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Sökning: WFRF:(Wang Chunliang)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 86
  • [1]234567...9Nästa
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  • Astaraki, Mehdi, PhD Student, 1984-, et al. (författare)
  • Benign-malignant pulmonary nodule classification in low-dose CT with convolutional features
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Physica medica (Testo stampato). - : Elsevier BV. - 1120-1797 .- 1724-191X. ; 83, s. 146-153
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: Low-Dose Computed Tomography (LDCT) is the most common imaging modality for lung cancer diagnosis. The presence of nodules in the scans does not necessarily portend lung cancer, as there is an intricate relationship between nodule characteristics and lung cancer. Therefore, benign-malignant pulmonary nodule classification at early detection is a crucial step to improve diagnosis and prolong patient survival. The aim of this study is to propose a method for predicting nodule malignancy based on deep abstract features.Methods: To efficiently capture both intra-nodule heterogeneities and contextual information of the pulmonary nodules, a dual pathway model was developed to integrate the intra-nodule characteristics with contextual attributes. The proposed approach was implemented with both supervised and unsupervised learning schemes. A random forest model was added as a second component on top of the networks to generate the classification results. The discrimination power of the model was evaluated by calculating the Area Under the Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve (AUROC) metric. Results: Experiments on 1297 manually segmented nodules show that the integration of context and target supervised deep features have a great potential for accurate prediction, resulting in a discrimination power of 0.936 in terms of AUROC, which outperformed the classification performance of the Kaggle 2017 challenge winner.Conclusion: Empirical results demonstrate that integrating nodule target and context images into a unified network improves the discrimination power, outperforming the conventional single pathway convolutional neural networks.
  • Astaraki, Mehdi, et al. (författare)
  • Early survival prediction in non-small cell lung cancer from PET/CT images using an intra-tumor partitioning method
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Physica medica (Testo stampato). - : Elsevier BV. - 1120-1797 .- 1724-191X. ; 60, s. 58-65
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PurposeTo explore prognostic and predictive values of a novel quantitative feature set describing intra-tumor heterogeneity in patients with lung cancer treated with concurrent and sequential chemoradiotherapy.MethodsLongitudinal PET-CT images of 30 patients with non-small cell lung cancer were analysed. To describe tumor cell heterogeneity, the tumors were partitioned into one to ten concentric regions depending on their sizes, and, for each region, the change in average intensity between the two scans was calculated for PET and CT images separately to form the proposed feature set. To validate the prognostic value of the proposed method, radiomics analysis was performed and a combination of the proposed novel feature set and the classic radiomic features was evaluated. A feature selection algorithm was utilized to identify the optimal features, and a linear support vector machine was trained for the task of overall survival prediction in terms of area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC).ResultsThe proposed novel feature set was found to be prognostic and even outperformed the radiomics approach with a significant difference (AUROCSALoP = 0.90 vs. AUROCradiomic = 0.71) when feature selection was not employed, whereas with feature selection, a combination of the novel feature set and radiomics led to the highest prognostic values.ConclusionA novel feature set designed for capturing intra-tumor heterogeneity was introduced. Judging by their prognostic power, the proposed features have a promising potential for early survival prediction.
  • Bernard, Olivier, et al. (författare)
  • Standardized evaluation system for left ventricular segmentation algorithms in 3D echocardiography.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging. - : IEEE Press. - 0278-0062 .- 1558-254X.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Real-time 3D Echocardiography (RT3DE) has been proven to be an accurate tool for left ventricular (LV) volume assessment. However, identification of the LV endocardium remains a challenging task, mainly because of the low tissue/blood contrast of the images combined with typical artifacts. Several semi and fully automatic algorithms have been proposed for segmenting the endocardium in RT3DE data in order to extract relevant clinical indices, but a systematic and fair comparison between such methods has so far been impossible due to the lack of a publicly available common database. Here, we introduce a standardized evaluation framework to reliably evaluate and compare the performance of the algorithms developed to segment the LV border in RT3DE. A database consisting of 45 multivendor cardiac ultrasound recordings acquired at different centers with corresponding reference measurements from 3 experts are made available. The algorithms from nine research groups were quantitatively evaluated and compared using the proposed online platform. The results showed that the best methods produce promising results with respect to the experts' measurements for the extraction of clinical indices, and that they offer good segmentation precision in terms of mean distance error in the context of the experts' variability range. The platform remains open for new submissions.
  • Brusini, Irene, et al. (författare)
  • Changes in brain architecture are consistent with altered fear processing in domestic rabbits
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. - : National Academy of Sciences. - 0027-8424 .- 1091-6490. ; 115:28, s. 7380-7385
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The most characteristic feature of domestic animals is their change in behavior associated with selection for tameness. Here we show, using high-resolution brain magnetic resonance imaging in wild and domestic rabbits, that domestication reduced amygdala volume and enlarged medial prefrontal cortex volume, supporting that areas driving fear have lost volume while areas modulating negative affect have gained volume during domestication. In contrast to the localized gray matter alterations, white matter anisotropy was reduced in the corona radiata, corpus callosum, and the subcortical white matter. This suggests a compromised white matter structural integrity in projection and association fibers affecting both afferent and efferent neural flow, consistent with reduced neural processing. We propose that compared with their wild ancestors, domestic rabbits are less fearful and have an attenuated flight response because of these changes in brain architecture.
  • Brusini, Irene, et al. (författare)
  • Shape Information Improves the Cross-Cohort Performance of Deep Learning-Based Segmentation of the Hippocampus
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Frontiers in Neuroscience. - : Frontiers Media S.A.. - 1662-4548 .- 1662-453X. ; 14
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Performing an accurate segmentation of the hippocampus from brain magnetic resonance images is a crucial task in neuroimaging research, since its structural integrity is strongly related to several neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's disease (AD). Some automatic segmentation tools are already being used, but, in recent years, new deep learning (DL)-based methods have been proven to be much more accurate in various medical image segmentation tasks. In this work, we propose a DL-based hippocampus segmentation framework that embeds statistical shape of the hippocampus as context information into the deep neural network (DNN). The inclusion of shape information is achieved with three main steps: (1) a U-Net-based segmentation, (2) a shape model estimation, and (3) a second U-Net-based segmentation which uses both the original input data and the fitted shape model. The trained DL architectures were tested on image data of three diagnostic groups [AD patients, subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and controls] from two cohorts (ADNI and AddNeuroMed). Both intra-cohort validation and cross-cohort validation were performed and compared with the conventional U-net architecture and some variations with other types of context information (i.e., autocontext and tissue-class context). Our results suggest that adding shape information can improve the segmentation accuracy in cross-cohort validation, i.e., when DNNs are trained on one cohort and applied to another. However, no significant benefit is observed in intra-cohort validation, i.e., training and testing DNNs on images from the same cohort. Moreover, compared to other types of context information, the use of shape context was shown to be the most successful in increasing the accuracy, while keeping the computational time in the order of a few minutes.
  • Buizza, Giulia, et al. (författare)
  • Early tumor response prediction for lung cancer patients using novel longitudinal pattern features from sequential PET/CT image scans
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Physica medica (Testo stampato). - : ELSEVIER SCI LTD. - 1120-1797 .- 1724-191X. ; 54, s. 21-29
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: A new set of quantitative features that capture intensity changes in PET/CT images over time and space is proposed for assessing the tumor response early during chemoradiotherapy. The hypothesis whether the new features, combined with machine learning, improve outcome prediction is tested. Methods: The proposed method is based on dividing the tumor volume into successive zones depending on the distance to the tumor border. Mean intensity changes are computed within each zone, for CT and PET scans separately, and used as image features for tumor response assessment. Doing so, tumors are described by accounting for temporal and spatial changes at the same time. Using linear support vector machines, the new features were tested on 30 non-small cell lung cancer patients who underwent sequential or concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Prediction of 2-years overall survival was based on two PET-CT scans, acquired before the start and during the first 3 weeks of treatment. The predictive power of the newly proposed longitudinal pattern features was compared to that of previously proposed radiomics features and radiobiological parameters. Results: The highest areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves were 0.98 and 0.93 for patients treated with sequential and concurrent chemoradiotherapy, respectively. Results showed an overall comparable performance with respect to radiomics features and radiobiological parameters. Conclusions: A novel set of quantitative image features, based on underlying tumor physiology, was computed from PET/CT scans and successfully employed to distinguish between early responders and non-responders to chemoradiotherapy.
  • Jimenez-del-Toro, Oscar, et al. (författare)
  • Cloud-Based Evaluation of Anatomical Structure Segmentation and Landmark Detection Algorithms : VISCERAL Anatomy Benchmarks
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging. - : Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). - 0278-0062 .- 1558-254X. ; 35:11, s. 2459-2475
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Variations in the shape and appearance of anatomical structures in medical images are often relevant radiological signs of disease. Automatic tools can help automate parts of this manual process. A cloud-based evaluation framework is presented in this paper including results of benchmarking current state-of-the-art medical imaging algorithms for anatomical structure segmentation and landmark detection: the VISCERAL Anatomy benchmarks. The algorithms are implemented in virtual machines in the cloud where participants can only access the training data and can be run privately by the benchmark administrators to objectively compare their performance in an unseen common test set. Overall, 120 computed tomography and magnetic resonance patient volumes were manually annotated to create a standard Gold Corpus containing a total of 1295 structures and 1760 landmarks. Ten participants contributed with automatic algorithms for the organ segmentation task, and three for the landmark localization task. Different algorithms obtained the best scores in the four available imaging modalities and for subsets of anatomical structures. The annotation framework, resulting data set, evaluation setup, results and performance analysis from the three VISCERAL Anatomy benchmarks are presented in this article. Both the VISCERAL data set and Silver Corpus generated with the fusion of the participant algorithms on a larger set of non-manually-annotated medical images are available to the research community.
  • Mendrik, AM, et al. (författare)
  • MRBrainS Challenge: Online Evaluation Framework for Brain Image Segmentation in 3T MRI Scans
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience. - : Hindawi Publishing Corporation. - 1687-5265 .- 1687-5273. ; 2015
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Many methods have been proposed for tissue segmentation in brain MRI scans. The multitude of methods proposed complicates the choice of one method above others. We have therefore established the MRBrainS online evaluation framework for evaluating (semi)automatic algorithms that segment gray matter (GM), white matter (WM), and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) on 3T brain MRI scans of elderly subjects (65–80 y). Participants apply their algorithms to the provided data, after which their results are evaluated and ranked. Full manual segmentations of GM, WM, and CSF are available for all scans and used as the reference standard. Five datasets are provided for training and fifteen for testing. The evaluated methods are ranked based on their overall performance to segment GM, WM, and CSF and evaluated using three evaluation metrics (Dice, H95, and AVD) and the results are published on the MRBrainS13 website. We present the results of eleven segmentation algorithms that participated in the MRBrainS13 challenge workshop at MICCAI, where the framework was launched, and three commonly used freeware packages: FreeSurfer, FSL, and SPM. The MRBrainS evaluation framework provides an objective and direct comparison of all evaluated algorithms and can aid in selecting the best performing method for the segmentation goal at hand.
  • Mårtensson, Gustav, et al. (författare)
  • AVRA : Automatic visual ratings of atrophy from MRI images using recurrent convolutional neural networks
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: NeuroImage. - : ELSEVIER SCI LTD. - 0353-8842 .- 2213-1582. ; 23
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Quantifying the degree of atrophy is done clinically by neuroradiologists following established visual rating scales. For these assessments to be reliable the rater requires substantial training and experience, and even then the rating agreement between two radiologists is not perfect. We have developed a model we call AVRA (Automatic Visual Ratings of Atrophy) based on machine learning methods and trained on 2350 visual ratings made by an experienced neuroradiologist. It provides fast and automatic ratings for Scheltens' scale of medial temporal atrophy (MTA), the frontal subscale of Pasquier's Global Cortical Atrophy (GCA-F) scale, and Koedam's scale of Posterior Atrophy (PA). We demonstrate substantial inter-rater agreement between AVRA's and a neuroradiologist ratings with Cohen's weighted kappa values of kappa(w) = 0.74/0.72 (MTA left/right), kappa(w) = 0.62 (GCA-F) and kappa(w) = 0.74 (PA). We conclude that automatic visual ratings of atrophy can potentially have great scientific value, and aim to present AVRA as a freely available toolbox.
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