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Sökning: WFRF:(Vartiainen Terttu)

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  • Tuomisto, Jouko, et al. (författare)
  • Maternal smoking during pregnancy and testicular cancer in the sons: A nested case-control study and a meta-analysis
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Cancer. - : Elsevier. - 1879-0852 .- 0959-8049. ; 45:9, s. 1640-1648
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Some large ecological studies have noted a significant association of testicular cancer (TC) with maternal smoking during pregnancy, while several more controlled studies have been negative. It has been difficult to obtain reliable data on exposure because of the long lag time to cancer diagnosis. We performed a case-control study nested within Finnish, Swedish and Icelandic maternity cohorts exploiting early pregnancy serum samples to evaluate the role of maternal smoking in the risk of TC in the offspring. After reviewing the literature, we also performed a meta-analysis of published studies. For each index mother of the TC patient, three to nine matched control mothers with a cancer-free son born at the same time as the TC case were identified within each cohort. First trimester sera were retrieved from the 70 index mothers and 519 control mothers and were tested for cotinine level by a novel HPLC-MS-MS method developed. No statistically significant association between maternal cotinine level and risk of TC in the offspring was found (OR 0.68; 95% CI 0.35, 1.34). This is the first study based on individual exposure measurements. Its results agree with our meta-analysis of seven previous epidemiological studies (total number of 2149 cases, 2762 controls) using indirect exposure assessment (OR 1.0; 95% CI 0.88, 1.12). (c) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Rantakokko, Panu, et al. (författare)
  • A simple and fast liquid-liquid extraction method for the determination of 2,2 ',4,4 ',5,5 '-hexachlorobiphenyl (CB-153) and 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)-ethylene (p,p '-DDE) from human serum for epidemiological studies on type 2 diabetes
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Journal of Chromatography A. - : Elsevier. - 0021-9673. ; 1216:6, s. 897-901
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A simple and fast method is presented to be used for example in studies on the relationship between serum levels of persistent organic pollutants and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Method is based on liquid-liquid extraction and gas chromatography coupled with high.-resolution mass spectrometry. In the sample pretreatment special attention was paid to minimize the number of sample manipulation steps and the amounts of organic solvents needed. Compounds analyzed were 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl (PCB-153) and 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis (p-chlorophenyl)-ethylene (p,p'-DDE), the major metabolite of DDT. The method included extraction and cleanup of 0.2 rill of serum in a single test tube and subsequent analysis of the extract from 0.2 ml final volume. Validation was conducted to explore the performance of the method. The limits of detection for p,p'-DDE and PCB-153 based on the standard deviation of the blank samples were 4.3 and 3.1 pg/ml, respectively. Repeatability was less than 2.5% at three concentration levels tested and recovery from Certified Reference Material SRM 1589a was 84% for p,p'-DDE and 87% for PCB-153 of the certified values, respectively. Serum samples from the AMAP intercalibration round 2008-2 were also analyzed, and results were 101-116% of the assigned values. The presented method was used for an epidemiological study with more than 700 serum samples from a type 2 diabetes cohort from Sweden. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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