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Sökning: WFRF:(Öhrfelt Annika 1973 ) > (2015-2019)

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  • Sjödin, Simon, et al. (författare)
  • Mass Spectrometric Analysis of Cerebrospinal Fluid Ubiquitin in Alzheimer's Disease and Parkinsonian Disorders
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Proteomics - Clinical Applications. - John Wiley and Sons Inc.. - 1862-8346. ; 11:11-12
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: Dysfunctional proteostasis, with decreased protein degradation and an accumulation of ubiquitin into aggregated protein inclusions, is a feature of neurodegenerative diseases. Identifying new potential biomarkers in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) reflecting this process could contribute important information on pathophysiology. Experimental design: A developed method combining SPE and PRM-MS is employed to monitor the concentration of ubiquitin in CSF from subjects with Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). Four independent cross-sectional studies are conducted, studies 1–4, including controls (n = 86) and participants with AD (n = 60), PD (n = 15), and PSP (n = 11). Results: The method shows a repeatability and intermediate precision not exceeding 6.1 and 7.9%, respectively. The determined LOD is 0.1 nm and the LOQ range between 0.625 and 80 nm. The CSF ubiquitin concentration is 1.2–1.5-fold higher in AD patients compared with controls in the three independent AD-control studies (Study 1, p < 0.001; Study 2, p < 0.001; and Study 3, p = 0.003). In the fourth study, there is no difference in PD or PSP, compared to controls. Conclusion and clinical relevance: CSF ubiquitin may reflect dysfunctional proteostasis in AD. The described method can be used for further exploration of ubiquitin as a potential biomarker in neurodegenerative diseases.
  • Olsson, Bob, 1969-, et al. (författare)
  • CSF and blood biomarkers for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: The Lancet. Neurology. - 1474-4465. ; 15:7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Alzheimer's disease biomarkers are important for early diagnosis in routine clinical practice and research. Three core CSF biomarkers for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (Aβ42, T-tau, and P-tau) have been assessed in numerous studies, and several other Alzheimer's disease markers are emerging in the literature. However, there have been no comprehensive meta-analyses of their diagnostic performance. We systematically reviewed the literature for 15 biomarkers in both CSF and blood to assess which of these were most altered in Alzheimer's disease.
  • Bhattacharjee, Payel, 1984-, et al. (författare)
  • Mass Spectrometric Analysis of Lewy Body-Enriched alpha-Synuclein in Parkinson's Disease
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Proteome Research. - 1535-3893. ; 18:5, s. 2109-2120
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by intraneuronal inclusions of aggregated alpha-synuclein protein (so-called Lewy bodies) in distinct brain regions. Multiple posttranslational modifications may affect the structure and function of alpha-synuclein. Mass spectrometry-based analysis may be useful for the characterization and quantitation of alpha-synuclein forms, but has proven challenging, mainly due to the insolubility of Lewy bodies in aqueous buffer. In the present study, we developed a novel method by combining differential solubilization with immunoprecipitation and targeted proteomics using liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry. Brain tissue homogenization and sample preparation were modified to facilitate analysis of soluble, detergent-soluble, and detergent-insoluble protein fractions (Lewy body-enriched). The method was used to compare alpha-synuclein forms from cingulate cortex (affected) and occipital cortex (unaffected) in two study sets of PD patients and controls. We identified similar to 20 modified alpha-synuclein variants, including species with N-terminal acetylation and C-terminal truncations at amino acids 103 and 119. The levels of alpha-synuclein forms Ac-alpha-syn(1-6), alpha-syn(13-21), alpha-syn(35-43), alpha-syn(46-58), alpha-syn(61-80), and alpha-syn(81-96) except alpha-syn(103-119) were significantly increased in PD cingulate region compared to controls in the Lewy body-enriched alpha-synuclein fraction. In the soluble fraction, only Ac-alpha-syn(1-6) was significantly increased in PD compared to controls. None of the detected alpha-synuclein variants were Lewy body-specific, but acetylated forms should be examined further as potential biomarkers for abnormal alpha-synuclein accumulation.
  • Brinkmalm, Ann, et al. (författare)
  • Detection of α-Synuclein in Biological Samples Using Mass Spectrometry
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.). - Springer. - 1940-6029. ; s. 209-220
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Here we describe a method using mass spectrometry to characterize and quantify immuno-enriched α-synuclein forms from biochemically fractionated brain tissue.
  • Brinkmalm-Westman, Ann, 1966-, et al. (författare)
  • Explorative and targeted neuroproteomics in Alzheimer's disease.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Biochimica et biophysica acta. - 0006-3002. ; 1854:7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive brain amyloidosis that injures brain regions involved in memory consolidation and other higher brain functions. Neuropathologically, the disease is characterized by accumulation of a 42 amino acid peptide called amyloid β (Aβ42) in extracellular senile plaques, intraneuronal inclusions of hyperphosphorylated tau protein in neurofibrillary tangles, and neuronal and axonal degeneration and loss. Biomarker assays capturing these pathologies have been developed for use on cerebrospinal fluid samples but there are additional molecular pathways that most likely contribute to the neurodegeneration and full clinical expression of AD. One way of learning more about AD pathogenesis is to identify novel biomarkers for these pathways and examine them in longitudinal studies of patients in different stages of the disease. Here, we discuss targeted proteomic approaches to study AD and AD-related pathologies in closer detail and explorative approaches to discover novel pathways that may contribute to the disease. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Neuroproteomics: Applications in neuroscience and neurology.
  • Bäckström, David C, et al. (författare)
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid Patterns and the Risk of Future Dementia in Early, Incident Parkinson Disease.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: JAMA NEUROLOGY. - 2168-6149 .- 2168-6157. ; 72:10, s. 1175-1182
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Alterations in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) have been found in Parkinson disease (PD) and in PD dementia (PDD), but the prognostic importance of such changes is not well known. In vivo biomarkers for disease processes in PD are important for future development of disease-modifying therapies.
  • Førland, Marthe Gurine, et al. (författare)
  • Evolution of cerebrospinal fluid total α-synuclein in Parkinson's disease.
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Parkinsonism & related disorders. - 1873-5126. ; 49, s. 4-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) total α-synuclein is considered a potential biomarker for Parkinson's disease (PD), but little is known about the evolution of this marker during the course of the disease. Our objective was to investigate whether CSF total α-synuclein concentrations change over time and are associated with motor and cognitive function in PD.CSF total α-synuclein concentrations were quantified in 56 longitudinally followed PD patients, 27 of whom provided CSF repeatedly 2 and/or 4 years later. Another 18 subjects were included as controls. The samples were analyzed using two independent, validated ELISA methods: our recently developed and validated in-house ELISA and a commercial kit from BioLegend.CSF total α-synuclein levels did not distinguish PD patients from controls, displayed no substantial changes during a period of up to 4 years, and did not predict subsequent motor or cognitive decline. These findings were consistent for both analytical methods.Our findings do not support the clinical utility of total α-synuclein as a single diagnostic or prognostic biomarker in PD.
  • Førland, Marthe Gurine, et al. (författare)
  • Validation of a new assay for α-synuclein detection in cerebrospinal fluid.
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Clinical chemistry and laboratory medicine. - 1437-4331. ; 55:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Abnormal α-synuclein aggregation and deposition is the pathological hallmark of Parkinson's disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), but is also found in Alzheimer disease (AD). Therefore, there is a gaining interest in α-synuclein in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) as potential biomarker for these neurodegenerative diseases. To broaden the available choices of α-synuclein measurement in CSF, we developed and validated a new assay for detecting total α-synuclein.
  • Hall, Sara, et al. (författare)
  • CSF biomarkers and clinical progression of Parkinson disease.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Neurology. - American Academy of Neurology. - 1526-632X. ; 84:1, s. 57-63
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To investigate whether certain CSF biomarkers at baseline can predict future progression of motor symptoms and cognitive decline in patients with Parkinson disease (PD).
  • Nazir, Faisal Hayat, et al. (författare)
  • Expression and secretion of synaptic proteins during stem cell differentiation to cortical neurons.
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Neurochemistry international. - 1872-9754. ; 121, s. 38-49
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Synaptic function and neurotransmitter release are regulated by specific proteins. Cortical neuronal differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSC) provides an experimental model to obtain more information about synaptic development and physiology in vitro. In this study, expression and secretion of the synaptic proteins, neurogranin (NRGN), growth-associated protein-43 (GAP-43), synaptosomal-associated protein-25 (SNAP-25) and synaptotagmin-1 (SYT-1) were analyzed during cortical neuronal differentiation. Protein levels were measured in cells, modeling fetal cortical development and in cell-conditioned media which was used as a model of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), respectively. Human iPSC-derived cortical neurons were maintained over a period of at least 150 days, which encompasses the different stages of neuronal development. The differentiation was divided into the following stages: hiPSC, neuro-progenitors, immature and mature cortical neurons. We show that NRGN was first expressed and secreted by neuro-progenitors while the maximum was reached in mature cortical neurons. GAP-43 was expressed and secreted first by neuro-progenitors and its expression increased markedly in immature cortical neurons. SYT-1 was expressed and secreted already by hiPSC but its expression and secretion peaked in mature neurons. SNAP-25 was first detected in neuro-progenitors and the expression and secretion increased gradually during neuronal stages reaching a maximum in mature neurons. The sensitive analytical techniques used to monitor the secretion of these synaptic proteins during cortical development make these data unique, since the secretion of these synaptic proteins has not been investigated before in such experimental models. The secretory profile of synaptic proteins, together with low release of intracellular content, implies that mature neurons actively secrete these synaptic proteins that previously have been associated with neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's disease. These data support further studies of human neuronal and synaptic development in vitro, and would potentially shed light on the mechanisms underlying altered concentrations of the proteins in bio-fluids in neurodegenerative diseases.
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