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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Ygland E.) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Ygland E.)

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1.
  • Ran, C., et al. (författare)
  • Strong association between glucocerebrosidase mutations and Parkinson's disease in Sweden
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Neurobiology of Aging. - : Elsevier. - 0197-4580 .- 1558-1497. ; 45
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Several genetic studies have demonstrated an association between mutations in glucocerebrosidase (GBA), originally implicated in Gaucher's disease, and an increased risk of Parkinson's disease (PD). We have investigated the possible involvement of genetic GBA variations in PD in the Swedish population. Three GBA variants, E326K, N370S, and L444P were screened in the largest Swedish Parkinson cohort reported to date; 1625 cases and 2025 control individuals. We found a significant association with high effect size of the rare variant L444P with PD (odds ratio 8.17; 95% confidence interval: 2.51-26.23; p-value = 0.0020) and a significant association of the common variant E326K (odds ratio 1.60; 95% confidence interval: 1.16-2.22; p-value = 0.026). The rare variant N370S showed a trend for association. Most L444P carriers (68%) were found to reside in northern Sweden, which is consistent with a higher prevalence of Gaucher's disease in this part of the country. Our findings support the role of GBA mutations as risk factors for PD and point to lysosomal dysfunction as a mechanism contributing to PD etiology. (C) 2016 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc.
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2.
  • Puschmann, Andreas, et al. (författare)
  • Low prevalence of known pathogenic mutations in dominant PD genes: A Swedish multicenter study
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Parkinsonism and Related Disorders. - : Elsevier. - 1353-8020 .- 1873-5126. ; 66, s. 158-165
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • © 2019 The Authors Objective: To determine the frequency of mutations known to cause autosomal dominant Parkinson disease (PD) in a series with more than 10% of Sweden's estimated number of PD patients. Methods: The Swedish Parkinson Disease Genetics Network was formed as a national multicenter consortium of clinical researchers who together have access to DNA from a total of 2,206 PD patients; 85.4% were from population-based studies. Samples were analyzed centrally for known pathogenic mutations in SNCA (duplications/triplications, p.Ala30Pro, p.Ala53Thr) and LRRK2 (p.Asn1437His, p.Arg1441His, p.Tyr1699Cys, p.Gly2019Ser, p.Ile2020Thr). We compared the frequency of these mutations in Swedish patients with published PD series and the gnomAD database. Results: A family history of PD in first- and/or second-degree relatives was reported by 21.6% of participants. Twelve patients (0.54%) carried LRRK2 p.(Gly2019Ser) mutations, one patient (0.045%) an SNCA duplication. The frequency of LRRK2 p.(Gly2019Ser) carriers was 0.11% in a matched Swedish control cohort and a similar 0.098% in total gnomAD, but there was a marked difference between ethnicities in gnomAD, with 42-fold higher frequency among Ashkenazi Jews than all others combined. Conclusions: In relative terms, the LRRK2 p.(Gly2019Ser) variant is the most frequent mutation among Swedish or international PD patients, and in gnomAD. SNCA duplications were the second most common of the mutations examined. In absolute terms, however, these known pathogenic variants in dominant PD genes are generally very rare and can only explain a minute fraction of familial aggregation of PD. Additional genetic and environmental mechanisms may explain the frequent co-occurrence of PD in close relatives.
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3.
  • Ygland, E., et al. (författare)
  • Friedreich's ataxia in patients with FXN p.R165P point mutation
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Neurology. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 1351-5101. ; 19:Suppl 1, s. 727-727
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction: Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA) is a hereditary disorder with progressive postural ataxia, dysarthria, neuropathy, muscle weakness and cardiomyopathy. Lack or malfunction of the protein frataxin due to mutations in the frataxin gene (FXN) is the cause of the disease. Most patients are homozygous for GAA trinucleotide expansions in FXN but disease can also be caused by heterozygosity for the expansion and a point mutation. Milder disease has been reported for some FRDA patients with missense mutations. Methods: We describe 3 FRDA patients, not previously reported, with the FXN p.R165P missense mutation and compared clinical features with 6 homozygous GAA expansion carriers. Patients were interviewed, examined clinically and assessed with FRDA rating scale (FARS). Blood was collected for reanalysis of GAA expansion length and for frataxin measurements. Results: Compared to patients homozygous for FXN GAA expansion, p.R165P mutation carriers had more wellpreserved upper limb function and deep tendon reflexes, considerably milder dysarthria, but possibly an increased occurrence of psychosis. p.R165P patients were more independent in activities of daily living, especially when correlated to disease duration. We found no difference in other clinical aspects or in GAA expansion length. One patient had severe FRDA symptoms and comorbid hemochromatosis, whereas his sibling without hemochromatosis had much milder disease. Refined analysis of GAA expansion length and frataxin levels are in progress. Conclusion: p.R165P FRDA patients appear to progress to a less disabling disease state than typical FRDA. We suggest additive effects of comorbid FRDA and hemochromatosis, due to synergistic abnormalities in iron metabolism.
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