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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Zhang Liying) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Zhang Liying)

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1.
  • Bruinsma, Sophie M, et al. (författare)
  • The Movember Foundation's GAP3 cohort : a profile of the largest global prostate cancer active surveillance database to date
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: BJU International. - Blackwell Science Ltd. - 1464-4096. ; 121:5, s. 737-744
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES: The Movember Foundation launched the Global Action Plan Prostate Cancer Active Surveillance (GAP3) initiative to create a global consensus on the selection and monitoring of men with low-risk prostate cancer (PCa) on active surveillance (AS). The aim of this study is to present data on inclusion and follow-up for AS in this unique global AS database.PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2014 and 2016, the database was created by combining patient data from 25 established AS cohorts worldwide (USA, Canada, Australasia, UK and Europe). Data on a total of 15 101 patients were included. Descriptive statistics were used to report patients' clinical and demographic characteristics at the time of PCa diagnosis, clinical follow-up, discontinuation of AS and subsequent treatment. Cumulative incidence curves were used to report discontinuation rates over time.RESULTS: At diagnosis, the median (interquartile range [IQR]) patient age was 65 (60-70) years and the median prostate-specific antigen level was 5.4 (4.0-7.3) ng/mL. Most patients had clinical stage T1 disease (71.8%), a biopsy Gleason score of 6 (88.8%) and one tumour-positive biopsy core (60.3%). Patients on AS had a median follow-up time of 2.2 (1.0-5.0) years. After 5, 10 and 15 years of follow-up, respectively, 58%, 39% and 23% of patients were still on AS. The current version of GAP3 has limited data on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), quality of life and genomic testing.CONCLUSIONS: GAP3 is the largest worldwide collaboration integrating patient data from men with PCa on AS. The results will allow individual patients and clinicians to have greater confidence in the personalized decision to either delay or proceed with active treatment. Longer follow-up and the evaluation of MRI, new genomic markers and patient-related outcomes will result in even more valuable data and eventually in better patient outcomes.
2.
  • Jia, Yuehua, et al. (författare)
  • Efficient polymer bulk heterojunction solar cells with cesium acetate as the cathode interfacial layer
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Renewable energy. - Elsevier. - 0960-1481. ; 50, s. 565-569
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The enhanced performance of polymer solar cells based on regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and methanofullerene [6,6]-phenyl C-61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) blend was achieved by using cesium acetate (CH3COOCs) as cathode buffer layer. Under 100 mW/cm(2) white light illumination, the device with 0.8 nm thick CH3COOCs as cathode buffer layer exhibits power conversion efficiency (PCE) as high as (4.16 +/- 0.02) %. Compared to the control devices without cathode buffer layer and with LiF as cathode buffer layer, the PCE is enhanced similar to 100% and similar to 31%, respectively. The introduction of the CH3COOCs buffer layer effectively improves the photo-generated charge collection. The Kelvin Probe measurement shows that the work function of the CH3COOCs is estimated to be -4.0 eV, which has an ideal energy band match with PCBM and a good property for electron collection. The static contact angle results indicated that the CH3COOCs with the hydrophobic CH3COO- group has an improved wettability between the buffer layer and the hydrophobic organic active layer surface, resulting in better interfacial contact and reduced contact resistance. The improved performance may be attributed to the dissociation of semi-conducting CH3COOCs upon deposition to liberate Cs with a low work function, which reduces the interface resistance of the active layer and the cathode and enhances the interior electric field that may result in efficient charge transportation. Therefore, the CH3COOCs interlayer could be a promising alternative to LiF to improve the efficiency of the electron collection of polymer bulk heterojunction solar cells.
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3.
  • Ma, Chunyu, et al. (författare)
  • Plasmon-enhanced organic solar cells with solution-processed three-dimensional Ag nanosheets
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells. - ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, PO BOX 211, 1000 AE AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS. - 0927-0248. ; 109, s. 227-232
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The silver nanosheets (AgNSs) prepared via normal silver mirror reaction were used to improve the performance of organic solar cells. AgNSs with a size of about 100 nm in width and 10 nm in thickness formed a 3-D network on an indium tin oxide (ITO) surface. Organic solar cells with a structure of ITO/AgNSs/poly(3,4-ethylene dioxythiophene) poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS)/poly(3-hexylthiophene) and [6,6]-phenyl C-61 butyric acid methyl ester (P3HT:PC61BM)/LiF/Al exhibited an open circuit voltage (V-oc) of 0.60 +/- 0.01 V, short circuit current density (J(sc)) of 11.16 +/- 0.08 mA/cm(2), a fill factor (FF) of 53.69 +/- 0.92%, and power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 3.60 +/- 0.06%. The PCEs of organic solar cells with 3-D AgNSs layers were 1.29 times that of the control device without 3-D AgNSs layer. We attributed the improvement of the efficiency to localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) induced by the 3-D network of AgNSs, which enhanced the light harvest of active layers, increased the probability of exciton generation and dissociation.
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4.
  • Osorio, Ana, et al. (författare)
  • DNA Glycosylases Involved in Base Excision Repair May Be Associated with Cancer Risk in BRCA1 and BRCA2 Mutation Carriers.
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: PLoS Genetics. - Public Library of Science. - 1553-7404. ; 10:4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes involved in the DNA Base Excision Repair (BER) pathway could be associated with cancer risk in carriers of mutations in the high-penetrance susceptibility genes BRCA1 and BRCA2, given the relation of synthetic lethality that exists between one of the components of the BER pathway, PARP1 (poly ADP ribose polymerase), and both BRCA1 and BRCA2. In the present study, we have performed a comprehensive analysis of 18 genes involved in BER using a tagging SNP approach in a large series of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers. 144 SNPs were analyzed in a two stage study involving 23,463 carriers from the CIMBA consortium (the Consortium of Investigators of Modifiers of BRCA1 and BRCA2). Eleven SNPs showed evidence of association with breast and/or ovarian cancer at p<0.05 in the combined analysis. Four of the five genes for which strongest evidence of association was observed were DNA glycosylases. The strongest evidence was for rs1466785 in the NEIL2 (endonuclease VIII-like 2) gene (HR: 1.09, 95% CI (1.03-1.16), p = 2.7×10-3) for association with breast cancer risk in BRCA2 mutation carriers, and rs2304277 in the OGG1 (8-guanine DNA glycosylase) gene, with ovarian cancer risk in BRCA1 mutation carriers (HR: 1.12 95%CI: 1.03-1.21, p = 4.8×10-3). DNA glycosylases involved in the first steps of the BER pathway may be associated with cancer risk in BRCA1/2 mutation carriers and should be more comprehensively studied.
5.
  • Peterlongo, Paolo, et al. (författare)
  • Candidate Genetic Modifiers for Breast and Ovarian Cancer Risk in BRCA1 and BRCA2 Mutation Carriers
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention. - American Association for Cancer Research. - 1055-9965. ; 24:1, s. 308-316
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers are at substantially increased risk for developing breast and ovarian cancer. The incomplete penetrance coupled with the variable age at diagnosis in carriers of the same mutation suggests the existence of genetic and nongenetic modifying factors. In this study, we evaluated the putative role of variants in many candidate modifier genes. Methods: Genotyping data from 15,252 BRCA1 and 8,211 BRCA2 mutation carriers, for known variants (n = 3,248) located within or around 445 candidate genes, were available through the iCOGS custom-designed array. Breast and ovarian cancer association analysis was performed within a retrospective cohort approach. Results: The observed P values of association ranged between 0.005 and 1.000. None of the variants was significantly associated with breast or ovarian cancer risk in either BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation carriers, after multiple testing adjustments. Conclusion: There is little evidence that any of the evaluated candidate variants act as modifiers of breast and/or ovarian cancer risk in BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation carriers. Impact: Genome-wide association studies have been more successful at identifying genetic modifiers of BRCA1/2 penetrance than candidate gene studies.
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6.
  • Qin, Wenjing, et al. (författare)
  • Surface states of ZnO nanoparticles effect on the performance of inverted-organic solar cells
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy. - American Institute of Physics (AIP). - 1941-7012. ; 5:5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • ZnO is a promising material used as the electron transport layer in the inverted organic solar cells (IOSCs). However, the electrical or photoelectric properties of ZnO nanoparticles are governed by the surface states of the nanoparticles. Here, we demonstrate that the large number of hydroxyl (-OH) existed on the ZnO nanoparticles films have a vast impact on the performance of IOSCs with the structure of ITO/ZnO/poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT):[6,6]-phenyl C-61 butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM)/MoO3/Ag. The surface hydroxyl groups depredate active layer via elevating photocatalytic activity of the ZnO, hence deteriorate the device performance. Experimental results show that hydroxyl groups can be effectively detached from ZnO film by annealing. Hydroxyl groups detach more with increasing annealing temperature, resulting in less degradation of the active layer. Therefore, the efficiency is significantly improved due to increased photo-current density and decreased series resistance of IOSCs. The best device exhibits a power conversion efficiency of 3.05% after annealing at 150 degrees C.
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7.
  • Thompson, Bryony A, et al. (författare)
  • Application of a 5-tiered scheme for standardized classification of 2,360 unique mismatch repair gene variants in the InSiGHT locus-specific database.
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - Nature Publishing Group. - 1546-1718. ; 46, s. 107-115
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The clinical classification of hereditary sequence variants identified in disease-related genes directly affects clinical management of patients and their relatives. The International Society for Gastrointestinal Hereditary Tumours (InSiGHT) undertook a collaborative effort to develop, test and apply a standardized classification scheme to constitutional variants in the Lynch syndrome-associated genes MLH1, MSH2, MSH6 and PMS2. Unpublished data submission was encouraged to assist in variant classification and was recognized through microattribution. The scheme was refined by multidisciplinary expert committee review of the clinical and functional data available for variants, applied to 2,360 sequence alterations, and disseminated online. Assessment using validated criteria altered classifications for 66% of 12,006 database entries. Clinical recommendations based on transparent evaluation are now possible for 1,370 variants that were not obviously protein truncating from nomenclature. This large-scale endeavor will facilitate the consistent management of families suspected to have Lynch syndrome and demonstrates the value of multidisciplinary collaboration in the curation and classification of variants in public locus-specific databases.
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8.
  • Wang, Kaituo, et al. (författare)
  • Structure of the human ClC-1 chloride channel
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: PLoS Biology. - Public Library of Science. - 1544-9173. ; 17:4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • ClC-1 protein channels facilitate rapid passage of chloride ions across cellular membranes, thereby orchestrating skeletal muscle excitability. Malfunction of ClC-1 is associated with myotonia congenita, a disease impairing muscle relaxation. Here, we present the cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) structure of human ClC-1, uncovering an architecture reminiscent of that of bovine ClC-K and CLC transporters. The chloride conducting pathway exhibits distinct features, including a central glutamate residue ("fast gate") known to confer voltage-dependence (a mechanistic feature not present in ClC-K), linked to a somewhat rearranged central tyrosine and a narrower aperture of the pore toward the extracellular vestibule. These characteristics agree with the lower chloride flux of ClC-1 compared with ClC-K and enable us to propose a model for chloride passage in voltage-dependent CLC channels. Comparison of structures derived from protein studied in different experimental conditions supports the notion that pH and adenine nucleotides regulate ClC-1 through interactions between the so-called cystathionine-β-synthase (CBS) domains and the intracellular vestibule ("slow gating"). The structure also provides a framework for analysis of mutations causing myotonia congenita and reveals a striking correlation between mutated residues and the phenotypic effect on voltage gating, opening avenues for rational design of therapies against ClC-1-related diseases.
9.
  • Wang, Liying, et al. (författare)
  • Incidence and impact of root infection by Heterobasidion spp., and the justification for preventative silvicultural measures on Scots pine trees: A case study in southern Sweden
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Forest Ecology and Management. - 0378-1127. ; 315, s. 153-159
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The distribution of Heterobasidion spp. infection in the root system of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) and the relationship between disease severity and growth was investigated in a mid-rotation in southern Sweden stand nine years after thinning. Twenty-four trees were mechanically uprooted to measure whole root systems and determine the percentage of infected root volume. Annual volume increment was retrospectively calculated using discs cut along the stem. No trees showed aboveground symptoms of infection, however the disease incidence belowground was 87.5% and the percentage of infected root volume ranged between 0% and 32%. The percentage of infected root volume was negatively correlated with the difference in volume increment between the last two adjacent five-year periods, indicating reduced growth in more infected trees, but not with other tree-specific growth characteristics such as diameter at breast height, tree volume or root volume. Annual volume increment of individual trees decreased with increasing percentage of infected root volume. The high incidence of Heterobasidion spp. and reduced volume growth in seemingly healthy Scots pine warrants preventative stump treatment during thinnings to minimize the establishment of Heterobasidion, especially in first rotation forests. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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10.
  • Wang, Yaling, et al. (författare)
  • Enhanced performance and stability in polymer photovoltaic cells using lithium benzoate as cathode interfacial layer
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: SOLAR ENERGY MATERIALS AND SOLAR CELLS. - Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam.. - 0927-0248. ; 95:4, s. 1243-1247
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report the enhanced performance and stability of polymer solar cells based on regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene)(P3HT) and methanofullerene [6,6]-phenyl C-61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) blend using lithium benzoate (C6H5COOLi) as cathode buffer layer between the active layer and the Al cathode. The effects of the C6H5COOLi thickness on the performance of polymer solar cell are also investigated. Under 100 mW/cm(2) white light illumination, the device with 1 nm thick C6H5COOLi as cathode buffer layer exhibits power conversion efficiency (PCE) as high as 3.41 +/- 0.07% and the device stability is greatly extended. Compared to the solar cell with LiF/AI cathode, the PCE is increased ca. 9.4%. Introduction of C6H5COOLi buffer layer effectively increases the shunt resistance and improves the photo-generated charge collection. The improved performance may attribute to the dissociation of semi-conducting C6H5COOLi upon deposition to liberate Li with a low work function, which reduces the interface resistance of the active layer and the cathode and enhances the interior electric field that may result in efficient charge transportion. In addition, the C6H5COOLi layer may serve as an effective oxygen and moisture diffusion barrier for the organic solar cells. Therefore. C6H5COOLi is a promising candidate as an interlayer to improve the efficiency of electron collection and to reduce the ambience influence on the stability of polymer solar cells.
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