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  • Kristanl, Matej, et al. (författare)
  • The Seventh Visual Object Tracking VOT2019 Challenge Results
  • 2019
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The Visual Object Tracking challenge VOT2019 is the seventh annual tracker benchmarking activity organized by the VOT initiative. Results of 81 trackers are presented; many are state-of-the-art trackers published at major computer vision conferences or in journals in the recent years. The evaluation included the standard VOT and other popular methodologies for short-term tracking analysis as well as the standard VOT methodology for long-term tracking analysis. The VOT2019 challenge was composed of five challenges focusing on different tracking domains: (i) VOT-ST2019 challenge focused on short-term tracking in RGB, (ii) VOT-RT2019 challenge focused on "real-time" short-term tracking in RGB, (iii) VOT-LT2019 focused on long-term tracking namely coping with target disappearance and reappearance. Two new challenges have been introduced: (iv) VOT-RGBT2019 challenge focused on short-term tracking in RGB and thermal imagery and (v) VOT-RGBD2019 challenge focused on long-term tracking in RGB and depth imagery. The VOT-ST2019, VOT-RT2019 and VOT-LT2019 datasets were refreshed while new datasets were introduced for VOT-RGBT2019 and VOT-RGBD2019. The VOT toolkit has been updated to support both standard short-term, long-term tracking and tracking with multi-channel imagery. Performance of the tested trackers typically by far exceeds standard baselines. The source code for most of the trackers is publicly available from the VOT page. The dataset, the evaluation kit and the results are publicly available at the challenge website(1).</p>
  • Zhu, Bin, et al. (författare)
  • Innovative solid carbonate-ceria composite electrolyte fuel cells
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Electrochemistry communications. - 1388-2481 .- 1873-1902. ; 3:10, s. 566-571
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>An innovative solid carbonate-oxide composite and related fuel cell (FC) technology is reported, It was discovered that solid carbonate-ceria composite (SCC) electrolytes were highly conductive with the material conductivity level varying from 0.001 to 0.2 S cm(-1) between 400 and 600 degreesC, and related FCs reached a power density between 200 and 600 mW cm(2) at a Current density of 300-1200 mA cm(-2) in the same temperature region. The SCCs were discovered to possess both oxide-ion (originating from the ceria phase) and proton (from the carbonate phase) conduction. Being an all-solid ceramic FC. the SCC can effectively reduce the material corrosion problem that is serious for the molten carbonate fuel cells (MCFCs). On the other hand, the innovative FC technology based on the SCC electrolytes developed in this work is similar to solid oxide fuel cells (SOF'Cs) and different from the MCFCs based on their ionic transport and FC processes, which facilitates a development of new type of advanced FC technology.</p>
  • Zhu, Ying, et al. (författare)
  • Elevated Platelet Count Appears to Be Causally Associated with Increased Risk of Lung Cancer : A Mendelian Randomization Analysis
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention. - American Association for Cancer Research (AACR). - 1055-9965 .- 1538-7755. ; 28:5, s. 935-942
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Background: Platelets are a critical element in coagulation and inflammation, and activated platelets are linked to cancer risk through diverse mechanisms. However, a causal relationship between platelets and risk of lung cancer remains unclear. Methods: We performed single and combined multiple instrumental variable Mendelian randomization analysis by an inverse-weighted method, in addition to a series of sensitivity analyses. Summary data for associations between SNPs and platelet count are from a recent publication that included 48,666 Caucasian Europeans, and the International Lung Cancer Consortium and Transdisciplinary Research in Cancer of the Lung data consisting of 29,266 cases and 56,450 controls to analyze associations between candidate SNPs and lung cancer risk. Results: Multiple instrumental variable analysis incorporating six SNPs showed a 62% increased risk of overall nonsmall cell lung cancer [NSCLC; OR, 1.62; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.15-2.27; P = 0.005] and a 200% increased risk for small-cell lung cancer (OR, 3.00; 95% CI, 1.27-7.06; P = 0.01). Results showed only a trending association with NSCLC histologic subtypes, which may be due to insufficient sample size and/or weak effect size. A series of sensitivity analysis retained these findings. Conclusions: Our findings suggest a causal relationship between elevated platelet count and increased risk of lung cancer and provide evidence of possible antiplatelet interventions for lung cancer prevention. Impact: These findings provide a better understanding of lung cancer etiology and potential evidence for antiplatelet interventions for lung cancer prevention.</p>
  • Hu, Huiqing, et al. (författare)
  • Effects of composition on the electrochemical property and cell performance of single layer fuel cell
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Journal of Power Sources. - 0378-7753 .- 1873-2755. ; 275, s. 476-482
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>In this study, the enhanced electrochemical performance of single layer fuel cells (SLFCs) based upon mixed ion and electron conductors is analyzed as a function of composition. We synthesize a series of Ce0.8Sm0.2O2-delta-Li0.3Ni0.6Cu0.07Sr0.03O2-delta (SDC-LNCS) with different weight ratios. The microstructure and morphology of the composite materials are characterized through X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscope (TEM), and energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometer (EDS). Stability of the synthesized samples is evaluated by thermal gravity analysis (TGA). The SLFC with 6SDC-4LNCS exhibits a uniform distribution of the two compositions as well as demonstrates the highest power density of 312 mW cm-2 at 550 mu C. The performance is correlated to the balance of the conduction properties (ionic and electronic) of the functional SLFC layer. The results are a critical contribution to further development of this new energy transfer device.</p>
  • Ji, Xuemei, et al. (författare)
  • Identification of susceptibility pathways for the role of chromosome 15q25.1 in modifying lung cancer risk
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Nature Communications. - NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP. - 2041-1723 .- 2041-1723. ; 9, s. 1-15
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) identified the chromosome 15q25.1 locus as a leading susceptibility region for lung cancer. However, the pathogenic pathways, through which susceptibility SNPs within chromosome 15q25.1 affects lung cancer risk, have not been explored. We analyzed three cohorts with GWAS data consisting 42,901 individuals and lung expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) data on 409 individuals to identify and validate the underlying pathways and to investigate the combined effect of genes from the identified susceptibility pathways. The KEGG neuroactive ligand receptor interaction pathway, two Reactome pathways, and 22 Gene Ontology terms were identified and replicated to be significantly associated with lung cancer risk, with P values less than 0.05 and FDR less than 0.1. Functional annotation of eQTL analysis results showed that the neuroactive ligand receptor interaction pathway and gated channel activity were involved in lung cancer risk. These pathways provide important insights for the etiology of lung cancer.</p>
  • Kristan, Matej, et al. (författare)
  • The Visual Object Tracking VOT2016 Challenge Results
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: COMPUTER VISION - ECCV 2016 WORKSHOPS, PT II. - SPRINGER INT PUBLISHING AG. - 978-3-319-48881-3 - 978-3-319-48880-6 ; s. 777-823
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The Visual Object Tracking challenge VOT2016 aims at comparing short-term single-object visual trackers that do not apply pre-learned models of object appearance. Results of 70 trackers are presented, with a large number of trackers being published at major computer vision conferences and journals in the recent years. The number of tested state-of-the-art trackers makes the VOT 2016 the largest and most challenging benchmark on short-term tracking to date. For each participating tracker, a short description is provided in the Appendix. The VOT2016 goes beyond its predecessors by (i) introducing a new semi-automatic ground truth bounding box annotation methodology and (ii) extending the evaluation system with the no-reset experiment.</p>
  • Mat, Mahmut D., et al. (författare)
  • Development of cathodes for methanol and ethanol fuelled low temperature (300-600 degrees C) solid oxide fuel cells
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: International journal of hydrogen energy. - 0360-3199 .- 1879-3487. ; 32:7, s. 796-801
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>We have made extensive efforts to develop various compatible cathode materials for the ceria-carbonate composite (CCC) electrolytes to be used in direct alcohol fuelled solid oxide fuel cells (DLFC). The following cathode materials were mainly investigated: (i) BSCF (BaSrCoFeO) perovskite oxide; (ii) LFN (LaFeO-based oxides, e.g. LaFe0.8Ni0.2O3) perovskite oxides; (iii) bi- or tri-phase metal oxides with or without lithiation. A number of copper- and nickel-based anode composites were also developed for methanol and ethanol with maximum catalytic activity. The tri-metal oxide (CuNiOx-ZnO) cathode produced the maximum power density output of 500 mW/cm(-2) at 580 degrees C for DLFC with methanol operation.</p>
  • McKay, James D., et al. (författare)
  • Large-scale association analysis identifies new lung cancer susceptibility loci and heterogeneity in genetic susceptibility across histological subtypes
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - Nature Publishing Group. - 1061-4036 .- 1546-1718. ; 49:7, s. 1126-1132
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Although several lung cancer susceptibility loci have been identified, much of the heritability for lung cancer remains unexplained. Here 14,803 cases and 12,262 controls of European descent were genotyped on the OncoArray and combined with existing data for an aggregated genomewide association study (GWAS) analysis of lung cancer in 29,266 cases and 56,450 controls. We identified 18 susceptibility loci achieving genome-wide significance, including 10 new loci. The new loci highlight the striking heterogeneity in genetic susceptibility across the histological subtypes of lung cancer, with four loci associated with lung cancer overall and six loci associated with lung adenocarcinoma. Gene expression quantitative trait locus (eQTL) analysis in 1,425 normal lung tissue samples highlights RNASET2, SECISBP2L and NRG1 as candidate genes. Other loci include genes such as a cholinergic nicotinic receptor, CHRNA2, and the telomere-related genes OFBC1 and RTEL1. Further exploration of the target genes will continue to provide new insights into the etiology of lung cancer.</p>
  • Qin, Haiying, et al. (författare)
  • Direct biofuel low-temperature solid oxide fuel cells
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: ENERGY & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE. - 1754-5692. ; 4:4, s. 1273-1276
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>A low-temperature solid oxide fuel cell system was developed to use bioethanol and glycerol as fuels directly. This system achieved a maximum power density of 215 mW cm(-2) by using glycerol at 580 degrees C and produced a great impact on sustainable energy and the environment.</p>
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