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Sökning: WFRF:(Wanders Alkwin)

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1.
  • Dreilich, M., et al. (författare)
  • High-risk human papilloma virus (HPV) and survival in patients with esophageal carcinoma : a pilot study
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: BMC Cancer. - 1471-2407. - 1471-2407 (Electronic) 1471-2407 (Linking) ; 6, s. 94-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Human papilloma virus (HPV) in patients with esophageal carcinoma has previously been studied with an average detection rate of 15%, but the role of HPV in relation to survival is less clear. In cervical cancer, lung cancer and tonsil cancer HPV viral load is a predictive factor for survival and outcome of treatment. The primary aim was to study the spectrum of high-risk HPV types in esophageal tumors. Secondary, as a pilot study we investigated the association between HPV status and the survival rates. METHODS: We compared both the presence and the viral load of high-risk HPV types 16, 18, 31, 33, 39, 45, 52, 58, and 67 in relation to clinical data from patients with esophageal carcinoma. Survival data and tumor samples were retrieved from 100 patients receiving treatment at the Department of Oncology, Uppsala Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden. The tumor samples were investigated for HPV viral load using real-time PCR. RESULTS: HPV 16 was detected in 16% of the patients; no other HPV type was detected. HPV 16 infection had no significant effect on survival (p = 0.72). Also, HPV 16 did not improve survival after treatment (radiotherapy or chemotherapy). CONCLUSION: Only HPV 16 was detected among the patients. HPV 16 in esophageal carcinoma patients did not influence survival or improve therapy response. However, given the size of the study there is a need to examine a larger cohort in order to understand in more detail the effect of high risk HPV types in esophageal carcinoma.
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2.
  • Sangfelt, P., et al. (författare)
  • Monitoring dominant strictures in primary sclerosing cholangitis with brush cytology and FDG-PET
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: J Hepatol. - 1600-0641 (Electronic) 0168-8278 (Linking) ; 61:6, s. 1352-1357
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND & AIMS: Despite a high risk of cholangiocellular adenocarcinoma (CCA) it is unclear how surveillance of patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) should be performed. METHODS: We evaluated a follow-up algorithm of brush cytology and positron emission tomography/computed tomography with [(18)F] fluorodeoxyglucose ([(18)F]FDG-PET/CT), measured as maximum standardized uptake values, normalized to the liver background (SUVmax/liver) at 180 min, in PSC patients with dominant bile duct strictures. RESULTS: Brush cytology with high grade dysplasia (HGD) was detected in 12/70 patients (17%), yielding a diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of 56%, 89%, 75%, and 88%, respectively. Preemptive liver transplantations due to repeated HGD before manifest CCA were performed in six patients. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis of [(18)F]FDG uptake showed that a SUVmax/liver quotient of 3.3 was able to discriminate between CCA and non-malignant disease with a sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV for CCA of 89%, 92%, 62%, 98%, respectively. A SUVmax/liver >3.3 detected CCA in 8/9 patients whereas a quotient <2.4 excluded CCA. Combining brush cytology and quantitative [(18)F]FDG-PET/CT yielded a sensitivity for HGD and/or CCA of 100% and a specificity of 88%. CONCLUSION: Early detection of HGD before manifest CCA is feasible with repeated brush cytology and may allow for preemptive liver transplantation. [(18)F]FDG-PET/CT has a high sensitivity for manifest CCA and a negative scan indicates a non-malignant state of the disease. Brush cytology and [(18)F]FDG-PET/CT are complementary in monitoring and managing PSC patients with dominant strictures.
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3.
  • Thorn, M., et al. (författare)
  • Microscopic colitis in Uppsala health region, a population-based prospective study 2005-2009
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Scand J Gastroenterol. - 1502-7708 (Electronic) 0036-5521 (Linking) ; 48:7, s. 825-830
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to report on the incidence of microscopic colitis (MC), any possible relation with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), concomitant drug consumption, related diseases and the clinical course of the diseases. METHODS: Both new cases of IBD and MC were registered at the same time in the same geographical area. The study started in the county of Uppsala 2005-2006, and other parts of the surrounding health region were included 2007-2009. Established morphological criteria were used, i.e. a layer of subepithelial collagen band >/= 10 mum in collagenous colitis (CC) with concomitant inflammation and at least 20 lymphocytes per 100 epithelial cells in lymphocytic colitis (LC). RESULTS: The authors found 272 new cases of MC, 154 with CC and 118 with LC. The mean age-adjusted incidence was 7.0/1,000,000 for CC and 4.8/100,000 for LC. The clinical course was dominated by single episodes with diarrhea or intermittent symptoms, but 14% suffered from chronic diarrhea. In 10% of the cases, diagnosis was made in individuals without chronic watery diarrhea. Although not systematically tested, concomitant celiac disease was found in approximately 5% of the patients. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of MC in Uppsala health region is similar to other studied areas. The majority of patients had a self-limiting or easily treated condition, but 14% need a more or less continuous medication. Ten percent of the patients demonstrate other symptoms than chronic watery diarrhea. The possibility of concomitant celiac disease should be considered in new cases of MC.
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4.
  • Wu, X., et al. (författare)
  • Hsp90 is expressed and represents a therapeutic target in human oesophageal cancer using the inhibitor 17-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Br J Cancer. - 1532-1827 (Electronic) 0007-0920 (Linking) ; 100:2, s. 334-343
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) has been demonstrated to protect oncogenic variants of signalling molecules from degradation and may consequently serve as a therapeutic target for the treatment of oesophageal cancer for which adequate therapy is often lacking. We studied the expression of Hsp90 in tumour tissues of human oesophageal cancer and the impact of Hsp90 inhibition on oesophageal cancer cell lines using the drug 17-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG). Quantitative immunohistochemistry was performed on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues from patients with oesophageal cancer. In squamous cell carcinoma, a marked upregulation of Hsp90 could be noted in dysplastic epithelium and invasive cancer compared with normal epithelium. In adenocarcinoma, Hsp90 was expressed in neoplastic epithelium and also in normal non-neoplastic glands weakly. The inhibition of Hsp90 using 17-AAG led to a significant decrease in cell proliferation and viability in human oesophageal cancer cell lines. Using a clonogenic cell survival assay, Hsp90 inhibition significantly sensitised the cells for gamma-photon irradiation. Heat shock protein 90 was found to be critical for proper signalling induced by both epidermal growth factor and insulin-like growth factor-1, in which the inhibition of signalling by 17-AAG correlated with the observed reduction in cell proliferation and viability. These results showed that Hsp90 was selectively expressed in oesophageal cancer tissue compared with the corresponding normal tissue, and the inhibition of Hsp90 resulted in decreased proliferation and viability as well as radiosensitisation of oesophageal cancer cells. Heat shock protein 90 represents a potential therapeutic target in the treatment of patients with oesophageal cancer, alone or in combination with radiotherapy.
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5.
  • Zainuddin, N., et al. (författare)
  • TP53 mutations predict for poor survival in de novo diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of germinal center subtype
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Leuk Res. - 0145-2126 .- 1873-5835. - 0145-2126 (Print) 0145-2126 (Linking) ; 33:1, s. 60-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Presence of TP53 mutations has been associated with poor prognosis in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), although this has remained controversial. The TP53 codon 72 polymorphism has shown negative impact on cancer survival, but this has not been analyzed in DLBCL. Furthermore, the MDM2 SNP309 has been associated with earlier age of onset in DLBCL. Here, we investigated the clinical impact of TP53 mutations, MDM2 SNP309 and TP53 codon 72 polymorphisms on survival in DLBCL of germinal center (GC) and non-GC subtypes. Thirteen of the 102 (12.7%) patients displayed TP53 mutations. Overall, TP53 mutations had a significant effect on lymphoma-specific survival (LSS, P=0.009) and progression-free survival (PFS, P=0.028). In particular, inferior survival was observed in TP53-mutated DLBCLs of GC subtype (LSS, P=0.002 and PFS, P=0.006). Neither MDM2 SNP309 nor the TP53 codon 72 polymorphism had an impact on age of onset or survival. Altogether, our data suggests that TP53 mutations are associated with poor outcome in GC-DLBCL patients.
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6.
  • Biglarnia, A. R., et al. (författare)
  • Prompt reversal of a severe complement activation by eculizumab in a patient undergoing intentional ABO-incompatible pancreas and kidney transplantation
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Transpl Int. - 1432-2277 (Electronic) 0934-0874 (Linking) ; 24:8, s. e61-e66
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We describe the presumably first intentional ABO-incompatible deceased-donor kidney and pancreas transplantation with a severe antibody-mediated rejection during a rebound of isoagglutinins. Rejection was successfully treated with eculizumab, which inhibits the terminal pathway of complement. Complement analysis (C3, C3d,g, and a modified assay of classical complement-related hemolytic function) documented complement activation and confirmed that eculizumab completely blocked complement function. At 6 months, the patient had normal kidney and pancreas function, and histological evaluations revealed no evidence of sustained graft damage. This successful transplantation suggests that ABO barriers can safely be overcome without extensive preconditioning, when the complement inhibitor eculizumab is included.
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7.
  • Enroth, S., et al. (författare)
  • Cancer associated epigenetic transitions identified by genome-wide histone methylation binding profiles in human colorectal cancer samples and paired normal mucosa
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: BMC Cancer. - 1471-2407. - 1471-2407 (Electronic) 1471-2407 (Linking) ; 11, s. 450-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Despite their well-established functional roles, histone modifications have received less attention than DNA methylation in the cancer field. In order to evaluate their importance in colorectal cancer (CRC), we generated the first genome-wide histone modification profiles in paired normal colon mucosa and tumor samples. METHODS: Chromatin immunoprecipitation and microarray hybridization (ChIP-chip) was used to identify promoters enriched for histone H3 trimethylated on lysine 4 (H3K4me3) and lysine 27 (H3K27me3) in paired normal colon mucosa and tumor samples from two CRC patients and for the CRC cell line HT29. RESULTS: By comparing histone modification patterns in normal mucosa and tumors, we found that alterations predicted to have major functional consequences were quite rare. Furthermore, when normal or tumor tissue samples were compared to HT29, high similarities were observed for H3K4me3. However, the differences found for H3K27me3, which is important in determining cellular identity, indicates that cell lines do not represent optimal tissue models. Finally, using public expression data, we uncovered previously unknown changes in CRC expression patterns. Genes positive for H3K4me3 in normal and/or tumor samples, which are typically already active in normal mucosa, became hyperactivated in tumors, while genes with H3K27me3 in normal and/or tumor samples and which are expressed at low levels in normal mucosa, became hypersilenced in tumors. CONCLUSIONS: Genome wide histone modification profiles can be used to find epigenetic aberrations in genes associated with cancer. This strategy gives further insights into the epigenetic contribution to the oncogenic process and may identify new biomarkers.
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8.
  • Hall, H., et al. (författare)
  • In vitro autoradiography of carcinoembryonic antigen in tissue from patients with colorectal cancer using multifunctional antibody TF2 and (67/68Ga)-labeled haptens by pretargeting
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Am J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. - 2160-8407 (Electronic) ; 2:2, s. 141-150
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) was visualized in vitro in tissue from patients with colorectal cancer with trivalent bispecific antibody TF2 and two hapten molecules, [(67/68)Ga]Ga-IMP461 and [(67/68)Ga]Ga-IMP485 by means of pretargeting. Colorectal cancer tissue samples obtained from surgery at Uppsala University Hospital, were frozen fresh and cryosectioned. The two hapten molecules comprising 1,4,7-triazacyclononanetriacetic acid chelate moiety (NOTA) were labeled with (67)Ga or (68)Ga. The autoradiography was conducted by incubating the tissue samples with the bispecific antibody TF2, followed by washing and incubation with one of the radiolabeled hapten molecules. After washing, drying and exposure to phosphor imager plates, the autoradiograms were analyzed and compared to standard histochemistry (hematoxylin-eosin). Pronounced binding was found in the tissue from colorectal cancer using the bispecific antibody TF2 and either of the haptens [(67/68)Ga]Ga-IMP461 and [(67/68)Ga]Ga-IMP485. Distinct binding was also detected in the epithelium of most samples of neighboring tissue, taken at a minimum of 10 cm from the site of the tumor. It is concluded that pretargeting CEA with the bispecific antibody TF2 followed by the addition of (67/68)Ga-labeled hapten is extremely sensitive for visualizing this marker for colorectal cancer. This methodology is therefore a very specific complement to other histochemical techniques in the diagnosis of biopsies or in samples taken from surgery. Use of the pretargeting technique in vivo may also be an advance in diagnosing patients with colorectal cancer, either using (67)Ga and SPECT or (68)Ga and PET.
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9.
  • Hogberg, N., et al. (författare)
  • Genes regulating tight junctions and cell adhesion are altered in early experimental necrotizing enterocolitis
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: J Pediatr Surg. - 1531-5037 (Electronic) 0022-3468 (Linking) ; 48:11, s. 2308-2312
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) represents one of the gravest complications in preterm infants and carries significant morbidity and mortality. Increased intestinal permeability may play an important role in the pathogenesis of NEC. In this study we investigated the genes regulating structural proteins such as tight junctions (TJ) and cell adhesion in a neonatal rat model of early NEC. METHODS: The studies were performed on Sprague-Dawley rat pups. Experimental NEC was induced using hypoxia/re-oxygenation treatment on day 1 after birth. Intestinal specimens from the ileum were obtained, mRNA was purified, and the transcriptome was analyzed using microarray. RESULTS: We found several TJ genes such as claudins 1, 8, 14, 15, and gap junction protein to be affected. Alterations in genes involved in the inflammatory response was confirmed, along with several genes regulating proteins used as biomarkers for NEC. CONCLUSION: This study indicates that tight junctions and cell adhesion may play a critical role in the pathogenesis of early experimental NEC. Better understanding of the pathogenesis of NEC may lead to novel strategies for the prevention and treatment of NEC.
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10.
  • Kappi, T., et al. (författare)
  • Collagenous Gastritis in Children: Incidence, Disease Course, and Associations With Autoimmunity and Inflammatory Markers
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology. - 2155-384X. ; 11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • INTRODUCTION:Collagenous gastritis (CG), a rare disorder of unknown etiology, has been postulated to have immune-mediated mechanisms. We investigated (i) the incidence and prevalence of CG in a pediatric population; (ii) the clinical, endoscopic, and histologic characteristics of childhood-onset CG; and (iii) the evidence for autoimmunity and/or inflammatory activity in these patients.METHODS:Clinical, endoscopic, and histologic data were reviewed longitudinally in a population-based Swedish cohort of 15 patients with childhood-onset CG diagnosed in the period 2008-2019. A set of 11 autoantibodies, 4 blood inflammatory biomarkers, and the human leukocyte antigen DQ2/DQ8 genotype was analyzed cross-sectionally.RESULTS:The incidence rate of childhood-onset CG was 0.25/100,000 person-years, with an incidence rate ratio of girls to boys of 4.2 (95% confidence interval, 1.2-15). The prevalence of CG was 2.1/100,000 in children aged younger than 18 years. The endoscopic and histologic findings remained pathologic in all the examined patients during a median follow-up of 4.4 years. Many patients had heredity for autoimmune disorders (47%) and/or tested positive for autoantibodies (40%) or human leukocyte antigen DQ2/DQ8 (53%). No associated autoimmune comorbidities were observed. The serum levels of calprotectin and amyloid A were increased in 10/15 (67%) and 5/15 (33%) of the patients, respectively, whereas plasma C-reactive protein levels were normal in all, but 1 patient.DISCUSSION:The results indicate that childhood-onset CG is rare and has a chronic disease course. Although signs of autoimmune predisposition are frequent, early development of autoimmune comorbidities seems seldom. Serum calprotectin and amyloid A represent novel candidate biomarkers of inflammatory activity in CG (see Visual Abstract, Supplementary Digital Content 4, http://links.lww.com/CTG/A349).
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