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Sökning: WFRF:(Thornell L E)

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  • Ponten, E., et al. (författare)
  • Spastic wrist flexors are more severely affected than wrist extensors in children with cerebral palsy
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Dev Med Child Neurol. - 0012-1622. ; 47:6, s. 384-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Morphological properties of skeletal muscle were compared between wrist flexors and extensors within the same children (n = 8, six females, two males; age range 4 to 9y, median age 7 y) with wrist muscle imbalance secondary to spastic cerebral palsy (CP). Five patients had hemiplegic CP, two diplegic CP, and one patient had tetraplegic CP. Muscle biopsies were taken during either tendon transfer or tendon lengthening procedures. Analyses included distribution of muscle fibre types, fibre sizes, and expression of developmental myosins. Extensor fibre area was significantly greater than flexor fibre area for type 2A fibres and type 2B fibres but not for type 1 fibres. Coefficient of variation (CV) of fibre size for all three fibre types was greater for flexors compared with extensors. The greatest CV was observed for the type 2A fibres in flexors (39.5 [3.6%]). A wide variation was observed for expression of developmental myosin with the magnitude of the expression being greater, but not statistically significant, in flexors compared with extensors (5.4/mm2 vs 0.53/mm2). These data demonstrate that significant secondary myopathy of wrist flexor muscles results from CP.
  • Necking, L. E., et al. (författare)
  • Hand muscle pathology after long-term vibration exposure
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: J Hand Surg [Br]. - : SAGE Publications. - 0266-7681. ; 29:5, s. 431-7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The morphology of the abductor pollicis brevis muscle was studied in 20 patients suffering from hand-arm vibration syndrome. The main morphological changes observed were centrally located myonuclei and fibre type grouping (found in all 20 muscle biopsies), angulated muscle fibres (found in 19 biopsies), ring fibres and regenerating fibres (found in 18 biopsies) and fibrosis (found in 17 biopsies). The observed abnormalities are believed to reflect damage to both the muscle fibres and the motor nerve. The changes were related to different vibration exposure parameters. The number of fibres demonstrating centrally located nuclei correlated significantly with the cumulative vibration exposure, while the number of angulated fibres correlated significantly with the total vibration exposure time. This indicates that the vibrating tools may cause direct damage to muscle fibres as well as nerves.
  • Jivegård, Lennart, 1950, et al. (författare)
  • Effects of three months of low molecular weight heparin (dalteparin) treatment after bypass surgery for lower limb ischemia--a randomised placebo-controlled double blind multicentre trial.
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: European journal of vascular and endovascular surgery : the official journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery. - 1078-5884. ; 29:2, s. 190-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that long-term postoperative dalteparin (Fragmin), Pharmacia Corp) treatment improves primary patency of peripheral arterial bypass grafts (PABG) in lower limb ischemia patients on acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) treatment. DESIGN: Prospective randomised double blind multicenter study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a computer algorithm 284 patients with lower limb ischemia, most with pre-operative ischemic ulceration or partial gangrene, from 12 hospitals were randomised, after PABG, to 5000 IU dalteparin or placebo injections once daily for 3 months. All patients received 75 mg of ASA daily for 12 months. Graft patency was assessed at 1, 3 and 12 months. RESULTS: At 1 year, 42 patients had died or were lost to follow-up. Compliance with the injection schedule was 80%. Primary patency rate, in the dalteparin versus the control group, respectively, was 83 versus 80% (n.s.) at 3 months and 59% for both groups at 12 months. Major complication rates and cardiovascular morbidity were not different between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: In patients on ASA treatment, long-term postoperative dalteparin treatment did not improve patency after peripheral artery bypass grafting. Therefore, low molecular weight heparin treatment cannot be recommended for routine use after bypass surgery for critical lower limb ischemia.
  • Kadi, Fawzi, et al. (författare)
  • Cellular adaptation of the trapezius muscle in strength-trained athletes
  • 1999
  • Ingår i: Histochemistry and Cell Biology. - 0948-6143 .- 1432-119X. ; 111:3, s. 189-95
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to elucidate the cellular events that occur in the trapezius muscle following several years of strength training. In muscle biopsies from ten elite power lifters (PL) and six control subjects (C), several parameters were studied: cross-sectional area of muscle fibres, myosin heavy chain composition (MHC) and capillary supply [capillaries around fibres (CAF) and CAF/fibre area]. A method was also developed for counting the number of myonuclei and satellite cell nuclei. The proportion of fibres expressing MHC IIA, the cross-sectional area of each fibre type and the number of myonuclei, satellite cells and fibres expressing markers for early myogenesis were significantly higher in PL than in C (P<0.05). A significant correlation between the myonuclear number and the cross-sectional area was observed. Since myonuclei in mature muscle fibres are not able to divide, we suggest that the incorporation of satellite cell nuclei into muscle fibres resulted in the maintenance of a constant nuclear to cytoplasmic ratio. The presence of small diameter fibres expressing markers for early myogenesis indicates the formation of new muscle fibres.
  • Kadi, F, et al. (författare)
  • The effects of different training programs on the trapezius muscle of women with work-related neck and shoulder myalgia
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Acta Neuropathologica. - Berlin : Springer-Verlag New York. - 0001-6322 .- 1432-0533. ; 100:3, s. 253-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to examine the effects of training on the structural characteristics of the trapezius muscle in women with work-related trapezius myalgia. Muscle biopsies were taken before and after 10 weeks of three different training programs (strength, endurance and coordination). Enzyme-immunohistochemical analysis was performed to assess muscle fibre types, fibre area, capillary supply and cytochrome c oxidase (COX) activity. There was an increase in the proportion of type IIA fibres in strength trained group (P < 0.05). Strength training elicited a preferential increase in the area of type II fibres (P < 0.05); both strength and endurance programs induced an increase in the number of capillaries around type I and IIA muscle fibres. Finally, all training programs induced a decrease in the proportion of COX-negative fibres. In conclusion, the trapezius muscle of women with neck and shoulder myalgia is characterised by a great potential of adaptation to physical exercise over a period of 10 weeks. The significant changes in the number of capillaries and the specific changes induced by training at the level of muscle fibres might well explain the improvement of muscle function.
  • Otonkoski, Timo, et al. (författare)
  • Unique basement membrane structure of human pancreatic islets : implications for beta-cell growth and differentiation
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Diabetes, obesity and metabolism. - 1462-8902 .- 1463-1326. ; 10 Suppl 4, s. 119-27
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Basement membranes (BMs) are an important part of the physiological microenvironment of pancreatic islet cells. In mouse islets, beta-cells interact directly with BMs of capillary endothelial cells. We have shown that in the human islets, the capillaries are surrounded by a double BM both in foetal and adult tissues. The endocrine islet cells are facing a BM that is separate from the endothelia. Laminins are the functionally most important component of BMs. The only laminin isoform present in the human endocrine islet BM is laminin-511 (previously known as laminin 10). The islet cells facing this BM have a strong and polarized expression of Lutheran glycoprotein, which is a well-known receptor for the laminin alpha 5 chain. Dispersed human islet cells adhere to purified human laminin-511 and the binding is equally effectively blocked by a soluble form of Lutheran as by antibody against integrin beta1. Our results reveal unique features of the BM structure of human islets, different from rodents. This information has potentially important implications for the generation of an optimal microenvironment for beta-cell function, proliferation and differentiation.
  • Riklund, Katrine, et al. (författare)
  • Experimental radioimmunotherapy of HeLa tumours in nude mice with 131I-labeled monoclonal antibodies.
  • 1990
  • Ingår i: Anticancer Research. - 0250-7005 .- 1791-7530. ; 10:2A, s. 379-84
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The radioimmunotherapeutic potential of 131I-labeled monoclonal antibodies was investigated in 36 nude mice (BALB/c nu/nu) inoculated s.c. with the HeLa Hep 2 human adenocarcinoma cell line. The membrane bound tumour associated antigen placental alkaline phosphatase and several intracellular cytokeratins served as targets for the antibodies. The specific radioactivity in each organ was determined after i.p. injection of the 131I-labeled antibodies (0.2-0.3 mg, approximately 15 MBq/animal), and high localization to the tumours was seen. Significant growth inhibition was observed after injection of the radiolabeled monoclonal antibody H7 against the placental alkaline phosphatase, which reduced the tumour growth to only 12% during a 3 week period compared to a growth of more than 100% for the controls. Animal weight losses were seen. Synthesis of endogenous antibodies to the target antigens was found to be significant. Morphometric evaluation of the relations between stroma, tumour cells and necrotic areas in the tumours after radioimmunotherapy demonstrated a significant increase of the mean relative connective tissue volume and a significant decreased mean of relative volume of tumour cells in the group treated with iodinated antiplacental alkaline phosphatase antibody. This therapeutic principle is encouraging and may offer new possibilities for future treatment of some malignant diseases.
  • Tajsharghi, Homa, 1968, et al. (författare)
  • Myosin heavy chain IIa gene mutation E706K is pathogenic and its expression increases with age.
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Neurology. - : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 0028-3878 .- 1526-632X. ; 58:5, s. 780-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: The authors recently described a new autosomal dominant myopathy (OMIM 605637 inclusion body myopathy 3) associated with a missense mutation in the myosin heavy chain (MyHC) IIa gene (MyHC IIa, Human Gene Map [HGM] locus MYH2). Young patients showed minor changes in their muscle biopsies, although dystrophic alterations and rimmed vacuoles with 15- to 20-nm tubulofilaments identical to those in sporadic inclusion body myositis (s-IBM) were observed in some of the adult (especially older) patients. The current study was undertaken to investigate the relation between expression of the mutant MyHC IIa and pathologic changes in muscle. METHODS: The expression of MyHC IIa in nine muscle specimens from six individuals carrying the mutation was analyzed by immunohistochemistry, sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and a new reverse transcriptase--PCR method to measure the relative abundance of the various MyHC transcripts. RESULTS: Young patients with muscle weakness and minor pathologic changes in muscle expressed MyHC IIa at undetectable levels. MyHC IIa was expressed at high levels in adults with a progressive clinical course and dystrophic muscle changes. In these cases, a large number of muscle fibers were hybrids with expression of more than one MyHC isoform. Both MyHC IIa alleles were equally expressed. The relative level of MyHC IIa transcripts exceeded that of the corresponding protein, indicating an increased turnover of mutated protein. MyHC IIa expression was a consistent finding in muscle fibers with rimmed vacuoles. CONCLUSIONS: The clear correlation between pathologic changes and expression of MyHC IIa indicates that defects in MyHC may lead not only to muscle weakness but also to muscle degeneration. The consistent expression of MyHC IIa in muscle fibers with rimmed vacuoles indicates that the breakdown of sarcomeric proteins is a key element in the pathogenesis of rimmed vacuoles of s-IBM type.
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