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Sökning: WFRF:(Widenfalk J)

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  • Thuvander, A., et al. (författare)
  • Levels of ochratoxin A in blood from Norwegian and Swedish blood donors and their possible correlation with food consumption
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Food and Chemical Toxicology. - 0278-6915 .- 1873-6351. ; 39:12, s. 1145-1151
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Blood levels of ochratoxin A were determined in 406 Scandinavian blood donors (206 from Oslo, Norway, and 200 from Visby on the island of Gotland, Sweden), using an HPLC method. In connection with the blood collection, the subjects were asked to fill in a food questionnaire to obtain individual dietary information relevant to ochratoxin A exposure. The mean plasma level of ochratoxin A was 0.18 ng/ml in Oslo and slightly higher, 0.21 ng/ml (P = 0.046) in Visby. There was no correlation between plasma levels of ochratoxin A and the estimated total dietary intake of ochratoxin A based on consumption data and levels in food (retrieved from the literature), neither was the plasma level of ochratoxin A correlated with the total amount of food consumed. However, consumption of several foods, including cereal products, wine, beer and pork, were to some minor degree related to high plasma levels of ochratoxin A. The strongest correlations (correlation coefficient r >0.4; P <0.001) were observed for women in relation to the consumption of beer or medium brown bread. Correlation analysis of combinations of two or more food categories did not result in any statistically significant correlation.
  • Rona, P.A., et al. (författare)
  • Carslberg ridge and mid-atlantic ridge : slow-spreading apparent analogs
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: AGU, Fall Meeting. - : American Geophysical Union (AGU).
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • We compare morphology, tectonics, petrology, and hydrothermal activity of a known section of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR) between the Kane and Atlantis fracture zones (full multi-beam coverage 21N to 31N) to the lesser known Carlsberg Ridge (CR; limited multi-beam coverage plus satellite altimetry). The CR extends from the Owen Fracture Zone (10N) to the Vityaz Fracture Zone (5S) and spreads at half-rates (~1.2-1.8 cm/yr) similar to the MAR: 1) Morphology: Both ridges exhibit distinct segmentation (primarily sinistral) and axial valleys with high floor to crest relief (range 1122-1771 m). Average lengths of segments (CR: 70 km; MAR: 50 km) and crest-to crest width of the axial valley are greater on the CR (40 km) than MAR (23 km). Axial volcanic ridges form the neovolcanic zone on both ridges, typically 2.6 km wide and 213 m high on the CR. Average water depth near segment centers is greater on the MAR (3933 m) than the CR (3564 m). V-shaped patterns oblique to the spreading axis are present on both ridges. 2) Tectonics: Segments on each ridge are predominantly separated by short-offset (<30 km) non-transform discontinuities with longer transform faults generally spaced hundreds of kilometers apart. Bulls-eye Mantle Bouguer Lows (-30 to -50 mgal) are present at centers of spreading segments on both ridges. Metamorphic core complexes of lower crust and upper mantle are present on the MAR section (at fracture zones) and at least at one locality at 58.33E on the CR. 3) Petrology: MORB composition from our 20 stations along the CR fall into the MORB family, with no evidence of hotspot inputs (no excess K or Nb), or extreme fractionation, similar to the MAR section. REE and trace element patterns between 57E and 61E on the CR indicate increasing melt depletion to the northwest, while glasses exhibit a striking systematic increase in MgO (decrease in fractionation) to the northwest and attain among the most primitive composition of any ocean ridge adjacent to the Owen fracture zone (9.93wt percent). Sr, Nd, and Pb isotopic compositions of Indian Ocean MORB are distinct from those of other oceans. They exhibit relatively higher 87Sr/86Sr, and lower 143Nd/144Nd, 207Pb/204Pb and 208Pb/204Pb for a given 206Pb/204Pb invoking mixing and regional-scale contamination of a depleted mantle with a variously designated enriched reservoir (EM1, EM2, DUPAL, etc.). 4) Hydrothermal activity: The MAR section encompasses a low-T hydrothermal field driven by the serpentinization at the Atlantis fracture zone (Lost City at 30N), and three high-temperature fields driven by magmatic heat in the axial valley (Broken Spur 29N, TAG 26N, and Snake Pit 23N). A 70 km-long, 1000 m-thick megaplume was detected in the water column up to 1400 m above the CR axial valley centered at 6.05N, 60.95E in August 2003, the first clear evidence of high-temperature hydrothermal activity on the CR. Further CR hydrothermal evidence includes relict sulfide chimneys at 58E; Mn-oxide coatings on basalts in the axial valley with Fe/Mn ratios at the boundary between hydrogenous and hydrothermal composition with thickness at two stations (1.67S, 67.77E; 5.35S, 68.62E) suggestive of hydrothermal input; and a d3He anomaly (166 per mil) in the water column at one of our stations in April 1979 (5.35S, 68.62E).
  • Stålberg, Erik, et al. (författare)
  • Reference values for jitter recorded by concentric needle electrodes in healthy controls : A multicenter study.
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Muscle and Nerve. - 0148-639X .- 1097-4598. ; 53:3, s. 351-362
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to create reference values for jitter measured with concentric needle electrodes.METHODS: Operators worldwide contributed recordings from orbicularis oculi (OO), frontalis (FR), and extensor digitorum (ED) muscles in healthy controls. Criteria for acceptable signal quality were agreed upon in advance. Fifteen or 20 recordings of acceptable quality from each muscle were required for voluntary and electrical stimulation recordings, respectively.RESULTS: Recordings from 59 to 92 subjects were obtained for each muscle and activation type. Outlier limits for mean consecutive difference and individual jitter data for voluntary activation were: OO, 31 and 45 µs; FR, 28 and 38 µs; ED, 30 and 43 µs; and for electrical stimulation they were: OO, 27 and 36 µs; FR, 21 and 28 µs; ED, 24 and 35 µs.CONCLUSION: Reference jitter values from concentric needle electrode recordings were developed from signals of defined quality while seeking to avoid creating supernormal values.
  • Widenfalk, Johan, 1972-, et al. (författare)
  • Treatment of transected peripheral nerves with artemin improved motor neuron regeneration, but did not reduce nerve injury-induced pain behaviour.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Hand Surgery. - 0284-4311 .- 1651-2073. ; 43:5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Incomplete recovery of function and neuropathic pain are common problems after peripheral nerve injury. To develop new treatment strategies for peripheral nerve injuries we investigated whether the neurotrophic factor artemin could improve outcome after sciatic nerve injuries in rats. Artemin is a member of the glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) family and exerts neuroprotective effects on sensory neurons as well as influencing behavioural thermal sensitivity. We additionally evaluated if fibrin sealant, which is sometimes used as a nerve glue, had any effects on neuropathic pain-related behaviour. After the sciatic nerve had been transected, 30 animals were randomised to one of three groups: treatment with a fibrin sealant that contained artemin in conjunction with sutures; fibrin sealant with no artemin (sham) in conjunction with sutures; or sutures alone (n=10 in each group). Motor function, sensory function, and autotomy were evaluated from 1 to 12 weeks after injury. Retrograde flourogold tracing 12 weeks after injury showed that the addition of artemin increased the number of regenerating motor neurons. However, it did not improve their performance, as measured by the Sciatic Function Index, compared with sham or suture alone. Animals treated with artemin had a non-significant increase in motor nerve conduction velocity compared with sham. However, artemin did not reverse nerve injury-induced pain behaviour such as cold or heat hypersensitivity. Fibrin sealant in itself did not ameliorate motor performance, or regeneration of motor neurons, or give rise to nerve injury-induced pain behaviour. The results indicate that artemin is of value as a treatment for peripheral nerve injuries, although the effects were limited. As the artemin high-affinity receptor GFRalpha-3 is present in Schwann cells and not in motor neurons, the effect on motor neuron axon regeneration may result from an indirect effect through Schwann cells in the injured nerve.
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 31
  • [1]234Nästa

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