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Sökning: WFRF:(Bengtsson M) > (1995-1999) > Johannsson Gudmundur 1960

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  • Karlsson, C, et al. (författare)
  • Effects of growth hormone treatment on the leptin system and on energy expenditure in abdominally obese men.
  • 1998
  • Ingår i: European journal of endocrinology / European Federation of Endocrine Societies. - 0804-4643. ; 138:4, s. 408-14
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The present study has examined the short- and long-term effects of growth hormone (GH) treatment on the leptin system and energy expenditure. Thirty male individuals with abdominal obesity were randomised to GH or placebo treatment in a 9-month, double-blind study. The dose of GH was 9.5 microg/kg, administered subcutaneously every evening. Serum leptin concentrations were measured by a human leptin RIA. Total RNA was isolated from adipose tissue biopsies and leptin mRNA levels were determined by a semi-quantitative reverse transcriptase-PCR assay. Body composition was determined by potassium-40 and the basal metabolic rate (BMR) was measured by a computerised, ventilated, open-hood system. As compared with placebo, an overall decrease in serum leptin concentrations as assessed by the area under the curve (AUC) (P < 0.05) and an increase in BMR (AUC, P < 0.05) were observed during GH treatment. The overall GH-induced changes were due to marked changes in serum leptin concentrations and BMR after 6 weeks of treatment. After 9 months of GH treatment there was a significant reduction in body fat (BF) while serum leptin concentrations and BMR did not differ from baseline values. Leptin mRNA levels did not change over the study period. We speculate that long-term GH treatment induces a new energy balance steady state with decreased BF stores. The effects of GH on the leptin system is suggested to be of importance for the maintenance of a lower BF mass.
  • Svensson, Johan, 1964-, et al. (författare)
  • Treatment of obese subjects with the oral growth hormone secretagogue MK-677 affects serum concentrations of several lipoproteins, but not lipoprotein(a).
  • 1999
  • Ingår i: The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism. - 0021-972X. ; 84:6, s. 2028-33
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Obesity is associated with blunted GH secretion and an unfavorable lipoprotein pattern. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of treatment with the oral GH secretagogue MK-677 on lipoproteins in otherwise healthy obese males. The study was randomized, double blind, and parallel. Twenty-four obese males, aged 18-50 yr, with body mass index greater than 30 kg/m2 and waist/hip ratio above 0.95 were treated with 25 mg MK-677 (n = 12) or placebo (n = 12) daily for 8 weeks. MK-677 treatment did not significantly change serum lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] levels. Serum apolipoprotein A-I and E (apoA-I and apoE) were increased at 2 weeks (P < 0.001 and P < 0.01 vs. placebo, respectively), but were not changed at study end. Serum total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (LDL-C) levels were not significantly changed by MK-677 treatment. Serum high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (HDL-C) was increased at 2 weeks of MK-677 treatment (P < 0.01 vs. placebo), but not at 8 weeks. The LDL-C/HDL-C ratio was reduced after 8 weeks of MK-677 treatment (P < 0.05 vs. placebo). Mean LDL particle diameter was decreased at 2 weeks (P < 0.05 vs. placebo), but was unchanged compared with baseline values at 8 weeks (P = NS vs. placebo). The level of serum triglycerides was increased at 2 (P < 0.05 vs. placebo), but not at 8, weeks. Lipoprotein lipase activity in abdominal and gluteal sc adipose tissue was not affected by active treatment. In conclusion, treatment with the oral GH secretagogue MK-677 affected circulating lipoproteins. The effects on serum apoA-1, apoE, triglycerides, and mean LDL particle diameter were transient. At study end, the LDL-C/HDL-C ratio was decreased. MK-677 treatment did not significantly affect serum Lp(a) concentrations at the present dose and administration protocol.
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