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Sökning: WFRF:(Trägårdh Elin)

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  • [1]234567...8Nästa
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1.
  • Reza Felix, Mariana, et al. (författare)
  • Bone Scan Index as an Imaging Biomarker in Metastatic Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer : A Multicentre Study Based on Patients Treated with Abiraterone Acetate (Zytiga) in Clinical Practice
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: European Urology Focus. - : Elsevier. - 2405-4569. ; 2:5, s. 540-546
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Abiraterone acetate (AA) prolongs survival in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients. To measure treatment response accurately in bone, quantitative methods are needed. The Bone Scan Index (BSI), a prognostic imaging biomarker, reflects the tumour burden in bone as a percentage of the total skeletal mass calculated from bone scintigraphy. Objective To evaluate the value of BSI as a biomarker for outcome evaluation in mCRPC patients on treatment with AA according to clinical routine. Design, setting, and participants We retrospectively studied 104 mCRPC patients who received AA following disease progression after chemotherapy. All patients underwent whole-body bone scintigraphy before and during AA treatment. Baseline and follow-up BSI data were obtained using EXINI BoneBSI software (EXINI Diagnostics AB, Lund, Sweden). Outcome measurements and statistical analysis Associations between change in BSI, clinical parameters at follow-up, and overall survival (OS) were evaluated using the Cox proportional hazards regression models and Kaplan-Meier estimates. Discrimination between variables was assessed using the concordance index (C-index). Results and limitations Patients with an increase in BSI at follow-up of at most 0.30 (n = 54) had a significantly longer median survival time than those with an increase of BSI >0.30 (n = 50) (median: 16 vs 10 mo; p = 0.001). BSI change was also associated with OS in a multivariate Cox analysis including commonly used clinical parameters for prognosis (C-index = 0.7; hazard ratio: 1.1; p = 0.03). The retrospective design was a limitation. Conclusions Change in BSI was significantly associated with OS in mCRPC patients undergoing AA treatment following disease progression in a postchemotherapy setting. BSI may be a useful imaging biomarker for outcome evaluation in this group of patients, and it could be a valuable complementary tool in monitoring patients with mCRPC on second-line therapies. Patient summary Bone Scan Index (BSI) change is related to survival time in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients on abiraterone acetate. BSI may be a valuable complementary decision-making tool supporting physicians monitoring patients with mCRPC on second-line therapies.
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2.
  • Anand, Aseem, et al. (författare)
  • Assessing Radiographic Response to 223Ra with an Automated Bone Scan Index in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer Patients
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Journal of Nuclear Medicine. - : Society of Nuclear Medicine. - 0161-5505 .- 1535-5667. ; 61:5, s. 671-675
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • For effective clinical management of patients being treated with 223Ra, there is a need for radiographic response biomarkers to minimize disease progression and to stratify patients for subsequent treatment options. The objective of this study was to evaluate an automated bone scan index (aBSI) as a quantitative assessment of bone scans for radiographic response in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). Methods: In a multicenter retrospective study, bone scans from patients with mCRPC treated with monthly injections of 223Ra were collected from 7 hospitals in Sweden. Patients with available bone scans before treatment with 223Ra and at treatment discontinuation were eligible for the study. The aBSI was generated at baseline and at treatment discontinuation. The Spearman rank correlation was used to correlate aBSI with the baseline covariates: alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and prostate-specific antigen (PSA). The Cox proportional-hazards model and Kaplan-Meier curve were used to evaluate the association of covariates at baseline and their change at treatment discontinuation with overall survival (OS). The concordance index (C-index) was used to evaluate the discriminating strength of covariates in predicting OS. Results: Bone scan images at baseline were available from 156 patients, and 67 patients had both a baseline and a treatment discontinuation bone scan (median, 5 doses; interquartile range, 3-6 doses). Baseline aBSI (median, 4.5; interquartile range, 2.4-6.5) was moderately correlated with ALP (r = 0.60, P < 0.0001) and with PSA (r = 0.38, P = 0.003). Among baseline covariates, aBSI (P = 0.01) and ALP (P = 0.001) were significantly associated with OS, whereas PSA values were not (P = 0.059). After treatment discontinuation, 36% (24/67), 80% (54/67), and 13% (9/67) of patients demonstrated a decline in aBSI, ALP, and PSA, respectively. As a continuous variable, the relative change in aBSI after treatment, compared with baseline, was significantly associated with OS (P < 0.0001), with a C-index of 0.67. Median OS in patients with both aBSI and ALP decline (median, 134 wk) was significantly longer than in patients with ALP decline only (median, 77 wk; P = 0.029). Conclusion: Both aBSI at baseline and its change at treatment discontinuation were significant parameters associated with OS. The study warrants prospective validation of aBSI as a quantitative imaging response biomarker to predict OS in patients with mCRPC treated with 223Ra.
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3.
  • Borrelli, Pablo, et al. (författare)
  • Artificial intelligence-based detection of lymph node metastases by PET/CT predicts prostate cancer-specific survival
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging. - : John Wiley and Sons. - 1475-0961. ; 41:1, s. 62-67
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction Lymph node metastases are a key prognostic factor in prostate cancer (PCa), but detecting lymph node lesions from PET/CT images is a subjective process resulting in inter-reader variability. Artificial intelligence (AI)-based methods can provide an objective image analysis. We aimed at developing and validating an AI-based tool for detection of lymph node lesions. Methods A group of 399 patients with biopsy-proven PCa who had undergone(18)F-choline PET/CT for staging prior to treatment were used to train (n = 319) and test (n = 80) the AI-based tool. The tool consisted of convolutional neural networks using complete PET/CT scans as inputs. In the test set, the AI-based lymph node detections were compared to those of two independent readers. The association with PCa-specific survival was investigated. Results The AI-based tool detected more lymph node lesions than Reader B (98 vs. 87/117;p = .045) using Reader A as reference. AI-based tool and Reader A showed similar performance (90 vs. 87/111;p = .63) using Reader B as reference. The number of lymph node lesions detected by the AI-based tool, PSA, and curative treatment was significantly associated with PCa-specific survival. Conclusion This study shows the feasibility of using an AI-based tool for automated and objective interpretation of PET/CT images that can provide assessments of lymph node lesions comparable with that of experienced readers and prognostic information in PCa patients.
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4.
  • Edenbrandt, Lars, et al. (författare)
  • Area of ischemia assessed by physicians and software packages from myocardial perfusion scintigrams.
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: BMC Medical Imaging. - : BioMed Central (BMC). - 1471-2342. ; 14:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The European Society of Cardiology recommends that patients with >10% area of ischemia should receive revascularization. We investigated inter-observer variability for the extent of ischemic defects reported by different physicians and by different software tools, and if inter-observer variability was reduced when the physicians were provided with a computerized suggestion of the defects.
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5.
  • Polymeri, E., et al. (författare)
  • Deep learning-based quantification of PET/CT prostate gland uptake : association with overall survival
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging. - Chichester : Blackwell Publishing. - 1475-0961 .- 1475-097X. ; 40:2, s. 106-113
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aim: To validate a deep-learning (DL) algorithm for automated quantification of prostate cancer on positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) and explore the potential of PET/CT measurements as prognostic biomarkers. Material and methods: Training of the DL-algorithm regarding prostate volume was performed on manually segmented CT images in 100 patients. Validation of the DL-algorithm was carried out in 45 patients with biopsy-proven hormone-naïve prostate cancer. The automated measurements of prostate volume were compared with manual measurements made independently by two observers. PET/CT measurements of tumour burden based on volume and SUV of abnormal voxels were calculated automatically. Voxels in the co-registered 18F-choline PET images above a standardized uptake value (SUV) of 2·65, and corresponding to the prostate as defined by the automated segmentation in the CT images, were defined as abnormal. Validation of abnormal voxels was performed by manual segmentation of radiotracer uptake. Agreement between algorithm and observers regarding prostate volume was analysed by Sørensen-Dice index (SDI). Associations between automatically based PET/CT biomarkers and age, prostate-specific antigen (PSA), Gleason score as well as overall survival were evaluated by a univariate Cox regression model. Results: The SDI between the automated and the manual volume segmentations was 0·78 and 0·79, respectively. Automated PET/CT measures reflecting total lesion uptake and the relation between volume of abnormal voxels and total prostate volume were significantly associated with overall survival (P = 0·02), whereas age, PSA, and Gleason score were not. Conclusion: Automated PET/CT biomarkers showed good agreement to manual measurements and were significantly associated with overall survival. © 2019 The Authors. Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Scandinavian Society of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine
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6.
  • Puterman, C., et al. (författare)
  • A retrospective study assessing the accuracy of [18F]–fluorocholine PET/CT for primary staging of lymph node metastases in intermediate and high-risk prostate cancer patients undergoing robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy with extended lymph node dissection
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Urology. - : Taylor & Francis. - 2168-1805. ; 55:4, s. 293-297
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Previous studies have investigated [18F]-fluorocholine (FCH) positron emission tomography with computed tomography (PET/CT) in primary staging of men with intermediate or high-risk prostate cancer and have generally shown high specificity and poor sensitivity. FCH PET/CT is not recommended for the primary staging of metastases in the European guidelines for prostate cancer. However, it has been an option in the Swedish recommendations. Our aim was to assess PET/CT for primary staging of lymph node metastases before robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) with extended pelvic lymph node dissection (ePLND) in patients with intermediate or high-risk prostate cancer. Method: We identified all men with prostate cancer undergoing FCH PET/CT for initial staging followed by RALP and ePLND at Skåne University Hospital between 2015 and 2018. The result from PET/CT scan was compared with pathology report as the reference method for calculation of sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV). Results: In total, 252 patients were included in the final analysis. Among 85 patients with a suspicion of regional lymph node metastases on FCH PET/CT only 31 had pathology-proven metastases. The sensitivity was 43% (95% CI 0.32–0.55) and the specificity 70% (95% CI 0.63–0.76) for PET/CT to predict lymph node metastases. PPV was 36% and NPV was 75%. Risk group analyses showed similar results. Conclusion: Our study emphasizes the poor performance of FCH PET/CT to predict lymph node metastasis in intermediate and high-risk prostate cancer. The method should be replaced with newer radiopharmaceuticals, such as prostate-specific membrane antigen ligands. © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
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7.
  • Abrahamsson, Johan, et al. (författare)
  • Complete metabolic response with [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography predicts survival following induction chemotherapy and radical cystectomy in clinically lymph node positive bladder cancer
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: BJU International. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 1464-4096.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: To determine whether repeated [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET-CT) scans can predict increased cancer-specific survival (CSS) after induction chemotherapy followed by radical cystectomy (RC). Patients and Methods: Between 2007 and 2018, 86 patients with clinically lymph node (LN)-positive bladder cancer (T1–T4, N1–N3, M0–M1a) were included and underwent a repeated FDG-PET-CT during cisplatin-based induction chemotherapy. The 71 patients that had a response to chemotherapy underwent RC. Response to chemotherapy was evaluated in LNs through repeated FDG-PET-CT and stratified as partial response or complete response using three different methods: maximum standardised uptake value (SUVmax), adapted Deauville criteria, and total lesion glycolysis (TLG). Progression-free survival (PFS) and CSS were analysed for all three methods by Cox regression analysis. Results: After a median follow-up of 40 months, 15 of the 71 patients who underwent RC had died from bladder cancer. Using SUVmax and the adapted Deauville criteria, multivariable Cox regression analyses adjusting for age, clinical tumour stage and LN stage showed that complete response was associated with increased PFS (hazard ratio [HR] 3.42, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.20–9.77) and CSS (HR 3.30, 95% CI 1.02–10.65). Using TLG, a complete response was also associated with increased PFS (HR 5.17, 95% CI 1.90–14.04) and CSS (HR 6.32, 95% CI 2.06–19.41). Conclusions: Complete metabolic response with FDG-PET-CT predicts survival after induction chemotherapy followed by RC in patients with LN-positive bladder cancer and comprises a novel tool in evaluating response to chemotherapy before surgery. This strategy has the potential to tailor treatment in individual patients by identifying significant response to chemotherapy, which motivates the administration of a full course of induction chemotherapy with a higher threshold for suspending treatment due to toxicity and side-effects.
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8.
  • Almer, Jakob, et al. (författare)
  • Prevalence of manual Strauss LBBB criteria in patients diagnosed with the automated Glasgow LBBB criteria.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Journal of Electrocardiology. - : Elsevier. - 1532-8430. ; 48:4, s. 558-564
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • About one-third of patients undergoing cardiac resynchronization therapy because of left bundle branch block (LBBB) and heart failure do not improve. Strauss et al. have developed strict criteria to more accurately define complete LBBB in this patient group. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of the manual application of the Strauss criteria for LBBB (QRS≥140ms in men, ≥130ms in women, along with mid-QRS notching/slurring) in consecutive patients who have been diagnosed with LBBB by the automated Glasgow criteria (QRS≥120ms).
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9.
  • Anand, Aseem, et al. (författare)
  • A preanalytic validation study of automated bone scan index : Effect on accuracy and reproducibility due to the procedural variabilities in bone scan image acquisition
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Journal of Nuclear Medicine. - : Society of Nuclear Medicine. - 0161-5505. ; 57:12, s. 1865-1871
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The effect of the procedural variability in image acquisition on the quantitative assessment of bone scan is unknown. Here, we have developed and performed preanalytical studies to assess the impact of the variability in scanning speed and in vendor-specific γ-camera on reproducibility and accuracy of the automated bone scan index (BSI). Methods: Two separate preanalytical studies were performed: a patient study and a simulation study. In the patient study, to evaluate the effect on BSI reproducibility, repeated bone scans were prospectively obtained from metastatic prostate cancer patients enrolled in 3 groups (Grp). In Grp1, the repeated scan speed and the γ-camera vendor were the same as that of the original scan. In Grp2, the repeated scan was twice the speed of the original scan. In Grp3, the repeated scan used a different γ-camera vendor than that used in the original scan. In the simulation study, to evaluate the effect on BSI accuracy, bone scans of a virtual phantom with predefined skeletal tumor burden (phantom-BSI) were simulated against the range of image counts (0.2, 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5 million) and separately against the resolution settings of the γ-cameras. The automated BSI was measured with a computer-automated platform. Reproducibility was measured as the absolute difference between the repeated BSI values, and accuracy was measured as the absolute difference between the observed BSI and the phantom-BSI values. Descriptive statistics were used to compare the generated data. Results: In the patient study, 75 patients, 25 in each group, were enrolled. The reproducibility of Grp2 (mean ± SD, 0.35 ± 0.59) was observed to be significantly lower than that of Grp1 (mean ± SD, 0.10 ± 0.13; P < 0.0001) and that of Grp3 (mean ± SD, 0.09 ± 0.10; P < 0.0001). However, no significant difference was observed between the reproducibility of Grp3 and Grp1 (P = 0.388). In the simulation study, the accuracy at 0.5 million counts (mean ± SD, 0.57 ± 0.38) and at 0.2 million counts (mean ± SD, 4.67 ± 0.85) was significantly lower than that observed at 1.5 million counts (mean ± SD, 0.20 ± 0.26; P < 0.0001). No significant difference was observed in the accuracy data of the simulation study with vendor-specific γ-cameras (P 5 0.266). Conclusion: In this study, we observed that the automated BSI accuracy and reproducibility were dependent on scanning speed but not on the vendor-specific γ-cameras. Prospective BSI studies should standardize scanning speed of bone scans to obtain image counts at or above 1.5 million.
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10.
  • Bjöersdorff, Mimmi, et al. (författare)
  • Impact of penalizing factor in a block-sequential regularized expectation maximization reconstruction algorithm for 18 F-fluorocholine PET-CT regarding image quality and interpretation
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: EJNMMI Physics. - : Springer Open. - 2197-7364. ; 6:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Recently, the block-sequential regularized expectation maximization (BSREM) reconstruction algorithm was commercially introduced (Q.Clear, GE Healthcare, Milwaukee, WI, USA). However, the combination of noise-penalizing factor (β), acquisition time, and administered activity for optimal image quality has not been established for 18 F-fluorocholine (FCH). The aim was to compare image quality and diagnostic performance of different reconstruction protocols for patients with prostate cancer being examined with 18 F-FCH on a silicon photomultiplier-based PET-CT. Thirteen patients were included, injected with 4 MBq/kg, and images were acquired after 1 h. Images were reconstructed with frame durations of 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0 min using β of 150, 200, 300, 400, 500, and 550. An ordered subset expectation maximization (OSEM) reconstruction with a frame duration of 2.0 min was used for comparison. Images were quantitatively analyzed regarding standardized uptake values (SUV) in metastatic lymph nodes, local background, and muscle to obtain contrast-to-noise ratios (CNR) as well as the noise level in muscle. Images were analyzed regarding image quality and number of metastatic lymph nodes by two nuclear medicine physicians. Results: The highest median CNR was found for BSREM with a β of 300 and a frame duration of 2.0 min. The OSEM reconstruction had the lowest median CNR. Both the noise level and lesion SUV max decreased with increasing β. For a frame duration of 1.5 min, the median quality score was highest for β 400-500, and for a frame duration of 2.0 min the score was highest for β 300-500. There was no statistically significant difference in the number of suspected lymph node metastases between the different image series for one of the physicians, and for the other physician the number of lymph nodes differed only for one combination of image series. Conclusions: To achieve acceptable image quality at 4 MBq/kg 18 F-FCH, we propose using a β of 400-550 with a frame duration of 1.5 min. The lower β should be used if a high CNR is desired and the higher if a low noise level is important.
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