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1.
  • Albertsson-Wikland, Kerstin, et al. (författare)
  • Growth Hormone Dose-Dependent Pubertal Growth: A Randomized Trial in Short Children with Low Growth Hormone Secretion
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Hormone Research in Paediatrics. - Karger. - 1663-2826. ; 82:3, s. 158-170
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background/Aims: Growth hormone (GH) treatment regimens do not account for the pubertal increase in endogenous GH secretion. This study assessed whether increasing the GH dose and/or frequency of administration improves pubertal height gain and adult height (AH) in children with low GH secretion during stimulation tests, i. e. idiopathic isolated GH deficiency. Methods: A multicenter, randomized, clinical trial (No. 88-177) followed 111 children (96 boys) at study start from onset of puberty to AH who had received GH(33) mu g/kg/day for >= 1 year. They were randomized to receive 67 mu g/kg/day (GH(67)) given as one (GH(67x1); n = 35) or two daily injections (GH(33x2); n = 36), or to remain on a single 33 mu g/kg/day dose (GH(33x1); n = 40). Growth was assessed as height SDS gain for prepubertal, pubertal and total periods, as well as AH SDS versus the population and the midparental height. Results: Pubertal height SDS gain was greater for patients receiving a high dose (GH(67), 0.73) than a low dose (GH(33x1), 0.41, p < 0.05). AH(SDS) was greater on GH(67) (GH(67x1), -0.84; GH(33x2), -0.83) than GH(33) (-1.25, p < 0.05), and height SDS gain was greater on GH(67) than GH(33) (2.04 and 1.56, respectively; p < 0.01). All groups reached their target height SDS. Conclusion: Pubertal height SDS gain and AH SDS were dose dependent, with greater growth being observed for the GH(67) than the GH(33) randomization group; however, there were no differences between the once-and twice-daily GH(67) regimens. (C) 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
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5.
  • Frisk, G, et al. (författare)
  • A unifying hypothesis on the development of type 1 diabetes and celiac disease : Gluten consumption may be a shared causative factor
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Medical Hypotheses. - 0306-9877 .- 1532-2777. ; 70:6, s. 1207-1209
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>This paper presents a hypothesis of the aetiology of the increasing incidence of type 1 diabetes (T1D). This together with the global increased incidence of celiac disease (CID) and that these increases cannot be explained by genetic factors suggest a common environmental factor for these two diseases. Even though enterovirus (EV) infections are believed to trigger T1D and gluten is the trigger of CD, the increasing intake of gluten containing products all over the world could be the trigger for both diseases directly and indirectly. It has been shown that the duration of exposure to gluten is related to the prevalence of T1D. It has also been shown that T1D patients at onset have an inflammatory reaction in the gut. Hence, early diagnose of CD followed by elimination of dietary gluten will lead to a decreased incidence of T1D.</p>
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6.
  • KOCKUM, I, et al. (författare)
  • Population analysis of protection by HLA-DR and DQ genes from insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in Swedish children with insulin-dependent diabetes and controls
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: European journal of immunogenetics : official journal of the British Society for Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics. - 0960-7420. ; 22:6, s. 443-465
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A negative association between insulin‐dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) and HLA‐DR, DQA1 or DQB1 was found in a large population‐based investigation of childhood‐onset patients (more than 420 patients) and controls (more than 340 controls) from Sweden. The relative risk was decreased for several haplotypes that were negatively associated with IDDM: DR15‐DQA1*0102‐DQB1*0602, DR7‐DQA1*0201‐DQB1*0303, DR14‐DQA1*0101‐DQB1*0503, DRI1‐DQAI*0501‐DQB1*0301, DR13‐DQA1*0103‐DQB1*0603 and DR4‐DQA1*0301‐DQB1*0301. In a relative predispositional effect (RPE) analysis, however, only the DR15‐DQA1*0102‐DQB1*0602 haplotype was significantly decreased, which suggests that the major protective effect for IDDM is carried by this haplotype. This was supported by the observation that all genotypes which were negatively associated with IDDM, except DR7/13, included at least one allele from the DR15‐DQA1*0102‐DQB1*0602 haplotype. Relative predispositional effect (RPE) analysis of genotypes showed further that the DR15‐DQA1*0102‐DQB1*0602 haplotype was also negatively associated with IDDM when combined with any other haplotype, whether negatively or positively associated with IDDM. This supports previous suggestions that DR15‐DQA1*0102‐DQB1*0602 acts dominantly. However, both the stratification and the predispositional allele test failed to distinguish the negative association between IDDM and DR15 from that of DQBT0602. On the other hand, these tests indicated that DQA1*0102 was not likely to explain the negative association between IDDM and the DR15‐DQA1*0102‐DQB1*0602 haplotype. We conclude that the
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7.
  • Landin-Olsson, Mona, et al. (författare)
  • Immunoreactive trypsin(Ogen) in the sera of children with recent-onset insulin-dependent diabetes and matched controls
  • 1990
  • Ingår i: Pancreas. - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 0885-3177. ; 5:3, s. 241-247
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To evaluate the exocrine pancreatic function at the time of diagnosis of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, we determined immunoreactive an-odal and cathodal trypsin(ogen) levels in sera from almost all children (n = 375) 0-14 years of age in Sweden in whom diabetes developed during 1 year, and in sex-, age-, and geographically matched control subjects (n = 312). The median level of anodal trypsin(ogen) was 5 (quartile range, 3-7) µg/L in children with newly diagnosed diabetes, compared with a median level of 7 (quartile range, 4-8) µg/L in control subjects (p < 0.0001). Similarly, the median level of cathodal trypsin(ogen) was 8 (quartile range, 4-10) µg/L in children with diabetes, compared with a median level of 11 (quartile range, 7-15) µg/L in control subjects (p < 0.0001). The median of the individual ratios between cathodal and anodal trypsin(ogen) was 1.4 in the diabetic patients and 1.7 in the control children (p < 0.001). In a multivariate test, however, only the decrease in cathodal trypsin(ogen) concentration was associated with diabetes. The levels of trypsin(ogen)s did not correlate with levels of islet cell antibodies, present in 81% of the diabetic children. Several mechanisms may explain our findings, for example, similar pathogenetic factors may affect both the endocrine and exocrine pancreas simultaneously, a failing local trophic stimulation by insulin on the exocrine cells may decrease the trypsinogen production, and there may be an increased elimination of trypsin(ogen) because of higher filtration through the kidneys in the hyperglycemic state.
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10.
  • Neveus, T, et al. (författare)
  • Enuresis - Background and treatment
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF UROLOGY AND NEPHROLOGY. - 0036-5599. ; 34, s. 1-44
  • Forskningsöversikt (övrigt vetenskapligt)
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