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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Andersen Leif P.) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Andersen Leif P.)

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1.
  • Butterworth, J., et al. (författare)
  • Les Houches 2013: Physics at TeV Colliders: Standard Model Working Group Report
  • 2014
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This Report summarizes the proceedings of the 2013 Les Houches workshop on Physics at TeV Colliders. Session 1 dealt primarily with (1) the techniques for calculating standard model multi-leg NLO and NNLO QCD and NLO EW cross sections and (2) the comparison of those cross sections with LHC data from Run 1, and projections for future measurements in Run 2.
2.
  • Aabenhus, Rune, et al. (författare)
  • Lectin Typing of Campylobacter concisus
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Microbiology. - American Society for Microbiology. - 0095-1137. ; 40:2, s. 715-717
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A total of 44 clinical isolates and the type strain of the putative pathogen Campylobacter concisus were grouped based on their reactions with plant lectins. The optimized lectin typing system used C. concisus strains proteolytically pretreated and subsequently typed by using a panel of four lectins. The system grouped all 45 strains into 13 lectin reaction patterns, leaving no strain untypeable due to autoagglutination. Lectin types were both stable and reproducible.
3.
  • Andersen, J. R., et al. (författare)
  • Small-x phenomenology - Summary of the 3rd Lund small-x workshop in 2004
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL C. - SPRINGER. - 1434-6044. ; 48:1, s. 53-105
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A third workshop on small-x physics, within the Small-x Collaboration, was held in Hamburg in May 2004 with the aim of overviewing recent theoretical progress in this area and summarizing the experimental status.
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4.
  • Anderson, Carl A, et al. (författare)
  • Meta-analysis identifies 29 additional ulcerative colitis risk loci, increasing the number of confirmed associations to 47
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - 1061-4036. ; 43:3, s. 246-252
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Genome-wide association studies and candidate gene studies in ulcerative colitis have identified 18 susceptibility loci. We conducted a meta-analysis of six ulcerative colitis genome-wide association study datasets, comprising 6,687 cases and 19,718 controls, and followed up the top association signals in 9,628 cases and 12,917 controls. We identified 29 additional risk loci (P < 5 × 10(-8)), increasing the number of ulcerative colitis-associated loci to 47. After annotating associated regions using GRAIL, expression quantitative trait loci data and correlations with non-synonymous SNPs, we identified many candidate genes that provide potentially important insights into disease pathogenesis, including IL1R2, IL8RA-IL8RB, IL7R, IL12B, DAP, PRDM1, JAK2, IRF5, GNA12 and LSP1. The total number of confirmed inflammatory bowel disease risk loci is now 99, including a minimum of 28 shared association signals between Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.
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5.
  • Hynes, Sean, et al. (författare)
  • Comparative chemical and biological characterization of the lipopolysaccharides of gastric and enterohepatic helicobacters
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Helicobacter. - Blackwell Publishing Ltd. - 1083-4389. ; 9:4, s. 313-323
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background. The lipopolysaccharide of Helicobacter pylori plays an important role in colonization and pathogenicity. The present study sought to compare structural and biological features of lipopolysaccharides from gastric and enterohepatic Helicobacter spp. not previously characterized.Materials and methods. Purified lipopolysaccharides from four gastric Helicobacter spp. (H. pylori, Helicobacter felis, Helicobacter bizzozeronii and Helicobacter mustelae) and four enterohepatic Helicobacter spp. (Helicobacter hepaticus, Helicobacter bilis, Helicobacter sp. flexispira and Helicobacter pullorum) were structurally characterized using electrophoretic, serological and chemical methods.Results. Structural insights into all three moieties of the lipopolysaccharides, i.e. lipid A, core and O-polysaccharide chains, were gained. All species expressed lipopolysaccharides bearing an O-polysaccharide chain, but H. mustelae and H. hepaticus produced truncated semirough lipopolysaccharides. However, in contrast to lipopolysaccharides of H. pylori and H. mustelae, no blood group mimicry was detected in the other Helicobacter spp. examined. Intra-species, but not interspecies, fatty acid profiles of lipopolysaccharides were identical within the genus. Although shared lipopolysaccharide-core epitopes with H. pylori occurred, differing structural characteristics were noted in this lipopolysaccharide region of some Helicobacter spp. The lipopolysaccharides of the gastric helicobacters, H. bizzozeronii and H. mustelae, had relative Limulus amoebocyte lysate activities which clustered around that of H. pylori lipopolysaccharide, whereas H. bilis, Helicobacter sp. flexispira and H. hepaticus formed a cluster with approximately 100010,000-fold lower activities. H. pullorum lipopolysaccharide had the highest relative Limulus amoebocyte lysate activity of all the helicobacter lipopolysaccharides (10-fold higher than that of H. pylori lipopolysaccharide), and all the lipopolysaccharides of enterohepatic Helicobacter spp. were capable of inducing nuclear factor-Kappa B(NF-B) activation.Conclusions. The collective results demonstrate the structural heterogeneity and pathogenic potential of lipopolysaccharides of the Helicobacter genus as a group and these differences in lipopolysaccharides may be indicative of adaptation of the bacteria to different ecological niches.
6.
  • Andersen, S, et al. (författare)
  • Extracellular phospholipase A2 expression in sarcoidosis
  • 1996
  • Ingår i: Sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and diffuse lung diseases. - Casa Editrice Mattioli. - 1124-0490. ; 13:1, s. 70-73
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study was conducted in order to focus upon the Ca2- dependent secretory non-pancreatic phospholipase A2 (npPLA2) enzyme and its possible role in the pathophysiology of sarcoidosis. Serum samples were taken from 24 patients with sarcoidosis to determine the levels of npPLA2. Moreover, in another group of patients with active chest x-ray stage II and III sarcoidosis, bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and transbronchial lung biopsies (TBL) were taken. Highly significant increase of npPLA2 in serum was found in patients compared to controls (p < 0.001). Furthermore, those patients with stable and inactive disease and those who were under treatment with corticosteroids, tended to have lower values than those with active disease and those who were untreated. An intense accumulation of npPLA2 was found in smooth muscle tissue in lung biopsy specimens, in close connection with fibroblast accumulation and deposition of collagen. These cells also stained positive for alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA). In addition, when using the technique of in situ hybridization, expression of npPLA2-mRNA was found in the fibroblast layer surrounding the epitheloid cell granulomas. These fibroblasts did not stain positive for alpha-SMA. Our data suggest that npPLA2 is actively involved, and has an important role, in the pathophysiology of sarcoidosis.
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7.
  • Jostins, Luke, et al. (författare)
  • Host-microbe interactions have shaped the genetic architecture of inflammatory bowel disease
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Nature. - 0028-0836. ; 491:7422, s. 119-124
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, the two common forms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), affect over 2.5 million people of European ancestry, with rising prevalence in other populations(1). Genome-wide association studies and subsequent meta-analyses of these two diseases(2,3) as separate phenotypes have implicated previously unsuspected mechanisms, such as autophagy(4), in their pathogenesis and showed that some IBD loci are shared with other inflammatory diseases(5). Here we expand on the knowledge of relevant pathways by undertaking a meta-analysis of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis genome-wide association scans, followed by extensive validation of significant findings, with a combined total of more than 75,000 cases and controls. We identify 71 new associations, for a total of 163 IBD loci, that meet genome-wide significance thresholds. Most loci contribute to both phenotypes, and both directional (consistently favouring one allele over the course of human history) and balancing (favouring the retention of both alleles within populations) selection effects are evident. Many IBD loci are also implicated in other immune-mediated disorders, most notably with ankylosing spondylitis and psoriasis. We also observe considerable overlap between susceptibility loci for IBD and mycobacterial infection. Gene co-expression network analysis emphasizes this relationship, with pathways shared between host responses to mycobacteria and those predisposing to IBD.
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8.
  • Ling, Charlotte, et al. (författare)
  • Impact of the peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-gamma coactivator-1 beta (PGC-1 beta) Ala203Pro polymorphism on in vivo metabolism, PGC-1 beta expression and fibre type composition in human skeletal muscle
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Diabetologia. - Springer. - 0012-186X. ; 50:8, s. 1615-1620
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aims/hypothesis Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-gamma coactivator-lp (PGC-1 beta, also known as PPARGCIB) expression is reduced in skeletal muscle from patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and in elderly subjects. Ala203Pro, a common variant in the PGC-1 beta gene is associated with obesity. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the PGC-1 beta Ala203Pro polymorphism influences the age-related decline in skeletal muscle PGC-1 beta expression, in vivo metabolism and markers for muscle fibre type composition. Materials and methods The PGC-1 beta Ala203Pro polymerphism was genotyped in 110 young (age 28.0 +/- 1.9 years) and 86 elderly (age 62.4 +/- 2.0 years) twins and related to muscle PGC-1 beta expression, in vivo metabolism and markers for fibre type composition. Results Insulin-stimulated non-oxidative glucose metabolism (NOGM; p=0.025) and glycolytic flux rate (GF; p=0.026) were reduced in young Ala/Ala carriers compared with carriers of a 203Pro allele. In addition, a regression analysis, correcting for covariates, showed that the PGC-1 beta 203Pro allele was positively related to insulin-stimulated NOGM and GF in the young twins. While muscle expression of PGC-1 beta was reduced in elderly compared with young carriers of the Ala/Ala genotype (p <= 0.001), there was no significant age-related decline in PGC-1 beta expression in carriers of the 203Pro allele (p >= 0.4). However, a regression analysis, correcting for covariates, showed that only age was significantly related to muscle PGC-1 beta expression. Finally, PGC-1 beta expression correlated positively with markers for oxidative fibres in human muscle. Conclusions/interpretation This study suggests that young carriers of a PGC-1 beta 203Pro allele have enhanced insulin-stimulated glucose metabolism and may be protected against an age-related decline in PGC-1 beta expression in muscle.
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9.
  • Nilsson, Hans-Olof, et al. (författare)
  • Effect of Cold Starvation, Acid Stress, and Nutrients on Metabolic Activity of Helicobacter pylori.
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Applied and Environmental Microbiology. - American Society for Microbiology. - 0099-2240. ; 68:1, s. 11-19
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Helicobacter pylori can transform, in vivo as well as in vitro, from dividing spiral-shaped forms into nonculturable coccoids, with intermediate forms called U forms. The importance of nonculturable coccoid forms of H. pylori in disease transmission and antibiotic treatment failures is unclear. Metabolic activities of actively growing as well as nonculturable H. pylori were investigated by comparing the concentrations of cellular ATP and total RNA, gene expression, presence of cytoplasmic polyphosphate granules and iron inclusions, and cellular morphology during extended broth culture and nutritional cold starvation. In addition, the effect of exposing broth-cultured or cold-starved cells to a nutrient-rich or acidic environment on the metabolic activities was investigated. ATP was detectable up to 14 days and for at least 25 days after transformation from the spiral form to the coccoid form or U form in broth-cultured and cold-starved cells, respectively. mRNAs of VacA, a 26-kDa protein, and urease A were detected by using reverse transcription-PCR in cells cultured for 2 months in broth or cold starved for at least 28 months. The ATP concentration was not affected during exposure to fresh or acidified broth, while 4- to 12-h exposures of nonculturable cells to lysed human erythrocytes increased cellular ATP 12- to 150-fold. Incubation of nonculturable cold-starved cells with an erythrocyte lysate increased total RNA expression and ureA mRNA transcription as measured by quantitative real-time reverse transcription-PCR. Furthermore, the number of structurally intact starved coccoids containing polyphosphate granules increased almost fourfold (P = 0.0022) under the same conditions. In conclusion, a specific environmental stimulus can induce ATP, polyphosphate, and RNA metabolism in nonculturable H. pylori, indicating viability of such morphological forms.
10.
  • Zeggini, Eleftheria, et al. (författare)
  • Meta-analysis of genome-wide association data and large-scale replication identifies additional susceptibility loci for type 2 diabetes
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - Nature Publishing Group. - 1061-4036. ; 40:5, s. 638-645
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Genome-wide association (GWA) studies have identified multiple loci at which common variants modestly but reproducibly influence risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D)(1-11). Established associations to common and rare variants explain only a small proportion of the heritability of T2D. As previously published analyses had limited power to identify variants with modest effects, we carried out meta-analysis of three T2D GWA scans comprising 10,128 individuals of European descent and similar to 2.2 million SNPs (directly genotyped and imputed), followed by replication testing in an independent sample with an effective sample size of up to 53,975. We detected at least six previously unknown loci with robust evidence for association, including the JAZF1 (P=5.0 x 10(-14)), CDC123-CAMK1D (P=1.2 x 10(-10)), TSPAN8-LGR5 (P=1.1 x 10(-9)), THADA (P=1.1 x 10(-9)), ADAMTS9 (P=1.2 x 10(-8)) and NOTCH2 (P=4.1 x 10(-8)) gene regions. Our results illustrate the value of large discovery and follow-up samples for gaining further insights into the inherited basis of T2D.
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