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Sökning: WFRF:(Warfvinge Karin)

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  • Kragelund, C., et al. (författare)
  • Scandinavian fellowship for oral pathology and oral medicine : guidelines for oral pathology and oral medicine in the dental curriculum
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: European journal of dental education. - Hoboken : Wiley-Blackwell. - 1396-5883 .- 1600-0579. ; 16:4, s. 246-253
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In Scandinavia, as in many European countries, most patients consult their general dentist once a year or more. This gives the dentist a unique opportunity and an obligation to make an early diagnosis of oral diseases, which is beneficial for both the patient and the society. Thus, the dentist must have knowledge of clinical symptoms, local and systemic signs and clinical differential diagnoses to make an accurate diagnosis. The dentist must be competent in selecting appropriate diagnostic tests, for example, tissue biopsy and microbiological samples, and conducting them correctly, as well as in interpreting test results and taking appropriate action accordingly. Furthermore, the dentist must be aware of diseases demanding multidisciplinary cooperation and be able to recognise his/her professional limitation, and to refer to other specialists when required. The dental curriculum changes over time as new approaches, treatments and diagnostic possibilities develop. Likewise, the role of the dentist in the community changes and may vary in different countries. As members of the Scandinavian Fellowship for Oral Pathology and Oral Medicine and subject representatives of oral pathology and oral medicine, we feel obliged to contribute to the discussion of how the guidelines of the dental curriculum support the highest possible standards of dental education. This article is meant to delineate a reasonable standard of oral pathology and oral medicine in the European dental curriculum and to guide subject representatives in curriculum development and planning. We have created an advisory topic list in oral pathology and oral medicine.
  • Svensson, Maria C., et al. (författare)
  • The integrative clinical impact of tumor-infiltrating T lymphocytes and NK cells in relation to B lymphocyte and plasma cell density in esophageal and gastric adenocarcinoma
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: OncoTarget. - : IMPACT JOURNALS LLC. - 1949-2553 .- 1949-2553. ; 8:42, s. 72108-72126
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Several studies have demonstrated a prognostic impact of tumor-infiltrating T lymphocytes and natural killer (NK) cells in esophageal and gastric adenocarcinoma, but whether these associations differ by the density of tumor-infiltrating immune cells of the B cell lineage remains largely unknown. Results: High infiltration of any T and NK lymphocytes investigated was in general associated with a favorable prognosis, but the strongest beneficial prognostic impact was seen in combination with high B lymphocyte infiltration. These findings were most evident in gastric cancer, where significant interactions in relation to OS were observed for CD3(+), CD8(+) and FoxP3(+) with CD20(+) cells (p(interaction) = 0.012, 0.009 and 0.007, respectively) and for FoxP3(+) with IGKC(+) cells (p(interaction) = 0.034). In esophageal tumors, there was only a significant interaction for CD3(+) and CD20 (+) cells (p(interaction) = 0.028). Methods: Immunohistochemistry and automated image analysis was applied to assess the density of T lymphocytes (CD3(+), CD8(+), FoxP3(+)) and NK cells (NKp46(+)) in chemoradiotherapy-naive tumors from a consecutive cohort of 174 patients with resected esophageal or gastric adenocarcinoma. The density of B lymphocytes (CD20(+)) and plasma cells (IGKC(+)) had been assessed previously. Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox proportional hazard's modelling was applied to examine the impact of the investigated markers on time to recurrence (TTR) and overall survival (OS). Conclusions: These data support that the antitumoral effects of tumor-infiltrating T lymphocytes in esophageal and gastric adenocarcinoma may be largely dependent on a functional interplay between T and B lymphocytes or plasma cells.
  • Tollemar, Victor, et al. (författare)
  • Histopathological Grading of Oral Mucosal Chronic Graft-versus-Host Disease : Large Cohort Analysis
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Biology of blood and marrow transplantation. - : American Society for Transplantation and Cellular Therapy. - 1083-8791 .- 1523-6536. ; 26:10, s. 1971-1979
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) can manifest as acute or chronic complications in patients after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Oral chronic GVHD (cGVHD) occurs in approximately 70% of HCT recipients and includes lichenoid-like mucosal reactions, restricted mouth opening, and salivary gland dysfunction. However, the underlying histopathological presentation remains to be validated in large cohorts. We characterized the histopathological features of oral mucosal cGVHD and devised a scoring model in a large patient cohort (n = 112). Oral mucosal biopsy sections (n = 303) with and without oral cGVHD were identified from archived and current HCT recipients with additional healthy controls. Histological screening was performed on hematoxylin and eosinstained and periodic acid-Schiff-stained sections. A points-based grading tool (0 to 19, grade 0 to IV) was established based on intraepithelial lymphocytes and band-like inflammatory infiltrate, atrophic epithelium with basal cell liquefaction degeneration, including apoptosis, as well as separation of epithelium and pseudo-rete ridges. Validation involved 62 biopsy specimens, including post-HCT (n = 47) and healthy (n = 15) specimens. Remaining biopsy specimens (n = 199) were blindly graded by 3 observers. Histological severity was correlated with clinical diagnostic and distinctive features, demonstrating a spectrum of individual patient severity, including frequent signs of subclinical GVHD in healthy mucosa. However, oral cGVHD presented with significantly higher (P < .001) scores compared with HCT controls, with moderate to high positive likelihood ratios for inflammatory infiltrate, exocytosis, and basal membrane alterations. The grade II-IV biopsy specimens demonstrated a histopathological diagnosis of active mucosal lichenoid-like cGVHD, highlighting the importance of correlating clinical presentation with the dynamic histopathological processes for improved patient stratification. In addition, this tool could be used for assessing treatments, pathological processes, and immune cellular content to provide further insight into this debilitating disease.
  • Allaoui, Roni, et al. (författare)
  • Infiltration of γδ T cells, IL-17 + T cells and FoxP3 + T cells in human breast cancer
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Cancer Biomarkers. - : IOS Press. - 1574-0153. ; 20:4, s. 395-409
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) have a strong prognostic value in various forms of cancers. These data often refer to use of the pan-T cell marker CD3, or the cytotoxic T lymphocyte marker CD8α. However, T cells are a heterogeneous group of cells with a wide array of effector mechanisms ranging from immunosuppression to cytotoxicity. OBJECTIVE: In this study we have investigated the prognostic effects of some unconventional T cell subtypes in breast cancer; γδ T cells, IL-17+ T cells and FoxP3+ T cells (Tregs) in relation to the conventional CD3 and CD8α T cell markers. METHODS: This was done using immunohistochemistry on a human breast cancer tissue microarray consisting of 498 consecutive cases of primary breast cancer. RESULTS: Infiltration of γδ T cells and T cell infiltration in general (CD3), correlated with a good prognosis, while Treg infiltration with a worse. Infiltration of γδ T cells was associated with a significantly improved clinical outcome in all breast cancer subtypes except triple negative tumors. Only infiltration of either CD3+ or CD8α+ cells was independently associated with better prognosis for all breast cancer patients. CONCLUSIONS: This study sheds further light on the prognostic impact of various T cell subtypes in breast cancer.
  • Blixt, Frank W., et al. (författare)
  • MEK/ERK/1/2 sensitive vascular changes coincide with retinal functional deficit, following transient ophthalmic artery occlusion
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Experimental Eye Research. - : Elsevier. - 0014-4835. ; 179, s. 142-149
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Retinal ischemia remains a major cause of blindness in the world with few acute treatments available. Recent emphasis on retinal vasculature and the ophthalmic artery's vascular properties after ischemia has shown an increase in vasoconstrictive functionality, as previously observed in cerebral arteries following stroke. Specifically, endothelin-1 (ET-1) receptor-mediated vasoconstriction regulated by the MEK/ERK1/2 pathway. In this study, the ophthalmic artery of rats was occluded for 2 h with the middle cerebral artery occlusion model. MEK/ERK1/2 inhibitor U0126 was administered at 0, 6, and 24 h following reperfusion and the functional properties of the ophthalmic artery were evaluated at 48 h post reperfusion. Additionally, retinal function was evaluated at day 1, 4, and 7 after reperfusion. Occlusion of the ophthalmic artery led to a significant increase of endothelin-1 mediated vasoconstriction which can be attenuated by U0126 treatment, most evident at higher ET-1 concentrations of 10−7 M (Emax151.0 ± 22.0% of 60 mM K+), vs non-treated ischemic arteries Emax 212.1 ± 14.7% of 60 mM K+). Retinal function also deteriorated following ischemia and was improved with treatment with a-wave amplitudes of 725 ± 36 μV in control, 560 ± 21 μV in non-treated, and 668 ± 73 μV in U0126 treated at 2 log cd*s/m2 luminance in the acute stages (1 days post-ischemia). Full spontaneous retinal recovery was observed at day 7 regardless of treatment. In conclusion, this is the first study to show a beneficial in vivo effect of U0126 on vascular contractility following ischemia in the ophthalmic artery. Coupled with the knowledge obtained from cerebral vasculature, these results point towards a novel therapeutic approach following ischemia-related injuries to the eye.
  • Dreisig, Karin, et al. (författare)
  • Retinal Cryo-sections, Whole-Mounts, and Hypotonic Isolated Vasculature Preparations for Immunohistochemical Visualization of Microvascular Pericytes
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE. - : JoVE. - 1940-087X. ; :140
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Retinal pericytes play an important role in many diseases of the eye. Immunohistochemical staining techniques of retinal vessels and microvascular pericytes are central to ophthalmological research. It is vital to choose an appropriate method of visualizing the microvascular pericytes. We describe retinal microvascular pericyte immunohistochemical staining in cryo-sections, whole-mounts, and hypotonic isolated vasculature using antibodies for platelet-derived growth factor receptor β (PDGFRβ) and nerve/glial antigen 2 (NG2). This allows us to highlight advantages and shortcomings of each of the three tissue preparations for the visualization of the retinal microvascular pericytes. Cryo-sections provide transsectional visualization of all retinal layers but contain only a few occasional transverse cuts of the microvasculature. Whole-mount provides an overview of the entire retinal vasculature, but visualization of the microvasculature can be troublesome. Hypotonic isolation provides a method to visualize the entire retinal vasculature by the removal of neuronal cells, but this makes the tissue very fragile.
  • Kragelund, C, et al. (författare)
  • Scandinavian fellowship for oral pathology and oral medicine : statement on oral pathology and oral medicine in the European dental curriculum
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine. - : Blackwell Munksgaard. - 0904-2512 .- 1600-0714. ; 39:10, s. 800-801
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: For many years, dentists have migrated between the Scandinavian countries without an intentionally harmonized dental education. The free movement of the workforce in the European Union has clarified that a certain degree of standardization or harmonization of the European higher education acts, including the dental education, is required. As a result of the Bologna process, the Association for Dental Education in Europe and the thematic network DentEd have generated guidelines in the document 'Profile and Competences for the European Dentist' (PCD). This document is meant to act as the leading source in revisions of dental curricula throughout Europe converging towards a European Dental Curriculum. In order to render the best conditions for future curriculum revisions providing the best quality dentist we feel obliged to analyse and comment the outlines of oral pathology and oral medicine in the PCD.METHODS: The representatives agreed upon definitions of oral pathology and oral medicine, and competences in oral pathology and oral medicine that a contemporary European dentist should master. The competences directly related to oral pathology and oral medicine were identified, within the PCD.RESULTS: The subject representatives suggested eighteen additions and two rewordings of the PCD, which all were substantiated by thorough argumentation.PERSPECTIVES: Hopefully, this contribution will find support in future revisions of the PCD in order to secure the best quality dental education.
  • Lundgren, Sebastian, et al. (författare)
  • The prognostic impact of NK/NKT cell density in periampullary adenocarcinoma differs by morphological type and adjuvant treatment
  • Ingår i: PLoS ONE. - : Public Library of Science. - 1932-6203. ; 11:6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Natural killer (NK) cells and NK T cells (NKT) are vital parts of tumour immunosurveillance. However, their impact on prognosis and chemotherapy response in periampullary adenocarcinoma, including pancreatic cancer, has not yet been described. Methods: Immune cell-specific expression of CD56, CD3, CD68 and CD1a was analysed by immunohistochemistry on tissue microarrays with tumours from 175 consecutive cases of periampullary adenocarcinoma, 110 of pancreatobiliary type (PB-type) and 65 of intestinal type (Itype) morphology. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analysis were applied to determine the impact of CD56+ NK/NKT cells on 5-year overall survival (OS). Results: High density of CD56+ NK/NKT cells correlated with low N-stage and lack of perineural, lymphatic vessel and peripancreatic fat invasion. High density of CD56+ NK/NKT cells was associated with prolonged OS in Kaplan-Meier analysis (p = 0.003), and in adjusted Cox regression analysis (HR = 0.49; 95% CI 0.29-0.86). The prognostic effect of high CD56+ NK/NKT cell infiltration was only evident in cases not receiving adjuvant chemotherapy in PB-type tumours (p for interaction = 0.014). Conclusion: This study demonstrates that abundant infiltration of CD56+ NK/NKT cells is associated with a prolonged survival in periampullary adenocarcinoma. However, the negative interaction with adjuvant treatment is noteworthy. NK cell enhancing strategies may prove to be successful in the management of these cancers.
  • Steinberg, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Expression of messenger molecules and receptors in rat and human sphenopalatine ganglion indicating therapeutic targets
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Journal of Headache and Pain. - : Springer. - 1129-2369 .- 1129-2377. ; 17:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Migraine and Cluster Headache (CH) are two primary headaches with severe disease burden. The disease expression and the mechanisms involved are poorly known. In some attacks of migraine and in most attacks of CH, there is a release of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) originating from parasympathetic cranial ganglia such as the sphenopalatine ganglion (SPG). Patients suffering from these diseases are often deprived of effective drugs. The aim of the study was to examine the localization of the botulinum toxin receptor element synaptic vesicle glycoprotein 2A (SV-2A) and the vesicular docking protein synaptosomal-associated protein 25 (SNAP25) in human and rat SPG. Additionally the expression of the neurotransmitters pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP-38), nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), VIP and 5-hydroxttryptamine subtype receptors (5-HT1B,1D,1F) were examined. Methods: SPG from adult male rats and from humans, the later removed at autopsy, were prepared for immunohistochemistry using specific antibodies against neurotransmitters, 5-HT1B,1D,1F receptors, and botulinum toxin receptor elements. Results: We found that the selected neurotransmitters and 5-HT receptors were expressed in rat and human SPG. In addition, we found SV2-A and SNAP25 expression in both rat and human SPG. We report that all three 5-HT receptors studied occur in neurons and satellite glial cells (SGCs) of the SPG. 5-HT1B receptors were in addition found in the walls of intraganglionic blood vessels. Conclusions: Recent focus on the SPG has emphasized the role of parasympathetic mechanisms in the pathophysiology of mainly CH. The development of next generation’s drugs and treatment of cranial parasympathetic symptoms, mediated through the SPG, can be modulated by treatment with BoNT-A and 5-HT receptor agonists.
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