SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Wren Jonathan D.) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Wren Jonathan D.)

  • Resultat 1-8 av 8
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
1.
  • Aartsen, M. G., et al. (författare)
  • PINGU : a vision for neutrino and particle physics at the South Pole
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Journal of Physics G. - 0954-3899 .- 1361-6471. ; 44:5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The Precision IceCube Next Generation Upgrade (PINGU) is a proposed low-energy in-fill extension to the IceCube Neutrino Observatory. With detection technology modeled closely on the successful IceCube example, PINGU will provide a 6 Mton effective mass for neutrino detection with an energy threshold of a few GeV. With an unprecedented sample of over 60 000 atmospheric neutrinos per year in this energy range, PINGU will make highly competitive measurements of neutrino oscillation parameters in an energy range over an order of magnitude higher than long-baseline neutrino beam experiments. PINGU will measure the mixing parameters theta(23) and Delta m(32)(2), including the octant of theta(23) for a wide range of values, and determine the neutrino mass ordering at 3 sigma median significance within five years of operation. PINGU's high precision measurement of the rate of nu(T) appearance will provide essential tests of the unitarity of the 3 x 3 PMNS neutrino mixing matrix. PINGU will also improve the sensitivity of searches for low mass dark matter in the Sun, use neutrino tomography to directly probe the composition of the Earth's core, and improve IceCube's sensitivity to neutrinos from Galactic supernovae. Reoptimization of the PINGU design has permitted substantial reduction in both cost and logistical requirements while delivering performance nearly identical to configurations previously studied.
  •  
2.
  • Larsson, Pär, et al. (författare)
  • The complete genome sequence of Francisella tularensis, the causative agent of tularemia
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - 1061-4036 .- 1546-1718. ; 37:2, s. 153-159
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Francisella tularensis is one of the most infectious human pathogens known. In the past, both the former Soviet Union and the US had programs to develop weapons containing the bacterium. We report the complete genome sequence of a highly virulent isolate of F. tularensis (1,892,819 bp). The sequence uncovers previously uncharacterized genes encoding type IV pili, a surface polysaccharide and iron-acquisition systems. Several virulence-associated genes were located in a putative pathogenicity island, which was duplicated in the genome. More than 10% of the putative coding sequences contained insertion-deletion or substitution mutations and seemed to be deteriorating. The genome is rich in IS elements, including IS630 Tc-1 mariner family transposons, which are not expected in a prokaryote. We used a computational method for predicting metabolic pathways and found an unexpectedly high proportion of disrupted pathways, explaining the fastidious nutritional requirements of the bacterium. The loss of biosynthetic pathways indicates that F. tularensis is an obligate host-dependent bacterium in its natural life cycle. Our results have implications for our understanding of how highly virulent human pathogens evolve and will expedite strategies to combat them.
  •  
3.
  • Lessard, Christopher J, et al. (författare)
  • Variants at multiple loci implicated in both innate and adaptive immune responses are associated with Sjögren's syndrome
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - 1061-4036 .- 1546-1718. ; 45:11, s. 1284-1292
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Sjögren's syndrome is a common autoimmune disease (affecting ~0.7% of European Americans) that typically presents as keratoconjunctivitis sicca and xerostomia. Here we report results of a large-scale association study of Sjögren's syndrome. In addition to strong association within the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) region at 6p21 (Pmeta = 7.65 × 10−114), we establish associations with IRF5-TNPO3 (Pmeta = 2.73 × 10−19), STAT4 (Pmeta = 6.80 × 10−15), IL12A (Pmeta = 1.17 × 10−10), FAM167A-BLK (Pmeta = 4.97 × 10−10), DDX6-CXCR5 (Pmeta = 1.10 × 10−8) and TNIP1 (Pmeta = 3.30 × 10−8). We also observed suggestive associations (Pmeta < 5 × 10−5) with variants in 29 other regions, including TNFAIP3, PTTG1, PRDM1, DGKQ, FCGR2A, IRAK1BP1, ITSN2 and PHIP, among others. These results highlight the importance of genes that are involved in both innate and adaptive immunity in Sjögren's syndrome.
  •  
4.
  • Lessard, Christopher J., et al. (författare)
  • Variants at multiple loci implicated in both innate and adaptive immune responses are associated with Sjogren's syndrome
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - : NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP, 75 VARICK ST, 9TH FLR, NEW YORK, NY 10013-1917 USA. - 1061-4036 .- 1546-1718. ; 45:11, s. 1284-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Sjogrens syndrome is a common autoimmune disease (affecting similar to 0.7% of European Americans) that typically presents as keratoconjunctivitis sicca and xerostomia. Here we report results of a large-scale association study of Sjogrens syndrome. In addition to strong association within the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) region at 6p21 (P-meta = 7.65 x 10(-114)), we establish associations with IRF5-TNPO3 (P-meta = 2.73 x 10(-19)), STAT4 (Pmeta = 6.80 x 10-15), IL12A (P-meta = 1.17 x 10(-10)), FAM167ABLK (P-meta = 4.97 x 10(-10)), DDX6-CXCR5 (P-meta = 1.10 x 10(-8)) and TNIP1 (P-meta = 3.30 x 10(-8)). We also observed suggestive associations (P-meta andlt; 5 x 10(-5)) with variants in 29 other regions, including TNFAIP3, PTTG1, PRDM1, DGKQ, FCGR2A, IRAK1BP1, ITSN2 and PHIP, among others. These results highlight the importance of genes that are involved in both innate and adaptive immunity in Sjogrens syndrome.
  •  
5.
  • Delgado-Vega, Angelica M., et al. (författare)
  • Fine mapping and conditional analysis identify a new mutation in the autoimmunity susceptibility gene BLK that leads to reduced half-life of the BLK protein
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases. - : BMJ Publishing Group. - 1468-2060 .- 0003-4967. ; 71:7, s. 1219-1226
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives To perform fine mapping of the autoimmunity susceptibility gene BLK and identify functional variants involved in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods Genotyping of 1163 European SLE patients and 1482 controls and imputation were performed covering the BLK gene with 158 single-nucleotide polymorphisms. Logistic regression analysis was done using PLINK and conditional analyses using GENABEL's test score. Transfections of BLK constructs on HEK293 cells containing the novel mutation or the wild type form were analysed for their effect on protein half-life using a protein stability assay, cycloheximide and western blot. CHiP-qPCR for detection of nuclear factor. B (NFkB) binding. Results Fine mapping of BLK identified two independent genetic effects with functional consequences: one represented by two tightly linked associated haplotype blocks significantly enriched for NF kappa B-binding sites and numerous putative regulatory variants whose risk alleles correlated with low BLK mRNA levels. Binding of NFkBp50 and p65 to an associated 1.2 Kb haplotype segment was confirmed. A second independent genetic effect was represented by an Ala71Thr, low-frequency missense substitution with an OR = 2.31 (95% CI 1.38 to 3.86). The 71Thr decreased BLK protein half-life. Conclusions These results show that rare and common regulatory variants in BLK are involved in disease susceptibility and both, albeit independently, lead to reduced levels of BLK protein.
  •  
6.
  •  
7.
  • Webb, Ryan, et al. (författare)
  • Variants within MECP2, a key transcription regulator, are associated with increased susceptibility to lupus and differential gene expression in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Arthritis and Rheumatism. - 0004-3591 .- 1529-0131. ; 60:4, s. 1076-1084
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: Both genetic and epigenetic factors play an important role in the pathogenesis of lupus. The aim of this study was to examine methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 gene (MECP2) polymorphisms in a large cohort of patients with lupus and control subjects, and to determine the functional consequences of the lupus-associated MECP2 haplotype. METHODS: We genotyped 18 single-nucleotide polymorphisms within MECP2, located on chromosome Xq28, in a large cohort of patients with lupus and control subjects of European descent. We studied the functional effects of the lupus-associated MECP2 haplotype by determining gene expression profiles in B cell lines in female lupus patients with and those without the lupus-associated MECP2 risk haplotype. RESULTS: We confirmed, replicated, and extended the genetic association between lupus and genetic markers within MECP2 in a large independent cohort of lupus patients and control subjects of European descent (odds ratio 1.35, P = 6.65 x 10(-11)). MECP2 is a dichotomous transcription regulator that either activates or represses gene expression. We identified 128 genes that are differentially expressed in lupus patients with the disease-associated MECP2 haplotype; most ( approximately 81%) were up-regulated. Genes that were up-regulated had significantly more CpG islands in their promoter regions compared with genes that were down-regulated. Gene ontology analysis using the differentially expressed genes revealed significant association with epigenetic regulatory mechanisms, suggesting that these genes are targets for MECP2 regulation in B cells. Furthermore, at least 13 of the 104 up-regulated genes are regulated by interferon. The disease-risk MECP2 haplotype was associated with increased expression of the MECP2 transcription coactivator CREB1 and decreased expression of the corepressor histone deacetylase 1. CONCLUSION: Polymorphism in the MECP2 locus is associated with lupus and, at least in part, contributes to the interferon signature observed in lupus patients.
  •  
8.
  • Ortiz-Fernandez, Lourdes, et al. (författare)
  • Identification of susceptibility loci for Takayasu arteritis through a large multi-ancestral genome-wide association study
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Human Genetics. - CAMBRIDGE, MA USA. - 0002-9297 .- 1537-6605. ; 108:1, s. 84-99
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Takayasu arteritis is a rare inflammatory disease of large arteries. We performed a genetic study in Takayasu arteritis comprising 6,670 individuals (1,226 affected individuals) from five different populations. We discovered HLA risk factors and four non-HLA susceptibility loci in VPS8, SVEP1, CFL2, and chr13q21 and reinforced IL12B, PTK2B, and chr21q22 as robust susceptibility loci shared across ancestries. Functional analysis proposed plausible underlying disease mechanisms and pinpointed ETS2 as a potential causal gene for chr21q22 association. We also identified >60 candidate loci with suggestive association (p < 5 x 10(-s)) and devised a genetic risk score for Takayasu arteritis. Takayasu arteritis was compared to hundreds of other traits, revealing the closest genetic relatedness to inflammatory bowel disease. Epigenetic patterns within risk loci suggest roles for monocytes and B cells in Takayasu arteritis. This work enhances understanding of the genetic basis and pathophysiology of Takayasu arteritis and provides clues for potential new therapeutic targets.
  •  
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 1-8 av 8

Kungliga biblioteket hanterar dina personuppgifter i enlighet med EU:s dataskyddsförordning (2018), GDPR. Läs mer om hur det funkar här.
Så här hanterar KB dina uppgifter vid användning av denna tjänst.

 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy