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Sökning: WFRF:(Zerr I)

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1.
  • Lewczuk, Piotr, et al. (författare)
  • Cerebrospinal fluid and blood biomarkers for neurodegenerative dementias: An update of the Consensus of the Task Force on Biological Markers in Psychiatry of the World Federation of Societies of Biological Psychiatry.
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: The world journal of biological psychiatry : the official journal of the World Federation of Societies of Biological Psychiatry. - 1814-1412. ; 19:4, s. 244-328
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In the 12 years since the publication of the first Consensus Paper of the WFSBP on biomarkers of neurodegenerative dementias, enormous advancement has taken place in the field, and the Task Force takes now the opportunity to extend and update the original paper. New concepts of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and the conceptual interactions between AD and dementia due to AD were developed, resulting in two sets for diagnostic/research criteria. Procedures for pre-analytical sample handling, biobanking, analyses and post-analytical interpretation of the results were intensively studied and optimised. A global quality control project was introduced to evaluate and monitor the inter-centre variability in measurements with the goal of harmonisation of results. Contexts of use and how to approach candidate biomarkers in biological specimens other than cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), e.g. blood, were precisely defined. Important development was achieved in neuroimaging techniques, including studies comparing amyloid-β positron emission tomography results to fluid-based modalities. Similarly, development in research laboratory technologies, such as ultra-sensitive methods, raises our hopes to further improve analytical and diagnostic accuracy of classic and novel candidate biomarkers. Synergistically, advancement in clinical trials of anti-dementia therapies energises and motivates the efforts to find and optimise the most reliable early diagnostic modalities. Finally, the first studies were published addressing the potential of cost-effectiveness of the biomarkers-based diagnosis of neurodegenerative disorders.
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2.
  • Blennow, Kaj, 1958, et al. (författare)
  • - CSF neurogranin as a neuronal damage marker in CJD: A comparative study with AD
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry. - 0022-3050. ; 90:8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • - Objective: To investigate whether cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) neurogranin concentrations are altered in sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), comparatively with Alzheimer's disease (AD), and associated with neuronal degeneration in brain tissue. Methods: CSF neurogranin, total tau, neurofilament light (NFL) and 14-3-3 protein were measured in neurological controls (NCs, n=64), AD (n=46) and CJD (n=81). The accuracy of neurogranin discriminating the three diagnostic groups was evaluated. Correlations between neurogranin and neurodegeneration biomarkers, demographic, genetic and clinical data were assessed. Additionally, neurogranin expression in postmortem brain tissue was studied. Results: Compared with NC, CSF neurogranin concentrations were increased in CJD (4.75 times of NC; p<0.001, area under curve (AUC), 0.96 (95% CI 0.93 to 0.99) and AD (1.94 times of NC; p<0.01, AUC 0.73, 95% CI 0.62 to 0.82), and were able to differentiate CJD from AD (p<0.001, AUC 0.85, 95% CI 0.78 to 0.92). CSF tau was increased in CJD (41 times of NC) and in AD (3.1 times of NC), both at p<0.001. In CJD, neurogranin positively correlated with tau (r=0.55, p<0.001) and was higher in 14-3-3-positivity (p<0.05), but showed no association with NFL (r=0.08, p=0.46). CJD-MM1/MV1 cases displayed higher neurogranin levels than VV2 cases. Neurogranin was increased at early CJD disease stages and was a good prognostic marker of survival time in CJD. In brain tissue, neurogranin was detected in the cytoplasm, membrane and postsynaptic density fractions of neurons, with reduced levels in AD, and more significantly in CJD, where they correlated with synaptic and axonal markers. Conclusions: Neurogranin is a new biomarker of prion pathogenesis with diagnostic and prognostic abilities, which reflects the degree of neuronal damage in brain tissue in a CJD subtype manner. © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.
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3.
  • Diaz-Lucena, D., et al. (författare)
  • TREM2 expression in the brain and biological fluids in prion diseases
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Acta Neuropathologica. - 0001-6322. ; 141, s. 841-859
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 (TREM2) is an innate immune cell surface receptor that regulates microglial function and is involved in the pathophysiology of several neurodegenerative diseases. Its soluble form (sTREM2) results from shedding of the TREM2 ectodomain. The role of TREM2 in prion diseases, a group of rapidly progressive dementias remains to be elucidated. In the present study, we analysed the expression of TREM2 and its main sheddase ADAM10 in the brain of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) patients and evaluated the role of CSF and plasma sTREM2 as a potential diagnostic marker of prion disease. Our data indicate that, compared to controls, TREM2 is increased in sCJD patient brains at the mRNA and protein levels in a regional and subtype dependent fashion, and expressed in a subpopulation of microglia. In contrast, ADAM10 is increased at the protein, but not the mRNA level, with a restricted neuronal expression. Elevated CSF sTREM2 is found in sCJD, genetic CJD with mutations E200K and V210I in the prion protein gene (PRNP), and iatrogenic CJD, as compared to healthy controls (HC) (AUC = 0.78-0.90) and neurological controls (AUC = 0.73-0.85), while CSF sTREM2 is unchanged in fatal familial insomnia. sTREM2 in the CSF of cases with Alzheimer's disease, and multiple sclerosis was not significantly altered in our series. CSF sTREM2 concentrations in sCJD are PRNP codon 129 and subtype-related, correlate with CSF 14-3-3 positivity, total-tau and YKL-40, and increase with disease progression. In plasma, sTREM2 is increased in sCJD compared with HC (AUC = 0.80), displaying positive correlations with plasma total-tau, neurofilament light, and YKL-40. We conclude that comparative study of TREM2 in brain and biological fluids of prion diseases reveals TREM2 to be altered in human prion diseases with a potential value in target engagement, patient stratification, and disease monitoring.
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  • Saddiki, H., et al. (författare)
  • Age and the association between apolipoprotein E genotype and Alzheimer disease: A cerebrospinal fluid biomarker-based case-control study
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Plos Medicine. - 1549-1277. ; 17:8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background The epsilon 4 allele of apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene and increasing age are two of the most important known risk factors for developing Alzheimer disease (AD). The diagnosis of AD based on clinical symptoms alone is known to have poor specificity; recently developed diagnostic criteria based on biomarkers that reflect underlying AD neuropathology allow better assessment of the strength of the associations of risk factors with AD. Accordingly, we examined the global and age-specific association betweenAPOEgenotype and AD by using the A/T/N classification, relying on the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of beta-amyloid peptide (A, beta-amyloid deposition), phosphorylated tau (T, pathologic tau), and total tau (N, neurodegeneration) to identify patients with AD. Methods and findings This case-control study included 1,593 white AD cases (55.4% women; mean age 72.8 [range = 44-96] years) with abnormal values of CSF biomarkers from nine European memory clinics and the American Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) study. A total of 11,723 dementia-free controls (47.1% women; mean age 65.6 [range = 44-94] years) were drawn from two longitudinal cohort studies (Whitehall II and Three-City), in which incident cases of dementia over the follow-up were excluded from the control population. Odds ratio (OR) and population attributable fraction (PAF) for AD associated withAPOEgenotypes were determined, overall and by 5-year age categories. In total, 63.4% of patients with AD and 22.6% of population controls carried at least oneAPOE epsilon 4 allele. Compared with non-epsilon 4 carriers, heterozygous epsilon 4 carriers had a 4.6 (95% confidence interval 4.1-5.2;p< 0.001) and epsilon 4/epsilon 4 homozygotes a 25.4 (20.4-31.2;p< 0.001) higher OR of AD in unadjusted analysis. This association was modified by age (pfor interaction < 0.001). The PAF associated with carrying at least one epsilon 4 allele was greatest in the 65-70 age group (69.7%) and weaker before 55 years (14.2%) and after 85 years (22.6%). The protective effect ofAPOE epsilon 2 allele for AD was unaffected by age. Main study limitations are that analyses were based on white individuals and AD cases were drawn from memory centers, which may not be representative of the general population of patients with AD. Conclusions In this study, we found that AD diagnosis based on biomarkers was associated with APOE epsilon 4 carrier status, with a higher OR than previously reported from studies based on only clinical AD criteria. This association differs according to age, with the strongest effect at 65-70 years. These findings highlight the need for early interventions for dementia prevention to mitigate the effect ofAPOE epsilon 4 at the population level. Author summaryWhy was this study done? The epsilon 4 allele of apolipoprotein E () gene () and increasing age are two of the most important known risk factors for developing Alzheimer disease (AD). The recent development of diagnostic criteria based on biomarkers that reflect brain beta-amyloid and tau lesions (beta-amyloid deposition, pathologic tau, neurodegeneration [A/T/N] classification]) increases homogeneity in diagnosed cases. The strength of association of AD with risk factors can be better determined using biomarker-based AD compared with AD diagnosis based only on clinical criteria because the latter are known to lack specificity as a result of difficulties in ruling out other causes of dementia. What did the researchers do and find? We compared the overall and age-specific association between and AD using a case-control study that included 1,593 AD cases from memory clinics with positive cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers and 11,723 dementia-free controls drawn from two longitudinal cohort studies. The use of a large number of cases and controls allows assessment of whether the association between and AD is dependent on age. Compared with controls, patients with AD were more likely to carry one (odds ratio [OR] = 4.6) or two (OR = 25.3). This association was significantly modified by age, with the strongest association seen between 65 and 70 years of age and weaker associations at the two tails of the age distribution. What do these findings mean? Incorporating biomarkers for diagnosis of AD identified an association with that is apparently greater than has been previously reported using clinical diagnosis of the disease. The impact of on the risk of AD was strongest between the 65 and 70 years of age, earlier than the mean age at diagnosis in this study, which was 72.8 years.
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6.
  • Zerr, I., et al. (författare)
  • Diagnostic and prognostic value of plasma neurofilament light and total-tau in sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy. - 1758-9193. ; 13
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Blood neurofilament light (Nfl) and total-tau (t-tau) have been described to be increased in several neurological conditions, including prion diseases and other neurodegenerative dementias. Here, we aim to determine the accuracy of plasma Nfl and t-tau in the differential diagnosis of neurodegenerative dementias and their potential value as prognostic markers of disease severity. Methods Plasma Nfl and t-tau were measured in healthy controls (HC, n = 70), non-neurodegenerative neurological disease with (NND-Dem, n = 17) and without dementia syndrome (NND, n = 26), Alzheimer's disease (AD, n = 44), Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD, n = 83), dementia with Lewy bodies/Parkinson's disease with dementia (DLB/PDD, n = 35), frontotemporal dementia (FTD, n = 12), and vascular dementia (VaD, n = 22). Biomarker diagnostic accuracies and cutoff points for the diagnosis of CJD were calculated, and associations between Nfl and t-tau concentrations with other fluid biomarkers, demographic, genetic, and clinical data in CJD cases were assessed. Additionally, the value of Nfl and t-tau predicting disease survival in CJD was evaluated. Results Among diagnostic groups, highest plasma Nfl and t-tau concentrations were detected in CJD (fold changes of 38 and 18, respectively, compared to HC). Elevated t-tau was able to differentiate CJD from all other groups, whereas elevated Nfl concentrations were also detected in NND-Dem, AD, DLB/PDD, FTD, and VaD compared to HC. Both biomarkers discriminated CJD from non-CJD dementias with an AUC of 0.93. In CJD, plasma t-tau, but not Nfl, was associated with PRNP codon 129 genotype and CJD subtype. Positive correlations were observed between plasma Nfl and t-tau concentrations, as well as between plasma and CSF concentrations of both biomarkers (p < 0.001). Nfl was increased in rapidly progressive AD (rpAD) compared to slow progressive AD (spAD) and associated to Mini-Mental State Examination results. However, Nfl displayed higher accuracy than t-tau discriminating CJD from rpAD and spAD. Finally, plasma t-tau, but not plasma Nfl, was significantly associated with disease duration, offering a moderate survival prediction capacity. Conclusions Plasma Nfl and t-tau are useful complementary biomarkers for the differential diagnosis of CJD. Additionally, plasma t-tau emerges as a potential prognostic marker of disease duration.
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7.
  • Kranaster, L., et al. (författare)
  • Biomarkers for Antidepressant Efficacy of Electroconvulsive Therapy: An Exploratory Cerebrospinal Fluid Study
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Neuropsychobiology. - 0302-282X. ; 77:1, s. 13-22
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: No candidate biomarkers based on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) have been identified as prognostic factors in patients with major depression treated with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), yet. Method: Following different underlying hypotheses, we analysed baseline CSF levels of markers of neurodegeneration (tau proteins, -amyloids and neurogranin), elements of the innate immune system (interleukin [IL]-6, neopterin, soluble CD14, soluble CD163, migration inhibitory factor and monocyte chemotactic protein 1), endocannabinoids, sphingolipids and Klotho before ECT inpatients with depression (n = 12) to identify possible correlations with the clinical antidepressant response to ECT. Results: Correlation with the reduction of the depressive symptoms could be observed especially for markers of neurodegeneration and elements of the innate immune system. Differences for CSF levels of several markers were found between the groups of responders and non-responders at the trend level. Limitations: The sample size is small and the distribution of responders and non-responders is uneven. Conclusions: It is this first study on CSF biomarkers for antidepressant efficacy of ECT warrants further research regarding the mechanism of ECT and personalized antidepressant therapy.
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8.
  • Kruse, N., et al. (författare)
  • Interlaboratory validation of cerebrospinal fluid α-synuclein quantification in the diagnosis of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Alzheimer's and Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment and Disease Monitoring. ; 10, s. 461-470
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction Cerebrospinal fluid α-synuclein level is increased in sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease cases. However, the clinical value of this biomarker remains to be established. In this study, we have addressed the clinical validation parameters and the interlaboratory reproducibility by using an electrochemiluminescent assay. Methods Cerebrospinal fluid α-synuclein was quantified in a total of 188 sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and non–Creutzfeldt-Jakob-disease cases to determine sensitivity and specificity values and lot-to-lot variability. Two round robin tests with 70 additional cases were performed in six independent laboratories. Results A sensitivity of 93% and a specificity of 96% were achieved in discriminating sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. No differences were detected between lots. The mean interlaboratory coefficient of variation was 23%, and the intralaboratory coefficient of variations ranged 2.70%–11.39%. Overall, 97% of samples were correctly diagnosed. Discussion The herein validated α-synuclein assay is robust, accurate, and reproducible in identifying Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease cases. Thus, it is ready for implementation in the clinical practice to support the diagnosis of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 13
  • [1]2Nästa

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