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Sökning: WFRF:(Abrahamsson Kajsa H. 1956 ) > Berggren Ulf 1948 > Medicin och hälsovetenskap

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  • Abrahamsson, Kajsa H., 1956-, et al. (författare)
  • Ambivalence in Coping with Dental Fear and Avoidance: A Qualitative Study
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Journal of Health Psychology. ; 7:6, s. 653-664
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Dental phobia is a widespread problem, which can have significant impact on the individual's health and daily life. This grounded theory study aims to explore the situation of dental phobic patients: how dental phobia interferes with their normal routines and functioning, social activities and relationships, what factors contribute to the maintenance of dental fear and how they cope with their fear. In the qualitative analysis of thematized in-depth interviews four main categories were developed: threat to self-respect and well-being, avoidance, readiness to act and ambivalence in coping. The results show that several psychological and social factors interact in determining how dental phobic individuals cope with their fear, and demonstrate in what way dental fear affects their daily lives.
  • Abrahamsson, Kajsa H., 1956-, et al. (författare)
  • Dental phobic patients' view of dental anxiety and experiences in dental care: a qualitative study.
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian journal of caring sciences. - 0283-9318. ; 16:2, s. 188-96
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Dental phobic patients' view of dental anxiety and experiences in dental care: a qualitative study The aim of this study was to explore and describe dental phobic patients' perceptions of their dental fear and experiences in dental care. The study sample consisted of 18 participants (12 women), with a mean age of 39.4 years, selected consecutively from patients applying for treatment at a specialized dental fear clinic in G?teborg, Sweden. Dental fear, assessed by the Dental Anxiety Scale, showed score levels well over established levels for severe dental fear. The method for sampling and analysis was inspired by the constant comparative method for Grounded Theory (GT). The thematized in-depth interviews took place outside the clinic and lasted for 1-1.5 h. All the interviews were conducted by the first author (KHA), audiotaped and transcribed verbatim. Three higher-order categories were developed and labelled existential threat, vulnerability and unsupportive dentist. Existential threat was identified as the core category, describing the central meaning of the subjects' experiences in dental care. The core category included two dimensions, labelled threat of violation and threat of loss of autonomy and independence. The core category and the descriptive categories are integrated in a model framing the process of dental fear, as described by the informants. In conclusion, the onset of dental fear was commonly related to individual vulnerability and to traumatic dental care experiences, where perceived negative dentist behaviour played a significant role. The patient was caught in a 'vicious circle' that was difficult to break, and where fear and anxiety were maintained by negative expectations about treatment and about patient's own ability to cope in dental care situations.
  • Abrahamsson, Kajsa H., 1956-, et al. (författare)
  • Psychosocial aspects of dental and general fears in dental phobic patients.
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Acta odontologica Scandinavica. - 0001-6357. ; 58:1, s. 37-43
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Phobic reactions can often be a significant health problem for fearful dental patients. This is true in particular for individuals with long-time avoidance and elevated general psychological distress. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of dental fear among 67 dental phobic individuals with a low versus high degree of general fear. Reported etiologic background factors, avoidance time, general psychological distress and psychosocial manifestations and consequences of dental phobia were studied. No significant difference in dental anxiety level between individuals with low versus high general fear was found, and both groups reported high frequencies of negative dental experiences. The low-fear group reported a longer (though not statistically significant) average avoidance time than the high-fear group. However, patients with a high level of general fear showed a significantly higher degree of psychological distress, and also reported stronger negative social consequences from their dental anxiety. These results indicate that the character of dental fear might be different between different groups of fearful patients, which makes the condition psychologically handicapping. Such aspects should be assessed in the diagnostic analysis of patients with severe dental anxiety. In particular, assessments of signs of general psychological distress are warranted.
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  • Resultat 1-3 av 3
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Abrahamsson, Kajsa H ... (3)
Carlsson, Sven G., 1 ... (3)
Hallberg, Lillemor R ... (2)
Göteborgs universitet (3)
Engelska (3)
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