkers with the best intervention. The concept of precision medicine has been long awaited and holds great promise for improved care. Here, we review the current and future PPGL classifications, with a focus on hereditary syndromes. We discuss the current strengths and shortcomings of precision medicine and suggest a condensed manual for diagnosis and treatment of both adult and pediatric patients with PPGL. Finally, we consider the future direction of this field, with a particular focus on how advanced molecular characterization of PPGL can improve a patient's outcome, including cures and, ultimately, disease prevention.
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6.
  • Crona, Joakim, et al. (författare)
  • RNA-Sequencing Analysis of Adrenocortical Carcinoma, Pheochromocytoma and Paraganglioma from a Pan-Cancer Perspective
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Cancers. - : MDPI. - 2072-6694. ; 10:12
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) and pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma (PPGL) are defined by clinicopathological criteria and can be further sub-divided based on different molecular features. Whether differences between these molecular subgroups are significant enough to re-challenge their current clinicopathological classification is currently unknown. It is also not fully understood to which other cancers ACC and PPGL show similarity to. To address these questions, we included recent RNA-Seq data from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Therapeutically Applicable Research to Generate Effective Treatments (TARGET) datasets. Two bioinformatics pipelines were used for unsupervised clustering and principal components analysis. Results were validated using consensus clustering model and interpreted according to previous pan-cancer experiments. Two datasets consisting of 3319 tumors from 35 disease categories were studied. Consistent with the current classification, ACCs clustered as a homogenous group in a pan-cancer context. It also clustered close to neural crest derived tumors, including gliomas, neuroblastomas, pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, and PPGLs. Contrary, some PPGLs mixed with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors or neuroblastomas. Thus, our unbiased gene-expression analysis of PPGL did not overlap with their current clinicopathological classification. These results emphasize some importances of the shared embryological origin of these tumors, all either related or close to neural crest tumors, and opens for investigation of a complementary categorization based on gene-expression features.
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7.
  • Ghosal, Suman, et al. (författare)
  • Long intergenic noncoding RNA profiles of pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma : A novel prognostic biomarker
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cancer. - 0020-7136 .- 1097-0215. ; 146:8, s. 2326-2335
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Many long intergenic noncoding RNAs (lincRNAs) serve as cancer biomarkers for diagnosis or prognostication. To understand the role of lincRNAs in the rare neuroendocrine tumors pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma (PCPG), we performed first time in-depth characterization of lincRNA expression profiles and correlated findings to clinical outcomes of the disease. RNA-Seq data from patients with PCPGs and 17 other tumor types from The Cancer Genome Atlas and other published sources were obtained. Differential expression analysis and a machine-learning model were used to identify transcripts specific to PCPGs, as well as established PCPG molecular subtypes. Similarly, lincRNAs specific to aggressive PCPGs were identified, and univariate and multivariate analysis was performed for metastasis-free survival. The results were validated in independent samples using RT-PCR. From a pan-cancer context, PCPGs had a specific and unique lincRNA profile. Among PCPGs, five different molecular subtypes were identified corresponding to the established molecular classification. Upregulation of 13 lincRNAs was found to be associated with aggressive/metastatic PCPGs. RT-PCR validation confirmed the overexpression of four lincRNAs in metastatic compared to non-metastatic PCPGs. Kaplan-Meier analysis identified five lincRNAs as prognostic markers for metastasis-free survival of patients in three subtypes of PCPGs. Stratification of PCPG patients with a risk-score formulated using multivariate analysis of lincRNA expression profiles, presence of key driver mutations, tumor location, and hormone secretion profiles showed significant differences in metastasis-free survival. PCPGs thus exhibit a specific lincRNA expression profile that also corresponds to the established molecular subgroups and can be potential marker for the aggressive/metastatic PCPGs.
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8.
  • Guenot, Diego, et al. (författare)
  • Photoemission-time-delay measurements and calculations close to the 3s-ionization-cross-section minimum in Ar
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Physical Review A (Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics). - : American Physical Society. - 1050-2947 .- 1094-1622. ; 85:5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present experimental measurements and theoretical calculations of photoionization time delays from the 3s and 3p shells in Ar in the photon energy range of 32-42 eV. The experimental measurements are performed by interferometry using attosecond pulse trains and the infrared laser used for their generation. The theoretical approach includes intershell correlation effects between the 3s and 3p shells within the framework of the random-phase approximation with exchange. The connection between single-photon ionization and the two-color two-photon ionization process used in the measurement is established using the recently developed asymptotic approximation for the complex transition amplitudes of laser-assisted photoionization. We compare and discuss the theoretical and experimental results, especially in the region where strong intershell correlations in the 3s -> kp channel lead to an induced "Cooper" minimum in the 3s ionization cross section.
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9.
  • Jha, Abhishek, et al. (författare)
  • High-Specific-Activity-131I-MIBG versus 177Lu-DOTATATE Targeted Radionuclide Therapy for Metastatic Pheochromocytoma and Paraganglioma
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Clinical Cancer Research. - 1078-0432 .- 1557-3265. ; 27:11, s. 2989-2995
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Targeted radionuclide therapies (TRT) using 131I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (131I-MIBG) and peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (177Lu or 90Y) represent several of the therapeutic options in the management of metastatic/inoperable pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma. Recently, high-specific-activity-131I-MIBG therapy was approved by the FDA and both 177Lu-DOTATATE and 131I-MIBG therapy were recommended by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines for the treatment of metastatic pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma. However, a clinical dilemma often arises in the selection of TRT, especially when a patient can be treated with either type of therapy based on eligibility by MIBG and somatostatin receptor imaging. To address this problem, we assembled a group of international experts, including oncologists, endocrinologists, and nuclear medicine physicians, with substantial experience in treating neuroendocrine tumors with TRTs to develop consensus and provide expert recommendations and perspectives on how to select between these two therapeutic options for metastatic/inoperable pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma. This article aims to summarize the survival outcomes of the available TRTs; discuss personalized treatment strategies based on functional imaging scans; address practical issues, including regulatory approvals; and compare toxicities and risk factors across treatments. Furthermore, it discusses the emerging TRTs.
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10.
  • Lenders, Jacques W. M., et al. (författare)
  • Genetics, diagnosis, management and future directions of research of phaeochromocytoma and paraganglioma : a position statement and consensus of the Working Group on Endocrine Hypertension of the European Society of Hypertension
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Journal of Hypertension. - 0263-6352 .- 1473-5598. ; 38:8, s. 1443-1456
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Phaeochromocytoma and paraganglioma (PPGL) are chromaffin cell tumours that require timely diagnosis because of their potentially serious cardiovascular and sometimes life- threatening sequelae. Tremendous progress in biochemical testing, imaging, genetics and pathophysiological understanding of the tumours has far-reaching implications for physicians dealing with hypertension and more importantly affected patients. Because hypertension is a classical clinical clue for PPGL, physicians involved in hypertension care are those who are often the first to consider this diagnosis. However, there have been profound changes in how PPGLs are discovered; this is often now based on incidental findings of adrenal or other masses during imaging and increasingly during surveillance based on rapidly emerging new hereditary causes of PPGL. We therefore address the relevant genetic causes of PPGLs and outline how genetic testing can be incorporated within clinical care. In addition to conventional imaging (computed tomography, MRI), new functional imaging approaches are evaluated. The novel knowledge of genotype-phenotype relationships, linking distinct genetic causes of disease to clinical behaviour and biochemical phenotype, provides the rationale for patient-tailored strategies for diagnosis, follow-up and surveillance. Most appropriate preoperative evaluation and preparation of patients are reviewed, as is minimally invasive surgery. Finally, we discuss risk factors for developing metastatic disease and how they may facilitate personalised follow-up. Experts from the European Society of Hypertension have prepared this position document that summarizes the current knowledge in epidemiology, genetics, diagnosis, treatment and surveillance of PPGL.
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