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Sökning: WFRF:(Wirdefeldt Karin)

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1.
  • Eriksson, Hanna, et al. (författare)
  • Family history increases the risk of late seizures after stroke
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Neurology. - : LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS. - 1526-632X .- 0028-3878. ; 93:21, s. e1964-e1970
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between a family history of epilepsy and risk of late poststroke seizures (LPS). METHODS: This register-based cohort study was based on adult patients from the Swedish Stroke Register (Riksstroke) with stroke from 2001 to 2012 and no prior epilepsy. LPS (>7 days after stroke) and epilepsy were ascertained in cases and in their first-degree biological relatives by cross-referencing Riksstroke, the Multi-Generation Register, and the National Patient Register. RESULTS: Of 86,550 patients with stroke, a family history of epilepsy was detected in 7,433 (8.6%), and LPS (>7 days after stroke) occurred in 7,307 (8.4%). The survival-adjusted risk of LPS was higher in patients with compared to those without a family history of epilepsy: 6.8% (95% confidence interval [CI] 6.2%-7.4%) vs 5.9% (95% CI 5.7%-6.1%) at 2 years and 9.5% (95% CI 8.7%-10.3%) vs 8.2% (95% CI 8.0%-8.4%) at 5 years. In a Cox model adjusted for age, sex, and stroke type, the hazard ratio (HR) for LPS in patients with stroke with ≥1 relative with epilepsy was 1.18 (95% CI 1.09-1.28). The increased HR remained significant with adjustments for stroke severity and in multiple sensitivity analyses. A higher risk for patients with stroke with >1 relative with epilepsy was also seen but was not significant in all Cox models. CONCLUSIONS: Although stroke characteristics remain the most important risk factors for LPS, having a first-degree relative with epilepsy also increases the risk in a multivariate analysis. The findings highlight the need for family history assessment in patients with stroke and the need for future studies on genetic vulnerability and environmental factors that may aid in the identification of at-risk individuals. © 2019 American Academy of Neurology.
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2.
  • Ran, C., et al. (författare)
  • Strong association between glucocerebrosidase mutations and Parkinson's disease in Sweden
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Neurobiology of Aging. - : Elsevier. - 0197-4580 .- 1558-1497. ; 45
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Several genetic studies have demonstrated an association between mutations in glucocerebrosidase (GBA), originally implicated in Gaucher's disease, and an increased risk of Parkinson's disease (PD). We have investigated the possible involvement of genetic GBA variations in PD in the Swedish population. Three GBA variants, E326K, N370S, and L444P were screened in the largest Swedish Parkinson cohort reported to date; 1625 cases and 2025 control individuals. We found a significant association with high effect size of the rare variant L444P with PD (odds ratio 8.17; 95% confidence interval: 2.51-26.23; p-value = 0.0020) and a significant association of the common variant E326K (odds ratio 1.60; 95% confidence interval: 1.16-2.22; p-value = 0.026). The rare variant N370S showed a trend for association. Most L444P carriers (68%) were found to reside in northern Sweden, which is consistent with a higher prevalence of Gaucher's disease in this part of the country. Our findings support the role of GBA mutations as risk factors for PD and point to lysosomal dysfunction as a mechanism contributing to PD etiology. (C) 2016 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc.
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3.
  • Bruder, Carl E G, et al. (författare)
  • Phenotypically concordant and discordant monozygotic twins display different DNA copy-number-variation profiles
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Human Genetics. - 0002-9297 .- 1537-6605. ; 82:3, s. 763-71
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The exploration of copy-number variation (CNV), notably of somatic cells, is an understudied aspect of genome biology. Any differences in the genetic makeup between twins derived from the same zygote represent an irrefutable example of somatic mosaicism. We studied 19 pairs of monozygotic twins with either concordant or discordant phenotype by using two platforms for genome-wide CNV analyses and showed that CNVs exist within pairs in both groups. These findings have an impact on our views of genotypic and phenotypic diversity in monozygotic twins and suggest that CNV analysis in phenotypically discordant monozygotic twins may provide a powerful tool for identifying disease-predisposition loci. Our results also imply that caution should be exercised when interpreting disease causality of de novo CNVs found in patients based on analysis of a single tissue in routine disease-related DNA diagnostics.
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4.
  • Chung, Sun Ju, et al. (författare)
  • Alpha-Synuclein Repeat Variants and Survival in Parkinson's Disease
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Movement Disorders. - : John Wiley and Sons. - 0885-3185. ; 29:8, s. 1053-1057
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives: To determine whether alpha-synuclein dinucleotide repeat (REP1) genotypes are associated with survival in Parkinson's disease (PD). Methods: Investigators from the Genetic Epidemiology of Parkinson's Disease Consortium provided REP1 genotypes and baseline and follow-up clinical data for cases. The primary outcome was time to death. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to assess the association of REP1 genotypes with survival. Results: Twenty-one sites contributed data for 6,154 cases. There was no significant association between alpha-synuclein REP1 genotypes and survival in PD. However, there was a significant association between REP1 genotypes and age at onset of PD (hazard ratio: 1.06; 95% confidence interval: 1.01-1.10; P value = 0.01). Conclusions: In our large consortium study, alpha-synuclein REP1 genotypes were not associated with survival in PD. Further studies of alpha-synuclein's role in disease progression and long-term outcomes are needed. (C) 2014 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society
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5.
  • Elbaz, Alexis, et al. (författare)
  • Independent and Joint Effects of the MAPT and SNCA Genes in Parkinson Disease
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Annals of Neurology. - : John Wiley and Sons. - 1531-8249. ; 69:5, s. 778-792
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: We studied the independent and joint effects of the genes encoding alpha-synuclein (SNCA) and microtubule-associated protein tau (MAPT) in Parkinson disease (PD) as part of a large meta-analysis of individual data from case-control studies participating in the Genetic Epidemiology of Parkinson's Disease (GEO-PD) consortium. Methods: Participants of Caucasian ancestry were genotyped for a total of 4 SNCA (rs2583988, rs181489, rs356219, rs11931074) and 2 MAPT (rs1052553, rs242557) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs). Individual and joint effects of SNCA and MAPT SNPs were investigated using fixed- and random-effects logistic regression models. Interactions were studied on both a multiplicative and an additive scale, and using a case-control and case-only approach. Results: Fifteen GEO-PD sites contributed a total of 5,302 cases and 4,161 controls. All 4 SNCA SNPs and the MAPT H1-haplotype-defining SNP (rs1052553) displayed a highly significant marginal association with PD at the significance level adjusted for multiple comparisons. For SNCA, the strongest associations were observed for SNPs located at the 30 end of the gene. There was no evidence of statistical interaction between any of the 4 SNCA SNPs and rs1052553 or rs242557, neither on the multiplicative nor on the additive scale. Interpretation: This study confirms the association between PD and both SNCA SNPs and the H1 MAPT haplotype. It shows, based on a variety of approaches, that the joint action of variants in these 2 loci is consistent with independent effects of the genes without additional interacting effects. ANN NEUROL 2011; 69: 778-792
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6.
  • Evangelou, Evangelos, et al. (författare)
  • Non-replication of association for six polymorphisms from meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies of Parkinson's disease : large-scale collaborative study
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics. - : International Society of Psychiatric Genetics. - 1552-4841. ; 153B:1, s. 220-228
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Early genome-wide association (GWA) studies on Parkinson's disease (PD) have not been able to yield conclusive, replicable signals of association, perhaps due to limited sample size. We aimed to investigate whether association signals derived from the meta-analysis of the first two GWA investigations might be replicable in different populations. We examined six single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs1000291, rs1865997, rs2241743, rs2282048, rs2313982, and rs3018626) that had reached nominal significance with at least two of three different strategies proposed in a previous analysis of the original GWA studies. Investigators from the "Genetic Epidemiology of Parkinson's Disease" (GEOPD) consortium were invited to join in this study. Ten teams contributed replication data from 3,458 PD cases and 3,719 controls. The data from the two previously published GWAs (599 PD cases, 592 controls and 443 sibling pairs) were considered as well. All data were synthesized using both fixed and random effects models. The summary allelic odds ratios were ranging from 0.97 to 1.09 by random effects, when all data were included. The summary estimates of the replication data sets (excluding the original GWA data) were very close to 1.00 (range 0.98-1.09) and none of the effects were nominally statistically significant. The replication data sets had significantly different results than the GWA data. Our data do not support evidence that any of these six SNPs reflect susceptibility markers for PD. Much stronger signals of statistical significance in GWA platforms are needed to have substantial chances of replication. Specifically in PD genetics, this would require much larger GWA studies and perhaps novel analytical techniques.
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7.
  • Feldman, Adina L., et al. (författare)
  • Accuracy and Sensitivity of Parkinsonian Disorder Diagnoses in Two Swedish National Health Registers
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Neuroepidemiology. - : Karger. - 1423-0208. ; 38:3, s. 186-193
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Swedish population-based national health registers are widely used data sources in epidemiological research. Register-based diagnoses of Parkinson's disease have not been validated against clinical information. Methods: Parkinson's disease (PD) and other parkinsonian disorder diagnoses were ascertained in two registers, i.e. the National Patient Register (NPR) and the Cause of Death Register (CDR). Diagnoses were validated in terms of accuracy (positive predictive value) and sensitivity against data from a population-based study of PD in 1998-2004 that screened more than 35,000 persons and identified 194 cases of parkinsonian disorders including 132 PD cases (the gold standard for the purposes of this study). Results: Accuracy for any parkinsonian disorder diagnoses was 88.0% in the NPR and 94.4% in the CDR. Accuracy of PD diagnoses was 70.8% in the NPR and 66.7% in the CDR. Misclassification between differential parkinsonian diagnoses was common. The accuracy of PD diagnoses in the NPR improved to 83.0% by restricting the definition to primary diagnoses only. The sensitivity of PD diagnoses in the NPR and CDR combined was 83.1%, with a mean time to detection of 6.9 years. Conclusions: Population-based national health registers are valid data sources in epidemiological studies of PD or parkinsonian disorder etiology but are less suitable in studies of incidence or prevalence. Copyright (C) 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel
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8.
  • Heckman, Michael G., et al. (författare)
  • Population-specific Frequencies for LRRK2 Susceptibility Variants in the Genetic Epidemiology of Parkinson's Disease (GEO-PD) Consortium
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Movement Disorders. - : John Wiley and Sons. - 0885-3185. ; 28:12, s. 1740-1744
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BackgroundVariants within the leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 gene are recognized as the most frequent genetic cause of Parkinson's disease. Leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 variation related to disease susceptibility displays many features that reflect the nature of complex, late-onset sporadic disorders like Parkinson's disease. MethodsThe Genetic Epidemiology of Parkinson's Disease Consortium recently performed the largest genetic association study for variants in the leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 gene across 23 different sites in 15 countries. ResultsHerein, we detail the allele frequencies for the novel risk factors (p.A419V and p.M1646T) and the protective haplotype (p.N551K-R1398H-K1423K) nominated in the original publication. Simple population allele frequencies not only can provide insight into the clinical relevance of specific variants but also can help genetically define patient groups. ConclusionsEstablishing individual patient-based genomic susceptibility profiles that incorporate both risk factors and protective factors will determine future diagnostic and treatment strategies. (c) 2013 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society
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9.
  • Kang, Xiaoying, et al. (författare)
  • Association between Microscopic Colitis and Parkinson's Disease in a Swedish Population
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Movement Disorders. - : Wiley. - 0885-3185 .- 1531-8257. ; 36:8, s. 1919-1926
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Gastrointestinal inflammation has been linked with Parkinson's disease (PD). Microscopic colitis (MC) is an intestinal inflammatory disease with unknown relationship with PD.Objective: This study aimed to examine the association of MC with PD risk.Methods: In this nationwide matched cohort study in Sweden, PD incidence was compared between 12,609 patients with histologically confirmed MC and a matched population cohort of 58,879 MC-free individuals and a sibling cohort comprising all unaffected siblings of the MC patients (N-MC/N-Sibling = 6281/12,351). Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using Cox regression models.Results: During a mean follow-up of similar to 7 years, we identified 449 incident PD diagnoses among the MC patients and the population cohort. Overall, MC was associated with an adjusted HR of 1.76 for PD, but the association attenuated substantially during follow-up. In the time-varying effects model, PD hazard was 3.45-fold (95% CI: 2.42, 4.93) higher during the first 2 years after biopsy and 1.80-fold (95% CI: 1.23, 2.64) higher during the following 3 years among MC versus MC-free individuals but was not different beyond 5 years after biopsy (HR: 1.03; 95% CI: 0.68, 1.54). This temporal pattern of MC-PD associations persisted when comparing MC patients to their siblings. In a post hoc case-control analysis, we also detected a strong association between MC and preexisting PD (odds ratio: 3.46; 95% CI: 2.91, 4.12).Conclusions: Our findings suggest that MC may not be a risk factor for PD; instead, it may co-occur with PD as a comorbidity or develop after a diagnosis of PD.
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10.
  • Kang, Xiaoying, et al. (författare)
  • Clostridium difficile infection and risk of Parkinson's disease : A Swedish population-based cohort study
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Neurology. - : Blackwell Publishing. - 1351-5101 .- 1468-1331. ; 27:11, s. 2134-2141
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal inflammation has been implicated in Parkinson's disease (PD). This study examined whether individuals with a history of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) are at elevated risk of PD.METHODS: We performed a population-based cohort study using Swedish national register data. Adults aged ≥ 35 years were identified from the Swedish Population and Housing Census 1990 and followed during 1997-2013. Diagnoses of CDI and PD were extracted from the National Patient Register. Associations of CDI history with PD risk were estimated using Cox proportional hazards regression. We also explored whether the association differed by the source of CDI diagnosis (inpatient vs outpatient), presence of recurrent infections, and pre-infection use of antibiotics.RESULTS: Amongst the study population (N = 4,670,423), 34,868 (0.75%) had a history of CDI. A total of 165 and 47,035 incident PD cases were identified from individuals with and without CDI history, respectively. Across the entire follow-up, a 16% elevation of PD risk was observed among CDI group (hazard ratio: 1.16, 95% confidence interval: 1.00-1.36), which was mainly driven by increased PD risk within the first 2 years since CDI diagnosis (hazard ratio: 1.38, 95% confidence interval: 1.12-1.69). In longer follow-up, CDI was not associated with subsequent PD occurrence. This temporal pattern of CDI-PD associations was generally observed across all CDI subgroups.CONCLUSIONS: CDI may be associated with an increased short-term PD risk, but this might be explained by reverse causation and/or surveillance bias. Our results do not imply that CDI history affects long-term PD risk.
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