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Sökning: WFRF:(Westgård Theresa)

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1.
  • Westgård, Theresa, et al. (författare)
  • Comprehensive geriatric assessment pilot of a randomized control study in a Swedish acute hospital: a feasibility study.
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Pilot and feasibility studies. - 2055-5784. ; 4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) represent an important component of geriatric acute hospital care for frail older people, secured by a multidisciplinary team who addresses the multiple needs of physical health, functional ability, psychological state, cognition and social status. The primary objective of the pilot study was to determine feasibility for recruitment and retention rates. Secondary objectives were to establish proof of principle that CGA has the potential to increase patient safety. Methods: The CGA pilot took place at a University hospital in Western Sweden, from March to November 2016, with data analyses in March 2017. Participants were frail people aged 75 and older, who required an acute admission to hospital. Participants were recruited and randomized in the emergency room. The intervention group received CGA, a person-centered multidisciplinary team addressing health, participation, and safety. The control group received usual care. The main objective measured the recruitment procedure and retention rates. Secondary objectives were also collected regarding services received on the ward including discharge plan, care plan meeting and hospital risk assessments including risk for falls, nutrition, decubitus ulcers, and activities of daily living status. Result: Participants were recruited from the emergency department, over 32 weeks. Thirty participants were approached and 100% (30/30) were included and randomized, and 100% (30/30) met the inclusion criteria. Sixteen participants were included in the intervention and 14 participants were included in the control. At baseline, 100% (16/16) intervention and 100% (14/14) control completed the data collection. A positive propensity towards the secondary objectives for the intervention was also evidenced, as this group received more care assessments. There was an average difference between the intervention and control in occupational therapy assessment - 0.80 [95% CI 1.06, - 0.57], occupational therapy assistive devices - 0.73 [95% CI 1.00, - 0.47], discharge planning -0.21 [95% CI 0.43, 0.00] and care planning meeting 0.36 [95% CI-1.70, -0.02]. Controlling for documented risk assessments, the intervention had for falls - 0.94 [95% CI 1.08, - 0.08], nutrition - 0.87 [95% CI 1.06, - 0.67], decubitus ulcers - 0.94 [95% CI 1.08, - 0.80], and ADL status - 0.80 [95% CI 1.04, - 0.57]. Conclusion: The CGA pilot was feasible and proof that the intervention increased safety justifies carrying forward to a large-scale study.
2.
  • Ottenvall Hammar, Isabelle, 1984-, et al. (författare)
  • From Intervention Trial to Full-scale Implementation Research: Positive Tendencies for Frailty and Self-rated Health in Frail Older People.
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Geriatrics and Gerontology. - 2577-0748. ; 2018:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A continuum of care for frail older people was created to link the chain between the hospital, and discharge to the person’s home. Despite earlier positive findings, it remains unclear if the benefits are sustainable in a real-life context. The present longitudinal study aimed at evaluate the effects of the implementation of a full-scale process program for frail older people in a real-life context regarding levels of frailty, self-rated health and activities of daily living up to one year later. The sample consisted of a total of 143 frail people aged 75 years and older, divided in the two groups: 77 participants from the full-scale process program and 66 historical controls. The findings showed that at the six months follow-up, the participants partaking in the full-scale process program had a significantly higher odds of displaying decreased frailty (p=0.015), and at twelve months, this sample had a significant lower likelihood of reporting decreased self-rated health (p=0.023). Thus, the findings showed positive results on frailty level and self-rated health when implementing the intervention in real life, indicating that a person-centred, multi-professional team with a case manager is beneficial for frail older people.
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3.
  • Westgård, Theresa, et al. (författare)
  • Comprehensive geriatric assessment pilot of a randomized control study in a Swedish acute hospital a feasibility study
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Pilot and Feasibility Studies. - 2055-5784. ; 4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p><strong>Background:</strong> Comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) represent an important component of geriatric acute hospital care for frail older people, secured by a multidisciplinary team who addresses the multiple needs of physical health, functional ability, psychological state, cognition and social status. The primary objective of the pilot study was to determine feasibility for recruitment and retention rates. Secondary objectives were to establish proof of principle that CGA has the potential to increase patient safety.</p><p><strong>Methods:</strong> The CGA pilot took place at a University hospital in Western Sweden, from March to November 2016, with data analyses in March 2017. Participants were frail people aged 75 and older, who required an acute admission to hospital. Participants were recruited and randomized in the emergency room. The intervention group received CGA, a person-centered multidisciplinary team addressing health, participation, and safety. The control group received usual care. The main objective measured the recruitment procedure and retention rates. Secondary objectives were also collected regarding services received on the ward including discharge plan, care plan meeting and hospital risk assessments including risk for falls, nutrition, decubitus ulcers, and activities of daily living status.</p><p><strong>Result:</strong> Participants were recruited from the emergency department, over 32 weeks. Thirty participants were approached and 100% (30/30) were included and randomized, and 100% (30/30) met the inclusion criteria. Sixteen participants were included in the intervention and 14 participants were included in the control. At baseline, 100% (16/16) intervention and 100% (14/14) control completed the data collection. A positive propensity towards the secondary objectives for the intervention was also evidenced, as this group received more care assessments. There was an average difference between the intervention and control in occupational therapy assessment - 0.80 [95% CI 1.06, - 0.57], occupational therapy assistive devices - 0.73 [95% CI 1.00, - 0.47], discharge planning -0.21 [95% CI 0.43, 0.00] and care planning meeting 0.36 [95% CI-1.70, -0.02]. Controlling for documented risk assessments, the intervention had for falls - 0.94 [95% CI 1.08, - 0.08], nutrition - 0.87 [95% CI 1.06, - 0.67], decubitus ulcers - 0.94 [95% CI 1.08, - 0.80], and ADL status - 0.80 [95% CI 1.04, - 0.57].</p><p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The CGA pilot was feasible and proof that the intervention increased safety justifies carrying forward to a large-scale study.</p><p><strong>Trial registration:</strong> Clinical Trials ID: NCT02773914. Registered 16 May 2016.</p>
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4.
  • Westgård, Theresa, et al. (författare)
  • Feeling respected as a person: a qualitative analysis of frail older people's experiences on an acute geriatric ward practicing a Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Geriatrics. - 0016-867X. ; 4:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) practices multidimensional, interdisciplinary, and diagnostic processes as a means to identify care needs, plan care, and improve outcomes of frail older people. Conventional content analysis was used to analyze frail older people’s experiences of receiving CGA. Through a secondary analysis, interviews and transcripts were revisited in an attempt to discover the meaning behind the participants’ implied, ambiguous, and verbalized thoughts that were not illuminated in the primary study. Feeling “respected as a person” is the phenomenon participants described on a CGA acute geriatric ward, achieved by having a reciprocal relationship with the ward staff, enabling their participation in decisions when engaged in communication and understanding. However, when a person was too ill to participate, then care was person-supportive care. CGA, when delivered by staff practicing person-centered care, can keep the frail older person in focus despite them being a patient. If a person-centered care approach does not work because the person is too ill, then person-supportive care is delivered. However, when staff and/or organizational practices do not implement a person-centered care approach, this can hinder patients feeling “respected as a person”.
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5.
  • Wilhelmson, Katarina, et al. (författare)
  • Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment for Frail Older People in Swedish Acute Care Settings (CGA-Swed) A Randomised Controlled Study
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Geriatrics (Basel, Switzerland). - 2308-3417. ; 5:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The aim of the study is to evaluate the effects of the Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) for frail older people in Swedish acute hospital settings - the CGA-Swed study. In this study protocol, we present the study design, the intervention and the outcome measures as well as the baseline characteristics of the study participants. The study is a randomised controlled trial with an intervention group receiving the CGA and a control group receiving medical assessment without the CGA. Follow-ups were conducted after 1, 6 and 12 months, with dependence in activities of daily living (ADL) as the primary outcome measure. The study group consisted of frail older people (75 years and older) in need of acute medical hospital care. The study design, randomisation and process evaluation carried out were intended to ensure the quality of the study. Baseline data show that the randomisation was successful and that the sample included frail older people with high dependence in ADL and with a high comorbidity. The CGA contributed to early recognition of frail older people's needs and ensured a care plan and follow-up. This study is expected to show positive effects on frail older people's dependence in ADL, life satisfaction and satisfaction with health and social care.</p>
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6.
  • Wilhelmson, Katarina, et al. (författare)
  • Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment for Frail Older People in Swedish Acute Care Settings (CGA-Swed) A Randomised Controlled Study
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Geriatrics. - MDPI. - 2308-3417. ; 5:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The aim of the study is to evaluate the effects of the Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) for frail older people in Swedish acute hospital settings - the CGA-Swed study. In this study protocol, we present the study design, the intervention and the outcome measures as well as the baseline characteristics of the study participants. The study is a randomised controlled trial with an intervention group receiving the CGA and a control group receiving medical assessment without the CGA. Follow-ups were conducted after 1, 6 and 12 months, with dependence in activities of daily living (ADL) as the primary outcome measure. The study group consisted of frail older people (75 years and older) in need of acute medical hospital care. The study design, randomisation and process evaluation carried out were intended to ensure the quality of the study. Baseline data show that the randomisation was successful and that the sample included frail older people with high dependence in ADL and with a high comorbidity. The CGA contributed to early recognition of frail older people's needs and ensured a care plan and follow-up. This study is expected to show positive effects on frail older people's dependence in ADL, life satisfaction and satisfaction with health and social care.</p>
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