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Sökning: WFRF:(Tallman MS)

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  • Pasquini, Marcelo C., et al. (författare)
  • Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation Outcomes in Monosomal Karyotype Myeloid Malignancies
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Biology of blood and marrow transplantation. - 1083-8791 .- 1523-6536. ; 22:2, s. 248-257
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The presence of monosomal karyotype (MK+) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is associated with dismal outcomes. We evaluated the impact of MK+ in AML (MK+AML, n = 240) and in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) (MK+MDS, n = 221) on hematopoietic cell transplantation outcomes compared with other cytogenetically defined groups (AML, n = 3360; MDS, n = 1373) as reported to the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research from 1998 to 2011. MK+AML was associated with higher disease relapse (hazard ratio, 1.98; P < .01), similar transplantation-related mortality (TRM) (hazard ratio, 1.01; P = .90), and worse survival (hazard ratio, 1.67; P < .01) compared with those outcomes for other cytogenetically defined AML. Among patients with MDS, MK+ MDS was associated with higher disease relapse (hazard ratio, 2.39; P < .01), higher TRM (hazard ratio, 1.80; P < .01), and worse survival (HR, 2.02; P < .01). Subset analyses comparing chromosome 7 abnormalities (del7/7q) with or without MK+ demonstrated higher mortality for MK+ disease in for both AML (hazard ratio, 1.72; P < .01) and MDS (hazard ratio, 1.79; P < .01). The strong negative impact of MK+ in myeloid malignancies was observed in all age groups and using either myeloablative or reduced-intensity conditioning regimens. Alternative approaches to mitigate disease relapse in this population are needed.
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  • Goyal, S. D., et al. (författare)
  • Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant for AML : no impact of pre-transplant extramedullary disease on outcome
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Bone Marrow Transplantation. - 0268-3369 .- 1476-5365. ; 50:8, s. 1057-1062
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The impact of extramedullary disease (EMD) in AML on the outcomes of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (alloHCT) is unknown. Using data from the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research, we compared the outcomes of patients who had EMD of AML at any time before transplant, with a cohort of AML patients without EMD. We reviewed data from 9797 AML patients including 814 with EMD from 310 reporting centers and 44 different countries, who underwent alloHCT between and 1995 and 2010. The primary outcome was overall survival (OS) after alloHCT. Secondary outcomes included leukemia-free survival (LFS), relapse rate and treatment-related mortality (TRM). In a multivariate analysis, the presence of EMD did not affect either OS (hazard ratio 1.00, 95% confidence interval (Cl) 0.91-1.09), LFS (0.98, 0.89-1.09), TRM (relative risk 0.92, 95% CI 0.80-1.16, P=0.23) or relapse (relative risk= 1.03, 95% CI, 0.92-1.16; P=0.62). Furthermore, the outcome of patients with EMD was not influenced by the location, timing of EMD, or intensity of conditioning regimen. The presence of EMD in AML does not affect transplant outcomes and should not be viewed as an independent adverse prognostic feature.
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  • Ioannou, Nikolaos, et al. (författare)
  • Triggering interferon signaling in T cells with avadomide sensitizes CLL to anti-PD-L1 /PD-1 immunotherapy
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Blood. - : American Society of Hematology. - 0006-4971 .- 1528-0020. ; 137:2, s. 216-231
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Cancer treatment has been transformed by checkpoint blockade therapies, with the highest anti-tumor activity of anti-programmed death 1 (PD-1) antibody therapy seen in Hodgkin lymphoma. Disappointingly, response rates have been low in the non-Hodgkin lymphomas, with no activity seen in relapsed/refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) with PD-1 blockade. Thus, identifying more powerful combination therapy is required for these patients. Here, we preclinically demonstrate enhanced anti-CLL activity following combinational therapy with anti-PD-1 or anti-PD-1 ligand (PD-L1) and avadomide, a cereblon E3 ligase modulator (CELMoD). Avadomide induced type I and II interferon (IFN) signaling in patient T cells, triggering a feedforward cascade of reinvigorated T-cell responses. Immune modeling assays demonstrated that avadomide stimulated T-cell activation, chemokine expression, motility and lytic synapses with CLL cells, as well as IFN-inducible feedback inhibition through upregulation of PD-L1. Patient-derived xenograft tumors treated with avadomide were converted to CD8(+) T cell-inflamed tumor microenvironments that responded to anti-PD-L1/PD-1-based combination therapy. Notably, clinical analyses showed increased PD-L1 expression on T cells, as well as intratumoral expression of chemokine signaling genes in B-cell malignancy patients receiving avadomide-based therapy. These data of overcoming a low inflammatory T-cell state to successfully sensitize CLL to checkpoint illustrate the importance blockade-based combination therapy.
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  • Michelis, Fotios V., et al. (författare)
  • Cytogenetic Risk Determines Outcomes After Allogeneic Transplantation in Older Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Their Second Complete Remission : A Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research Cohort Analysis
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Cancer. - : WILEY. - 0008-543X .- 1097-0142. ; 123:11, s. 2035-2042
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) offers curative potential to a number of older patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in their first complete remission. However, there are limited data in the literature concerning post-HCT outcomes for older patients in their second complete remission (CR2).METHODS The purpose of the current study was to retrospectively investigate within the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research database parameters influencing post-transplant outcomes for patients 60 years of age or older undergoing HCT for AML in CR2.RESULTS In total, 196 patients from 78 centers were identified; the median age was 64 years (range, 60-78 years). Seventy-one percent had a Karnofsky performance status >= 90 at the time of HCT. Reduced-intensity conditioning regimens were used in 159 patients (81%). A univariate analysis demonstrated a 3-year overall survival (OS) rate of 42% (95% confidence interval [CI], 35%-49%), a leukemia-free survival rate of 37% (95% CI, 30%-44%), a cumulative incidence of nonrelapse mortality of 25% (95% CI, 19%-32%), and a cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) of 38% (95% CI, 31%-45%). A multivariate analysis demonstrated that cytogenetic risk was the only independent risk factor for OS (P=.023) with a hazard ratio (HR) of 1.14 (95% CI, 0.59-2.19) for intermediate-risk cytogenetics and an HR of 2.32 (95% CI, 1.05-5.14) for unfavorable-risk cytogenetics. For CIR, cytogenetic risk was also the only independent prognostic factor (P=.01) with an HR of 1.10 (95% CI, 0.47-2.56) for intermediate-risk cytogenetics and an HR of 2.98 (95% CI, 1.11-8.00) for unfavorable-risk cytogenetics.CONCLUSIONS Allogeneic HCT is a curative treatment option for older patients with AML in CR2, particularly for those with favorable or intermediate cytogenetic risk.
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 13
  • [1]2Nästa

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