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Sökning: WFRF:(Wei Yongyue)

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1.
  • Brenner, Darren R, et al. (författare)
  • Identification of lung cancer histology-specific variants applying Bayesian framework variant prioritization approaches within the TRICL and ILCCO consortia
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Carcinogenesis. - Oxford University Press. - 0143-3334 .- 1460-2180. ; 36:11, s. 1314-1326
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Large-scale genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have likely uncovered all common variants at the GWAS significance level. Additional variants within the suggestive range (0.0001&gt; <em>P</em> &gt; 5×10<sup>−8</sup>) are, however, still of interest for identifying causal associations. This analysis aimed to apply novel variant prioritization approaches to identify additional lung cancer variants that may not reach the GWAS level. Effects were combined across studies with a total of 33456 controls and 6756 adenocarcinoma (AC; 13 studies), 5061 squamous cell carcinoma (SCC; 12 studies) and 2216 small cell lung cancer cases (9 studies). Based on prior information such as variant physical properties and functional significance, we applied stratified false discovery rates, hierarchical modeling and Bayesian false discovery probabilities for variant prioritization. We conducted a fine mapping analysis as validation of our methods by examining top-ranking novel variants in six independent populations with a total of 3128 cases and 2966 controls. Three novel loci in the suggestive range were identified based on our Bayesian framework analyses: <em>KCNIP4</em> at 4p15.2 (rs6448050, <em>P</em> = 4.6×10<sup>−7</sup>) and <em>MTMR2</em> at 11q21 (rs10501831, <em>P</em> = 3.1×10<sup>−6</sup>) with SCC, as well as <em>GAREM</em> at 18q12.1 (rs11662168, <em>P</em> = 3.4×10<sup>−7</sup>) with AC. Use of our prioritization methods validated two of the top three loci associated with SCC (<em>P</em> = 1.05×10<sup>−4</sup> for <em>KCNIP4</em>, represented by rs9799795) and AC (<em>P =</em> 2.16×10<sup>−4</sup> for <em>GAREM</em>, represented by rs3786309) in the independent fine mapping populations. This study highlights the utility of using prior functional data for sequence variants in prioritization analyses to search for robust signals in the suggestive range.</p>
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2.
  • Chen, Chao, et al. (författare)
  • Epigenome-wide gene-age interaction analysis reveals reversed effects of PRODH DNA methylation on survival between young and elderly early-stage NSCLC patients
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Aging. - Impact Journals, LLC. - 1945-4589. ; 12:11, s. 10642-10662
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • DNA methylation changes during aging, but it remains unclear whether the effect of DNA methylation on lung cancer survival varies with age. Such an effect could decrease prediction accuracy and treatment efficacy. We performed a methylation-age interaction analysis using 1,230 early-stage lung adenocarcinoma patients from five cohorts. A Cox proportional hazards model was used to investigate lung adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma patients for methylation-age interactions, which were further confirmed in a validation phase. We identified one adenocarcinoma-specific CpG probe, cg14326354PRODH, with effects significantly modified by age (HRinteraction = 0.989; 95% CI: 0.986-0.994; P = 9.18×10-7). The effect of low methylation was reversed for young and elderly patients categorized by the boundary of 95% CI standard (HRyoung = 2.44; 95% CI: 1.26-4.72; P = 8.34×10-3; HRelderly = 0.58; 95% CI: 0.42-0.82; P = 1.67×10-3). Moreover, there was an antagonistic interaction between low cg14326354PRODH methylation and elderly age (HRinteraction = 0.21; 95% CI: 0.11-0.40; P = 2.20×10-6). In summary, low methylation of cg14326354PRODH might benefit survival of elderly lung adenocarcinoma patients, providing new insight to age-specific prediction and potential drug targeting.
3.
  • Fehringer, Gordon, et al. (författare)
  • Cross-cancer genome-wide analysis of lung, ovary, breast, prostate and colorectal cancer reveals novel pleiotropic associations
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Cancer Research. - 0008-5472 .- 1538-7445. ; 76:17, s. 5103-5114
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Identifying genetic variants with pleiotropic associations can uncover common pathways influencing multiple cancers. We took a two-staged approach to conduct genome-wide association studies for lung, ovary, breast, prostate and colorectal cancer from the GAME-ON/GECCO Network (61,851 cases, 61,820 controls) to identify pleiotropic loci. Findings were replicated in independent association studies (55,789 cases, 330,490 controls). We identified a novel pleiotropic association at 1q22 involving breast and lung squamous cell carcinoma, with eQTL analysis showing an association with ADAM15/THBS3 gene expression in lung. We also identified a known breast cancer locus CASP8/ALS2CR12 associated with prostate cancer, a known cancer locus at CDKN2B-AS1 with different variants associated with lung adenocarcinoma and prostate cancer and confirmed the associations of a breast BRCA2 locus with lung and serous ovarian cancer. This is the largest study to date examining pleiotropy across multiple cancer-associated loci, identifying common mechanisms of cancer development and progression.</p>
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4.
  • Wang, Yufei, et al. (författare)
  • Rare variants of large effect in BRCA2 and CHEK2 affect risk of lung cancer
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - 1061-4036 .- 1546-1718. ; 46:7, s. 736-741
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>We conducted imputation to the 1000 Genomes Project of four genome-wide association studies of lung cancer in populations of European ancestry (11,348 cases and 15,861 controls) and genotyped an additional 10,246 cases and 38,295 controls for follow-up. We identified large-effect genome-wide associations for squamous lung cancer with the rare variants BRCA2 p.Lys3326X (rs11571833, odds ratio (OR) = 2.47, P = 4.74 x 10(-20)) and CHEK2 p.Ile157Thr (rs17879961, OR = 0.38, P = 1.27 x 10(-13)). We also showed an association between common variation at 3q28 (TP63, rs13314271, OR = 1.13, P = 7.22 x 10(-10)) and lung adenocarcinoma that had been previously reported only in Asians. These findings provide further evidence for inherited genetic susceptibility to lung cancer and its biological basis. Additionally, our analysis demonstrates that imputation can identify rare disease-causing variants with substantive effects on cancer risk from preexisting genome-wide association study data.</p>
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5.
  • Zhang, Ruyang, et al. (författare)
  • Independent Validation of Early-Stage Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Prognostic Scores Incorporating Epigenetic and Transcriptional Biomarkers With Gene-Gene Interactions and Main Effects
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Chest. - American College of Chest Physicians. - 0012-3692. ; 158:2, s. 808-819
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: DNA methylation and gene expression are promising biomarkers of various cancers, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Besides the main effects of biomarkers, the progression of complex diseases is also influenced by gene-gene (G×G) interactions. Research Question: Would screening the functional capacity of biomarkers on the basis of main effects or interactions, using multiomics data, improve the accuracy of cancer prognosis? Study Design and Methods: Biomarker screening and model validation were used to construct and validate a prognostic prediction model. NSCLC prognosis-associated biomarkers were identified on the basis of either their main effects or interactions with two types of omics data. A prognostic score incorporating epigenetic and transcriptional biomarkers, as well as clinical information, was independently validated. Results: Twenty-six pairs of biomarkers with G×G interactions and two biomarkers with main effects were significantly associated with NSCLC survival. Compared with a model using clinical information only, the accuracy of the epigenetic and transcriptional biomarker-based prognostic model, measured by area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), increased by 35.38% (95% CI, 27.09%-42.17%; P = 5.10 × 10–17) and 34.85% (95% CI, 26.33%-41.87%; P = 2.52 × 10–18) for 3- and 5-year survival, respectively, which exhibited a superior predictive ability for NSCLC survival (AUC3 year, 0.88 [95% CI, 0.83-0.93]; and AUC5 year, 0.89 [95% CI, 0.83-0.93]) in an independent Cancer Genome Atlas population. G×G interactions contributed a 65.2% and 91.3% increase in prediction accuracy for 3- and 5-year survival, respectively. Interpretation: The integration of epigenetic and transcriptional biomarkers with main effects and G×G interactions significantly improves the accuracy of prognostic prediction of early-stage NSCLC survival.
6.
  • Zhang, Ruyang, et al. (författare)
  • SIPA1L3 methylation modifies the benefit of smoking cessation on lung adenocarcinoma survival : an epigenomic–smoking interaction analysis
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Molecular Oncology. - Elsevier. - 1574-7891. ; 13:5, s. 1235-1248
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Smoking cessation prolongs survival and decreases mortality of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In addition, epigenetic alterations of some genes are associated with survival. However, potential interactions between smoking cessation and epigenetics have not been assessed. Here, we conducted an epigenome-wide interaction analysis between DNA methylation and smoking cessation on NSCLC survival. We used a two-stage study design to identify DNA methylation–smoking cessation interactions that affect overall survival for early-stage NSCLC. The discovery phase contained NSCLC patients from Harvard, Spain, Norway, and Sweden. A histology-stratified Cox proportional hazards model adjusted for age, sex, clinical stage, and study center was used to test DNA methylation–smoking cessation interaction terms. Interactions with false discovery rate-q ≤ 0.05 were further confirmed in a validation phase using The Cancer Genome Atlas database. Histology-specific interactions were identified by stratification analysis in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) and lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC) patients. We identified one CpG probe (cg02268510 SIPA 1L3 ) that significantly and exclusively modified the effect of smoking cessation on survival in LUAD patients [hazard ratio (HR) interaction = 1.12; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.07–1.16; P = 4.30 × 10 –7 ]. Further, the effect of smoking cessation on early-stage LUAD survival varied across patients with different methylation levels of cg02268510 SIPA 1L3 . Smoking cessation only benefited LUAD patients with low methylation (HR = 0.53; 95% CI: 0.34–0.82; P = 4.61 × 10 –3 ) rather than medium or high methylation (HR = 1.21; 95% CI: 0.86–1.70; P = 0.266) of cg02268510 SIPA 1L3 . Moreover, there was an antagonistic interaction between elevated methylation of cg02268510 SIPA 1L3 and smoking cessation (HR interaction = 2.1835; 95% CI: 1.27–3.74; P = 4.46 × 10 −3 ). In summary, smoking cessation benefited survival of LUAD patients with low methylation at cg02268510 SIPA 1L3 . The results have implications for not only smoking cessation after diagnosis, but also possible methylation-specific drug targeting.
7.
  • Carreras-Torres, Robert, et al. (författare)
  • The causal relevance of body mass index in different histological types of lung cancer : a Mendelian randomization study
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Scientific Reports. - Nature Publishing Group. - 2045-2322 .- 2045-2322. ; 6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Body mass index (BMI) is inversely associated with lung cancer risk in observational studies, even though it increases the risk of several other cancers, which could indicate confounding by tobacco smoking or reverse causality. We used the two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) approach to circumvent these limitations of observational epidemiology by constructing a genetic instrument for BMI, based on results from the GIANT consortium, which was evaluated in relation to lung cancer risk using GWAS results on 16,572 lung cancer cases and 21,480 controls. Results were stratified by histological subtype, smoking status and sex. An increase of one standard deviation (SD) in BMI (4.65 Kg/m(2)) raised the risk for lung cancer overall (OR = 1.13; P = 0.10). This was driven by associations with squamous cell (SQ) carcinoma (OR = 1.45; P = 1.2 × 10(-3)) and small cell (SC) carcinoma (OR = 1.81; P = 0.01). An inverse trend was seen for adenocarcinoma (AD) (OR = 0.82; P = 0.06). In stratified analyses, a 1 SD increase in BMI was inversely associated with overall lung cancer in never smokers (OR = 0.50; P = 0.02). These results indicate that higher BMI may increase the risk of certain types of lung cancer, in particular SQ and SC carcinoma.</p>
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8.
  • Dong, Xuesi, et al. (författare)
  • Trans-omics biomarker model improves prognostic prediction accuracy for early-stage lung adenocarcinoma
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Aging. - Impact Journals, LLC. - 1945-4589. ; 11:16, s. 6312-6335
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Limited studies have focused on developing prognostic models with trans-omics biomarkers for early-stage lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). We performed integrative analysis of clinical information, DNA methylation, and gene expression data using 825 early-stage LUAD patients from 5 cohorts. Ranger algorithm was used to screen prognosis-associated biomarkers, which were confirmed with a validation phase. Clinical and biomarker information was fused using an iCluster plus algorithm, which significantly distinguished patients into high- and low-mortality risk groups (Pdiscovery = 0.01 and Pvalidation = 2.71×10-3). Further, potential functional DNA methylation-gene expression-overall survival pathways were evaluated by causal mediation analysis. The effect of DNA methylation level on LUAD survival was significantly mediated through gene expression level. By adding DNA methylation and gene expression biomarkers to a model of only clinical data, the AUCs of the trans-omics model improved by 18.3% (to 87.2%) and 16.4% (to 85.3%) in discovery and validation phases, respectively. Further, concordance index of the nomogram was 0.81 and 0.77 in discovery and validation phases, respectively. Based on systematic review of published literatures, our model was superior to all existing models for early-stage LUAD. In summary, our trans-omics model may help physicians accurately identify patients with high mortality risk.
9.
  • Guo, Yichen, et al. (författare)
  • DNA Methylation of LRRC3B : A Biomarker for Survival of Early-Stage Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology. - American Association for Cancer Research. - 1538-7755. ; 27:12, s. 1527-1535
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Previous studies support a tumor-suppressor role for LRRC3B across various types of cancers. We aimed to investigate the association between DNA methylation of LRRC3B and overall survival (OS) for patients with early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Methods: This study included 1,230 patients with early-stage NSCLC. DNA was extracted from lung tumor tissues and DNA methylation was measured using Illumina Infinium HumanMethylation450 BeadChips. The association between DNA methylation and OS was first tested using Cox regression on a discovery cohort and then validated in an independent cohort. Next, the association between DNA methylation and gene expression was investigated in two independent cohorts. Finally, the association between gene expression and OS was investigated in three independent groups of patients.Results: Three novel DNA methylation sites in LRRC3B were significantly associated with OS in two groups of patients. Patients with hypermethylation in the DNA methylation sites had significantly longer survival than the others in both the discovery cohort (HR, 0.62; P = 2.02 × 10-05) and validation cohort (HR, 0.55; P = 4.44 × 10-04). The three DNA methylation sites were significantly associated with LRRC3B expression, which was also associated with OS.Conclusions: Using clinical data from a large population, we illustrated the association between DNA methylation of LRRC3B and OS of early-stage NSCLC.Impact: We provide evidence of plausibility for building biomarkers on DNA methylation of LRRC3B for OS of early-stage NSCLC, thus filling a gap between previous in vitro studies and clinical applications. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev; 27(12); 1-9. ©2018 AACR.
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10.
  • Kachuri, Linda, et al. (författare)
  • Fine mapping of chromosome 5p15.33 based on a targeted deep sequencing and high density genotyping identifies novel lung cancer susceptibility loci
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Carcinogenesis. - 0143-3334 .- 1460-2180. ; 37:1, s. 96-105
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Chromosome 5p15.33 has been identified as a lung cancer susceptibility locus, however the underlying causal mechanisms were not fully elucidated. Previous fine-mapping studies of this locus have relied on imputation or investigated a small number of known, common variants. This study represents a significant advance over previous research by investigating a large number of novel, rare variants, as well as their underlying mechanisms through telomere length. Variants for this fine-mapping study were identified through a targeted deep sequencing (average depth of coverage greater than 4000x) of 576 individuals. Subsequently, 4652 SNPs, including 1108 novel SNPs, were genotyped in 5164 cases and 5716 controls of European ancestry. After adjusting for known risk loci, rs2736100 and rs401681, we identified a new, independent lung cancer susceptibility variant in LPCAT1: rs139852726 (OR = 0.46, P = 4.73x10(-9)), and three new adenocarcinoma risk variants in TERT: rs61748181 (OR = 0.53, P = 2.64x10(-6)), rs112290073 (OR = 1.85, P = 1.27x10(-5)), rs138895564 (OR = 2.16, P = 2.06x10(-5); among young cases, OR = 3.77, P = 8.41x10(-4)). In addition, we found that rs139852726 (P = 1.44x10(-3)) was associated with telomere length in a sample of 922 healthy individuals. The gene-based SKAT-O analysis implicated TERT as the most relevant gene in the 5p15.33 region for adenocarcinoma (P = 7.84x10(-7)) and lung cancer (P = 2.37x10(-5)) risk. In this largest fine-mapping study to investigate a large number of rare and novel variants within 5p15.33, we identified novel lung and adenocarcinoma susceptibility loci with large effects and provided support for the role of telomere length as the potential underlying mechanism.</p>
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