- Kulseth, Mari Ann, et al.
Serglycin expression during differentiation of U937-1 cells
Ingår i: Glycobiology. - 0959-6658 .- 1460-2423. ; 8:8, s. 747-753
- Serglycin is the major proteoglycan in most hematopoietic cells, including monocytes and macrophages. The monoblastic cell line U937-1 was used to study the expression of serglycin during proliferation and differentiation. In unstimulated proliferating U937-1 cells serglycin mRNA is nonconstitutively expressed. The level of serglycin mRNA was found to correlate with the synthesis of chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan (CSPG). The U937-1 cells were induced to differentiate into different types of macrophage-like cells by exposing the cells to PMA, RA, or VitD3. These inducers of differentiation affected the expression of serglycin mRNA in three different ways. The initial upregulation seen in the normally proliferating cells was not observed in PMA treated cells. In contrast, RA increased the initial upregulation, giving a reproducible six times increase in serglycin mRNA level from 4 to 24 h of incubation, compared to a four times increase in the control cells. VitD3 had no effect on the expression of serglycin mRNA. The incorporation of (35S)sulfate into CSPG decreased approximately 50% in all three differentiated cell types. Further, the (35S)CSPGs expressed were of larger size in PMA treated cells than controls, but smaller after RA treatment. This was due to the expression of CSPGs, with CS-chains of 25 and 5 kDa in PMA and RA treated cells, respectively, compared to 11 kDa in the controls. VitD3 had no significant effect on the size of CSPG produced. PMA treated cells secreted 75% of the (35S)PGs expressed, but the major portion was retained in cells treated with VitD3 or RA. The differences seen in serglycin mRNA levels, the macromolecular properties of serglycin and in the PG secretion patterns, suggest that serglycin may have different functions in different types of macrophages.