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Sökning: WFRF:(Wieloch T)

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  • [1]234567...9Nästa
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2.
  • Pawlowski, P., et al. (författare)
  • Neutron recognition in the LAND detector for large neutron multiplicity
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment. - 0168-9002. ; 694, s. 47-54
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The performance of the LAND neutron detector is studied. Using an event-mixing technique based on one-neutron data obtained in the S107 experiment at the GSI laboratory, we test the efficiency of various analytic tools used to determine the multiplicity and kinematic properties of detected neutrons. A new algorithm developed recently for recognizing neutron showers from spectator decays in the ALADIN experiment S254 is described in detail. Its performance is assessed in comparison with other methods. The properties of the observed neutron events are used to estimate the detection efficiency of LAND in this experiment. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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3.
  • Cardell, M., et al. (författare)
  • High resolution immunogold analysis reveals distinct subcellular compartmentation of protein kinase Cγ and δ in rat Purkinje cells
  • 1997
  • Ingår i: Neuroscience. - Elsevier. - 0306-4522. ; 82:3, s. 709-725
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • High resolution immunogold cytochemistry was used to investigate the subcellular distribution of protein kinase Cγ and δ in Purkinje cells of the rat cerebellum. Postembedding incubation with an antibody raised to a peptide sequence near the C-terminus of protein kinase Cγ resulted in strong labelling along the dendrosomatic plasma membrane. A quantitative analysis indicated that this labelling reflected the existence of two pools of protein kinase Cγ; one membrane associated pool and one cytoplasmic pool located within 50 nm of the plasma membrane. The labelling along the plasma membrane showed a pronounced and abrupt increase when moving from the cell body into the axon initial segment. Gold particles signalling protein kinase Cγ were also enriched in putative Purkinje axon terminals in the dentate nucleus. The only organelle showing a consistent immunolabelling for protein kinase Cγ was the Golgi apparatus where the gold particles were restricted to the trans face. Protein kinase Cγ immunoreactivity also occurred in the Purkinje cell spines, with an enrichment in or near the postsynaptic density. Antibodies to protein kinase Cδ produced a very different labelling pattern in the Purkinje cells. Most of the gold particles were associated with rough endoplasmic reticulum, particularly with those cisternae that were located close to the nucleus or in the nuclear indentations. No significant protein kinase C5 immunolabelling was detected at the plasma membrane or in Purkinje cell spines. The present data point to a highly specific compartmentation of the two major protein kinase C isozyme in Purkinje cells and suggest that these isozymes act on different substrates and hence have different regulatory functions within these neurons.
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4.
  • Lukasik, J., et al. (författare)
  • Discriminant analysis and secondary-beam charge recognition
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment. - 0168-9002. ; 587:2-3, s. 413-419
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The discriminant-analysis method has been applied to optimize the exotic-beam charge recognition in a projectile fragmentation experiment. The experiment was carried out at the GSI using the fragment separator (FRS) to produce and select the relativistic secondary beams, and the ALADIN setup to measure their fragmentation products following collisions with Sn target nuclei. The beams of neutron poor isotopes around La-124 and Sn-107 were selected to study the isospin dependence of the limiting temperature of heavy nuclei by comparing with results for stable Sn-124 projectiles. A dedicated detector to measure the projectile charge upstream of the reaction target was not used, and alternative methods had to be developed. The presented method, based on the multivariate discriminant analysis, allowed to increase the efficacy of charge recognition up to about 90%, which was about 20% more than achieved with the simple scalar methods.
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6.
  • Trautmann, W., et al. (författare)
  • Isotopic dependence of the caloric curve
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics. - 0146-6410. ; 62:2, s. 407-412
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Isotopic effects in projectile fragmentation at relativistic energies have been studied with the ALADIN forward spectrometer at SIS. Stable and radioactive Sn and La beams with an incident energy of 600 MeV per nucleon have been used in order to explore a wide range of isotopic compositions. Chemical freeze-out temperatures are found to be nearly invariant with respect to the A/Z ratio of the produced spectator sources, consistent with predictions for expanded systems. Consequences for the proposed interpretation of chemical breakup temperatures as representing the limiting temperatures predicted by microscopic models are discussed. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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8.
  • Cardell, M., et al. (författare)
  • Pyruvate dehydrogenase activity in the rat cerebral cortex following cerebral ischemia
  • 1989
  • Ingår i: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism. - Nature Publishing Group. - 0271-678X. ; 9:3, s. 350-357
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The effect of cerebral ischemia on the activity of pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) enzyme complex (PDHC) was investigated in homogenates of frozen rat cerebral cortex following 15 min of bilateral common carotid occlusion ischemia and following 15 min, 60 min, and 6 h of recirculation after 15 min of ischemia. In frozen cortical tissue from the same animals, the levels of labile phosphate compounds, glucose, glycogen, lactate, and pyruvate were determined. In cortex from control animals, the rate of [1-14C]pyruvate decarboxylation was 9.6 ± 0.5 nmol CO2/(min-mg protein) or 40% of the total PDHC activity. This fraction increased to 89% at the end of 15 min of ischemia. At 15 min of recirculation following 15 min of ischemia, the PDHC activity decreased to 50% of control levels and was depressed for up to 6 h post ischemia. This decrease in activity was not due to a decrease in total PDHC activity. Apart from a reduction in ATP levels, the acute changes in the levels of energy metabolites were essentially normalized at 6 h of recovery. Dichloroacetate (DCA), an inhibitor of PDH kinase, given to rats at 250 mg/kg i.p four times over 2 h, significantly decreased blood glucose levels from 7.4 ± 0.6 to 5.1 ± 0.3 mmol/L and fully activated PDHC. In animals in which the plasma glucose level was maintained at control levels of 8.3 ± 0.5 μmol/g by intravenous infusion of glucose, the active portion of PDHC increased to 95 ± 4%. In contrast, the depressed PDHC activity at 15 min following ischemia was not affected by the DCA treatment. In both DCA + glucose-treated control and recovery groups, the pyruvate levels decreased by 50%. No significant difference in the lactate levels was seen. We conclude that the depressed postischemic PDHC activity is not due to loss of enzyme protein nor to an increased PDH kinase activity, but is probably due to a decreased activity of PDH phosphatase. This could in turn be secondary to a change in the cellular levels of PDH phosphatase regulators, most probably a decreased intramitochondrial concentration of calcium. The postischemic decrease in PDH activity may be related to the postischemic metabolic depression.
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9.
  • Koide, T., et al. (författare)
  • Chronic dexamethasone pretreatment aggravates ischemic neuronal necrosis
  • 1986
  • Ingår i: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism. - Nature Publishing Group. - 0271-678X. ; 6:4, s. 395-404
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study addresses the question of whether the cyclooxygenase inhibitors indomethacin and diclofenac and the glucocorticosteroid dexamethasone ameliorate neuronal necrosis following cerebral ischemia. In addition, since these drugs inhibit the production of prostaglandins and depress phospholipase A2 activity, respectively, the importance of free fatty acids (FFAs) on the development of ischemic neuronal damage was assessed. Neuronal damage was determined in the rat brain at 1 week following 10 min of forebrain ischemia. The cyclooxygenase inhibitors, whether given before or after ischemia, failed to alter the brain damage incurred. Animals given dexamethasone were divided into three groups and the drug was administered at a constant dosage of 2 mg/kg: (a) 2 days, 1 day, and 3 h intraperitoneally before (chronic pretreatment), (b) 3 h intraperitoneally before (acute pretreatment), and (c) 5 min intravenously and 6 h and 1 day intraperitoneally after (chronic posttreatment) induction of ischemia. Acute pretreatment did not affect the histopathological outcome. Chronic posttreatment of animals with dexamethasone ameliorated the damage inflicted on the caudate nucleus, but had no effect on other brain areas investigated. Unexpectedly, the chronic pretreatment aggravated the brain damage and caused seizures following ischemia. Histopathological data showed massive neuronal damage in these brains. The accumulation of FFA levels during ischemia was markedly suppressed, and the decrease in the energy charge was curtailed by chronic pretreatment with dexamethasone. However, brain glucose levels in control animals and lactic acid concentrations following 10 min of ischemia were significantly higher both in the cerebral cortex and in the hippocampus of dexamethasone-treated animals. These results suggest that aggravation of neuronal necrosis by chronic dexamethasone pretreatment could be ascribed to lactic acidosis due to hyperglycemia in combination with an action of dexamethasone on glucocorticoid receptors in the brain.
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10.
  • Koide, T., et al. (författare)
  • Circulating catecholamines modulate ischemic brain damage
  • 1986
  • Ingår i: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism. - Nature Publishing Group. - 0271-678X. ; 6:5, s. 559-565
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In search of factors influencing the outcome of an ischemic insult, we induced 10 min of forebrain ischemia in rats and assessed neuronal necrosis by quantitative histopathology after 1 week of recovery. Procedures for inducing ischemia included bilateral carotid artery clamping and reduction of blood pressure to 40–50 mm Hg by bleeding. To facilitate rapid lowering of blood pressure, a ganglionic blocker, trimethaphan (TMP), was administered at the onset of ischemia. Omission of the ganglionic blocker proved to markedly ameliorate neuronal damage. Similarly favorable effects were obtained when a mixture of adrenaline and noradrenaline (1 μg kg−1 min−1 each) was infused during the early recirculation period in animals previously given TMP. Infusion of noradrenaline alone also ameliorated the damage, though the efficacy was somewhat less. The results suggest that catecholamines, released as a response to stress, ameliorate ischemic brain damage.
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