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Sökning: WFRF:(Andersen Niels Frost) > (2020-2021)

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1.
  • Duran-Lozano, Laura, et al. (författare)
  • Germline variants at SOHLH2 influence multiple myeloma risk
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Blood Cancer Journal. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 2044-5385. ; 11:4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Multiple myeloma (MM) is caused by the uncontrolled, clonal expansion of plasma cells. While there is epidemiological evidence for inherited susceptibility, the molecular basis remains incompletely understood. We report a genome-wide association study totalling 5,320 cases and 422,289 controls from four Nordic populations, and find a novel MM risk variant at SOHLH2 at 13q13.3 (risk allele frequency = 3.5%; odds ratio = 1.38; P = 2.2 × 10-14). This gene encodes a transcription factor involved in gametogenesis that is normally only weakly expressed in plasma cells. The association is represented by 14 variants in linkage disequilibrium. Among these, rs75712673 maps to a genomic region with open chromatin in plasma cells, and upregulates SOHLH2 in this cell type. Moreover, rs75712673 influences transcriptional activity in luciferase assays, and shows a chromatin looping interaction with the SOHLH2 promoter. Our work provides novel insight into MM susceptibility.
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2.
  • Rosengren, Sara, et al. (författare)
  • Diagnostic Accuracy of [11C]PIB Positron Emission Tomography for Detection of Cardiac Amyloidosis
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: JACC Cardiovascular Imaging. - 1936-878X .- 1876-7591. ; 13:6, s. 1337-1347
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES: This dual-site study evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of the method.BACKGROUND: Pittsburgh compound ([11C]PIB) positron emission tomography (PIB-PET) has shown promise as a specific and noninvasive method for the diagnosis of cardiac amyloidosis (CA).METHODS: The study had 2 parts. In the initial study, 51 subjects were included, 36 patients with known CA and increased wall thickness (15 immunoglobulin light chain [AL] and 21 transthyretin [ATTR] amyloidosis) and 15 control patients (7 were nonamyloid hypertrophic and 8 healthy volunteers). Subjects underwent PIB-PET and echocardiography. Sensitivity and specificity of PIB-PET were established for 2 simple semiquantitative approaches, standardized uptake value ratio (SUVR) and retention index (RI). The second part of the study included 11 amyloidosis patients (5 AL and 6 hereditary ATTR) without increased wall thickness to which the optimal cutoff values of SUVR (>1.09) and RI (>0.037 min-1) were applied prospectively.RESULTS: The diagnostic accuracy of visual inspection of [11C]PIB uptake was 100% in discriminating CA patients with increased wall thickness from controls. Semiquantitative [11C]PIB uptake discriminated CA from controls with a 94% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 80% to 99%) sensitivity for both SUVR and RI and specificity of 93% (95% CI: 66% to 100%) for SUVR and 100% (95% CI: 75% to 100%) for RI. [11C]PIB uptake was significantly higher in AL-CA than in ATTR-CA patients (p < 0.001) and discriminated AL-CA from controls with 100% (95% CI: 88% to 100%) accuracy for both the semiquantitative measures. In the prospective group without increased wall thickness, RI was elevated compared to controls (p = 0.001) and 5 of 11 subjects were evaluated as [11C]PIB PET positive.CONCLUSIONS: In a dual-center setting, [11C]PIB PET was highly accurate in detecting cardiac involvement in the main amyloid subtypes, with 100% accuracy in AL amyloidosis. A proportion of amyloidosis patients without known cardiac involvement were [11C]PIB PET positive, indicating that the method may detect early stages of CA.
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