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Sökning: WFRF:(Arvidsson Matilda 1976 ) > (2020)

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  • Arvidsson, Matilda, 1976 (författare)
  • The swarm that we already are: Artificially Intelligent (AI) swarming ‘insect drones’, targeting and international humanitarian law in a posthuman ecology
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Journal of Human Rights and the Environment. - 1759-7188 .- 1759-7196. ; 11:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Over the last fifty-odd years the US Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA) has launched programs aiming at emulating and incorporating insect technologies in military technology. The US Army Unmanned Aircrafts Systems Roadmap 2010–2035 has specified insect swarming as a field of development for Unmanned Aviation Systems. While legal scholarship has paid substantial attention to drones, autonomous weapons systems and artificial intelligence (AI), developments based on insect swarming technologies have been largely ignored. This article takes emerging AI swarming technologies in military warfare systems as its starting point and asks about the significance of the swarming insect in and through contemporary International Humanitarian Law (IHL) and warfare. Taking up Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari’s notions of ‘the swarm’ and the ‘war machine’, and drawing on critical environmental legal scholarship, the article argues that rather than dispersing the human from its central position in the ‘targeting loop’, the increased interest in insects for commercial and warfare purposes is an intensification of transhumanist desires and an acceleration of late capitalism. As a counter-move, and as a contribution to a posthumanist turn in IHL, the article calls for becoming-insect, swarm and minoritarian as an epistemological practice and ontological shift in IHL and its critical scholarship, resulting in a posthumanitarian legal ordering of becoming.
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  • Arvidsson, Matilda, 1976 (författare)
  • The ‘turn to history’ and the year of the yearbook of international law
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Netherlands Yearbook of International Law 2019. Yearbooks in International Law: History, Function and Future/ Editors Otto SpijkersWouter G. WernerRamses A. Wessel. - The Hague : T.M.C. Asser Press. - 9789462654020 ; , s. 9-20
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This chapter concerns the relation between time, progression and history in international law. It places the yearbook in a broader context of the ‘turn to history’ in international legal scholarship, and asks how the ‘year’ figures as a placeholder of meaning and authority in international law and its’ narratives. Drawing on recent scholarly debates on narration in relation to international law and emerging technologies – especially artificial intelligence (AI) – the article calls for a book of international law that knows of no year, no history, no beginning and no perpetually postponed end.
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  • Arvidsson, Matilda, 1976, et al. (författare)
  • The Turn to History in International Law and the Sources Doctrine: Critical Approaches and Methodological Imaginaries
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Leiden Journal of International Law. - : CUP. - 0922-1565. ; 33:1, s. 37-56
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Expanding now familiar debates about the impact of the ‘historical turn’ upon the field of international law, this article considers some of the different ways in which ‘turn to history’ scholars have confronted the methodological and theoretical tensions arising from the central, yet paradoxical role occupied by the sources doctrine in international law. We suggest that the anxiety over the sources of international law as the basic methodological precepts of the discipline, has been a catalysing element for a radical reengagement with the canon of international law, one with a significant impact on the field’s existing parameters and doctrinal limits. Within the three streams of scholarship we explore here, history has become a site of creative engagement for scholars in opening up the discipline to diverse ends, one in which a new doctrinal universe can be created, and new issues, sources, subjects and approaches can be explored. Yet, by opening up international law’s sources doctrine reactionary causes and unjust ends may equally well be the result. This account is an attempt at diversifying the narrative surrounding the causal relationship between history and the ongoing changes to the field of international law, along with the differential practices, techniques and epistemological foundations behind the history of international law as an evolving discipline, and of the different scholarly motivations of its specialists.
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  • Berbyuk Lindström, Nataliya, 1978, et al. (författare)
  • Migrant Employment Integration and Artificial Intelligence (AI)
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of the 32nd annual workshop of the Swedish Artificial Intelligence Society (SAIS) online conference, June 16 – 17, 2020..
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Employment integration is a cornerstone of migrant integration into host society. Though many AI initiatives targeting migrants have been initiated, research is limited on the design, outcomes and effectiveness of such initiatives. Today, there is a lack of effective implementation protocols and opportunities to assess whether these technologies constitute successful intervention tools and actually contribute to migrant integration.This four-year interdisciplinary research projectseeks to gain a deeper understanding of thechallengesandopportunitiesthatartificialintelligence(AI)entailsforfacilitatingmigrantemploymentintegrationandworkplaceinclusion. We address the following research ques-tions:1. How is AI used by migrants, their co-workers and the actors involved in their employment integration process? 2. How does AI enhance migrant professional competences?and 3. What are pathways to success of AI interventions for integration and inclusion purposes?Acombination of qualitative and quantitative research methods (interviews, focus groups, shadowing and interactive workshops) is used. Insix work packages (WPs)we analyze and identify the challenges and opportunities thatAI entailforfacilitatingmigrantemploymentintegration. Apart from contributing to theorizing migrant integration and AI, we also aim at providing a robust evidence-base for ‘good’ policy-making, regulatory guidelines and administration of profession-oriented integration process.Finally, we want to contribute to better understanding of how AI can contribute to overcoming prejudice and discrimination, which, in turn, can lead to mutual learning and building sustainable, wel-coming and secure communities.
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  • Constituent Power: Law, Popular Rule and Politics
  • 2020
  • Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Recent social and political developments, including the presidential elections in the United States, antidemocratic state policies in Hungary and Poland, and the political climate in the rest of Europe have brought questions relating to the position and composition of ’the people’ in constitutional democracies to the forefront. This book confronts these questions head on as leading scholars across the fields of law, legal theory, political theory and history explore the contemporary problems facing constitutional democracies. With a strong focus on constitutional law, this book examines the legal as well as the political power of ‘the people’ in constitutional democracies. Bringing together an international range of contributors from the USA, Latin America, the UK and continental Europe, it explores the complex relationship between constitutional democracy and ‘the people’. Contributors explore this relationship through the lens of radical democracy, engaging with the work of key figures such as Hannah Arendt, Carl Schmitt, Claude Lefort and Jacques Rancière.
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