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Sökning: WFRF:(Xin Jin)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 65
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  • Kristan, Matej, et al. (författare)
  • The Visual Object Tracking VOT2016 Challenge Results
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: COMPUTER VISION - ECCV 2016 WORKSHOPS, PT II. - SPRINGER INT PUBLISHING AG. - 978-3-319-48881-3 - 978-3-319-48880-6 ; s. 777-823
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The Visual Object Tracking challenge VOT2016 aims at comparing short-term single-object visual trackers that do not apply pre-learned models of object appearance. Results of 70 trackers are presented, with a large number of trackers being published at major computer vision conferences and journals in the recent years. The number of tested state-of-the-art trackers makes the VOT 2016 the largest and most challenging benchmark on short-term tracking to date. For each participating tracker, a short description is provided in the Appendix. The VOT2016 goes beyond its predecessors by (i) introducing a new semi-automatic ground truth bounding box annotation methodology and (ii) extending the evaluation system with the no-reset experiment.</p>
  • An, Junghwa, et al. (författare)
  • Permanent Genetic Resources added to Molecular Ecology Resources Database 1 October 2009-30 November 2009
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Molecular Ecology Resources. - 1755-098X. ; 10:2, s. 404-408
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>This article documents the addition of 411 microsatellite marker loci and 15 pairs of Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) sequencing primers to the Molecular Ecology Resources Database. Loci were developed for the following species: Acanthopagrus schlegeli, Anopheles lesteri, Aspergillus clavatus, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus oryzae, Aspergillus terreus, Branchiostoma japonicum, Branchiostoma belcheri, Colias behrii, Coryphopterus personatus, Cynogolssus semilaevis, Cynoglossus semilaevis, Dendrobium officinale, Dendrobium officinale, Dysoxylum malabaricum, Metrioptera roeselii, Myrmeciza exsul, Ochotona thibetana, Neosartorya fischeri, Nothofagus pumilio, Onychodactylus fischeri, Phoenicopterus roseus, Salvia officinalis L., Scylla paramamosain, Silene latifo, Sula sula, and Vulpes vulpes. These loci were cross-tested on the following species: Aspergillus giganteus, Colias pelidne, Colias interior, Colias meadii, Colias eurytheme, Coryphopterus lipernes, Coryphopterus glaucofrenum, Coryphopterus eidolon, Gnatholepis thompsoni, Elacatinus evelynae, Dendrobium loddigesii Dendrobium devonianum, Dysoxylum binectariferum, Nothofagus antarctica, Nothofagus dombeyii, Nothofagus nervosa, Nothofagus obliqua, Sula nebouxii, and Sula variegata. This article also documents the addition of 39 sequencing primer pairs and 15 allele specific primers or probes for Paralithodes camtschaticus.</p>
  • Gao, Zhi xin, et al. (författare)
  • Progress of passive enhanced heat transfer tubes
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Xiandai Huagong/Modern Chemical Industry. - China National Chemical Information Center. - 0253-4320. ; 37:3, s. 24-30
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A review of several typical enhanced heat transfer tubes such as corrugated tube, transversally corrugated tube, twisted tube and spiral fluted tube, is carried out. Compared with smooth wall tube, these enhanced tubes have higher heat exchange capacity and better anti - fouling ability. Besides, the heat transfer efficiency can be promoted to a higher level if the objects that can disturb flow are put in the tubes. However, higher heat transfer efficiency of such enhanced heat transfer tubes can only be achieved under certain conditions. Therefore, new heat transfer tubes that could avoid the formation of mobile dead-zone should be designed to meet the broad applications or facilitate better heat transfer effect.
  • Han, Hedong, et al. (författare)
  • Dose-response relationship between dietary magnesium intake, serum magnesium concentration and risk of hypertension : a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Nutrition Journal. - BioMed Central. - 1475-2891 .- 1475-2891. ; 16
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p><strong>Background</strong>: The findings of prospective cohort studies are inconsistent regarding the association between dietary magnesium intake and serum magnesium concentration and the risk of hypertension. We aimed to review the evidence from prospective cohort studies and perform a dose-response meta-analysis to investigate the relationship between dietary magnesium intake and serum magnesium concentrations and the risk of hypertension.</p><p><strong>Methods</strong>: We searched systematically PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library databases from October 1951 through June 2016. Prospective cohort studies reporting effect estimates with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for hypertension in more than two categories of dietary magnesium intake and/or serum magnesium concentrations were included. Random-effects models were used to combine the estimated effects.</p><p><strong>Results</strong>: Nine articles (six on dietary magnesium intake, two on serum magnesium concentration and one on both) of ten cohort studies, including 20,119 cases of hypertension and 180,566 participates, were eligible for inclusion in the meta-analysis. We found an inverse association between dietary magnesium intake and the risk of hypertension [relative risk (RR) = 0.92; 95% CI: 0.86, 0.98] comparing the highest intake group with the lowest. A 100 mg/day increment in magnesium intake was associated with a 5% reduction in the risk of hypertension (RR = 0.95; 95% CI: 0.90, 1.00). The association of serum magnesium concentration with the risk of hypertension was marginally significant (RR = 0.91; 95% CI: 0.80, 1.02).</p><p><strong>Conclusions</strong>: Current evidence supports the inverse dose-response relationship between dietary magnesium intake and the risk of hypertension. However, the evidence about the relationship between serum magnesium concentration and hypertension is limited.</p>
  • Haycock, Philip C., et al. (författare)
  • Association Between Telomere Length and Risk of Cancer and Non-Neoplastic Diseases A Mendelian Randomization Study
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: JAMA Oncology. - American Medical Association. - 2374-2437 .- 2374-2445. ; 3:5, s. 636-651
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>IMPORTANCE: The causal direction and magnitude of the association between telomere length and incidence of cancer and non-neoplastic diseases is uncertain owing to the susceptibility of observational studies to confounding and reverse causation. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a Mendelian randomization study, using germline genetic variants as instrumental variables, to appraise the causal relevance of telomere length for risk of cancer and non-neoplastic diseases. DATA SOURCES: Genomewide association studies (GWAS) published up to January 15, 2015. STUDY SELECTION: GWAS of noncommunicable diseases that assayed germline genetic variation and did not select cohort or control participants on the basis of preexisting diseases. Of 163 GWAS of noncommunicable diseases identified, summary data from 103 were available. DATA EXTRACTION AND SYNTHESIS: Summary association statistics for single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that are strongly associated with telomere length in the general population. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for disease per standard deviation (SD) higher telomere length due to germline genetic variation. RESULTS: Summary data were available for 35 cancers and 48 non-neoplastic diseases, corresponding to 420 081 cases (median cases, 2526 per disease) and 1 093 105 controls (median, 6789 per disease). Increased telomere length due to germline genetic variation was generally associated with increased risk for site-specific cancers. The strongest associations (ORs [ 95% CIs] per 1-SD change in genetically increased telomere length) were observed for glioma, 5.27 (3.15-8.81); serous low-malignant-potential ovarian cancer, 4.35 (2.39-7.94); lung adenocarcinoma, 3.19 (2.40-4.22); neuroblastoma, 2.98 (1.92-4.62); bladder cancer, 2.19 (1.32-3.66); melanoma, 1.87 (1.55-2.26); testicular cancer, 1.76 (1.02-3.04); kidney cancer, 1.55 (1.08-2.23); and endometrial cancer, 1.31 (1.07-1.61). Associations were stronger for rarer cancers and at tissue sites with lower rates of stem cell division. There was generally little evidence of association between genetically increased telomere length and risk of psychiatric, autoimmune, inflammatory, diabetic, and other non-neoplastic diseases, except for coronary heart disease (OR, 0.78 [ 95% CI, 0.67-0.90]), abdominal aortic aneurysm (OR, 0.63 [ 95% CI, 0.49-0.81]), celiac disease (OR, 0.42 [ 95% CI, 0.28-0.61]) and interstitial lung disease (OR, 0.09 [ 95% CI, 0.05-0.15]). CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: It is likely that longer telomeres increase risk for several cancers but reduce risk for some non-neoplastic diseases, including cardiovascular diseases.</p>
  • Jin, Pengkang, et al. (författare)
  • A study on the reactivity characteristics of dissolved effluent organic matter (EfOM) from municipal wastewater treatment plant during ozonation
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Water Research. - 0043-1354 .- 1879-2448. ; 88, s. 643-652
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The reactivity of dissolved effluent organic matter (EfOM) in the process of ozonation was examined. Under different ozone dosages (0.42 +/- 0.09, 0.98 +/- 0.11 and 2.24 +/- 0.17 mgO(3)/mg DOC), the EfOM before and after ozonation could be classified into four fractions according to their hydrophobicities. By ozonation, the hydrophobic fractions, especially hydrophobic acid (HOA) and hydrophobic neutral (HON), were found to undergo a process of transformation into hydrophilic fractions (HI), of which the HOA were first transformed into HON, and then the majority of the HON fraction was later converted to HI by further ozonation. It was noticeable that after ozonation, the fluorescence intensity in the humic-like and protein-like regions decreased as indicated by the excitation and emission matrix (EEM) spectra for the hydrophobic fractions. By coupling the EEM spectra with the molecular size analysis using high performance size exclusion chromatography (HPSEC), the difference between the characteristic distributions of the humic-like and protein-like fluorophores were further revealed. It could thus be extrapolated that ozone might have preferentially reacted with the protein-like hydrophobic fraction with molecular weight (MW) less than 100 kDa. Moreover, by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis, it was identified that with increasing ozone dosage (from 0 to 2.24 +/- 0.17 mgO(3)/mg DOC), the aromaticity of HON decreased dramatically, while aliphatics and ketones increased especially at the low ozone dose (0.42 +/- 0.09 mgO(3)/mg DOC). Of the EfOM fractions, the HON fraction would have a higher content of electron enriched aromatics which could preferentially react with ozone rather than the HOA fraction.</p>
  • Jin, Zhi-jiang, et al. (författare)
  • A parametric study of hydrodynamic cavitation inside globe valves
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Journal of Fluids Engineering, Transactions of the ASME. - American Society Of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). - 0098-2202. ; 140:3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Hydrodynamic cavitation that occurs inside valves not only increases the energy consumption burden of the whole piping system but also leads to severe damages to the valve body and the piping system with a large economic loss. In this paper, in order to reduce the hydrodynamic cavitation inside globe valves, effects of valve body geometrical parameters including bending radius, deviation distance, and arc curvature linked to in/ export parts on hydrodynamic cavitation are investigated by using a cavitation model. To begin with, the numerical model is compared with similar works to check its accuracy. Then, the cavitation index and the total vapor volume are predicted. The results show that vapor primarily appears around the valve seat and connecting downstream pipes. The hydrodynamic cavitation does not occur under a small inlet velocity, a large bending radius, and a large deviation distance. Cavitation intensity decreases with the increase of the bending radius, the deviation distance, and the arc curvature linked to in/export parts. This indicates that valve geometrical parameters should be chosen as large as possible, while the maximal fluid velocity should be limited. This work is of significance for hydrodynamic cavitation or globe valve design.
  • Jin, Zhi Jiang, et al. (författare)
  • Cavitating flow through a micro-orifice
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Micromachines. - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI). - 2072-666X. ; 10:3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Microfluidic systems have witnessed rapid development in recent years. As one of the most common structures, the micro-orifice is always included inside microfluidic systems. Hydrodynamic cavitation in the micro-orifice has been experimentally discovered and is harmful to microfluidic systems. This paper investigates cavitating flow through a micro-orifice. A rectangular micro-orifice with a l/d ratio varying from 0.25 to 4 was selected and the pressure difference between the inlet and outlet varied from 50 to 300 kPa. Results show that cavitation intensity increased with an increase in pressure difference. Decreasing exit pressure led to a decrease in cavitation number and cavitation could be prevented by increasing the exit pressure. In addition, the vapor cavity also increased with an increase in pressure difference and l/d ratio. Results also show the pressure ratio at cavitation inception was 1.8 when l/d was above 0.5 and the cavitation number almost remained constant when l/d was larger than 2. Moreover, there was an apparent difference in cavitation number depending on whether l/d was larger than 1.
  • Jin, Zhi jiang, et al. (författare)
  • CFD analysis on flow resistance characteristics of six-start spirally corrugated tube
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer. - Pergamon. - 0017-9310. ; 103, s. 1198-1207
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Heat transfer enhancement technology has been widely used in heat exchangers. The six-start spirally corrugated tube is a novel heat transfer tube, and its flow resistance characteristics have not been studied. In this paper, the flow resistance characteristics of the six-start spirally corrugated tube are studied. Specifically, the effect of influencing factors such as geometric parameters (pitch and corrugation depth), fluid properties and Reynolds number on flow resistance of the six-start spirally corrugated tube are studied. The results show that, firstly, the six-start spirally corrugated tube has a better heat transfer performance than both the circular tube and four-start spirally corrugated tube, and its flow resistance is situated between circular tube and four-start spirally corrugated tube. Secondly, with the increasing of the pitch p of the six-start spirally corrugated tube, both the pressure drop ΔP and resistance coefficient f are decreasing gradually. Thirdly, the increase of corrugation depth e can lead to a large flow resistance, so it is not recommended to adopt an excessive increase in the corrugation depth e. The effect of fluid properties on flow resistance in tube is not obvious, and the changing rate of ratio fe/fs of all working media are almost the same. Moreover, with the increasing of Reynolds number Re, resistance coefficient f both in the six-start spirally corrugated tube and circular tube are decreasing gradually. Finally, based on the above research data, the criterion correlation for flow resistance calculation in the six-start spirally corrugated tube is obtained. It can be concluded that the six-start spirally corrugated tube studied in this paper has a smaller flow resistance than the commonly used four-start spirally corrugated tube. This work can provide some advices for the future research of reducing flow resistance in spirally corrugated tube or other related devices.
  • Jin, Zhi Jiang, et al. (författare)
  • Computational fluid dynamics analysis on orifice structure inside valve core of pilot-control angle globe valve
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science. - Professional Engineering Publishing. - 0954-4062. ; 232:13, s. 2419-2429
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A novel pilot-control angle globe valve is proposed, and it has an obvious advantage of energy conservation during its opening and closing process. In pilot-control angle globe valve, the opening and closing forces are related to the orifice located inside the valve core. In this paper, the effects of orifice diameter are thoroughly studied under different working conditions such as valve core displacements and inlet velocities. To begin with, the numerical model is validated by comparing similar angle valves, and then the flow and loss coefficients under different orifice diameters are discussed. It is found that the effects of orifice diameter on force acting on valve core depend on valve core displacement and inlet velocity. Thus different valve core displacements and inlet velocities combined with different orifice diameters are further studied. It is also found that when the orifice diameter is larger than 12 mm, pilot-control angle globe valve cannot be used under small inlet velocity or large valve core displacement. In addition, formulas to calculate forces on valve core are proposed for further orifice design. This work can be referred in process industries especially in a piping system with orifice plates or globe valves.
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