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Sökning: WFRF:(Weiberg Erika 1971 )

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  • Bonnier, Anton, et al. (författare)
  • Examining Land-Use through GIS-Based Kernel Density Estimation A Re-Evaluation of Legacy Data from the Berbati-Limnes Survey
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of field archaeology. - ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD. - 0093-4690 .- 2042-4582. ; 44:2, s. 70-83
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The use of archaeological survey data for evaluation of landscape dynamics has commonly been concerned with the distribution of settlements and changes in number of recorded sites over time. Here we present a new quantitative approach to survey-based legacy data, which allows further assessments of the spatial configuration of possible land-use areas. Utilizing data from an intensive archaeological survey in the Berbati-Limnes area, Greece, we demonstrate how GIS-based kernel density estimations (KDE) can be used to produce cluster-based density surfaces that may be linked to past land-use strategies. By relating density surfaces to elevation and slope, it is also possible to quantify shifts in the use of specific environments on a regional scale, allowing us to model and visualize land-use dynamics over time. In this respect, the approach provides more multifaceted information to be drawn from archaeological legacy data, providing an extended platform for research on human-environment interactions.
  • Finné, Martin, et al. (författare)
  • Climate in the eastern Mediterranean, and adjacent regions, during the past 6000 years : A review
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Journal of Archaeological Science. - 0305-4403 .- 1095-9238. ; 38:12, s. 3153-3173
  • Forskningsöversikt (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The eastern Mediterranean, with its long archaeological and historical records, provides a unique opportunity to study human responses to climate variability. We review paleoclimate data and reconstructions from the region with a focus on the last 6000 years. We aim to provide an up-to-date source of information on climate variability and to outline present limitations and future opportunities. The review work is threefold: (1) literature review, (2) spatial and temporal analysis of proxy records, and (3) statistical estimation of uncertainties in present paleoclimate reconstructions (temperature, °C). On a regional scale the review reveals a wetter situation from 6000 to 5400 yrs BP (note: all ages in this paper are in calibrated years before present (i.e. before 1950), abbreviated yrs BP, unless otherwise stated). This is followed by a less wet period leading up to one of fully-developed aridity from c. 4600 yrs BP. There is a need for more high-resolution paleoclimate records, in order to (i) better understand regional patterns and trends versus local climate variability and to (ii) fill the gap of data from some regions, such as the Near East, Greece and Egypt. Further, we evaluate the regional occurrence of a proposed widespread climate event at 4200 yrs BP. This proposed climate anomaly has been used to explain profound changes in human societies at different locations in the region around this time. We suggest that although aridity was widespread around 4200 yrs BP in the eastern Mediterranean region, there is not enough evidence to support the notion of a climate event with rapidly drying conditions in this region.
  • Hughes, Ryan E., et al. (författare)
  • Quantifying Land Use in Past Societies from Cultural Practice and Archaeological Data
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Land. - ISSN 2073-445X. ; 7:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Quantitative reconstructions of past land use facilitate comparisons between livelihoods in space and time. However, comparison between different types of land use strategies is challenging as land use has a multitude of expressions and intensities. The quantitative method presented here facilitates the exploration and synthetization of uneven archaeological and textual evidence from past societies. The approach quantifies the area required for habitation, agriculture, arboriculture, pasturage, and fuel supply, based on a combination of archaeological, historical, ethnographic and modern evidence from the relevant geographical region. It is designed to stimulate discussion and can be used to test a wide range of hypotheses regarding local and regional economies, ancient trade and redistribution, and the resilience and/or vulnerability of past societies to environmental change. The method also helps identify where our gaps in knowledge are in understanding past human–environment interaction, the ecological footprint of past cultures and their influence on the landscape in a transparent and quantitative manner. The present article focuses especially on the impact of dietary estimates and crop yield estimates, two main elements in calculating land use in past societies due to their uncertainty as well as their significant impact on calculations. By employing archaeological data, including botanical, zoological and isotopic evidence, alongside available textual sources, this method seeks to improve land use and land cover change models by increasing their representativeness and accuracy.
  • Izdebski, Adam, et al. (författare)
  • Realising consilience How better communication between archaeologists, historians and natural scientists can transform the study of past climate change in the Mediterranean
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Quaternary Science Reviews. - 0277-3791 .- 1873-457X. ; 136, s. 5-22
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper reviews the methodological and practical issues relevant to the ways in which natural scientists, historians and archaeologists may collaborate in the study of past climatic changes in the Mediterranean basin. We begin by discussing the methodologies of these three disciplines in the context of the consilience debate, that is, attempts to unify different research methodologies that address similar problems. We demonstrate that there are a number of similarities in the fundamental methodology between history, archaeology, and the natural sciences that deal with the past (“palaeoenvironmental sciences”), due to their common interest in studying societal and environmental phenomena that no longer exist. The three research traditions, for instance, employ specific narrative structures as a means of communicating research results. We thus present and compare the narratives characteristic of each discipline; in order to engage in fruitful interdisciplinary exchange, we must first understand how each deals with the societal impacts of climatic change. In the second part of the paper, we focus our discussion on the four major practical issues that hinder communication between the three disciplines. These include terminological misunderstandings, problems relevant to project design, divergences in publication cultures, and differing views on the impact of research. Among other recommendations, we suggest that scholars from the three disciplines should aim to create a joint publication culture, which should also appeal to a wider public, both inside and outside of academia.
  • Knitter, Daniel, et al. (författare)
  • Land use patterns and climate change?a modeled scenario of the Late Bronze Age in Southern Greece
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Environmental Research Letters. - IOP PUBLISHING LTD. - 1748-9326 .- 1748-9326. ; 14:12
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In this study, we present a modeling approach that investigates how much cultivable land was required to supply a society and whether societies were in need when environmental conditions deteriorated. The approach is implemented for the North-Eastern Peloponnese and is based upon the location of Late Helladic IIIB (1300?1200 BCE) archaeological sites, an assessment of their sizes, and a proposed diet of the people. Based on these information, the areal requirement of each site is calculated and mapped. The results show that large sites do not have sufficient space in their surroundings in order to supply themselves with the required food resources and thus they depended on supplies from the hinterland. Dry climatic conditions aggravate the situation. This indicates that potential societal crisis are less a factor of changing environmental conditions or a shortage of arable land but primarily caused by socio-economic factors.
  • Weiberg, Erika, 1971- (författare)
  • An Early Helladic burial : Connectingthe living and the dead
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Perspectives on ancient Greece : Papers in celebrationof the 60th anniversary ofthe Swedish Institute at Athens. - Stockholm : Svenska institutet i Athen. - 978-91-7916-061-6 ; s. 29-47
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Weiberg, Erika, 1971- (författare)
  • Contrasting Histories in Early Bronze Age Aegean : Uniformity, Regionalism and the Resilience of Societies in the Northeast Peloponnese and Central Crete
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Cambridge Archaeological Journal. - 0959-7743 .- 1474-0540.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Late Early Bronze Age (EB IIB–III, 2500–2000 bc ) evidence from the northeast Peloponnese and central Crete present two coeval sequences of events with very different societal outcomes. By drawing on resilience theory and the model of adaptive cycles, this article explores when and why the paths of mainland Greece and Crete diverged around 2200 bc , leading to an eventually destabilizing change on the mainland and a more sustainable one on Crete. It is argued that the two EB II societal structures were more similar than current discourse generally allows. However, during some hundred years leading up to the end of the EB II period, an increased societal uniformity and a decrease of social arenas on northeast Peloponnese may in the end have circumscribed the Early Helladic communities’ room to manoeuvre. Conversely, through strong regionalism and greater multiplicity of social arenas, Early Minoan societies seem to have retained a greater level of socio-economic variability that enabled proactiveness and sustained expansion through ideological change.
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