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Sökning: WFRF:(Vieira Monica L.)

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  • Bernal, Ximena E., et al. (författare)
  • Empowering Latina scientists
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Science. - 0036-8075. ; 363:6429, s. 825-826
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Kenne, Ellinor, et al. (författare)
  • Neutrophils engage the kallikrein-kinin system to open up the endothelial barrier in acute inflammation
  • Ingår i: FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. - : The Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. - 1530-6860. ; 33:2, s. 2599-2609
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Neutrophil recruitment and plasma exudation are key elements in the immune response to injury or infection. Activated neutrophils stimulate opening of the endothelial barrier; however, the underlying mechanisms have remained largely unknown. In this study, we identified a pivotal role of the proinflammatory kallikrein-kinin system and consequent formation of bradykinin in neutrophil-evoked vascular leak. In mouse and hamster models of acute inflammation, inhibitors of bradykinin generation, and signaling markedly reduced plasma exudation in response to chemoattractant activation of neutrophils. The neutrophil-driven leak was likewise suppressed in mice deficient in either the bradykinin B2 receptor or factor XII (initiator of the kallikrein-kinin system). In human endothelial cell monolayers, material secreted from activated neutrophils induced cytoskeletal rearrangement, leading to paracellular gap formation in a bradykinin-dependent manner. As a mechanistic basis, we found that a neutrophil-derived heparin-binding protein (HBP/azurocidin) displaced the bradykinin precursor high-molecular-weight kininogen from endothelial cells, thereby enabling proteolytic processing of kininogen into bradykinin by neutrophil and plasma proteases. These data provide novel insight into the signaling pathway by which neutrophils open up the endothelial barrier and identify the kallikrein-kinin system as a target for therapeutic interventions in acute inflammatory reactions.-Kenne, E., Rasmuson, J., Renné, T., Vieira, M. L., Müller-Esterl, W., Herwald, H., Lindbom, L. Neutrophils engage the kallikrein-kinin system to open up the endothelial barrier in acute inflammation.
  • Vieira, Mônica L., et al. (författare)
  • Heparin-Binding Protein Release Is Strongly Induced by Leptospira Species and Is a Candidate for an Early Diagnostic Marker of Human Leptospirosis
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: The Journal of infectious diseases. - : Oxford University Press. - 1537-6613. ; 219:6, s. 996-1006
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Leptospirosis, caused by spirochetes of the genus Leptospira, is one of the most widespread zoonoses worldwide. Efficient diagnostic methods for early diagnosis of leptospirosis are still lacking, and acute disease presents with nonspecific symptomatology and is often misdiagnosed. The leptospires pathogenic processes and virulence mechanisms remain virtually unknown. In severe infections, hemostatic impairment is frequently observed, and pathophysiological complications often develop when the host response is modulated by the pathogen. The neutrophil heparin-binding protein (HBP) is an inflammatory mediator and potent inducer of vascular leakage. RESULTS: In this study, we found that leptospires and their secreted products induce the release of HBP from stimulated neutrophils through a controlled degranulation mechanism. We acknowledged 2 leptospiral proteins as able to induce HBP degranulation. These findings have clinical implications, as high levels of HBP were detected in serum from patients with leptospirosis, especially at the early phase of the disease. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, we describe a new mechanism by which the leptospirosis pathophysiological complications may arise, such as vascular leakage and edema formation. We also propose HBP as a new early screening biomarker for human leptospirosis.
  • Vieira, Monica L., et al. (författare)
  • Leptospira interrogans outer membrane protein lipl21 is a potent inhibitor of neutrophil myeloperoxidase
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Virulence. - : Landes Bioscience. - 2150-5594. ; 9:1, s. 414-425
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Leptospirosis is a widespread zoonotic and neglected infectious disease of human and veterinary concern that is caused by pathogenic Leptospira species. After entrance in the host, pathogenic leptospires evade the host natural defense mechanisms in order to propagate and disseminate to multiple organs. Myeloperoxidase is an enzyme stored in neutrophils azurophilic granules, and is released upon neutrophil activation to produce mainly hypochlorous acid, a strong oxidant and potent antimicrobial agent. In the present investigation, we studied the modulation of myeloperoxidase activity by L. interrogans serovar Copenhageni. We show that leptospires and their culture supernatants are able to inhibit both peroxidase and chlorination activities of myeloperoxidase, without interfering with neutrophil degranulation. By leptospiral outer membrane protein extraction and fractionation, we identified the proteins LipL21 and LipL45 as myeloperoxidase inhibitors, constituting new Leptospira virulence factors. Accordingly, we propose a function for the protein LipL21, one of the most expressed leptospiral outer membrane proteins. Our results show a novel innate immune evasion mechanism by which leptospires interfere with the host response in order to cope with the host oxidative stress and efficiently achieve dissemination and colonization.
  • Vieira, Monica L, et al. (författare)
  • The interplay between host haemostatic systems and Leptospira spp. infections
  • Ingår i: Critical reviews in microbiology. - : Informa Healthcare. - 1040-841X. ; 46:2, s. 121-135
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Hemostasis is a defence mechanism that protects the integrity of the vascular system and is comprised of the coagulation cascade, fibrinolysis, platelet aggregation, and vascular endothelium. Besides the primary function in preserving the vascular integrity, the haemostatic system cooperates with immune and inflammatory processes to eliminate invading pathogens during microbial infections. Under pathological manifestations, hemostasis must therefore interact in a coordinated manner with inflammatory responses and immune reactions. Several pathogens can modulate these host-derived countermeasures by specifically targeting certain haemostatic components for their own benefit. Thus, the ability to modulate host defence systems has to be considered as an essential bacterial virulence mechanism. Complications that bacterial pathogens can induce are therefore often the consequence of evoked host responses. A comprehensive understanding of the molecular mechanisms triggered in infectious processes may help to develop prophylactic methods and novel therapies for the patients suffering from a particular infectious disease. This review aims to provide a critical updated compiling of recent studies on how the pathogenic Leptospira can interact with and manipulate the host haemostatic systems and the consequences for leptospirosis pathogenesis.
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