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Sökning: WFRF:(Tubaro Marco)

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  • Beygui, Farzin, et al. (författare)
  • Pre-hospital management of patients with chest pain and/or dyspnoea of cardiac origin. A position paper of the Acute Cardiovascular Care Association (ACCA) of the ESC.
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: European heart journal. Acute cardiovascular care.. - : SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD. - 2048-8726. ; 9:1_suppl, s. 59-81
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Chest pain and acute dyspnoea are frequent causes of emergency medical services activation. The pre-hospital management of these conditions is heterogeneous across different regions of the world and Europe, as a consequence of the variety of emergency medical services and absence of specific practical guidelines. This position paper focuses on the practical aspects of the pre-hospital treatment on board and transfer of patients taken in charge by emergency medical services for chest pain and dyspnoea of suspected cardiac aetiology after the initial assessment and diagnostic work-up. The objective of the paper is to provide guidance, based on evidence, where available, or on experts opinions, for all emergency medical services health providers involved in the pre-hospital management of acute cardiovascular care.
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  • Huber, Kurt, et al. (författare)
  • Antiplatelet and anticoagulation agents in acute coronary syndromes : What is the current status and what does the future hold?
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: American Heart Journal. - 0002-8703 .- 1097-6744. ; 168:5, s. 611-621
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Mortality and morbidity in acute coronary syndromes (ACSs), caused principally by plaque erosion or rupture leading to thrombus formation and myocardial ischemia, have been reduced by a combination of antithrombotic agents (antiplatelet drugs and anticoagulants) and early revascularization. Aspirin is the foundation antiplatelet agent. New P2Y(12) receptor inhibitors (prasugrel and ticagrelor) have clear benefits compared with clopidogrel for dual antiplatelet therapy, and cangrelor or vorapaxar, a thrombin receptor inhibitor, may be of value in specific settings. Anticoagulation uses 1 of 4 choices: bivalirudin, unfractionated heparin, enoxaparin, and fondaparinux. Moreover, some patients (such as those who have chronic atrial fibrillation) require triple therapy with aspirin, clopidogrel, plus an anticoagulant, frequently a vitamin K antagonist. New oral anticoagulants have been shown to be at least as effective as vitamin K antagonists in atrial fibrillation and led to fewer bleeding complications. Finally, the combination of aspirin, clopidogrel, and low-dose rivaroxaban has recently been approved by the European Medicines Agency (but not the Food and Drug Administration) for secondary prevention after ACS. Several strategies have been developed to balance the potential benefit of antithrombotic therapy against the risk of bleeding complications, for example, radial access in coronary angiography or restricted use of combination therapy, and others are under investigation, such as discontinuation of aspirin. This overview summarizes the current status of antithrombotic therapy in ACS and describes strategies currently explored to optimize its benefit/risk ratio.
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  • Wallentin, Lars, et al. (författare)
  • How can we optimize the processes of care for acute coronary syndromes to improve outcomes?
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: American Heart Journal. - 0002-8703 .- 1097-6744. ; 168:5, s. 622-631
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Acute coronary syndromes (ACS), either ST-elevation myocardial infarction or non ST-elevation ACS, are still one of the most common cardiac emergencies with substantial morbidity and mortality. The availability of evidence-based treatments, such as early and intense platelet inhibition and anticoagulation, and timely reperfusion and revascularization, has substantially improved outcomes in patients with ACS. The implementation of streamlined processes of care for patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction and non ST-elevation ACS over the last decade including both appropriate tools, especially cardiac troponin, for rapid diagnosis and risk stratification and for decision support, and the widespread availability of modern antithrombotic and interventional treatments, have reduced morbidity and mortality to unprecedented low levels. These changes in the process of care require a synchronized approach, and research using a team-based strategy and effective regional networks has allowed healthcare systems to provide modern treatments for most patients with ACS. There are still areas needing improvement, such as the delivery of care to people in rural areas or with delayed time to treatment.
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  • Beygui, Farzin, et al. (författare)
  • Gestione pre-ospedaliera dei pazienti con dolore toracico e/o dispnea di origine cardiaca[Pre-hospital management of patients with chest pain and/or dyspnoea of cardiac origin]
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Recenti progressi in medicina. - : Il Pensiero Scientifico Editore. - 2038-1840. ; 108:1, s. 27-51
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Chest pain and acute dyspnoea are frequent causes of emergency medical services activation. The pre-hospital management of these conditions is heterogeneous across different regions of the world and Europe, as a consequence of the variety of emergency medical services and absence of specific practical guidelines. This position paper focuses on the practical aspects of the pre-hospital treatment on board and transfer of patients taken in charge by emergency medical services for chest pain and dyspnoea of suspected cardiac aetiology after the initial assessment and diagnostic work-up. The objective of the paper is to provide guidance, based on evidence, where available, or on experts' opinions, for all emergency medical services' health providers involved in the pre-hospital management of acute cardiovascular care.
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  • Maisel, Alan, et al. (författare)
  • State of the art : Using natriuretic peptide levels in clinical practice
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Heart Failure. - 1388-9842 .- 1879-0844. ; 10:9, s. 824-839
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Natriuretic peptide (NP) levels (B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal proBNP) are now widely used in clinical practice and cardiovascular research throughout the world and have been incorporated into most national and international cardiovascular guidelines for heart failure. The role of NP levels in state-of-the-art clinical practice is evolving rapidly. This paper reviews and highlights ten key messages to clinicians:•NP levels are quantitative plasma biomarkers of heart failure (HF).•NP levels are accurate in the diagnosis of HF.•NP levels may help risk stratify emergency department (ED) patients with regard to the need for hospital admission or direct ED discharge.•NP levels help improve patient management and reduce total treatment costs in patients with acute dyspnoea.•NP levels at the time of admission are powerful predictors of outcome in predicting death and re-hospitalisation in HF patients.•NP levels at discharge aid in risk stratification of the HF patient.•NP-guided therapy may improve morbidity and/or mortality in chronic HF.•The combination of NP levels together with symptoms, signs and weight gain assists in the assessment of clinical decompensation in HF.•NP levels can accelerate accurate diagnosis of heart failure presenting in primary care.•NP levels may be helpful to screen for asymptomatic left ventricular dysfunction in high-risk patients.
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