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1.
  • Behrns, Ingrid, et al. (författare)
  • A comparison between written and spoken narratives in aphasia
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics. - London : Taylor & Francis. - 0269-9206. ; 23:7, s. 507-528
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of the present study was to explore how a personal narrative told by a group of eight persons with aphasia differed between written and spoken language, and to compare this with findings from 10 participants in a reference group. The stories were analysed through holistic assessments made by 60 participants without experience of aphasia and through measurement of lexical and syntactic variables. The findings showed that the participants with aphasia generally received lower ratings than the reference group, but also that stories written by participants with aphasia were rated as easier to understand, more interesting, and more coherent than the group’s spoken stories. Regression analysis showed that syntax could predict several of the rated variables for the stories told by the participants with aphasia. Results point to the need to include writing training in language rehabilitation in order to increase the ability for persons with aphasia to participate in communicative situations in everyday life.
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2.
  • Behrns, Ingrid, et al. (författare)
  • Aphasia and Computerised Writing Aid Supported Treatment
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Aphasiology. - Psychology Press. - 1464-5041. ; 23:10, s. 1276-1294
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Abstract in Undetermined Background: Individuals with aphasia often experience difficulties in writing. Word processors with a spell checker and a grammar checker can compensate for some of the writing difficulties associated with aphasia. Aims: To determine if writing difficulties associated with aphasia may be reduced by the use of a computerised writing aid when training patients. Methods Procedures: The writing aids used in this study were originally designed specifically for persons with developmental reading and writing difficulties and are based on statistics of frequent misspellings and phonotactic rules. Three participants with aphasia selected one of two offered writing aids. Written production during treatment and evaluation was recorded and analysed by keystroke logging. The study had a single-subject ABA design replicated across three participants. The baseline (A) was established by measuring four dependent variables. During a 9-week intervention phase (B) the dependent variables were measured once a week. A follow-up (A) was done 10 months after the training was finished. The dependent variables were: total number of words in a writing task; proportion of correctly written words; words per minute; proportion of successful edits. The results were analysed both visually and by statistical calculations. Outcomes Results: All participants experienced a positive improvement in their writing ability. Results showed individual differences; after completed training the first participant made more successful edits, the second wrote more words, had a larger proportion of correctly written words, and made more successful edits. The third participant's results did not show any improvement that could be statistically supported. Conclusions: This study showed that the computerised training facilitated the generating process and made the revision process more efficient for the participants. The results are important in that they indicate possible ways of designing writing treatment. However, they also show the need for careful analyses when evaluating different treatment strategies and in discussing what improved writing ability may be.
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3.
  • Behrns, Ingrid, et al. (författare)
  • Aphasia and text writing
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders. - 1368-2822. ; 45:2, s. 230-243
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Abstract in Undetermined Aims: The aim was to characterize written narratives produced by a group of participants with aphasia. Methods & Procedures: Eight persons aged 28-63 years with aphasia took part in the study. They were compared with a reference group consisting of ten participants aged 21-30 years. All participants were asked to write a personal narrative titled 'I have never been so afraid' and to perform a picture-based story-generation task called the 'Frog Story'. The texts were written on a computer. Outcome & Results: The group could be divided into participants with low, moderate, and high general performance, respectively. The texts written by the participants in the group with moderate and high writing performance had comparatively good narrative structure despite indications of difficulties on other linguistic levels. Conclusions & Implications: Aphasia appeared to influence text writing on different linguistic levels. The impact on overall structure and coherence was in line with earlier findings from the analysis of spoken and written discourse and the implication of this is that the written modality should also be included in language rehabilitation.
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4.
  • Behrns, Ingrid, et al. (författare)
  • Aphasia and the process of revision in writing a text
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics. - 0269-9206. ; 22:2, s. 95-110
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Most of the previous research on aphasia and writing ability concentrates on the production of words in isolation. The purpose of the current study was to examine the process of producing written texts by clients with aphasia. By using keystroke logging, it was possible to analyse the participants' ongoing work during text writing. Results showed that the participants with aphasia composed their texts in what may be described as a linear way. Edits concerning syntax or text structure were almost absent in the subjects' data, but they spent much time and effort on revising smaller units of text, that is, letters and words, possibly as a result of changing their minds or not being able to realize their intentions. However, these changes did not always result in correctly written words in the final text. The findings are discussed in relation to current writing theories.
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5.
  • Roos, Carin, et al. (författare)
  • The text telephone as an empowering technology in the daily lives of deaf people : A qualitative study
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Assistive technology. - 1040-0435. ; 28:2, s. 63-73
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Text-telephone technology (TTY) has been used for communication between deaf people since 1964. There is a gap in the scientific knowledge about the influence this may have had especially in relation to effective participation in society as well as the feeling of capability, confidence and collective meaningfulness. The aim of the present paper is, first, to disentangle the different aspects of TTY as an empowering artifact; and, second, to explore the role of TTY in their lives. To provide a framework for the empirical analysis, the paper draws on Empowerment Theory: personal control, a proactive approach to life, and a critical awareness of one's socio-political environment. Twenty-four people aged 16-64 with Swedish Sign Language (SSL) as their first language were interviewed. The findings indicate that the introduction of the TTY was of great importance for self-esteem, equality and independence. The findings show that feelings of empowerment are closely linked to language use and contextually driven, and it is in interaction between deaf and hearing that such feelings arise (or not). The results indicate the need for further research into Deaf people's use of other means of interacting, using modern technique for example in social digital media and interactive platforms.
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6.
  • Strömbergsson, Sofia, 1977-, et al. (författare)
  • Children's perception of their synthetically corrected speech production
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics. - Informa Healthcare. - 0269-9206. ; 28:6, s. 373-395
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We explore children's perception of their own speech - in its online form, in its recorded form, and in synthetically modified forms. Children with phonological disorder (PD) and children with typical speech and language development (TD) performed tasks of evaluating accuracy of the different types of speech stimuli, either immediately after having produced the utterance or after a delay. In addition, they performed a task designed to assess their ability to detect synthetic modification. Both groups showed high performance in tasks involving evaluation of other children's speech, whereas in tasks of evaluating one's own speech, the children with PD were less accurate than their TD peers. The children with PD were less sensitive to misproductions in immediate conjunction with their production of an utterance, and more accurate after a delay. Within-category modification often passed undetected, indicating a satisfactory quality of the generated speech. Potential clinical benefits of using corrective re-synthesis are discussed.
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9.
  • Ahlsén, Elisabeth, et al. (författare)
  • Aphasia and text writing
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: International journal of language and communication disorders. - Informa Healthcare. - 1368-2822. ; 28:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
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10.
  • Andersson, Bodil, et al. (författare)
  • Combining Keystroke Logging with Eye Tracking
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Writing and Digital Media (Studies in Writing). - Elsevier. - 1572-6304. - 0-08-044863-1 ; 17, s. 45-72
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This chapter describes the successful development of a new methodology for studying on-line writing. The text-logging tool ScriptLog has been combined with the eyetracking technology iView X HED HT, in order to enhance the study of the interplay between writing, monitoring and revision. Data on the distribution of visual attention during writing help determining to what extent pauses are used for monitoring. The complexity of the experimental settings, and the expertise needed for interpreting the eye-tracking data make this a method suitable mainly for laboratory settings. The chapter also introduces an analysis tool that merges data from ScriptLog and iView and thus helps the researcher to organise and analyse the vast amount of data produced.
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