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1.
  • Sampson, Joshua N., et al. (författare)
  • Analysis of Heritability and Shared Heritability Based on Genome-Wide Association Studies for 13 Cancer Types
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. - 0027-8874 .- 1460-2105. ; 107:12
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Studies of related individuals have consistently demonstrated notable familial aggregation of cancer. We aim to estimate the heritability and genetic correlation attributable to the additive effects of common single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for cancer at 13 anatomical sites. Methods: Between 2007 and 2014, the US National Cancer Institute has generated data from genome-wide association studies (GWAS) for 49 492 cancer case patients and 34 131 control patients. We apply novel mixed model methodology (GCTA) to this GWAS data to estimate the heritability of individual cancers, as well as the proportion of heritability attributable to cigarette smoking in smoking-related cancers, and the genetic correlation between pairs of cancers. Results: GWAS heritability was statistically significant at nearly all sites, with the estimates of array-based heritability, h(l)(2), on the liability threshold (LT) scale ranging from 0.05 to 0.38. Estimating the combined heritability of multiple smoking characteristics, we calculate that at least 24% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 14% to 37%) and 7% (95% CI = 4% to 11%) of the heritability for lung and bladder cancer, respectively, can be attributed to genetic determinants of smoking. Most pairs of cancers studied did not show evidence of strong genetic correlation. We found only four pairs of cancers with marginally statistically significant correlations, specifically kidney and testes (rho = 0.73, SE = 0.28), diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and pediatric osteosarcoma (rho = 0.53, SE = 0.21), DLBCL and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) (rho = 0.51, SE = 0.18), and bladder and lung (rho = 0.35, SE = 0.14). Correlation analysis also indicates that the genetic architecture of lung cancer differs between a smoking population of European ancestry and a nonsmoking Asian population, allowing for the possibility that the genetic etiology for the same disease can vary by population and environmental exposures. Conclusion: Our results provide important insights into the genetic architecture of cancers and suggest new avenues for investigation.
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2.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Observation of a Neutral Structure near the D(D)over-bar* Mass Threshold in e(+)e(-) -> (D(D)over-bar*)(0)pi(0) at root s=4.226 and 4.257 GeV
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - 0031-9007 .- 1079-7114. ; 115:22
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A neutral structure in the D (D) over bar* system around the D (D) over bar* mass threshold is observed with a statistical significance greater than 10 sigma in the processes e(+)e(-) -> D+D*(-)pi(0) + c.c. and e(+)e(-) -> D-0(D) over bar*(0)pi(0) + c.c. at root s = 4.226 and 4.257 GeV in the BESIII experiment. The structure is denoted as Z(c)(3885)(0). Assuming the presence of a resonance, its pole mass and width are determined to be [3885.7(-5.7)(+4.3) (stat) +/- 8.4(syst)] MeV/c(2) and [35(-12)(+11) (stat) +/- 15(syst)] MeV, respectively. The Born cross sections are measured to be sigma[e(+)e(-) -> Z(c)(3885)(0)pi(0); Z(c)(3885)(0) -> D (D) over bar*] = [77 +/- 13(stat) +/- 17(syst)] pb at 4.226 GeV and [47 +/- 9(stat) +/- 10(syst)] pb at 4.257 GeV. The ratio of decay rates B[Z(c)(3885)(0) -> D+D*(-) + c.c.]/B[Z(c)(3885)(0) -> D-0(D) over bar*(0) + c.c.] is determined to be 0.96 +/- 0.18(stat) +/- 0.12(syst), consistent with no isospin violation in the process, Z(c)(3885)(0) -> D (D) over bar*.
3.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Study of D+ -> K-pi(+)e(+)nu(e)
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: PHYSICAL REVIEW D. - 2470-0010. ; 94:3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present an analysis of the decay D+ -> K-pi(+)e(+)nu(e) based on data collected by the BESIII experiment at the psi(3770) resonance. Using a nearly background-free sample of 18262 events, we measure the branching fraction B(D+ -> K-pi+e+nu e) = (3.77 +/- 0.03 +/- 0.08)%. For 0.8 < m(K pi) < 1.0 GeV/c(2), the partial branching fraction is B(D+ -> K-pi+e+nu e)([0.8,1.0]) = (3.39 +/- 0.03 +/- 0.08)%. A partial wave analysis shows that the dominant (K) over bar* (892)degrees component is accompanied by an S-wave contribution accounting for (6.05 +/- 0.22 +/- 0.18)% of the total rate and that other components are negligible. The parameters of the (K) over bar* (892)degrees resonance and of the form factors based on the spectroscopic pole dominance predictions are also measured. We also present a measurement of the (K) over bar* (892)degrees helicity basis form factors in a model-independent way.
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4.
  • Wang, Zhaoming, et al. (författare)
  • Imputation and subset-based association analysis across different cancer types identifies multiple independent risk loci in the TERT-CLPTM1L region on chromosome 5p15.33
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Human Molecular Genetics. - 0964-6906. ; 23:24, s. 6616-6633
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have mapped risk alleles for at least 10 distinct cancers to a small region of 63 000 bp on chromosome 5p15.33. This region harbors the TERT and CLPTM1L genes; the former encodes the catalytic subunit of telomerase reverse transcriptase and the latter may play a role in apoptosis. To investigate further the genetic architecture of common susceptibility alleles in this region, we conducted an agnostic subset-based meta-analysis (association analysis based on subsets) across six distinct cancers in 34 248 cases and 45 036 controls. Based on sequential conditional analysis, we identified as many as six independent risk loci marked by common single-nucleotide polymorphisms: five in the TERT gene (Region 1: rs7726159, P = 2.10 × 10(-39); Region 3: rs2853677, P = 3.30 × 10(-36) and PConditional = 2.36 × 10(-8); Region 4: rs2736098, P = 3.87 × 10(-12) and PConditional = 5.19 × 10(-6), Region 5: rs13172201, P = 0.041 and PConditional = 2.04 × 10(-6); and Region 6: rs10069690, P = 7.49 × 10(-15) and PConditional = 5.35 × 10(-7)) and one in the neighboring CLPTM1L gene (Region 2: rs451360; P = 1.90 × 10(-18) and PConditional = 7.06 × 10(-16)). Between three and five cancers mapped to each independent locus with both risk-enhancing and protective effects. Allele-specific effects on DNA methylation were seen for a subset of risk loci, indicating that methylation and subsequent effects on gene expression may contribute to the biology of risk variants on 5p15.33. Our results provide strong support for extensive pleiotropy across this region of 5p15.33, to an extent not previously observed in other cancer susceptibility loci.
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5.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Amplitude analysis of D0 -> K -π+π+π-
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D : covering particles, fields, gravitation, and cosmology. - 2470-0010 .- 2470-0029. ; 95:7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present an amplitude analysis of the decay D-0 -> K- pi(+)pi(+)pi(-) based on a data sample of 2.93 fb(-1) acquired by the BESIII detector at the psi(3770) resonance. With a nearly background free sample of about 16000 events, we investigate the substructure of the decay and determine the relative fractions and the phases among the different intermediate processes. Our amplitude model includes the two-body decays D-0 -> (K) over bar*(0)rho(0), D-0 -> K- a(1)(+) (1260) and D-0 -> K-1(-)(1270)pi(+), the three-body decays D-0 -> K-1(-)*(0)pi(+)pi(-) and D-0 -> K- pi(+)rho(0), as well as the four-body nonresonant decay D-0 -> K- pi(+)pi(+)pi(-). The dominant intermediate process is D-0 -> K(-)a(1)(+)(1260)accounting for a fit fraction of 54.6%.
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6.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Amplitude Analysis of the Decays eta ' -> pi(+)pi(-)pi(0) and eta' -> pi(0)pi(0)pi(0)
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - 0031-9007 .- 1079-7114. ; 118:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Based on a sample of 1.31 x 10(9) J/Psi events collected with the BESIII detector, an amplitude analysis of the isospin-violating decays eta' -> pi(+)pi(-)pi(0) and eta' -> pi(0)pi(0)pi(0) is performed. A significant P-wave contribution from eta' -> rho(+/-)eta(-/+) is observed for the first time in eta' -> pi(+)pi(-)pi(0). The branching fraction is determined to be B(eta' -> rho(+/-)pi(-/+)) = (7.44 +/- 0.60 +/- 1.26 +/- 1.84) x 10(-4), where the first uncertainty is statistical, the second systematic, and the third model dependent. In addition to the nonresonant S-wave component, there is a significant sigma meson component. The branching fractions of the combined S-wave components are determined to be B(eta' -> pi(+)pi(-)pi(0))(S) = (37.63 +/- 0.77 +/- 2.22 +/- 4.48) x 10(-4) and B(eta' -> pi(0)pi(0)pi(0)) = (35.22 +/- 0.82 +/- 2.54) x 10(-4), respectively. The latter one is consistent with previous BESIII measurements.
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7.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Determination of the Spin and Parity of the Z(c)(3900)
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - AMER PHYSICAL SOC. - 0031-9007 .- 1079-7114. ; 119:7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The spin and parity of the Z(c)(3900)(+/-) state are determined to be J(P) = 1(+) with a statistical significance larger than 7 sigma over other quantum numbers in a partial wave analysis of the process e(+)e(-) -> pi(+)pi(-) J/psi We use a data sample of 1.92 fb(-1) accumulated at root s = 4.23 and 4.26 GeV with the BESIII experiment. When parametrizing the Z(c)(3900)(+/-) with a Flatte-like formula, we determine its pole mass M-pole = (3881.2 +/- 4.2(stat) +/- 52.7(syst)) MeV/c(2) and pole width Gamma(pole) = (51.8 +/- 4.6(stat) +/- 36.0(syst)) MeV. We also measure cross sections for the process e(+)e(-) -> Z(c)(3900)(+)pi(-) + c.c. -> J/psi pi(+)pi(-) and determine an upper limit at the 90% confidence level for the process e(+)e(-) -> Z(c)(4020)(+)pi(-) + c.c. -> J/psi pi(+)pi(-).
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8.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Improved measurement of the absolute branching fraction of D+ -> (K)over-bar(0)mu(+)nu(mu)
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal C. - SPRINGER. - 1434-6044 .- 1434-6052. ; 76:7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • By analyzing 2.93 fb(-1) of data collected at root s = 3.773 GeV with the BESIII detector, we measure the absolute branching fraction B(D+ -> (K) over bar (0) (+)(mu)nu(mu)) = (8.72 +/- 0.07(stat). +/- 0.18(sys).) %, which is consistent with previous measurements within uncertainties but with significantly improved precision. Combining the Particle Data Group values of B(D-0 -> K- mu(+)nu(mu)), B(D+-> (K) over bar (0)e(+)nu(e)), and the lifetimes of the D-0 and D+ mesons with the value of B(D+ -> (K) over bar (0)mu(+)nu(mu)) measured in this work, we determine the following ratios of partial widths: Gamma (D-0 -> (K) over bar (-)mu(+)nu(mu))/Gamma (D+ -> (K) over bar (0)mu+nu(mu)) = 0.963 +/- 0.044 and Gamma (D+ -> (K) over bar (0) mu+nu(mu))/Gamma(D+ -> (K) over bar (0)e+nu(e)) = 0.988 +/- 0.033.
9.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Improved measurements of branching fractions for eta(c) -> phi phi and omega phi
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D : covering particles, fields, gravitation, and cosmology. - AMER PHYSICAL SOC. - 2470-0010 .- 2470-0029. ; 95:9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Using (223.7 +/- 1.4) x 10(6) J / Psi events accumulated with the BESIII detector, we study eta(c) decays to phi phi and omega phi final states. The branching fraction of n(c) -> phi phi is measured to be Br(eta(c) -> phi phi) = (2.5 +/- 0(-0.7)(+0.3) +/- 0.6) X 10(-3,) where the first uncertainty is statistical, the second is systematic, and the third is from the uncertainty of Br(J / Psi -> gamma eta(C)). No significant signal for the double Okubo-Zweig-Iizuka suppressed decay of eta(c) -> omega phi is observed, and the upper limit on the branching fraction is determined to be Br(eta(c) -> omega phi) < 2.5 x 10(-4) at the 90% confidence level.
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10.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Measurement of higher-order multipole amplitudes in psi(3686) -> gamma chi(c1,2) with chi(c1,2) -> gamma J/psi and search for the transition eta(c)(2S) -> gamma J/psi
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D : covering particles, fields, gravitation, and cosmology. - AMER PHYSICAL SOC. - 2470-0010 .- 2470-0029. ; 95:7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Using 106 x 10(6) psi(3686) events collected with the BESIII detector, we measure multipole amplitudes for the decay psi(3686) ->; gamma chi(c1,2) -> gamma gamma J/psi beyond the dominant electric-dipole amplitudes. The normalized magnetic-quadrupole (M2) amplitude for psi(3686) -> gamma chi(c1,2) -> gamma gamma J/psi and the normalized electric-dipole amplitudes for psi(3686) -> gamma chi(c2) -> gamma J/psi and determined. The M2 amplitudes for psi(3686) -> gamma chi(c1) and ; chi(c1,2) -> gamma J/psi are found to differ significantly from zero and are consistent with theoretical predictions. We also obtain the ratios of M2 contributions of psi(3686) and J/psi decays to;2,chi(c1,2,) b(2)(1/)b(2)(2) = 1.35 +/- 0.72 and a(2)(1/)a(2)(2) = 0.617 +/- 0.083,,which agree well with theoretical expectations. By considering the multipole contributions of chi(c1,2), we measure the product branching fractions for the cascade decays psi(3686) -> gamma chi(c 0,1,2) -> gamma gamma J/psi and search for the process eta(c)(2s) -> gamma J/psi through psi(3686) -> gamma eta(c)(2s).The product branching fraction for psi(3686) -> gamma chi(c0) -> gamma gamma J/psi is 3 sigma larger than published measurements, while those of psi(3686) -> gamma chi(c1,2) -> gamma gamma J/psi are consistent. No significant signal for the decay psi(3686) -> gamma eta(c) (2s) -> gamma gamma J/psi is observed, and the upper limit of the product branching fraction at the 90% confidence level is determined.
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