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Sökning: WFRF:(Adolfsson Lars 1955 ) > (2015-2019)

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  • Adolfsson, Lars, 1955- (författare)
  • Post-traumatic stiff elbow
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: EFORT open reviews. - : British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery. - 2058-5241. ; 3:5, s. 210-216
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Post-traumatic and post-operative stiffness of the elbow joint is relatively common and may in pronounced cases markedly interfere with normal upper extremity function.Soft-tissue contractures and heterotopic bone formation are two major causes of limited movement.Extensive recent research has elucidated many of the pathways contributing to these conditions, but the exact mechanisms are still unknown.In the early phase of soft-tissue contractures conservative treatment may be valuable, but in longstanding cases operative treatment is often necessary.Several different options are available depending on the severity of the condition and the underlying offending structures. Surgical treatment may allow significant gains in movement but rarely complete restoration, and complications are not uncommon.The following presentation reviews the recent literature on pathomechanisms and treatment alternatives. Cite this article: EFORT Open Rev 2018;3 DOI: 10.1302/2058-5241.3.170062.
  • Nestorson, Jens, 1969- (författare)
  • Arthroplasty in Elbow Fracture Treatment
  • 2018
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Open reduction and internal fixation is the treatment of choice for distal humeral fractures. Stable fixation is required to allow early mobilisation and to reduce the risk of poor functional results. In an elderly patient with osteoporotic bone and with a comminuted intra-articular fracture stable internal fixation can be difficult to achieve. In these cases elbow arthroplasty is an option.An irreparable radial head fracture can be treated by excision or replacement. The indications for the respective procedure are unclear since reports include an array of different associated soft-tissue and bony injuries.The aim of this thesis was to evaluate the use, complication rates and functional outcome of elbow arthroplasty as primary treatment for complex distal humeral fractures and assess the usefulness of radial head replacement in Mason IV fracture dislocations.50 patients, aged 56-89 years were treated for a distal humeral fracture with primary hemi-arthroplasty using the Kudo© humeral component or the Latitude® prosthesis. The functional outcome was assessed retrospectively. The majority of the 50 patients treated with a primary hemi-arthroplasty for a distal humeral fracture had a good or excellent functional result and regained a functional arc of movement of at least 100 degrees at medium term follow-up. There were six patients suffering secondary surgery and two with persistent ulnar nerve symptoms. Wear of the olecranon fossa was seen, mainly in the eight patients treated with a non-anatomical implant (Kudo®). Functional results were comparable to total elbow arthroplasty and open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) for distal humeral fractures. The use of implants that are more anatomical seemed to reduce the degree of olecranon wear but long-term results are lacking.The nationwide use of primary arthroplasty for a distal humeral fracture between 1999 and 2014 was examined using three different registers. The survival rates in relation to prosthetic desing, age and sex were investigated using Cox regression analysis and number of adverse events recorded.In total 405 patients were treated with primary arthroplasty for a distal humeral fracture. The mean age at surgery was 75 years and the mean observation time was 67 months. Eighteen patients had undergone revision surgery and another 26 patients suffered an adverse event, 24 of which required secondary surgery.Increasing age reduced the risk for revision and there was no significant difference in survival between total- and hemi arthroplasty. The cumulative survival rate at 5 years was 99% (CI 98-100) and at 10 years 90% (CI 85-96). Elbow arthroplasty as primary treatment for distal humeral fractures produced reliable results with regards to revision surgery and adverse events.18 patients, age 19-79 years, treated with radial head replacement, and 14 patients, age 29-70 years, treated with radial head resection, for a Mason IV fracture dislocation were retrospectively reviewed.There were no significant differences in functional outcome in patients treated with replacement or excision for a Mason IV fracture dislocation. The rate of secondary surgery was higher in patients treated with replacement and ulno-humeral osteoarthritis was more pronounced in patients treated with radial head excision but follow-up was longer in these patients. Functional results were not improved by using radial head arthroplasty for Mason IV fracture dislocation. Secondary osteoarthritis is a concern in patients treated with excision but did not affect functional outcome after a mean follow-up time of 108 months.
  • Nordqvist, Jenny, 1976-, et al. (författare)
  • A short activity-related scale for measuring shoulder function in patients with subacromial pain : the DASH 7
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: JSES Open Access. - : Elsevier. - 2468-6026. ; 1:2, s. 113-118
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Subacromial pain is a common cause of shoulder dysfunction that negatively affects quality of life. Currently, most outcome measures for shoulder pain are applied to a heterogeneous group of patients. Of these measures, the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) is the most widely recognized test with which to assess patients with subacromial pain. The primary aim of this study was to assess the content validity of DASH for patients with subacromial pain, with a secondary aim to test responsiveness to a modified set of DASH items tailored to these patients. Methods There were 129 patients who reported activities in the Patient-Specific Functional Scale (PSFS). To assess validity, 5 independent physiotherapists matched PSFS activities to the most appropriate DASH item. DASH items identified as being of greatest importance to patients were those corresponding to the highest number of PSFS-matched activities. Calculations were made for responsiveness and internal consistency. Results Physiotherapists matched DASH items to 271 PSFS activities, reaching agreement for almost 80%. Seven DASH items (DASH 7) were identified as being particularly important. Effect size data (Cohen's d) were 0.93 for DASH 7, 0.92 for DASH 30, and 0.85 for QuickDASH; the corresponding Cronbach's α values (for DASH 7, DASH 30, and QuickDASH) were 0.84, 0.94, and 0.86, respectively. Conclusions DASH 7 is a short, patient-centered, and activity-related scale that can measure shoulder function in patients with subacromial pain using a quarter of the original DASH items. DASH 7 demonstrated responsiveness, with a satisfactory level of internal consistency.
  • Svernlöv, Birgitta, et al. (författare)
  • Subjective ulnar nerve dysfunction commonly following open reduction, internal fixation (ORIF) of distal humeral fractures and in situ decompression of the ulnar nerve
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Strategies in trauma and limb reconstruction (Online). - : Springer. - 1828-8928. ; 12:1, s. 19-25
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the frequency of persistent ulnar affection in patients who underwent open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of distal humeral fractures without ulnar nerve transposition or mobilisation. Eighty-two patients (53 women), mean age 62 years, were, at a mean of 48 months, reviewed through medical records and a subjective evaluation form concerning ulnar nerve problems. Ulnar nerve affliction, in most cases regarded as mild, was experienced by 22 patients (27%; 14 women) and significantly associated with multiple surgeries. Three patients had been operated with late neurolysis and one with transposition without reported improvement. The proportion of ulnar nerve dysfunction was equally common regardless of medial or lateral plating. ORIF with plate fixation and without ulnar nerve transposition seems to be an acceptable option for patients with distal humeral fractures. The frequency of ulnar nerve affection in our series does not appear higher than previously reported. Subjective ulnar nerve symptoms were, however, relatively common and appear related to the trauma itself, the surgery, or the post-operative management which highlights the need for further analysis of these factors.
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