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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Andreasson Håkan) srt2:(2000-2004)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Andreasson Håkan) > (2000-2004)

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1.
  • Ciray, Ipek, et al. (författare)
  • Evaluation of new sclerotic bone metastases in breast cancer patients during treatment
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Acta Radiologica. - 0284-1851 .- 1600-0455. ; 41:2, s. 178-182
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE:According to the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria for response of bone metastases to therapy, new lesions indicate progressive disease. We intended to prove that a new sclerotic lesion on conventional radiography may also be a sign of a positive therapeutic response in a previously undetectable lytic metastasis.MATERIAL AND METHODS:In a previous placebo-controlled clinical trial of clodronate (Ostac) therapy, 139 breast cancer patients with bone metastases underwent both conventional radiography and bone scan every 6 months for 2 years with 99mTc before and during clodronate treatment. WHO criteria were applied for therapy response evaluation.RESULTS:In 24 patients, 52 new sclerotic lesions observed during therapy were selected for re-evaluation of conventional radiographs and bone scans. In 8 of the 24 patients, 17 of 52 new sclerotic lesions (33%) had showed positive uptake on previous bone scans. These lesions were possibly misinterpreted as new when applying WHO criteria.CONCLUSION:For better assessment of new sclerotic lesions during treatment, more sensitive techniques, e.g. bone scan, are needed as a complement to conventional radiography.
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  • Jensen, Eva, et al. (författare)
  • Changes in hemostasis during pediatric heart surgery: impact of a biocompatible heparin-coated perfusion system.
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: The Annals of thoracic surgery. - 0003-4975. ; 77:3, s. 962-7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: This study describes the response in hemostasis during open-heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in children (<== 10 kg) and tests the hypothesis that the use of a biocompatible perfusion system, in comparison with a conventional system, causes less hemostatic activation. METHODS: Prospective, randomized, controlled clinical study. Forty consecutive children <== 10 kg were included and divided into two groups: group bioc. (n = 19) treated with a fully heparin-coated system, centrifugal pump, and a closed circuit, and group conv. (n = 21) treated with an uncoated system, roller pump, and a hard shell venous reservoir. Concentrations of plasma thrombin-antithrombin (TAT), D-dimer, tissue plasminogen activator antigen (t-PA ag), and the complex consisting of tissue plasminogen activator and its inhibitor plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (t-PA-PAI-1) were measured. RESULTS: The biochemical variables measured increased significantly in both groups during the study period. There was less activation of fibrinolysis during cardiopulmonary bypass (t-PA ag: p = 0.009) in patients treated with the biocompatible perfusion system than in patients treated with the conventional system. A trend in favor of the biocompatible system based on the D-dimer and TAT data (p = 0.07 for both measurements) was observed but no significant intergroup differences regarding these variables or t-PA-PAI-1 were found. CONCLUSIONS: Open-heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass in children (<== 10 kg) causes transient activation of the coagulation and fibrinolytic systems. This study demonstrates that the use of a biocompatible perfusion system results in a lower extent of activation of fibrinolysis during CPB than the use of a conventional system.
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8.
  • Jensen, Eva, et al. (författare)
  • Influence of two different perfusion systems on inflammatory response in pediatric heart surgery.
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: The Annals of thoracic surgery. - 0003-4975. ; 75:3, s. 919-25
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: This study tests the hypothesis that a cardiopulmonary bypass system that combines complete heparin-coating, a centrifugal pump, and a closed circuit in comparison with a conventional system (uncoated system, roller pump, and hard shell venous reservoir) attenuates the inflammatory response in pediatric heart surgery. METHODS: In a prospective randomized controlled clinical study 40 consecutive children weighing 10 kg or less were included and divided into two groups. Concentrations of complement proteins (C3a, sC5b-9, C4d, and Bb), granulocyte degranulation products (polymorphonuclear [PMN] elastase), and proinflammatory cytokines (tumor necrosis factor [TNF]-alpha, interleukin [IL]-6, and IL-8) were measured. RESULTS: C3a and sC5b-9 concentrations were lower (C3a, p < 0.001; sC5b-9, p = 0.01) in the combined (heparin-coated/centrifugal pump/closed reservoir) group, the peak values being 58% and 37% of conventional group values. The Bb- and C4d-fragment values indicated activation of the complement system through the alternative pathway in both groups. PMN elastase concentrations were lower (p = 0.02) in the combined group, the peak values being 43% of conventional group values. There were no significant intergroup differences regarding TNF-alpha, IL-6, or IL-8 concentrations. CONCLUSIONS: The use of a fully heparin-coated system, a centrifugal pump, and a closed circuit during CPB in children (10 kg or less) leads to a lower degree of complement activation and PMN elastase release compared with a conventional system.
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