SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Wang YP) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Wang YP)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 80
  • [1]234567...8Nästa
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
1.
  • Feng, Ruizhi, et al. (författare)
  • Mutations in TUBB8 and Human Oocyte Meiotic Arrest.
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: The New England journal of medicine. - 1533-4406. ; 374:3, s. 223-232
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Human reproduction depends on the fusion of a mature oocyte with a sperm cell to form a fertilized egg. The genetic events that lead to the arrest of human oocyte maturation are unknown. Methods We sequenced the exomes of five members of a four-generation family, three of whom had infertility due to oocyte meiosis I arrest. We performed Sanger sequencing of a candidate gene, TUBB8, in DNA samples from these members, additional family members, and members of 23 other affected families. The expression of TUBB8 and all other β-tubulin isotypes was assessed in human oocytes, early embryos, sperm cells, and several somatic tissues by means of a quantitative reverse-transcriptase-polymerase-chain-reaction assay. We evaluated the effect of the TUBB8 mutations on the assembly of the heterodimer consisting of one α-tubulin polypeptide and one β-tubulin polypeptide (α/β-tubulin heterodimer) in vitro, on microtubule architecture in HeLa cells, on microtubule dynamics in yeast cells, and on spindle assembly in mouse and human oocytes. Results We identified seven mutations in the primate-specific gene TUBB8 that were responsible for oocyte meiosis I arrest in 7 of the 24 families. TUBB8 expression is unique to oocytes and the early embryo, in which this gene accounts for almost all the expressed β-tubulin. The mutations affect chaperone-dependent folding and assembly of the α/β-tubulin heterodimer, disrupt microtubule behavior on expression in cultured cells, alter microtubule dynamics in vivo, and cause catastrophic spindle-assembly defects and maturation arrest on expression in mouse and human oocytes. Conclusions TUBB8 mutations have dominant-negative effects that disrupt microtubule behavior and oocyte meiotic spindle assembly and maturation, causing female infertility. (Funded by the National Basic Research Program of China and others.).
  •  
2.
  •  
3.
  •  
4.
  • Kassebaum, N. J., et al. (författare)
  • Global, regional, and national levels and causes of maternal mortality during 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Lancet (London, England). - 1474-547X. ; 384:9947, s. 980-1004
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background The fifth Millennium Development Goal (MDG 5) established the goal of a 75% reduction in the maternal mortality ratio (MMR; number of maternal deaths per 100 000 livebirths) between 1990 and 2015. We aimed to measure levels and track trends in maternal mortality, the key causes contributing to maternal death, and timing of maternal death with respect to delivery. Methods We used robust statistical methods including the Cause of Death Ensemble model (CODEm) to analyse a database of data for 7065 site-years and estimate the number of maternal deaths from all causes in 188 countries between 1990 and 2013. We estimated the number of pregnancy-related deaths caused by HIV on the basis of a systematic review of the relative risk of dying during pregnancy for HIV-positive women compared with HIV-negative women. We also estimated the fraction of these deaths aggravated by pregnancy on the basis of a systematic review. To estimate the numbers of maternal deaths due to nine different causes, we identified 61 sources from a systematic review and 943 site-years of vital registration data. We also did a systematic review of reports about the timing of maternal death, identifying 142 sources to use in our analysis. We developed estimates for each country for 1990-2013 using Bayesian meta-regression. We estimated 95% uncertainty intervals (UIs) for all values. Findings 292 982 (95% UI 261017-327792) maternal deaths occurred in 2013, compared with 376 034 (343483-407574) in 1990. The global annual rate of change in the MMR was -0.3% (-1.1 to 0.6) from 1990 to 2003, and -2.7% (-3.9 to -1.5) from 2003 to 2013, with evidence of continued acceleration. MMRs reduced consistently in south, east, and southeast Asia between 1990 and 2013, but maternal deaths increased in much of sub-Saharan Africa during the 1990s. 2070 (1290-2866) maternal deaths were related to HIV in 2013, 0.4% (-0.2-0.6) of the global total. MMR was highest in the oldest age groups in both 1990 and 2013. In 2013, most deaths occurred intrapartum or postpartum. Causes varied by region and between 1990 and 2013. We recorded substantial variation in the MMR by country in 2013, from 956.8 (685.1-1262.8) in South Sudan to 2.4 (1.6-3.6) in Iceland. Interpretation Global rates of change suggest that only 16 countries will achieve the MDG 5 target by 2015. Accelerated reductions since the Millennium Declaration in 2000 coincide with increased development assistance for maternal, newborn, and child health. Setting of targets and associated interventions for after 2015 will need careful consideration of regions that are making slow progress, such as west and central Africa.
  •  
5.
  •  
6.
  • Stahl, Eli A, et al. (författare)
  • Genome-wide association study identifies 30 loci associated with bipolar disorder
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Nature genetics. - 1546-1718. ; 51:5, s. 793-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Bipolar disorder is a highly heritable psychiatric disorder. We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) including 20,352 cases and 31,358 controls of European descent, with follow-up analysis of 822 variants with P < 1 × 10-4 in an additional 9,412 cases and 137,760 controls. Eight of the 19 variants that were genome-wide significant (P < 5 × 10-8) in the discovery GWAS were not genome-wide significant in the combined analysis, consistent with small effect sizes and limited power but also with genetic heterogeneity. In the combined analysis, 30 loci were genome-wide significant, including 20 newly identified loci. The significant loci contain genes encoding ion channels, neurotransmitter transporters and synaptic components. Pathway analysis revealed nine significantly enriched gene sets, including regulation of insulin secretion and endocannabinoid signaling. Bipolar I disorder is strongly genetically correlated with schizophrenia, driven by psychosis, whereas bipolar II disorder is more strongly correlated with major depressive disorder. These findings address key clinical questions and provide potential biological mechanisms for bipolar disorder.
  •  
7.
  • Xie, Yan-hua, et al. (författare)
  • Up-Regulation of G-Protein-Coupled Receptors for Endothelin and Thromboxane by Lipid-Soluble Smoke Particles in Renal Artery of Rat
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology. - Wiley-Blackwell. - 1742-7843. ; 107:4, s. 803-812
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Up-regulation of G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCR) plays key roles in renal hypertension and cardiovascular disease pathogenesis. The present study was designed to examine if lipid-soluble cigarette smoking particles (DSP), nicotine and endotoxin (LPS), induce GPCR up-regulation for thromboxane A(2) (TP), endothelin type A (ETA) and type B (ETB) receptors in renal artery, and if intracellular signal mechanisms are involved. Renal artery segments of rats were exposed to DSP, nicotine or LPS, in organ culture for up to 24 hr. The GPCR-mediated contractions were recorded by using a myograph system. Expression of the GPCR was examined by real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry at mRNA and protein levels. Sarafatoxin 6c (S6c, selective ETB receptor agonist), endothelin-1 (ET-1, non-selective ETA and ETB receptor agonist) and 9,11-Dideoxy-9a,11a-methanoepoxy prostaglandin F-2a (U46619, a TP receptor agonist) induced contractions were significantly increased after the arterial segments exposed to DSP in a concentration-dependent (0.1-0.4 mu l/ml) manner, and S6c also induced a time-dependent contraction, compared to control (dimethyl sulfoxide). This was in parallel with enhanced mRNA expression for ETB receptor but not ETA and TP receptors, while increased protein expression for ETA, ETB and TP receptors was seen. The specific nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B) signal pathway inhibitor BMS345541 was applied to link DSP effects to the GPCR up-regulation. It totally abolished ETB receptor up-regulation, but not ETA and TP receptor up-regulations. Our results suggest that DSP transcriptionally up-regulated ETB receptor expression in rat renal artery via NF-kappa B signal pathways, whereas up-regulation of ETA and TP receptor-mediated contraction may involve post-transcriptional mechanisms.
  •  
8.
  •  
9.
  •  
10.
  •  
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 1-10 av 80
  • [1]234567...8Nästa
 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy