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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Ahlin Cecilia) srt2:(2010-2014)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Ahlin Cecilia) > (2010-2014)

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1.
  • Nilsson, Cecilia, et al. (författare)
  • High proliferation is associated with inferior outcome in male breast cancer patients
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Modern Pathology. - 0893-3952 .- 1530-0285. ; 26:1, s. 87-94
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Assessment of proliferation is important in female breast cancer and individual treatment decisions are based upon its results, especially in the lumina! subgroups. Gene expression analyses fail to group male breast cancer into the intrinsic subgroups previously established in female breast cancer. Even though proliferation has been shown to divide malebreast cancer into molecular subgroups with different prognoses, the clinical importance ofproliferation markers has not yet been elucidated. Previous studies in male breast cancer have demonstrated contradictory results regarding the prognostic impact of histological grade and Ki-67, parameters strongly associated with proliferation. The aim of the present project was to studyproliferation in male breast cancer by assessing other proliferation-related markers viz. cyclins A, B, D1 and mitotic count. A total of 197 male breast cancer cases with accessible paraffin-embedded material and outcome data were investigated. Immunohistochemical stainings were performed on tissue microarrays. Kaplan-Meier estimates and the Cox proportional regression models were used for survival analyses with breast cancer death as the event. The subset ofpatients with high expression of cyclin A (hazard ratio (HR) 3.7; P=0.001) and B (HR 2.7; P=0.02) demonstrated a poorer survival. Furthermore, high mitotic count was associated with an increased risk of breast cancer death (HR 2.5; P=0.01). In contrast, cyclin D1 overexpression was predictive of better breast cancer survival (HR 0.3; P=0.001). In conclusion, high levels of cyclin A and B expression and an elevated mitotic count result in a two to threefold higher risk forbreast cancer death, whereas cyclin D1 overexpression halves the risk. The clinical utility of these proliferation markers needs further elucidation. 
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2.
  • Nilsson, Cecilia, et al. (författare)
  • Molecular subtyping of male breast cancer using alternative definitions and its prognostic impact
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Acta Oncologica. - 0284-186X .- 1651-226X. ; 52:1, s. 102-109
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background. Male breast cancer (MBC) is an uncommon disease and there is limited information on the prognostic impact of routinely used clinicopathological parameters.Material and methods.In a retrospective setting, we reviewed 197 MBC patients with accessible paraffin-embedded tumor tissue and clinicopathological data. Immunohistochemical (IHC) stainings were performed on tissue microarrays and histological grading on conventional slides. Cox proportional regression models were applied for uni- and multivariate analyses using breast cancer death as the event.Results. Estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor positivity were demonstrated in 93% and 77% of patients, respectively. Nottingham histologic grade (NHG) III was seen in 41% and HER2 positivity in 11%. Classification into molecular subtypes using IHC markers according to three alternative definitions revealed luminal A and luminal B in 81% vs. 11%; 48% vs. 44% and 41% vs. 42% of cases. Two cases of basal-like were identified, but no cases of HER2-like. Factors associated with an increased risk of breast cancer death were node positivity (HR 4.5; 95% CI 1.8-11.1), tumor size > 20 mm (HR 3.3; 95% CI 1.4-7.9) and ER negativity (HR 10.9; 95% CI 3.2-37.9). No difference in breast cancer death between the luminal subgroups was demonstrated, regardless of definition.Conclusion.MBC tumors were more often of high grade, whereas HER2 overexpression was as frequent as in FBC. Lymph nodes, tumor size and ER status were independent predictors of breast cancer death. The prognostic impact of molecular subtyping in MBC seems to differ from that previously established in FBC.
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  • Bohr Mordhorst, Louise, 1958-, et al. (författare)
  • A study of serum biomarkers associated with relapse of cervical cancer
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Anticancer Research. - 0250-7005. ; 32:11, s. 4913-22
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND/AIM: To discover candidate protein biomarkers in the serum of patients with cervical cancer that differentiate between patients with relapse from those who are tumor-free after primary treatment with (platinum-based chemo-) radiation.PATIENTS AND METHODS: Surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF-MS) with cation exchange (CM10) and hydrophobic/reverse-phase (H50) was used to examine 44 serum samples from patients with advanced cervical cancer, primarily treated with (platinum-based chemo-) radiation.RESULTS: Ten candidate biomarkers were identified in the serum of 34 patients. Six candidate markers were elevated in patients with no relapse and four were elevated in patients with relapse [p=0.007-0.11; area under the curve (AUC)=0.70-0.75]. Masses of candidate biomarkers ranged from 2,022 to 116,165 Da.CONCLUSION: Patients with relapse from primary advanced cervical cancer exhibit different serum protein expression profiles from those with no relapse.
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6.
  • Bohr Mordhorst, Louise, 1958-, et al. (författare)
  • Prognostic impact of the expression of Hedgehog proteins in cervical carcinoma FIGO stages I-IV treated with radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Gynecologic Oncology. - Academic Press. - 0090-8258. ; 135:2, s. 305-311
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: Hedgehog signaling proteins were assessed in patients with cervical carcinoma receiving chemoradiation. Associations between five Hedgehog proteins and prognosis were studied.Methods: In all, 131 cases of cervical carcinomas (FIGO stages I-IV) were immunohistochemically (IHC) analyzed for Patched (PTCH), Smoothened (SMO), and GLI1, GLI2 and GLI3 protein expression. Associations between Hedgehog protein expressions, clinicopathological factors, and clinical outcome data were examined.Results: Positive IHC staining for the five Hedgehog proteins was recorded in 8% to 37% of the tumor cells. The highest frequency was noted for SMO and the lowest for all. There was a significant association between low SMO- and GLI2-expression and KRAS-mutation. Tumors with overexpressed SMO had a higher frequency of residual tumor or local recurrences than tumors with low SMO expression. Patients with tumors expressing PTCH in more than 75% of the cells had significantly (P = 0.023) better recurrence-free survival than patients with tumors with low expression. The opposite situation was true for SMO. For GLI2, there was a statistically significant difference with regard to overall (P = 0.004) and distant (P = 0.015) relapse rate for groups with expression of GLI2 in the range of 5-25% compared to higher rates.Conclusions: A predictive and prognostic value was found for PTCH, SMO, and GLI2 with regard to residual carcinoma, local recurrences, and for GLI2 distant relapses. The Hedgehog signaling pathway also seems to play an important role in cervical carcinogenesis together with HPV16-infection and KRAS-mutation.
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7.
  • Klintman, Marie, et al. (författare)
  • The Prognostic Value of Mitotic Activity Index (MAI), Phosphohistone H3 (PPH3), Cyclin B1, Cyclin A, and Ki67, Alone and in Combinations, in Node-Negative Premenopausal Breast Cancer.
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: PLoS ONE. - Public Library of Science. - 1932-6203. ; 8:12
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Proliferation, either as the main common denominator in genetic profiles, or in the form of single factors such as Ki67, is recommended for clinical use especially in estrogen receptor-positive (ER) patients. However, due to high costs of genetic profiles and lack of reproducibility for Ki67, studies on other proliferation factors are warranted. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prognostic value of the proliferation factors mitotic activity index (MAI), phosphohistone H3 (PPH3), cyclin B1, cyclin A and Ki67, alone and in combinations. In 222 consecutive premenopausal node-negative breast cancer patients (87% without adjuvant medical treatment), MAI was assessed on whole tissue sections (predefined cut-off ≥10 mitoses), and PPH3, cyclin B1, cyclin A, and Ki67 on tissue microarray (predefined cut-offs 7th decile). In univariable analysis (high versus low) the strongest prognostic proliferation factor for 10-year distant disease-free survival was MAI (Hazard Ratio (HR)=3.3, 95% Confidence Interval (CI): 1.8-6.1), followed by PPH3, cyclin A, Ki67, and cyclin B1. A combination variable, with patients with MAI and/or cyclin A high defined as high-risk, had even stronger prognostic value (HR=4.2, 95%CI: 2.2-7). When stratifying for ER-status, MAI was a significant prognostic factor in ER-positive patients only (HR=7.0, 95%CI: 3.1-16). Stratified for histological grade, MAI added prognostic value in grade 2 (HR=7.2, 95%CI: 3.1-38) and grade 1 patients. In multivariable analysis including HER2, age, adjuvant medical treatment, ER, and one proliferation factor at a time, only MAI (HR=2.7, 95%CI: 1.1-6.7), and cyclin A (HR=2.7, 95%CI: 1.2-6.0) remained independently prognostic. In conclusion this study confirms the strong prognostic value of all proliferation factors, especially MAI and cyclin A, in all patients, and more specifically in ER-positive patients, and patients with histological grade 2 and 1. Additionally, by combining two proliferation factors, an even stronger prognostic value may be found.
8.
  • Löfdahl, Britta, et al. (författare)
  • Inflammatory cells in node-negative breast cancer
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Acta Oncologica. - 0284-186X .- 1651-226X. ; 51:5, s. 680-686
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background.To study the impact of inflammatory cells in a clinically well-defined cohort of women with node-negative breast cancer in a nested case-control study design.Material and methods.The cohort was comprised of 190 women who died from breast cancer and 190 women still alive at the date of death for the corresponding breast cancer patients were used as controls. The inclusion criteria included; a tumour size ≤ 50 mm, no lymph node metastases and no initiation of adjuvant chemotherapy. Immunohistochemical stainings for CD3, CD4, CD8, FoxP3, CD20, tryptase and CD68 were performed on TMA blocks, evaluated and correlated to each other and to age, tumour size, histological grade, ER, PgR, Ki67 and cyclin A.Results.There was no difference regarding the amount or content of inflammatory cells in the cases compared to controls. T- and B-cells were highly correlated to each other but these cell types correlated to a lesser extent to macrophages and not at all to mast cells. A weak tendency of correlations between all the subsets of inflammatory cells and histological grade, Ki67 and cyclin A was observed, although a negative correlation was seen for mast cells.Conclusion.The amount or content of inflammatory cells in invasive breast cancer did not appear to influence death in node-negative breast cancer.
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9.
  • Niméus-Malmström, Emma, et al. (författare)
  • Cyclin B1 is a prognostic proliferation marker with a high reproducibility in a population-based lymph node negative breast cancer cohort.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cancer. - John Wiley and Sons Inc.. - 0020-7136. ; 127, s. 961-967
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A large proportion of women with lymph node negative breast cancer treated with chemotherapy do not benefit from such treatment. Proliferation markers have been shown to recognize patients at high risk for recurrence. Ki67 has recently been included in the St Gallen guidelines. We investigated the prognostic importance of cyclin B1 in node negative breast cancer and included a study of reproducibility. In a population-based case-control study 190 women who died from breast cancer were defined as cases and 190 women alive at the time for the corresponding case's death as controls. Inclusion criteria were tumor size < 50 mm, no lymph node metastases, and no adjuvant chemotherapy. Tumor tissue was immunostained for cyclin B1. Two investigators evaluated the staining independently by counting approximately 100, 200, 500, and 1000 cells. Cyclin B1 was statistically significantly associated to breast cancer death, in both uni- and multivariate analyses (adjusted for tumor size, age, and endocrine therapy), with odds ratios 2-3 for both investigators. The agreement between the two investigators was good to very good, regardless of the number of counted cells (kappa values between 0.74 and 0.82).Cyclin B1 is a prognostic factor for breast cancer death in a population-based node negative patient cohort which can identify high-risk patients with a good to very good reproducibility. (c) 2009 UICC.
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10.
  • Sorbe, Bengt, 1947-, et al. (författare)
  • Natural history of recurrences in endometrial carcinoma
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Oncology Letters. - Spandidos Publications. - 1792-1074. ; 8:4, s. 1800-1806
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of the present study was to evaluate the natural history of endometrial cancer recurrences with regard to predictive and prognostic factors. Between 1990 and 1999, 100 patients were treated for recurrences of endometrial carcinoma (all FIGO stages). Overall, 90 tumors were of endometrioid type. A total of 82 patients were treated with surgery, 41 patients received adjuvant external irradiation and 91 patients received vaginal brachytherapy. The median time to recurrence (TTR) was 32 months. The recurrences were treated using a combination of high-dose-rate brachytherapy and external pelvic irradiation in 35 cases. In addition, 44 patients were treated with chemotherapy and 21 patients received other types of therapy. The complete remission rate was 29% and the overall response rate was 44%. Among patients treated with radiotherapy, the response rate was 88% and, for those treated with chemotherapy, the rate was 33%. The local control of vaginal recurrences treated with combined radiotherapy was 93%. In 45 patients (45%) a second recurrence was identified and a third recurrence occurred in 12 patients. The overall five-year survival rate was 44%. Age, FIGO grade, nuclear grade, TTR and response to treatment were found to be independent and significant prognostic factors for overall survival rate. Locoregional recurrences were associated with a generalized extra-pelvic disease in 63% of the cases.
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