- Helsmoortel, Celine, et al.
A SWI/SNF-related autism syndrome caused by de novo mutations in ADNP
Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - 1061-4036 .- 1546-1718. ; 46:4, s. 380-
- Despite the high heritability of autism spectrum disorders (ASD), characterized by persistent deficits in social communication and interaction and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests or activities(1), a genetic diagnosis can be established in only a minority of patients. Known genetic causes include chromosomal aberrations, such as the duplication of the 15q11-13 region, and monogenic causes, as in Rett and fragile- X syndromes. The genetic heterogeneity within ASD is striking, with even the most frequent causes responsible for only 1% of cases at the most. Even with the recent developments in nextgeneration sequencing, for the large majority of cases no molecular diagnosis can be established(2-7). Here, we report ten patients with ASD and other shared clinical characteristics, including intellectual disability and facial dysmorphisms caused by a mutation in ADNP, a transcription factor involved in the SWI/ SNF remodeling complex. We estimate this gene to be mutated in at least 0.17% of ASD cases, making it one of the most frequent ASD- associated genes known to date.