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Sökning: WFRF:(Westerlund Anna 1978 )

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1.
  • Anvret, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • DJ-1 Mutations are Rare in a Swedish Parkinson Cohort.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: The open neurology journal. - 1874-205X. ; 5, s. 8-11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Mutations in the PARK7 gene, DJ-1, have been reported to cause early-onset and familial Parkinson's disease (PD). The function of DJ-1 and how it contributes to the development of the disease is not clear today, but several studies report that DJ-1 is responsive to oxidative stress and important for the maintenance of mitochondria. We have screened three coding regions of DJ-1 (exon 2, 5 and 7) in a Swedish Parkinson cohort. The Swedish PD material consisted of 67 patients with a self reported positive family history of PD and 77 patients with early-onset of disease (≤50 years old). We detected two patients with the previously reported synonymous mutation, Ala167Ala (c.501A>G, rs71653621), in exon 7. No Ala167Ala carriers were identified among 213 neurologically healthy Swedish controls. Mechanisms by which the synonymous Ala167Ala mutation can have consequences are unknown. It may affect the mRNA stability, secondary structure of mRNA, synthesis, turnover, protein folding and function. We could show a 1.3% decrease in DJ-1 mRNA folding energy in the A<G substituted sequence compared to the wild type sequence in silico, suggesting a possible small effect of Ala167Ala on DJ-1 gene function. This is the first report on an identified DJ-1 mutation in Swedish PD patients. Our results, in combination with those of previous studies, strengthen the hypothesis that alterations in DJ-1 are not a common cause of familial and early-onset PD world-wide.
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2.
  • Anvret, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Possible involvement of a mitochondrial translation initiation factor 3 variant causing decreased mRNA levels in Parkinson's disease.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Parkinson's disease. - 2042-0080. ; 2010
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Genes important for mitochondrial function have been implicated in Parkinson's disease (PD). Mitochondrial translation initiation factor 3 (MTIF3) is a nuclear encoded protein required for the initiation of complex formation on mitochondrial ribosomes. Dysfunction of MTIF3 may impair mitochondrial function and dopamine neurons appear to be particularly vulnerable to oxidative stress, which may relate to their degeneration in PD. An association was recently reported between the synonymous rs7669(C>T) in MTIF3 and PD in a German case-control material. We investigated rs7669 in a Swedish Parkinson case-control material. The study revealed no significant association of the individual genotypes or alleles with PD. When comparing the combined TT/CT-genotypes versus the CC-genotype, we observed a significant association (P = .0473) with PD. We also demonstrated that the TT-genotype causes a significant decrease in MTIF3 mRNA expression compared to the CC-genotype (P = .0163). Our findings support the hypothesis that MTIF3 may be involved in the etiology of PD.
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3.
  • Lindberg, David, 1986-, et al. (författare)
  • Binding of Thioflavin-T to Amyloid Fibrils Leads to Fluorescence Self-Quenching and Fibril Compaction
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Biochemistry. - 0006-2960. ; 56:16, s. 2170-2174
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Thioflavin-T binds to and detects amyloid fibrils via fluorescence enhancement. Using a combination of linear dichroism and fluorescence spectroscopies, we report that the relation between the emission intensity and binding of thioflavin-T to insulin fibrils is nonlinear and discuss this in relation to its use in kinetic assays. We demonstrate, from fluorescence lifetime recordings, that the nonlinearity is due to thioflavin-T being sensitive to self-quenching. In addition, thioflavin-T can induce fibril compaction but not alter fibril structure. Our work underscores the photophysical complexity of thioflavin-T and the necessity of calibrating the linear range of its emission response for quantitative in vitro studies.
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4.
  • Nordell, Pär, 1978-, et al. (författare)
  • DNA Polymorphism as an Origin of Adenine-Thymine Tract Length-Dependent Threading Intercalation Rate
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Journal of the American Chemical Society. - 0002-7863. ; 130:44, s. 14651-14658
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Binuclear ruthenium complexes that bind DNA by threading intercalation have recently been found to exhibit an exceptional kinetic selectivity for long polymeric adenine-thymine (AT) DNA. A series of oligonucleotide hairpin duplexes containing a central tract of 6-44 alternating AT base pairs have here been used to investigate the nature of the recognition mechanism. We find that, above a threshold AT tract length corresponding to one helix turn of B-DNA, a dramatic increase in threading intercalation rate occurs. In contrast, such length dependence is not observed for rates of unthreading. Intercalation by any mechanism that depends on the open end of the hairpin was found not to be important in the series of oligonucleotides used, as verified by including in the study a hairpin duplex cyclized by a copper-catalyzed "click" reaction. Our observations are interpreted in terms of a conformational pre-equilibrium, determined by the length of the AT tract. We finally find that mismatches or loops in the oligonucleotide facilitate the threading process, of interest for the development of mismatch-recognizing probes. © 2008 American Chemical Society.
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5.
  • Nordell, Pär, 1978-, et al. (författare)
  • Finding at-DNA--kinetic recognition of long adenine-thymine stretches by metal-ligand complexes.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Nucleic acids symposium series (2004). - 1746-8272. ; :52, s. 131-132
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • High selectivity for long AT sequences can be attained by kinetically controlled DNA threading intercalation by binuclear ruthenium(II) complexes. The rate of intercalation is strongly correlated to the number of consecutive AT basepairs, being up to 2500 times faster with an AT polymer compared to mixed-sequence DNA.
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6.
  • Westerlund, Marie, et al. (författare)
  • Altered enzymatic activity and allele frequency of OMI/HTRA2 in Alzheimer's disease.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: The FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. - 1530-6860. ; 25:4, s. 1345-52
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The serine-protease OMI/HTRA2, required for several cellular processes, including mitochondrial function, autophagy, chaperone activity, and apoptosis, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of both Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD). Western blot quantification of OMI/HTRA2 in frontal cortex of patients with AD (n=10) and control subjects (n=10) in two separate materials indicated reduced processed (active, 35 kDa) OMI/HTRA2 levels, whereas unprocessed (50 kDa) enzyme levels were not significantly different between the groups. Interestingly, the specific protease activity of OMI/HTRA2 was found to be significantly increased in patients with AD (n=10) compared to matched control subjects (n=10) in frontal cortex in two separate materials. Comparison of OMI/HTRA2 mRNA levels in frontal cortex and hippocampus, two brain areas particularly affected by AD, indicated similar levels in patients with AD (n=10) and matched control subjects (n=10). In addition, we analyzed the occurrence of the OMI/HTRA2 variants A141S and G399S in Swedish case-control materials for AD and PD and found a weak association of A141S with AD, but not with PD. In conclusion, our genetic, histological, and biochemical findings give further support to an involvement of OMI/HTRA2 in the pathology of AD; however, further studies are needed to clarify the role of this gene in neurodegeneration.
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7.
  • Westerlund, Marie, et al. (författare)
  • Association of a polymorphism in the ABCB1 gene with Parkinson's disease.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Parkinsonism & related disorders. - 1353-8020. ; 15:6, s. 422-424
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The ATP-binding cassette, sub-family B, member 1 (ABCB1) gene encoding the protein P-glycoprotein (P-gp) has been implicated in the pathophysiology of Parkinson's disease (PD) due to its role in regulating transport of endogenous molecules and exogenous toxins. In the present study, we analyzed the ABCB1 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) 1236C/T (exon 12), 2677G/T/A (exon 21) and 3435C/T (exon 26) in 288 Swedish PD patients and 313 control subjects and found a significant association of SNP 1236C/T with disease (p=0.0159; chi(2)=8.28), whereas the distributions of wild-type and mutated alleles were similar for 2677G/T/A and 3435C/T in patients and controls. Haplotype analysis revealed significant association of the 1236C-2677G haplotype with PD (p=0.026; chi(2)=4.955) and a trend towards association with disease of the 1236C-2677G-3435C haplotype (p=0.072; chi(2)=3.229). Altered ABCB1 and/or P-pg expression was recently shown in PD patients, and impaired drug efflux across barriers such as the gastrointestinal and nasal mucosal linings or the blood-brain barrier, might result in accumulation of drugs and/or endogenous molecules in toxic amounts, possibly contributing to disease. ABCB1 polymorphisms thus constitute an example of how genetic predisposition and environmental influences may combine to increase risk of PD.
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8.
  • Westerlund, Marie, et al. (författare)
  • Cerebellar alpha-synuclein levels are decreased in Parkinson's disease and do not correlate with SNCA polymorphisms associated with disease in a Swedish material.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: The FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. - 1530-6860. ; 22:10, s. 3509-14
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Alterations of brain and plasma alpha-synuclein levels and SNCA gene variability have been implicated in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). We therefore measured alpha-synuclein protein levels in postmortem PD and control cerebellum tissue using Western blot and investigated whether the levels correlated to SNCA genotype. We found markedly decreased alpha-synuclein levels in PD patients (n=16) compared to gender- and age-matched controls (n=14; P=0.004) normalized to alpha-tubulin. We also performed an association study of the noncoding polymorphisms rs2737029 (A/G) and rs356204 (A/G) (intron 4), and of rs356219 (T/C) (3'-region) of SNCA in a Swedish PD case-control material. Using a two-sided chi(2) test, we found significant association of rs2737029 (P=0.003; chi(2)=9.07) and rs356204 (P=0.048; chi(2)=3.91) with disease, strengthening the involvement of SNCA polymorphisms in sporadic PD. Stratification of the human postmortem brain material by genotype of the three investigated polymorphisms, did not indicate any influence of genotype on alpha-synuclein protein levels when comparing PD with controls. Taken together, our findings demonstrate that the investigated Parkinson patients have markedly reduced levels of alpha-synuclein in cerebellum, and that this reduction is general, rather then correlated to the investigated polymorphisms, although two of the polymorphisms also associated with disease in a Swedish material.
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9.
  • Belin, Andrea Carmine, et al. (författare)
  • Association study of two genetic variants in mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM) in Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Neuroscience letters. - 0304-3940. ; 420:3, s. 257-62
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Mitochondrial (mt) dysfunction has been implicated in Alzheimer's (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD). Mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM) is needed for mtDNA maintenance, regulating mtDNA copy number and is absolutely required for transcriptional initiation at mtDNA promoters. Two genetic variants in TFAM have been reported to be associated with AD in a Caucasian case-control material collected from Germany, Switzerland and Italy. One of these variants was reported to show a tendency for association with AD in a pooled Scottish and Swedish case-control material and the other variant was reported to be associated with AD in a recent meta-analysis. We investigated these two genetic variants, rs1937 and rs2306604, in an AD and a PD case-control material, both from Sweden and found significant genotypic as well as allelic association to marker rs2306604 in the AD case-control material (P=0.05 and P=0.03, respectively), where the A-allele appears to increase risk for developing AD. No association was observed for marker rs1937. We did not find any association in the PD case-control material for either of the two markers. The distribution of the two-locus haplotype frequencies (based on rs1937 and rs2306604) did not differ significantly between affected individuals and controls in the two sample sets. However, the global P-value for haplotypic association testing indicated borderline association in the AD sample set. Our data suggests that the rs2306604 A-allele could be a moderate risk factor for AD, which is supported by the recent meta-analysis.
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10.
  • Carmine Belin, Andrea, et al. (författare)
  • Leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) mutations in a Swedish Parkinson cohort and a healthy nonagenarian.
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Movement disorders : official journal of the Movement Disorder Society. - 0885-3185. ; 21:10, s. 1731-4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Specific variants of Leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) have been shown to associate with Parkinson's disease (PD). Several mutations have been found in PD populations from different parts of the world. We investigated the occurrence of three mutations (R1441G/C/H, G2019S, and I2020T) in our Swedish case-control material and identified four carriers of the G2019S mutation in 284 PD cases and 1 95-year-old carrier in 305 controls. The other two variants were absent in our material. We conclude that the LRRK2 G2019S mutation constitutes a significant factor for PD in the Swedish population and that it is not completely penetrant.
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