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Sökning: WFRF:(Bergström Göran) > Skøtt Ole

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  • Johansson, Maria E, 1977-, et al. (författare)
  • High-salt diet combined with elevated angiotensin II accelerates atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Journal of hypertension. - 0263-6352 .- 0263-6352. ; 27:1, s. 41-7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES: High-salt diet likely elevates blood pressure (BP), thus increasing the risk of cardiovascular events. We hypothesized that a high-salt diet plays a critical role in subjects whose renin-angiotensin systems cannot adjust to variable salt intake, rendering them more susceptible to atherosclerosis. METHODS: Apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE-/-) mice received standard or high-salt diet (8%) alone or in combination with fixed angiotensin II (Ang II) infusion (0.5 microg/kg per min). BP was measured using telemetry, and plaque burden was assessed in the thoracic aorta and innominate artery. We used urinary isoprostane as a marker for oxidative stress. RESULTS: Although high-salt diet per se did not affect plaque extension, high salt combined with Ang II increased plaque area significantly in both the aorta and the innominate artery as compared with Ang II or salt alone (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01, respectively). High-salt diet did not affect BP or isoprostane levels, whereas Ang II infusion increased both BP and isoprostane levels (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01, respectively). Although high-salt diet combined with Ang II did not amplify BP, salt in combination with Ang II increased isoprostane levels further (P < 0.001 vs. Ang II alone). Ang II increases macrophage content in lesions (P < 0.05), whereas salt likely increases collagen content. CONCLUSION: High-salt diet per se does not influence BP in ApoE-/- mice and is only moderately atherogenic. Possibly mediated via increased oxidative stress, a high-salt diet combined with fixed high Ang II levels accelerates atherogenesis synergistically, beyond the effect of BP.
  • Johansson, Maria E, 1977-, et al. (författare)
  • Hyperinsulinemic rats are normotensive but sensitized to angiotensin II.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology (USA). - 0363-6119 .- 0363-6119. ; 294:4, s. R1240-7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The effect of insulin on blood pressure (BP) is debated, and an involvement of an activated renin-angiotensin aldosterone system (RAAS) has been suggested. We studied the effect of chronic insulin infusion on telemetry BP and assessed sympathetic activity and dependence of the RAAS. Female Sprague-Dawley rats received insulin (2 units/day, INS group, n = 12) or insulin combined with losartan (30 mg.kg(-1).day(-1), INS+LOS group, n = 10), the angiotensin II receptor antagonist, for 6 wk. Losartan-treated (LOS group, n = 10) and untreated rats served as controls (n = 11). We used telemetry to measure BP and heart rate (HR), and acute ganglion blockade and air-jet stress to investigate possible control of BP by the sympathetic nervous system. In addition, we used myograph technique to study vascular function ex vivo. The INS and INS+LOS groups developed euglycemic hyperinsulinemia. Insulin did not affect BP but increased HR (27 beats/min on average). Ganglion blockade reduced mean arterial pressure (MAP) similarly in all groups. Air-jet stress did not increase sympathetic reactivity but rather revealed possible blunting of the stress response in hyperinsulinemia. Chronic losartan markedly reduced 24-h-MAP in the INS+LOS group (-38 +/- 1 mmHg P < 0.001) compared with the LOS group (-18 +/- 1 mmHg, P <or= 0.05). While insulin did not affect vascular function per se, losartan improved endothelial function in the aorta of insulin-treated rats. Our results raise doubt regarding the role of hyperinsulinemia in hypertension. Moreover, we found no evidence that insulin affects sympathetic nervous system activity. However, chronic losartan treatment revealed an important interaction between insulin and RAAS in BP control.
  • Nystrom, HC, et al. (författare)
  • Platelet-derived growth factor B retention is essential for development of normal structure and function of conduit vessels and capillaries
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Cardiovasc Res. - 0008-6363 (Print). ; 71:3, s. 557-65
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: Extracellular retention of PDGF-B has been proposed to play an important role in PDGF-B signalling. We used the PDGF-B retention motif knockout mouse (RetKO) to study the effects of retention motif deletion on development of micro- and macrovascular structure and function. METHODS: Passive and active properties of conduit vessels were studied using myograph techniques and histological examination. Capillary structure and function was studied using measurements of capillary density in skeletal muscle and by assessing aerobic physical performance in a treadmill setup. Cardiac function was assessed using echocardiography. RESULTS: Myograph experiments revealed an increased diameter and stiffness of the aorta in RetKO. Histological examination showed increased media collagen content and a decreased number of aortic wall layers, however with a similar number of vascular smooth muscle cells. This outward eutrophic remodelling of the aorta was accompanied by endothelial dysfunction. RetKO showed decreased capillary density in skeletal muscle and signs of a defective delivery of capillary oxygen to skeletal muscle, as shown by a decreased physical performance. In RetKO mice, echocardiography revealed an adaptive eccentric cardiac hypertrophy. CONCLUSION: We conclude that retention of PDGF-B during development is essential for a normal conduit vessel function in the adult mouse. Furthermore, PDGF-B retention is also necessary for the development of an adequate capillary density, and thereby for a normal oxygen delivery to skeletal muscle. The lack of primary effects on cardiac function supports the redundant role of PDGF-B in cardiac development.
  • Tivesten, Åsa, 1969-, et al. (författare)
  • Liver-derived insulin-like growth factor-I is involved in the regulation of blood pressure in mice.
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Endocrinology. - 0013-7227. ; 143:11, s. 4235-42
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • IGF-I has been suggested to be of importance for cardiovascular structure and function, but the relative role of locally produced and liver-derived endocrine IGF-I remains unclear. Using the Cre-LoxP recombination system, we have previously created transgenic mice with a liver-specific, inducible IGF-I knockout (LI-IGF-I-/-). To examine the role of liver-derived IGF-I in cardiovascular physiology, liver-derived IGF-I was inactivated at 4 wk of age, resulting in a 79% reduction of serum IGF-I levels. At 4 months of age, systolic blood pressure (BP) was increased in LI-IGF-I-/- mice. Echocardiography showed increased posterior wall thickness in combination with decreased stroke volume and cardiac output, whereas other systolic variables were unchanged, suggesting that these cardiac effects were secondary to increased peripheral resistance. Acute nitric oxide-synthase inhibition increased systolic BP more in LI-IGF-I-/- mice than in control mice. LI-IGF-I-/- mice showed impaired acetylcholine-induced vasorelaxation in mesenteric resistance vessels and increased levels of endothelin-1 mRNA in aorta. Thus, the increased peripheral resistance in LI-IGF-I-/- mice might be attributable to endothelial dysfunction associated with increased expression of endothelin-1 and impaired vasorelaxation of resistance vessels. In conclusion, our findings suggest that liver-derived IGF-I is involved in the regulation of BP in mice.
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