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Sökning: WFRF:(Wang Yujie)

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1.
  • de Vries, Paul S., et al. (författare)
  • Multiancestry Genome-Wide Association Study of Lipid Levels Incorporating Gene-Alcohol Interactions
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Epidemiology. - : Oxford University Press. - 0002-9262 .- 1476-6256. ; 188:6, s. 1033-1054
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A person's lipid profile is influenced by genetic variants and alcohol consumption, but the contribution of interactions between these exposures has not been studied. We therefore incorporated gene-alcohol interactions into a multiancestry genome-wide association study of levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglycerides. We included 45 studies in stage 1 (genome-wide discovery) and 66 studies in stage 2 (focused follow-up), for a total of 394,584 individuals from 5 ancestry groups. Analyses covered the period July 2014-November 2017. Genetic main effects and interaction effects were jointly assessed by means of a 2-degrees-of-freedom (df) test, and a 1-df test was used to assess the interaction effects alone. Variants at 495 loci were at least suggestively associated (P < 1 x 10(-6)) with lipid levels in stage 1 and were evaluated in stage 2, followed by combined analyses of stage 1 and stage 2. In the combined analysis of stages 1 and 2, a total of 147 independent loci were associated with lipid levels at P < 5 x 10(-8) using 2-df tests, of which 18 were novel. No genome-wide-significant associations were found testing the interaction effect alone. The novel loci included several genes (proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 5 (PCSK5), vascular endothelial growth factor B (VEGFB), and apolipoprotein B mRNA editing enzyme, catalytic polypeptide 1 (APOBEC1) complementation factor (A1CF)) that have a putative role in lipid metabolism on the basis of existing evidence from cellular and experimental models.
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2.
  • Huang, Tao, et al. (författare)
  • Dairy Consumption and Body Mass Index Among Adults : Mendelian Randomization Analysis of 184802 Individuals from 25 Studies
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Clinical Chemistry. - 0009-9147 .- 1530-8561. ; 64:1, s. 183-191
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Associations between dairy intake and body mass index (BMI) have been inconsistently observed in epidemiological studies, and the causal relationship remains ill defined.METHODS: We performed Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis using an established dairy intake-associated genetic polymorphism located upstream of the lactase gene (LCT-13910 C/T, rs4988235) as an instrumental variable (IV). Linear regression models were fitted to analyze associations between (a) dairy intake and BMI, (b) rs4988235 and dairy intake, and (c) rs4988235 and BMI in each study. The causal effect of dairy intake on BMI was quantified by IV estimators among 184802 participants from 25 studies.RESULTS: Higher dairy intake was associated with higher BMI (β = 0.03 kg/m2 per serving/day; 95% CI, 0.00–0.06; P = 0.04), whereas the LCT genotype with 1 or 2 T allele was significantly associated with 0.20 (95% CI, 0.14–0.25) serving/day higher dairy intake (P = 3.15 × 10−12) and 0.12 (95% CI, 0.06–0.17) kg/m2 higher BMI (P = 2.11 × 10−5). MR analysis showed that the genetically determined higher dairy intake was significantly associated with higher BMI (β = 0.60 kg/m2 per serving/day; 95% CI, 0.27–0.92; P = 3.0 × 10−4).CONCLUSIONS: The present study provides strong evidence to support a causal effect of higher dairy intake on increased BMI among adults.
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3.
  • Ding, Ming, et al. (författare)
  • Dairy consumption, systolic blood pressure, and risk of hypertension : Mendelian randomization study
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: BMJ. British Medical Journal. - : BMJ Publishing Group Ltd. - 1756-1833. ; 356
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE To examine whether previous observed inverse associations of dairy intake with systolic blood pressure and risk of hypertension were causal. DESIGN Mendelian randomization study using the single nucleotide polymorphism rs4988235 related to lactase persistence as an instrumental variable. SETTING CHARGE (Cohorts for Heart and Aging Research in Genomic Epidemiology) Consortium. PARTICIPANTS Data from 22 studies with 171 213 participants, and an additional 10 published prospective studies with 26 119 participants included in the observational analysis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES The instrumental variable estimation was conducted using the ratio of coefficients approach. Using metaanalysis, an additional eight published randomized clinical trials on the association of dairy consumption with systolic blood pressure were summarized. RESULTS Compared with the CC genotype (CC is associated with complete lactase deficiency), the CT/TT genotype (TT is associated with lactose persistence, and CT is associated with certain lactase deficiency) of LCT-13910 (lactase persistence gene) rs4988235 was associated with higher dairy consumption (0.23 (about 55 g/day), 95% confidence interval 0.17 to 0.29) serving/day; P<0.001) and was not associated with systolic blood pressure (0.31, 95% confidence interval -0.05 to 0.68 mm Hg; P=0.09) or risk of hypertension (odds ratio 1.01, 95% confidence interval 0.97 to 1.05; P=0.27). Using LCT-13910 rs4988235 as the instrumental variable, genetically determined dairy consumption was not associated with systolic blood pressure (beta=1.35, 95% confidence interval -0.28 to 2.97 mm Hg for each serving/day) or risk of hypertension (odds ratio 1.04, 0.88 to 1.24). Moreover, meta-analysis of the published clinical trials showed that higher dairy intake has no significant effect on change in systolic blood pressure for interventions over one month to 12 months (intervention compared with control groups: beta=-0.21, 95% confidence interval -0.98 to 0.57 mm Hg). In observational analysis, each serving/day increase in dairy consumption was associated with -0.11 (95% confidence interval -0.20 to -0.02 mm Hg; P=0.02) lower systolic blood pressure but not risk of hypertension (odds ratio 0.98, 0.97 to 1.00; P=0.11). CONCLUSION The weak inverse association between dairy intake and systolic blood pressure in observational studies was not supported by a comprehensive instrumental variable analysis and systematic review of existing clinical trials.
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4.
  • Li, Shuqi, et al. (författare)
  • Rtt105 functions as a chaperone for replication protein A to preserve genome stability
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: ; 37:17
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Generation of single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) is required for the template strand formation during DNA replication. Replication Protein A (RPA) is an ssDNA-binding protein essential for protecting ssDNA at replication forks in eukaryotic cells. While significant progress has been made in characterizing the role of the RPA-ssDNA complex, how RPA is loaded at replication forks remains poorly explored. Here, we show that the Saccharomyces cerevisiae protein regulator of Ty1 transposition 105 (Rtt105) binds RPA and helps load it at replication forks. Cells lacking Rtt105 exhibit a dramatic reduction in RPA loading at replication forks, compromised DNA synthesis under replication stress, and increased genome instability. Mechanistically, we show that Rtt105 mediates the RPA-importin interaction and also promotes RPA binding to ssDNA directly in vitro, but is not present in the final RPA-ssDNA complex. Single-molecule studies reveal that Rtt105 affects the binding mode of RPA to ssDNA These results support a model in which Rtt105 functions as an RPA chaperone that escorts RPA to the nucleus and facilitates its loading onto ssDNA at replication forks.
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5.
  • Ning, Yujie, et al. (författare)
  • Nutrients other than selenium are important for promoting children's health in Kashin-Beck disease areas
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Biological Trace Element Research. - : Springer. - 0163-4984 .- 1559-0720. ; 183:2, s. 233-244
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Overall nutritional status has been proved associated with people's health. The overall nutritional status of children in Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) areas has been overlooked for decades. Therefore, it is worth investigating in the current generation to gather evidence and make suggestions for improvement. A cross-sectional study with three 24-h dietary recalls was conducted to collect raw data on the daily food intake of children. Recorded food was converted into daily nutrient intakes using CDGSS 3.0 software. WHO AnthroPlus software was used to analyse the BMI-for-age z-score (BAZ) for estimating the overall nutrition status of children. All the comparisons and regression analyses were conducted with SPSS 18.0 software. Multiple nutrient intakes among children from the Se-supplemented KBD-endemic were under the estimated average requirement. The protein-to-carbohydrate ratio (P/C ratio) was significantly higher in children from the non-Se-supplemented KBD-endemic area than the other areas (P < 0.001). The children's BAZ was negatively associated with age (B = -0.095, P < 0.001) and the number of KBD relatives (B = -0.277, P = 0.04), and it was positively associated with better housing conditions, receiving colostrum, and daily intakes of niacin and zinc by multivariate regression analysis (F = 10.337, R = 0.609, P < 0.001).Compared to non-Se-supplemented KBD-endemic area and non-endemic areas, children in Se-supplemented KBD-endemic areas have an insufficient intake of multiple nutrients. School breakfast and lunch programmes are recommended, and strict implementation is the key to ensuring a positive effect.
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6.
  • Wang, Xi, et al. (författare)
  • Gene expression signature in endemic osteoarthritis by microarray analysis
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Molecular Sciences. - Basel, Switzerland : MDPI. - 1422-0067 .- 1422-0067. ; 16:5, s. 11465-11481
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Kashin-Beck Disease (KBD) is an endemic osteochondropathy with an unknown pathogenesis. Diagnosis of KBD is effective only in advanced cases, which eliminates the possibility of early treatment and leads to an inevitable exacerbation of symptoms. Therefore, we aim to identify an accurate blood-based gene signature for the detection of KBD. Previously published gene expression profile data on cartilage and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from adults with KBD were compared to select potential target genes. Microarray analysis was conducted to evaluate the expression of the target genes in a cohort of 100 KBD patients and 100 healthy controls. A gene expression signature was identified using a training set, which was subsequently validated using an independent test set with a minimum redundancy maximum relevance (mRMR) algorithm and support vector machine (SVM) algorithm. Fifty unique genes were differentially expressed between KBD patients and healthy controls. A 20-gene signature was identified that distinguished between KBD patients and controls with 90% accuracy, 85% sensitivity, and 95% specificity. This study identified a 20-gene signature that accurately distinguishes between patients with KBD and controls using peripheral blood samples. These results promote the further development of blood-based genetic biomarkers for detection of KBD.
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7.
  • Fernandes, Ricardo M.F. 1983-, et al. (författare)
  • Strong Spacer Length Effects on The Thermal Behavior and Mesophase Formation By Gemini Surfactants
  • 2015
  • Annan publikation (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The self-aggregation properties in aqueous solution of gemini surfactants of the type alkanediyl-α,ω-bis(dodecyldimethylammonium bromides), 12-s-12, have been extensively reported and are known to be significantly influenced by the number of methylene groups, s, of the covalent spacer. In contrast, the thermal behavior of the anhydrous compounds as a function of varying s has not been investigated in a similarly systematic way. Herein, we present the thermal phase behavior of eight compounds of the 12-s-12 family (with s = 2-6, 8, 10 and 12), resorting to differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), polarized light microscopy (PLM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). We find that compounds with either the shortest spacer, s = 2, or the longest ones—8, 10 and 12—form several smectic liquid-crystalline phases prior to isotropization to the liquid phase, with appearance of oily streaks, focal conics, mosaic and fan-shaped birefringent textures. In sharp contrast, gemini compounds with intermediate spacers, s = 3-6, decompose and do not form any disordered, fluid mesophases. Both the DSC thermodynamic parameters for the phase transitions and d00l spacings obtained from XRD show non-monotonic trends with spacer variation, indicating that there are significant differences in solid-state packing and melting process. Plausible molecular packing arrangements in the solid-state are presented, consistent with the XRD information and geometric considerations, and their influence on the phase behavior trends critically discussed.
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8.
  • Guo, Xiong, et al. (författare)
  • Kashin-Beck Disease (KBD)
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Endemic disease in China. - Beijing : People's Medical Publishing House. - 9787117247139 ; , s. 150-211
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)
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9.
  • Luo, Yiqi, et al. (författare)
  • Toward more realistic projections of soil carbon dynamics by Earth system models
  • Ingår i: Global Biogeochemical Cycles. - : American Geophysical Union (AGU). - 0886-6236. ; 30:1, s. 40-56
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Soil carbon (C) is a critical component of Earth system models (ESMs), and its diverse representations are a major source of the large spread across models in the terrestrial C sink from the third to fifth assessment reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Improving soil C projections is of a high priority for Earth system modeling in the future IPCC and other assessments. To achieve this goal, we suggest that (1) model structures should reflect real-world processes, (2) parameters should be calibrated to match model outputs with observations, and (3) external forcing variables should accurately prescribe the environmental conditions that soils experience. First, most soil C cycle models simulate C input from litter production and C release through decomposition. The latter process has traditionally been represented by first-order decay functions, regulated primarily by temperature, moisture, litter quality, and soil texture. While this formulation well captures macroscopic soil organic C (SOC) dynamics, better understanding is needed of their underlying mechanisms as related to microbial processes, depth-dependent environmental controls, and other processes that strongly affect soil C dynamics. Second, incomplete use of observations in model parameterization is a major cause of bias in soil C projections from ESMs. Optimal parameter calibration with both pool- and flux-based data sets through data assimilation is among the highest priorities for near-term research to reduce biases among ESMs. Third, external variables are represented inconsistently among ESMs, leading to differences in modeled soil C dynamics. We recommend the implementation of traceability analyses to identify how external variables and model parameterizations influence SOC dynamics in different ESMs. Overall, projections of the terrestrial C sink can be substantially improved when reliable data sets are available to select the most representative model structure, constrain parameters, and prescribe forcing fields.
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10.
  • Ning, Yujie, et al. (författare)
  • Changes in the NF-κB signaling pathway in juvenile and adult patients with Kashin-Beck disease
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Experimental Cell Research. - : Elsevier. - 0014-4827 .- 1090-2422. ; 379:2, s. 140-149
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To investigate the pathogenesis of Kashin-Beck disease (KBD), we compared the common signaling pathways in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) obtained from healthy juvenile and adults and KBD patients, and also from osteoarthritis (OA) patients. The PBMCs from 12 KBD and 12 healthy juvenile, and those from 20 adult KBD patients and 12 healthy donors were separately collected among the people living in the KBD endemic area. The patients were distinguished according to the national diagnosis criteria. Total RNAs were extracted for the determination of gene expressions by microarray analysis. Ingenuity Pathways Analysis (IPA) was employed to identify the signaling pathways significantly affected by juveniles' and adults' KBD, and OA. The expressions of NFκB-p65, cIAP2 and RANKL in the articular cartilage from both juvenile and adults were detected by immunohistochemistry. NF-κB signaling, apoptosis signaling, death receptor signaling and IL-6 signaling pathways were revealed to be the common affected signaling pathways in the juvenile and adult KBD and the OA. BIRC3 and EGR1 were identified as two common differentially expressed genes. The percentages of positive staining of NFκB-p65, cIAP2 and RANKL were reduced in adult KBD patients but significantly increased in juvenile KBD patients. NF-κB, one of the common signaling pathways between adult and juvenile KBD, was less prominent in the adult KBD patients.
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