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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Öhrfelt Annika 1973 ) srt2:(2015-2019)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Öhrfelt Annika 1973 ) > (2015-2019)

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1.
  • Olsson, Bob, 1969, et al. (författare)
  • CSF and blood biomarkers for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: The Lancet. Neurology. - 1474-4465. ; 15:7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Alzheimer's disease biomarkers are important for early diagnosis in routine clinical practice and research. Three core CSF biomarkers for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (Aβ42, T-tau, and P-tau) have been assessed in numerous studies, and several other Alzheimer's disease markers are emerging in the literature. However, there have been no comprehensive meta-analyses of their diagnostic performance. We systematically reviewed the literature for 15 biomarkers in both CSF and blood to assess which of these were most altered in Alzheimer's disease.
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2.
  • Bhattacharjee, Payel, 1984, et al. (författare)
  • Mass Spectrometric Analysis of Lewy Body-Enriched alpha-Synuclein in Parkinson's Disease
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Proteome Research. - 1535-3893. ; 18:5, s. 2109-2120
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by intraneuronal inclusions of aggregated alpha-synuclein protein (so-called Lewy bodies) in distinct brain regions. Multiple posttranslational modifications may affect the structure and function of alpha-synuclein. Mass spectrometry-based analysis may be useful for the characterization and quantitation of alpha-synuclein forms, but has proven challenging, mainly due to the insolubility of Lewy bodies in aqueous buffer. In the present study, we developed a novel method by combining differential solubilization with immunoprecipitation and targeted proteomics using liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry. Brain tissue homogenization and sample preparation were modified to facilitate analysis of soluble, detergent-soluble, and detergent-insoluble protein fractions (Lewy body-enriched). The method was used to compare alpha-synuclein forms from cingulate cortex (affected) and occipital cortex (unaffected) in two study sets of PD patients and controls. We identified similar to 20 modified alpha-synuclein variants, including species with N-terminal acetylation and C-terminal truncations at amino acids 103 and 119. The levels of alpha-synuclein forms Ac-alpha-syn(1-6), alpha-syn(13-21), alpha-syn(35-43), alpha-syn(46-58), alpha-syn(61-80), and alpha-syn(81-96) except alpha-syn(103-119) were significantly increased in PD cingulate region compared to controls in the Lewy body-enriched alpha-synuclein fraction. In the soluble fraction, only Ac-alpha-syn(1-6) was significantly increased in PD compared to controls. None of the detected alpha-synuclein variants were Lewy body-specific, but acetylated forms should be examined further as potential biomarkers for abnormal alpha-synuclein accumulation.
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3.
  • Brinkmalm, Ann, et al. (författare)
  • Detection of α-Synuclein in Biological Samples Using Mass Spectrometry
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.). - : Springer. - 1940-6029. ; , s. 209-220
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Here we describe a method using mass spectrometry to characterize and quantify immuno-enriched α-synuclein forms from biochemically fractionated brain tissue.
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4.
  • Brinkmalm-Westman, Ann, 1966, et al. (författare)
  • Explorative and targeted neuroproteomics in Alzheimer's disease.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Biochimica et biophysica acta. - 0006-3002. ; 1854:7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive brain amyloidosis that injures brain regions involved in memory consolidation and other higher brain functions. Neuropathologically, the disease is characterized by accumulation of a 42 amino acid peptide called amyloid β (Aβ42) in extracellular senile plaques, intraneuronal inclusions of hyperphosphorylated tau protein in neurofibrillary tangles, and neuronal and axonal degeneration and loss. Biomarker assays capturing these pathologies have been developed for use on cerebrospinal fluid samples but there are additional molecular pathways that most likely contribute to the neurodegeneration and full clinical expression of AD. One way of learning more about AD pathogenesis is to identify novel biomarkers for these pathways and examine them in longitudinal studies of patients in different stages of the disease. Here, we discuss targeted proteomic approaches to study AD and AD-related pathologies in closer detail and explorative approaches to discover novel pathways that may contribute to the disease. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Neuroproteomics: Applications in neuroscience and neurology.
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5.
  • Førland, Marthe Gurine, et al. (författare)
  • Evolution of cerebrospinal fluid total α-synuclein in Parkinson's disease.
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Parkinsonism & related disorders. - 1873-5126. ; 49, s. 4-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) total α-synuclein is considered a potential biomarker for Parkinson's disease (PD), but little is known about the evolution of this marker during the course of the disease. Our objective was to investigate whether CSF total α-synuclein concentrations change over time and are associated with motor and cognitive function in PD.CSF total α-synuclein concentrations were quantified in 56 longitudinally followed PD patients, 27 of whom provided CSF repeatedly 2 and/or 4 years later. Another 18 subjects were included as controls. The samples were analyzed using two independent, validated ELISA methods: our recently developed and validated in-house ELISA and a commercial kit from BioLegend.CSF total α-synuclein levels did not distinguish PD patients from controls, displayed no substantial changes during a period of up to 4 years, and did not predict subsequent motor or cognitive decline. These findings were consistent for both analytical methods.Our findings do not support the clinical utility of total α-synuclein as a single diagnostic or prognostic biomarker in PD.
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6.
  • Førland, Marthe Gurine, et al. (författare)
  • Validation of a new assay for α-synuclein detection in cerebrospinal fluid.
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Clinical chemistry and laboratory medicine. - 1437-4331. ; 55:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Abnormal α-synuclein aggregation and deposition is the pathological hallmark of Parkinson's disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), but is also found in Alzheimer disease (AD). Therefore, there is a gaining interest in α-synuclein in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) as potential biomarker for these neurodegenerative diseases. To broaden the available choices of α-synuclein measurement in CSF, we developed and validated a new assay for detecting total α-synuclein.
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7.
  • Hall, Sara, et al. (författare)
  • CSF biomarkers and clinical progression of Parkinson disease.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Neurology. - : American Academy of Neurology. - 1526-632X. ; 84:1, s. 57-63
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To investigate whether certain CSF biomarkers at baseline can predict future progression of motor symptoms and cognitive decline in patients with Parkinson disease (PD).
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8.
  • Hall, Sara, et al. (författare)
  • Longitudinal Measurements of Cerebrospinal Fluid Biomarkers in Parkinson's Disease.
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Movement disorders : official journal of the Movement Disorder Society. - : John Wiley and Sons Inc.. - 1531-8257. ; 31:6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The purpose of this study was to investigate whether cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of tau, phosphorylated tau, β-amyloid42 , α-synuclein, neurofilament light, and YKL-40 change over time and if changes correlate with motor progression and/or cognitive decline in patients with PD and controls.
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9.
  • Heslegrave, Amanda, et al. (författare)
  • Increased cerebrospinal fluid soluble TREM2 concentration in Alzheimer's disease.
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Molecular neurodegeneration. - : BioMed Central (BMC). - 1750-1326. ; 11:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The discovery that heterozygous missense mutations in the gene encoding triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 (TREM2) are risk factors for Alzheimer's disease (AD), with only the apolipoprotein E (APOE) ε4 gene allele conferring a higher risk, has led to increased interest in immune biology in the brain. TREM2 is expressed on microglia, the resident immune cells of the brain and has been linked to phagocytotic clearance of amyloid β (Aβ) plaques. Soluble TREM2 (sTREM2) has previously been measured in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) by ELISA but in our hands commercial kits have proved unreliable, suggesting that other methods may be required. We developed a mass spectrometry method using selected reaction monitoring for the presence of a TREM2 peptide, which can be used to quantify levels of sTREM2 in CSF.
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10.
  • Kvartsberg, Hlin, et al. (författare)
  • Cerebrospinal fluid levels of the synaptic protein neurogranin correlates with cognitive decline in prodromal Alzheimer's disease
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: ; 11:10, s. 1180-1190
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction: Synaptic dysfunction is an early event in Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis and directly related to cognitive impairment. Consequently, synaptic biomarkers may be valuable tools for both early diagnosis and disease stage. Neurogranin (Ng) is a postsynaptic protein involved in memory consolidation. Methods: We developed three monoclonal anti-Ng antibodies. Mass spectrometry and a novel enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were used to analyze cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) Ng in three independent clinical cohorts including patients with AD dementia (n = 100 in total), mild cognitive impairment patients (MCI), (n = 40) and controls (n = 80 in total). Results: We show in three independent clinical cohorts a marked increase in CSF Ng levels in AD dementia (P < .001 in all studies). In addition, high CSF Ng levels at the MCI stage predicted progression to dementia due to AD with a hazard ratio of 12.8 (95% confidence interval 1.6-103.0, P = .02). In amyloid-positive MCI patients, high CSF Ng correlated with a more rapid change in cognition during clinical follow-up (P = .03). Discussion: These results suggest that CSF Ng is a novel AD biomarker that may be used to monitor synaptic degeneration, and correlates with the rate of cognitive decline in prodromal AD.
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