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Sökning: WFRF:(Ullvi Båve)

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1.
  • Brus, Ole, et al. (författare)
  • Subjective Memory Immediately Following Electroconvulsive Therapy
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Journal of ECT. - Philadelphia, USA : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 1095-0680. ; 33:2, s. 96-103
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives: The aims of the present study were to describe the short-term rate of subjective memory worsening (SMW) and identify factors of importance for SMW in a large clinical sample treated for depression with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT).Methods: This register-based study included 1212 patients from the Swedish National Quality Register for ECT. Subjective memory worsening was defined as a 2-point worsening on the memory item of the Comprehensive Psychopathological Rating Scale from before to within 1 week after treatment. Associations between patient characteristics and treatment factors were examined using logistic regression.Results: Subjective memory worsening was experienced in 26%. It was more common in women than in men (31% vs 18%; P < 0.001) and more common in patients aged 18 to 39 years than in patients 65 years or older (32% vs 22%; P = 0.008). Patients with less subjective memory disturbances before ECT had a greater risk of SMW. Patients in remission after ECT had a lower risk of SMW. A brief pulse width stimulus gave higher risk of SMW compared with ultrabrief pulse (odds ratio, 1.61; 95% confidence interval, 1.05-2.47).Conclusions: Subjective memory worsening is reported by a minority of patients. However, young women are at risk of experiencing SMW. Ultrabrief pulse width stimulus could be considered for patients treated with unilateral electrode placement who experience SMW. Each patient should be monitored with regard to symptoms and adverse effects, and treatment should be adjusted on an individual basis to maximize the clinical effect and with efforts to minimize the cognitive adverse effects.
2.
  • Holm, Jonas, et al. (författare)
  • Improvement of cycloid psychosis following electroconvulsive therapy
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry. - TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD. - 0803-9488. ; 71:6, s. 405-410
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: The treatment of choice for cycloid psychosis has traditionally been electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), but there is a lack of studies on its effectiveness.Aims: The primary aim of this register study was to determine the rates of remission and response after ECT for cycloid psychosis. The secondary aim was to examine possible predictors of outcome.Methods: Data were obtained from the National Quality Register for ECT in Sweden. The study population was patients (n=42) who received ECT for acute polymorphic psychotic disorder without symptoms of schizophrenia or for cycloid psychosis between 2011-2015 in 13 hospitals. Remission and response rates were calculated using Clinical Global Impression-Severity (CGI-S) and -Improvement scores, respectively. Variables with possible predictive value were tested using Chi-square and Fishers exact test.Results: The response rate was 90.5%. The remission rate was 45.2%. Of 42 patients, 40 improved their CGI-S score after ECT (pamp;lt;0.001). The mean number of ECT treatments was 2.5 for non-responders and 7.0 for responders (p=0.010). The mean number of ECT treatments did not differ significantly between remitters and non-remitters (7.2 vs 6.1, p=0.31). None of the other investigated potential predictors was statistically significantly associated with outcome.Conclusions: ECT is an effective treatment for cycloid psychosis. Future studies need to compare the outcome of ECT to that of other treatment strategies. Clinical implications: The high response rate with ECT indicates that cycloid psychosis is a clinically useful diagnosis.
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4.
  • Båve, Ullvi, et al. (författare)
  • Activation of the type I interferon system in primary Sjögren's syndrome : a possible etiopathogenic mechanism
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Arthritis and Rheumatism. - 0004-3591 .- 1529-0131. ; 52:4, s. 1185-1195
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective The etiopathogenesis of primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is largely unknown. In other autoimmune diseases, type I interferon (IFN) may play a pivotal role by triggering and sustaining the disease process. We therefore aimed to determine whether patients with primary SS had an activated type I IFN system. Methods Salivary gland biopsy specimens and sera from patients with primary SS were investigated for the occurrence of IFNα-producing cells and measurable IFNα levels, respectively. The ability of primary SS sera together with apoptotic or necrotic cells to induce IFNα production in normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells was examined. The IFNα inducer was characterized, and IFNα-producing cells were identified. Clinical data were correlated with the IFNα-inducing capacity of primary SS sera. Results Numerous IFNα-producing cells were detected in salivary gland biopsy specimens, despite low serum IFNα levels. Autoantibodies to RNA-binding proteins, combined with material released by necrotic or late apoptotic cells, were potent inducers of IFNα production in plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDCs). This appeared to be attributable to RNA-containing immune complexes triggering PDCs by means of RNA and interaction with Fcγ receptor IIa. The IFNα-inducing capacity of sera was associated with positive results of a labial salivary gland biopsy (focus score ≥1) and with dermatologic, hematologic, and pulmonary manifestations. Conclusion Patients with primary SS have an activated type I IFN system. Although virus may initiate the production of IFN, the continued IFNα synthesis is caused by RNA-containing immune complexes that activate PDCs to prolong IFNα production at the tissue level. This IFNα promotes the autoimmune process by a vicious circle–like mechanism, with increased autoantibody production and formation of more endogenous IFNα inducers.
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  • Båve, Ullvi, et al. (författare)
  • Fc gamma RIIa is expressed on natural IFN-alpha-producing cells (plasmacytoid dendritic cells) and is required for the IFN-alpha production induced by apoptotic cells combined with lupus IgG
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Journal of Immunology. - 0022-1767 .- 1550-6606. ; 171:6, s. 3296-302
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • An ongoing production of IFN-alpha may be of etiopathogenic significance in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). It may be due to the natural IFN-producing cells (NIPC), also termed plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDC), activated by immune complexes that contain nucleic acids derived from apoptotic cells. We here examined the role of FcgammaR in the IFN-alpha production in vitro by PBMC induced by the combination of apoptotic U937 cells and autoantibody-containing IgG from SLE patients (SLE-IgG). The Fc portion of the SLE-IgG was essential to induce IFN-alpha production, because Fab fragments or F(ab')(2) were ineffective. Normal, especially heat-aggregated, IgG inhibited the IFN-alpha production, suggesting a role for FcgammaR on PBMC. Using blocking anti-FcgammaR Abs, the FcgammaRIIa,c (CD32) but not FcgammaRI or FcgammaRIII were shown to be involved in the IFN-alpha induction by apoptotic cells combined with SLE-IgG, but not by HSV or CpG DNA. In contrast, the action of all of these inducers was inhibited by the anti-FcgammaRIIa,b,c mAb AT10 or heat-aggregated IgG. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that approximately 50% of the BDCA-2-positive PBMC, i.e., NIPC/PDC, expressed low but significant levels of FcgammaRII, as did most of the actual IFN-alpha producers activated by HSV. RT-PCR applied to NIPC/PDC purified by FACS demonstrated expression of FcgammaRIIa, but not of FcgammaRIIb or FcgammaRIIc. We conclude that FcgammaRIIa on NIPC/PDC is involved in the activation of IFN-alpha production by interferogenic immune complexes, but may also mediate inhibitory signals. The FcgammaRIIa could therefore have a key function in NIPC/PDC and be a potential therapeutic target in SLE.
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8.
  • Båve, Ullvi (författare)
  • Mechanisms of Interferon-α Induction in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
  • 2003
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have an activated type I interferon (IFN) system with an ongoing IFN-α synthesis. This may be caused by circulating immune complexes, consisting of anti-DNA antibodies (Abs) and DNA, with IFN-α inducing capacity. Produced IFN-α may be crucial in the pathogenesis, because this cytokine can break tolerance and promote autoimmunity.In the present thesis, possible mechanisms of the IFN-α production in SLE were studied. To investigate whether IFN-α inducing material could be derived from apoptotic cells, IgG from SLE patients (SLE-IgG) were combined with apoptotic cells. This combination induced high IFN-α production in normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). The IFN-α induction was associated to presence of anti-RNP Abs, but not to anti-dsDNA Abs, indicating that two inducers could be active in SLE, one containing DNA and the other RNA.Apoptotic cells and SLE-IgG exclusively activated the natural interferon producing cells (NIPC) and the IFN-α response was enhanced by type I IFN and inhibited by IL-10 and TNF-α. The IFN-α induction was dependent on FcγRII, because blocking this receptor reduced IFN-α production and NIPC were found to express FcγRIIa.To further elucidate the role of different autoantibodies in the IFN-α induction, sera from patients with Sjögren´s syndrome (SS), containing autoantibodies to RNA binding proteins (SSA, SSB, RNP and/or Sm) were investigated. The combination of SS or SLE sera and apoptotic or necrotic cell material induced high IFN-α production in PBMC. RNA, but not DNA, was required for IFN-α induction, indicating that RNA and Abs to RNA-binding proteins form potent IFN-α inducing complexes.The findings in this thesis can explain central mechanisms for the activation of NIPC in SLE, and perhaps also other autoimmune diseases. This activation is mediated by interferogenic immune complexes, and modulating the NIPC activation may be a novel therapeutic approach in SLE.
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10.
  • Båve, Ullvi, et al. (författare)
  • The combination of apoptotic U937 cells and lupus IgG is a potent IF inducer
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Journal of Immunology. - 0022-1767 .- 1550-6606. ; 165:6, s. 3519-26
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Patients with active systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have signs of an ongoing IFN-alpha production, that may be of pathogenic significance in the disease. We previously showed that SLE patients have an IFN-alpha-inducing factor in blood, probably consisting of complexes containing anti-DNA Abs and immunostimulatory DNA. The DNA component could be derived from apoptotic cells, because SLE patients have been reported to have both increased apoptosis and reduced clearance of apoptotic cell material. In the present study, we therefore investigated whether apoptotic cells, together with IgG from SLE patients, could act as an IFN-alpha inducer in normal PBMC in vitro. We found that apoptotic cells of the myeloid leukemia cell line U937 as well as four other cell lines (MonoMac6, H9, Jurkat, U266) could induce IFN-alpha production in PBMC when combined with IgG from SLE patients. The IFN-alpha production by PBMC was much enhanced when PBMC were costimulated by IFN-alpha2b. The ability of IgG from different SLE patients to promote IFN-alpha induction by apoptotic U937 cells was associated with the presence of anti-ribonucleoprotein Abs, but not clearly with occurrence of anti-DNA Abs. These results suggest that apoptotic cells in the presence of autoantibodies can cause production of a clearly immunostimulatory cytokine, which is IFN-alpha. This mechanism for induction of IFN-alpha production could well be operative also in vivo, explain the IFN-alpha production seen in SLE patients, and be important in the pathogenesis of SLE.
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