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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(van der Graaf Winette T A) "

Sökning: WFRF:(van der Graaf Winette T A)

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1.
  • Eechoute, Karel, et al. (författare)
  • A long-term prospective population pharmacokinetic study on imatinib plasma concentrations in GIST patients
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Clinical Cancer Research. - 1078-0432 .- 1557-3265. ; 18:20, s. 5780-5787
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: Imatinib minimal (trough) plasma concentrations after one month of treatment have shown a significant association with clinical benefit in patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST). Considering that a retrospective pharmacokinetic analysis has also suggested that imatinib clearance increases over time in patients with soft tissue sarcoma and GIST, the primary aim of this study was to assess systemic exposure to imatinib at multiple time points in a long-term prospective population pharmacokinetic study. As imatinib is mainly metabolized in the liver, our secondary aim was to elucidate the potential effects of the volume of liver metastases on exposure to imatinib. Experimental Design: Full pharmacokinetic blood sampling was conducted in 50 patients with GIST on the first day of imatinib treatment, and after one, six, and 12 months. In addition, on day 14, and monthly during imatinib treatment, trough samples were taken. Pharmacokinetic analysis was conducted using a compartmental model. Volume of liver metastases was assessed by computed tomographic (CT) imaging. Results: After 90 days of treatment, a significant decrease in imatinib systemic exposure of 29.3% compared with baseline was observed (P < 0.01). For every 100 cm 3 increase of metastatic volume, a predicted decrease of 3.8% in imatinib clearance was observed. Conclusions: This is the first prospective pharmacokinetic study in patients with GIST, showing a significant decrease of approximately 30% in imatinib exposure after long-term treatment. This means that future "trough level - clinical benefit" analyses should be time point specific. GIST liver involvement, however, has a marginal effect on imatinib clearance.
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3.
  • Heskamp, Sandra, et al. (författare)
  • Imaging of Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Type 2 Expression with (18)F-Labeled Affibody Molecule Z(HER2:2395) in a Mouse Model for Ovarian Cancer
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Journal of Nuclear Medicine. - 0161-5505 .- 1535-5667. ; 53:1, s. 146-153
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Affibody molecules are small (7 kDa) proteins with subnanomolar targeting affinity. Previous SPECT studies in xenografts have shown that the Affibody molecule (111)In-DOTA-Z(HER2:2395) can discriminate between high and low human epidermal growth factor receptor type 2 (HER2)-expressing tumors, indicating that radiolabeled Affibody molecules have potential for patient selection for HER2-targeted therapy. Compared with SPECT, PET with positron-emitting radionuclides, such as (18)F, may improve imaging of HER2 expression because of higher sensitivity and improved quantification of PET. The aim of the present study was to determine whether the (18)F-labeled NOTA-conjugated Affibody molecule Z(HER2:2395) is a suitable agent for imaging of HER2 expression. The tumor-targeting properties of (18)F-labeled Z(HER2:2395) were compared with (111)In- and (68)Ga-labeled Z(HER2:2395) in mice with HER2-expressing SK-OV-3 xenografts. Methods: Z(HER2:2395) was conjugated with NOTA and radiolabeled with (18)F, (68)Ga, and (111)In. Radiolabeling with (18)F was based on the complexation of Al(18)F by NOTA. The 50% inhibitory concentration values for NOTA-Z(HER2:2395) labeled with (19)F, (69)Ga, and (115)In were determined in a competitive cell-binding assay using SK-OV-3 cells. Mice bearing subcutaneous SK-OV-3 xenografts were injected intravenously with radiolabeled NOTA-Z(HER2:2395). One and 4 h after injection, PET/CT or SPECT/CT images were acquired, and the biodistribution was determined by ex vivo measurement. Results: The 50% inhibitory concentration values for (19)F-, (69)Ga-, and (115)In-NOTA-Z(HER2:2395) were 5.0, 6.3, and 5.3 nM, respectively. One hour after injection, tumor uptake was 4.4 +/- 0.8 percentage injected dose per gram (% ID/g), 5.6 +/- 1.6 % ID/g, and 7.1 +/- 1.4 % ID/g for (18)F-, (68)Ga-, and (111)In-NOTA-Z(HER2:2395), respectively, and the respective tumor-to-blood ratios were 7.4 +/- 1.8, 8.0 +/- 1.3, and 4.8 +/- 1.3. Tumor uptake was specific, because uptake could be blocked efficiently by coinjection of an excess of unlabeled Z(HER2:2395). PET/CT and SPECT/CT images clearly visualized HER2-expressing SK-OV-3 xenografts. Conclusion: This study showed that (18)F-NOTA-Z(HER2:2395) is a promising new imaging agent for HER2 expression in tumors. Affibody molecules were successfully labeled with (18)F within 30 min, based on the complexation of Al(18)F by NOTA. Further research is needed to determine whether this technique can be used for patient selection for HER2-targeted therapy.
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4.
  • Heskamp, Sandra, et al. (författare)
  • Imaging of Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Type 2 Expression with 18F-Labeled Affibody Molecule ZHER2:2395 in a Mouse Model for Ovarian Cancer
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Journal of Nuclear Medicine. - 0161-5505 .- 1535-5667. ; 53:1, s. 146-153
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Affibody molecules are small (7 kDa) proteins with subnanomolar targeting affinity. Previous SPECT studies in xenografts have shown that the Affibody molecule 111In-DOTA-ZHER2:2395 can discriminate between high and low human epidermal growth factor receptor type 2 (HER2)–expressing tumors, indicating that radiolabeled Affibody molecules have potential for patient selection for HER2-targeted therapy. Compared with SPECT, PET with positron-emitting radionuclides, such as 18F, may improve imaging of HER2 expression because of higher sensitivity and improved quantification of PET. The aim of the present study was to determine whether the 18F-labeled NOTA-conjugated Affibody molecule ZHER2:2395 is a suitable agent for imaging of HER2 expression. The tumor-targeting properties of 18F-labeled ZHER2:2395 were compared with 111In- and 68Ga-labeled ZHER2:2395 in mice with HER2-expressing SK-OV-3 xenografts. Methods: ZHER2:2395 was conjugated with NOTA and radiolabeled with 18F, 68Ga, and 111In. Radiolabeling with 18F was based on the complexation of Al18F by NOTA. The 50% inhibitory concentration values for NOTA-ZHER2:2395 labeled with 19F, 69Ga, and 115In were determined in a competitive cell-binding assay using SK-OV-3 cells. Mice bearing subcutaneous SK-OV-3 xenografts were injected intravenously with radiolabeled NOTA-ZHER2:2395. One and 4 h after injection, PET/CT or SPECT/CT images were acquired, and the biodistribution was determined by ex vivo measurement. Results: The 50% inhibitory concentration values for 19F-, 69Ga-, and 115In-NOTA-ZHER2:2395 were 5.0, 6.3, and 5.3 nM, respectively. One hour after injection, tumor uptake was 4.4 ± 0.8 percentage injected dose per gram (%ID/g), 5.6 ± 1.6 %ID/g, and 7.1 ± 1.4 %ID/g for 18F-, 68Ga-, and 111In-NOTA-ZHER2:2395, respectively, and the respective tumor-to-blood ratios were 7.4 ± 1.8, 8.0 ± 1.3, and 4.8 ± 1.3. Tumor uptake was specific, because uptake could be blocked efficiently by coinjection of an excess of unlabeled ZHER2:2395. PET/CT and SPECT/CT images clearly visualized HER2-expressing SK-OV-3 xenografts. Conclusion: This study showed that 18F-NOTA-ZHER2:2395 is a promising new imaging agent for HER2 expression in tumors. Affibody molecules were successfully labeled with 18F within 30 min, based on the complexation of Al18F by NOTA. Further research is needed to determine whether this technique can be used for patient selection for HER2-targeted therapy.
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5.
  • Sydow, Saskia, et al. (författare)
  • Genomic and transcriptomic characterization of desmoplastic small round cell tumors
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Genes Chromosomes and Cancer. - : John Wiley and Sons. - 1045-2257. ; 60:9, s. 595-603
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT) is a highly aggressive soft tissue tumor primarily affecting children and young adults. Most cases display a pathognomonic EWSR1-WT1 gene fusion, presumably constituting the primary driver event. Little is, however, known about secondary genetic changes that may affect tumor progression. We here studied 25 samples from 19 DSRCT patients using single nucleotide polymorphism arrays and found that all samples had copy number alterations. The most common imbalances were gain of chromosomes/chromosome arms 1/1q and 5/5p and loss of 6/6q and 16/16q, all occurring in at least eight of the patients. Five cases showed homozygous deletions, affecting a variety of known tumor suppressor genes, for example, CDKN2A and NF1. As almost all patients died of their disease, the impact of individual imbalances on survival could not be evaluated. Global gene expression analysis using mRNA sequencing on fresh-frozen samples from seven patients revealed a distinct transcriptomic profile, with enrichment of genes involved in neural differentiation. Two genes - GJB2 and GAL - that showed higher expression in DSRCT compared to control tumors could be further investigated for their potential as diagnostic markers at the protein level.
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